Raqqa: a city destroyed then forgotten

Tens of thousands of US bombs and missiles helped drive Islamic State from Raqqa. But now the dead are being forgotten.

UN investigators accuse the US-led Coalition and Russia of likely violating laws of war in Syria

In 2015, the UN Commission said it wouldn’t investigate foreign airstrikes in Syria. Now it is citing Security Council members for unlawful strikes.

Civilian casualties from alleged Russian airstrikes reach record levels

Thirty months into its Syria campaign, Russia is reportedly killing more civilians than ever

Turkish assault on Syria’s Afrin imperils civilians

Several dozen civilians have already been killed in fierce fighting at Afrin – with fears of a heavier toll ahead.

Former RAF commander: British claims of zero civilian deaths ‘not credible’

‘Stop treating the British people as mugs,’ senior Labour politician tells MoD as it continues to insist no civilians harmed in 1,600 airstrikes

Measuring the cost of Iraq’s victory over ISIS

Iraqi forces supported by the international Coalition have driven so-called Islamic State from the nation’s cities and towns. The cost in lives has been significant.

Counting the Uncounted: Azmat Khan and Anand Gopal on their groundbreaking civilian casualty study

US-led alliance has still made no public comment on 18-month investigation, which found that deaths from Coalition airstrikes were up to 31 times higher than acknowledged.

More than 1,800 civilians killed overall in defeat of ISIS at Raqqa, say monitors

The former ISIS ‘capital’ has been captured from the terror group after months of hard fighting. But the cost to civilians – and for the city itself – has been high.