Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R3959 CS1938 ISSY004

Incident date

November 25, 2019

Location

ترحين, near Tarhin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.516944, 37.541389 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “local sources said that six explosions were heard in different areas, and the sources confirmed that the raids targeted the Al-Haraqat area near Tarhin village, Al-Burj village and the southern part of Jarabulus city.”

The Smart Agency said that “three people were killed and another was missing as a result of the shelling by unknown warplanes of oil burners near the village of Tarhin in the al-Bab area, east of Aleppo city in northern Syria.”

There were claims against the Coalition, Israel, Russia and the Assad regime.

In their August 2020 civilian casualty report, the US-led Coalition assessed reports that they were responsible for civilian harm in this strike as “non-credible”, stating that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area at that time.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition

Sources (45) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • SCD found bodies of civilians killed in Tahrin. (via SCD)
  • SCD found bodies of civilians killed in Tahrin. (via SCD)
  • SCD found bodies of civilians killed in Tahrin. (via SCD)
  • SCD found bodies of civilians killed in Tahrin. (via SCD)
  • SCD found three bodies of civilians killed in Tarhin (via Orient)
  • SCD found three bodies of civilians killed in Tarhin (via Orient)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention multiple strikes on oil refineries in the area west of the village of Tarhin (ترحين). The coordinates for the village are: 36.516944, 37.541389

  • Reports of the incident mention multiple strikes on oil refineries in the area west of the village of Tarhin (ترحين)

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCA693422
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 22, 2020
  • Nov. 25, 2019, near Tarhin, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 3134/CS1938 37SCA693422

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition

Sources (45) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY003

Incident date

November 19, 2019

Location

قرب مطار دمشق الدولي, Near damascus airport, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four civilians including three from the same family were reported injured in Israeli airstrikes that targeted many locations in Damascus – Syria on November 19th, 2019 according to local sources. The strikes hit sites in Al Kiswah, Sa’asa’a area, Al Mazzeh airbase, Jdaydet Artouz, Qudsaya suburb, and the surrounding Sahnaya south and southwest of the capital Damascus.

The attacks targeted military sites of the Iranian Quds Forces and the Syrian regime. It is also believed that the strikes killed 21 soldiers and military officers including at least eight Iranians and five Syrians.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SoHR) reported that a “young woman was injured by shrapnel due to the Israeli shelling in Qudsaya suburb, also a family including a man, his wife, and son were pulled from the rubble of their house in Beit Sabir village in Sa’asa’a area after one of the Israeli missiles hit the house.”

Israel declared the strikes twice, first through its Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu who said that the strike carried out by the Israeli air force at dawn Wednesday in Syria, targeted Iranian military installations, and was in response to what he described as the ‘bombing of Israel’. He said in a statement on Wednesday: “I made it clear that no matter who will harm us, we will respond painfully, and so we did against the military objectives of the Iranian Quds forces and Syrian military installations after the rockets were fired yesterday at Israel. We will be steadfast in ensuring Israel’s security “.

From his side, Afkhai Azraei, the Israeli army spokesman,  announced that dozens of military sites of the Iranian Qods Force and the regime’s army were targeted in the vicinity of Damascus, and the destruction of weapons depots and surface-to-air missile platforms, in response to the attempt to target “Israeli territory” from inside Syria on Tuesday morning, as he put it. .

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Images of the Israeli attack on Damascus near Damascus Airport. Nov 19, 2019 (via Deir Ezzor Radio).
  • Video of an explosion in a weapons store of the Syrian regime as a result of an Israeli attack, Nov 19th, 2019 (Via EuphratesPost)
  • A map showing the targets of the Israeli attacks on Damascus on Nov 19th, 2019 (via Step Agency).
  • One of the building affected by the Israeli strike on Damascus Nov 19th, 2019 (via SANA)
  • The targets of the Israeli attacks on Damascus, Nov 19th, 2019 (via NORS)
  • The targets of the Israeli attacks on Damascus, Nov 19th, 2019 (via NORS)
  • The targets of the Israeli attacks on Damascus, Nov 19th, 2019 (via NORS)
  • The targets of the Israeli attacks on Damascus, Nov 19th, 2019 (via NORS)

Israeli Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Armed Forces
  • Israeli Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY002

Incident date

November 12, 2019

Location

المزة, Al Mazza, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.497253, 36.236975 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and ten others including a child injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on Mazzeh West Villas in Damascus – Syria on November 12th, 2019 according to local sources.

The sources reported that the airstrike aimed at killing the leader with the Palestinian Islamic Jihad movement Akram al-Ajouri. His son Mu’az Al Ajouri was reported killed, along with another person named Abdullah Yousef Hassan, and his granddaughter Batoul was reported injured.

Some sources said that Akram Al Ajouri and his wife were injured in the attack while others said he wasn’t in the building at the time of the explosion that took place in the early hours of Tuesday, Nov 12th around 4 am local time.

According to Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), the explosion that was caused by the airstrike was strong that ‘the building targeted was heavily damaged and windows of nearby buildings and a number of cars were shattered.’

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mu'az Al Ajouri Adult male killed
  • Abdullah Yousef Hassan Age unknown male killed
  • Batoul Child female Al Ajouri's granddaughter injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Images for an unknown explosion in Mazzeh - West Villas (EuphratesPost)
  • Aftermath of the attack
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Mazzah in Damascus, Nov 12th 2019 (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Mazza in Damascus, Nov 12th 2019 (via Deirezzor Radio).

Geolocation notes (5) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the western area of Al Mazzeh (المزة) neighbourhood. Reviewing audio-visual material we have narrowed down the location of this strike, west of Rahman mosque (جامع الرحمن) to the following coordinates: 33.497253, 36.236975.

  • Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the western area of Al Mezzah (المزة) neighbourhood.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Reviewing audio-visual material we have narrowed down the location of this strike, west of Rahman mosque (جامع الرحمن).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged visual material.

    Imagery:
    Euphrates Post

  • Tagged panoramic stitch of audio-visual material.

    Imagery:
    SANA

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISY002

Incident date

August 12, 2019

Location

قاعدة الصقر, Al Saqar camp, South of Baghdad, Iraq

Geolocation

33.211872, 44.370779 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources published conflicting reports about an explosion of what might have been a weapons depot in Baghdad on the evening of August 12th. While no armed forces claimed responsibility, Israel was reported as the possible culprit. Israel, in turn, claimed that Iran has begun to reinforce armed militias in Iraq as a result of increased attacks against its targets in Syria.

Arab 48 claimed that the targeted base belonged to the militia “Popular Mobilization” and included a missile storage. The source noted that media close to the Popular Mobilization militia claimed that the attack was carried out with surface-to-surface missiles, while Israel claimed that the attack was carried out with planes.

According to Masrawy News, who referred to the location as Camp Falcon, the explosion killed on person and wounded 28 others. A security source told Masrawy News that it was suspected that the explosion was indeed caused by Israeli shelling. The source added that the Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi called for a thorough investigation into the cause of the incident.

Aljazeera News also reported that the explosion of what it called “Al Saqr camp” was caused by shelling from outside of the camp, which the source claimed houses four headquarteres of the “Popular Mobilization Brigades” including the Badr Organization, Jund al-Imam and Sayyed al-Shuhada Brigades. The source also claimed that a person was killed but reported that a total of 30 others were wounded.

According to Aljazeera, other sources claimed the explosion was caused by an aerial bombardment of an unknown aircraft and added that “security sources and eyewitnesses said that an unidentified aircraft carried out more than a strike on weapons stores inside the camp. The same sources ruled out that the explosion was caused by a technical fault occurred inside the stores, which used to contain large quantities of missiles and bombs belonging to factions of the Popular Mobilization, and the volatility led to the casualties mentioned.”

 

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    28–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • An explosion at the al-Saqr camp south of Baghdad in the evening of August 12th (via Aljazeera News).
  • An explosion at the al-Saqr camp south of Baghdad in the evening of August 12th (via Aljazeera News).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Al Saqar Base (قاعدة الصقر), for which the generic coordinates are: 33.211872, 44.370779. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    28–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY001

Incident date

July 1, 2019

Location

أشرفية صحنايا, Ashrafiyat Sahnaya, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.433659, 36.245227 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Alleged Israeli missiles struck several military targets in Damascus countryside after midnight on July 1st, according to local sources.

The strike resulted in the first significant reported civilian harm from recent Israeli actions with four to 12 civilians reported killed – despite several hundred declared airstrikes against Iranian, Assad government and Hezbollah forces in recent years. However it was unclear from some reports whether the harm had occurred as a result of the strikes, or from Syrian counter-fire.

According to Free Deir Ezzor Radio, an Israeli missile (possibly launched by a naval vessel) killed a number of civilians when its impact shattered the glass windows of a house in Sahnaya. The Syrian-regime affiliated source SANA news claimed that four civilians were killed, including a baby, in addition to 21 others injured, also including children. Numerous other sources also cite 21 as the number wounded in the attack.

AFP said that six civilians including three children died, along with nine “mostly foreign pro-regime fighters.”

The New York Times, citing an anonymous Syrian government official, placed the civilian toll as high as 10: “Another figure close to the Syrian government who was briefed on the strikes and who requested anonymity to discuss secret military information put the total death toll from the attacks higher, saying that at least 16 had been killed, including five Syrian Army personnel, one Iranian and 10 civilians and that 49 others had been wounded.”

Meanwhile, Step News alleged that “twelve civilians were killed, including four people from one family,” and that about “50 people, including children and infants, were injured by Israeli air strikes targeting several positions of the Syrian regime and its pro-Iranian militias.” The same source named two locations in discussion of the incident, referring to casualties in Sahnaya and Jdaidt Artouz, yet other sources did not cite civilian harm in Jdaidt Artouz.

NFAC, and other sources named two of those killed as “Rateb Mustafa Bakri Pasha and daughter Elaf Rateb Bakri Pasha”, referring to Rateb Mustafa Bakri Pasha as a doctor. Enab Baladi News stated that among those killed were “displaced citizens from the neighbouring city of Darya.”

@zamanalwsl, and other sources, also reported that “a whole family (father, mother and baby) were killed” in the attack, while another source named “Anas al-Bayat, his baby son, Abdul Rahman, and his wife, Rama Arna’out” as among the fatalities.

SANA quoted a military source who reported that their “air defenses intercepted hostile missiles fired by Israeli warplanes from the Lebanese airspace towards some of our military positions in Homs and the surroundings of Damascus.” The news agency added that “due to the pressure which resulted from the explosions which occurred in the sky over Damascus, material damage was inflicted on a number of civilians’ houses in Sahnaya town as the glass of the houses was shattered causing injury to a number of people.”

The Syrian Observatory instead said that casualties occurred at Sahnaya “due to the fall of missile remnants on the area.”

The Syrian Foreign Ministry later accused Israel of “heinous aggression” according to the Guardian: “Israeli authorities are increasingly practising state terrorism,” the foreign ministry said in a statement carried by the official Sana news agency on July 2nd. “The latest heinous Israeli aggression falls within the framework of ongoing Israeli attempts to prolong the crisis in Syria,” it added.

The Telegraph reported that the Israeli military declined to comment on the Syrian claims of civilian deaths, telling its reporter. “We are not commenting on foreign reports.”

Other sites reportedly struck by Israel that night – though with no reports of civilian harm – included Mezzeh military airport, Dimas, Ksoua, Qatana and Khan al-Sheikh.

The incident occured after midnight.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 12
  • (1–3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    21–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    9

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes struck the Syrian regime forces in Damascus countryside on July 1st (via Euphrates Post).
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes struck the Syrian regime forces in Damascus countryside on July 1st (via Euphrates Post).
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes struck the Syrian regime forces in Damascus countryside on July 1st (via Euphrates Post).
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes struck the Syrian regime forces in Damascus countryside on July 1st (via Euphrates Post).
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes struck the Syrian regime forces in Damascus countryside on July 1st (via Euphrates Post).
  • Video showing the moment of impact when a missile struck the Syrian regime forces in the countryside of Damascus on July 1st (via Euphrates Post).
  • Medics tending to the civilians who were wounded by alleged Israeli airstrikes in Sahnaya town in the countryside of Damascus on July 1st (via SANA).
  • Medics tending to the civilians who were wounded by alleged Israeli airstrikes in Sahnaya town in the countryside of Damascus on July 1st (via SANA).
  • Video of alleged Israeli missiles on July 1st (via SANA).
  • Video Caption translation" "A video of a pro-Syrian news channel was shown inside a hospital in the Syrian capital of Damascus, one of the children injured by Israeli strikes that hit the capital on Sunday night. The footage, which was said to be filmed in a hospital in Sahnaya, in the countryside of Damascus, showed a 12-year-old boy with a head wound. In addition similar injuries to civilians are shown, and the provision of medical staff to provide first aid for them. Twelve civilians were killed, including four people from one family. About 50 people, including children and infants, were injured by Israeli air strikes targeting several positions of the Syrian regime and its pro-Iranian militias. In turn, the official agency "SANA" that the bombing killed four civilians, including a child of months, and wounding 21, noting that the injured were taken to hospitals for treatment." (Via Step News)
  • Video caption translation: "Watch a video of a baby boy who was wounded by Israeli shelling of the Sahnaya farms west of Damascus" (via Step News)
  • Video Caption Translation: "Four civilians, including an infant, were killed by Israeli shelling of the Damascus and Homs governorates" (via RT Arabic)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An infant casualty following the airstrike (via @HoseinMortada)
  • Image translation The names of wounded people from Hisham medical clinic Aya Al Shouli 15 years old Bassam Fares Al Eid Al Omar 60 years old Mohammad Shaheen Omar 24 years old (seriously injured) Rami Shaheen Omar 48 years old (seriously injured) Hamad Hatoush 23 years old Hiba Hartoush Al Omar 1 month old Nour Khaled Omar 24 years old Ahlam Al Ali 19 years old Abd Al Rahhman Al Khaled Houssin Al Sheikh Ghayth Kalhous 16 years old Nofal Ali Imad Khaled 24 years old Mohammad Abd Al Kareem 15 years old Ziyna Ma’rouf Abd Al Majeed Ghofran Dakak 13 years old (via @dania_saaty)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ashrafiyat Sahnaya (أشرفية صحنايا) for which the generic coordinates are: 33.433659, 36.245227. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Armed Forces
  • Israeli Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 12
  • (1–3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    21–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    9

Sources (36) [ collapse]