Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

LC054

Incident date

December 16, 2016

Location

قنفودة, Benghazi

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Up to two civilians died and as many as three more were wounded in an alleged UAE airstrike on a residential area in Ganfouda, Benghazi, local media reported.

Alnabaa tweeted that “a source from Ganfouda said the two were killed in a foreign bombing of a family home in the area”.

According to Emhona “a man, a woman and a child were injured when a UAE drone bombed the Qanfouda residential area”.

UNSMIL said in its monthly report that one person – a boy – was injured.

Saraya Media Center claimed on Telegram that the strike was conducted by the UAE and posted a picture of a boy injured in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A picture published by Saraya Media Center shows one of the children injured in the strike (Source: Shura Benghazi)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.028594, 20.026959. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC048

Incident date

November 12, 2016

Location

قنفودة, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A man was killed and three of his daughters injured in an airstrike – with some reports suggested two were in fact killed.

Ean Libya reported the death of a man and the wounding of two children when airstrikes hit the Ganfouda area of Benghazi. It reported that the voices of two girls could be heard in the rubble.

Benghazi Post posted a disturbing photo on Twitter of a girl badly burned, reporting that her father was killed and her sisters still were under the rubble.

Emirate affairs reported that UAE warplanes had bombed Ganfouda, “resulting in the deaths of many civilians.” It said, “some civilian children were killed in the strike.”

A Chadian and an Egyptian worker were killed in a UAE drone strike and an LNA strike, according to Saraya Media Center who posted pictures of the two victims on its Telegram channel.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: Burned, killed her father and sisters under the rubble! Oh God, you see the weakness of our situation and our weakness on people (Source: @benghazip)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A screenshot of the Saraya Media Center post on Telegram
  • Saraya Media center interviews Fathia who was badly injured in the strike

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.028594, 20.026959. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC043

Incident date

October 4, 2016

Location

قنفودة, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Two sources reported that ten civilians were killed as the result of seven LNA airstrikes on Ganfouda.

According to Arabi21, two families were killed, (including three children, their mother and father in one of the families) as well as foreign workers.

Al Jazeera reported that “10 civilians were killed and 32 others, including Arabs and Africans”, were injured in strikes orchestrated by Gen. Haftar. It also noted that “Sources of the Shura Council of Benghazi rebels said that four of its fighters were killed in the bombing while trying to save one of the families that were inside a targeted house,” suggesting a so-called ‘double-tap’ strike.
Green Thought on Facebook said that it was a French-Emirati airstrike and not LNA and posted graphic pictures of the victims.
Aareen Alasood also said it was an Emirati airstrike.

Al Jazeera added that “on Tuesday, six civilians, including three Arab citizens of Egypt and Sudan, were killed and more than 13 others were wounded by indiscriminate mortar fire in the residential district of Sidi Hussein in central Benghazi. Local sources in Benghazi confirmed that the explosion caused extensive damage to civilian buildings and properties.”

Mohammed Bousghama said on Twitter that a field hospital was hit in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 16
  • Civilians reported injured
    45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    French Armed Forces, United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.028594, 20.026959. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

French Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    French Armed Forces
  • French Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 16
  • Civilians reported injured
    45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    French Armed Forces, United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ034a

Incident date

September 23, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Benghazi: Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A UAE reportedly targeted a residential area in Benghazi.

Libya Alahrar TV reported: “Al-Saraya Media Center: a foreign aircraft without a pilot targeted a house inhabited by a family in Ganfouda in Benghazi.”

Nosa posted on Twitter that “so far four air raids have been launched by the UAE UAV on Ganfouda and the Chinese buildings.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC023

Incident date

February 7, 2016

Location

درنة‎: باب طبرق, Bab Tobruk, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.752637, 22.640017 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

An unknown aircraft bombed the Bab Tobruk neighbourhood near the medical centre in Derna, which led to the death of a woman and her child, according to local and international sources.

The three strikes, which reportedly targeted the Shura Council, damaged the Al Wahda hospital and the Omar bin Khattab mosque in the Zuhour district of Bab Tobruk. According to various sources, the strikes also hit a neighbourhood that wasn’t controlled by ISIS.

No warring party in Libya or any foreign government claimed responsibility for the attack. Libya Observer and Digital Journal later reported that Muftah Hamza, commander of the Al-Hilah axis, had accused the UAE of being responsible for the strikes.
Saqr el-Jerroushi from Libya’s internationally recognised government accused a “neighbouring country” of having conducted the airstrikes.

Ean Youth reported that “four people, including a child, a woman and two other youths” were killed. Other sources added that heavy damage had been caused to homes in the area.

Alnabaa News reported that of the four killed, two were “fighters of the Mujahideen Shura Council of Darnah”, suggesting that they were not civilians.

Alwasat news has listed the four victims names including one child, his mother and two adults.

While it has been stated in the HRW report that “Two bombs struck the Al-Wahda Hospital compound in the Bab Tobruk area, killing at least two civilians, including a child, and causing extensive damage”.

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 am local time.

  • Mistura al-Derasi Age unknown female Via Alwasat news killed
  • Mohammed Juma Child male Via Alwasat news killed
  • Walid Boukhatwa Age unknown male Via Alwasat news killed
  • Muhamed al-Obeidi Age unknown male Via Alwasat news killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike allegedly conducted by LNA in Derna (Source: Al-Nabaa TV)
  • A picture shows the aftermath of the airstrike allegedly conducted by LNA in Derna (Source: Alwasat)
  • An image shows people gathering around the place followed an alleged LNA airstrike in Derna (Source: Alwasat News)
  • An image shows a building damaged followed an alleged LNA airstrike on Derna (Source: Alwasat News)
  • A report video: unknown aeroplane conducted airstrike in Derna which led to killing at least four people (Source: Alwasat news)
  • Translation: Libya Now | A statement of the Crisis Committee of the city of Derna in Tripoli condemn the aerial bombardment of Bab Tobruk (Source: @libyaalaan)
  • Translation: A condemn by the crises committee in the eastern coast Derna regarding the bombardment of Bab Tobruk (Source: @fawzi898)
  • An image shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital staff housing units in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • A picture shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • A picture shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • An image shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: 1 - The killing of a child and his mother by an air raid by unidentified aircraft dawn today on civilian houses in Bab Tobruk district of the city of Derna, east of Libya (Source: @ ahmad_khalifa78)

Geolocation notes (6) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention several airstrikes targeting the Bab Tobruk (باب طبرق) neighborhood in Derna (درنة). After investigating visual material from sources, we narrowed the locations of these airstrikes to a parking lot and a medical complex, the exact coordinates for which are 32.755768, 22.639904 and 32.752637, 22.640017, respectively. At least two civilians were killed in the strike targeting the latter location.

  • Image from scene of airstrike targeting parking lot

    Imagery:
    Witness

  • Satellite image showing parking lot targeted by airstrike

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Image showing features destroyed in airstrike targeting medical complex, including medical school, staff residences, and mosque. Note tag "D" refers to the water tower barely visible behind the line of trees.

    Imagery:
    Witness

  • Image showing line of trees abutting location of airstrike targeting medical complex

    Imagery:
    Witness

  • Image showing features destroyed in airstrike targeting medical complex

    Imagery:
    Witness

  • Image showing features destroyed in airstrike targeting medical complex. Note the water tower tagged "D" that was barely visible behind the row of trees. Also note the large mosque at the bottom left of the image.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC014

Incident date

February 15, 2015

Location

درنة‎: شيحة, Shiha, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.760918, 22.621526 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Various sources reported that Egyptian airstrikes hit two locations in East Derna. One strike hit the Bab Shiha neighbourhood, another one the former headquarters of the Jabal al-Akhdar Industrial Company.
Local and international sources reported that seven civilians were killed, including three or four children and a woman – plus up to 50 members of ISIS.

Human Rights Watch named the victims as:

“[…] a mother, Rabiha al-Mansouri, and three of her four children, Afraa, Zakaria, and Huthaifa al-Karshoufi, who died when a missile hit their home. Others were Osama al-Shteiwi, a student who was watching from the roof of his home, who was hit by shrapnel; Attia Bousheiba al-Shaari, who died after the front of his house collapsed on him; and Hanan Faraj al-Drissi, who was on the roof of her home when a missile struck the street in front.” Human Rights Watch further investigated the case and spoke to family members recounting the incident. It added 17 people were injured in the attack.

After investigating the case, Amnesty International came to the conclusion that Egypt didn’t take the precautions necessary to prevent civilian casualties in the attack.

According to Libya Alkhabar, “Al-Huraish hospital in Derna city received seven dead people, including four children, a woman and two men, in addition to a number of wounded, in the bombing of areas in the city by the Egyptian airforce.
The Egyptian air force targeted the eastern entrance of the city on Monday morning after five of its aircraft launched air strikes on it.

The Egyptian forces said in a televised statement that the bombing targeted camps, stores, training points and the headquarters of the Islamic state organization. The statement added that the operation was a ‘revenge’ on those who published the video that showed the killing of 21 Egyptians slaughtered, and attributed to the Islamic State in Libya.”

Noon Post, who also put the death toll at seven, added that as many as 21 more civilians were wounded in the event. Civilian homes were also reportedly destroyed.

Ean Libya tweeted images of three dead children.

Bawabat Alwasat said that 40-50 “militants” were also killed in the bombings – through the source quoted Libyan air force chief Major General Saqr al-Jaroushi, who claimed that “the houses targeted in the raids on Derna were the headquarters of Daesh – and our forces were the ones who bombed them, not the Egyptian planes”.

The incident occured at approximately 7:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Rabiha al-Mansouri female via HRW killed
  • Afraa Child via HRW killed
  • Zakaria Child via HRW killed
  • Huthaifa al-Karshoufi via HRW killed
  • Osama al-Shteiwi, Age unknown male via HRW killed
  • Attia Bousheiba al-Shaari Age unknown via HRW killed
  • Hanan Faraj al-Drissi Age unknown via HRW killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • Civilians reported injured
    17–21
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Youtube: Russia Today showing footage of the airstrike
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Youtube: Al Jazeera shows footage of the victims
  • Youtube: Former GNC Prime Minister Omar al-Hassi comdemns the Egyptian airstrikes on Alkool
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Youtube: Al Jazeera Mubashir shows a nurse that explains the details of the children’s deaths

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention two missiles striking homes in the Shiha (شيحا) neighborhood of Derna, Libya (درنة). Investigating audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location of at least one of these missiles to an intersection between a mosque and a university, for which the exact coordinates are: 32.760918, 22.621526.

  • Image showing scene of airstrike. Note that tag A is the minaret of a mosque.

    Imagery:
    Al Jazeera

  • Image from news report showing street targeted by airstrike. Note that tag F is the entrance to a street leading to the right of this photo.

    Imagery:
    Arabi21

  • Satellite image showing distribution of features tagged in photos of neighborhood hit by the airstrike.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Satellite image showing the exact location of the airstrike.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Egyptian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces
  • Egyptian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • Civilians reported injured
    17–21
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ002

Incident date

October 18, 2014

Location

بنغازي‎, Bosnib, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.035556, 20.048333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Several local sources reported that the LNA targeted the Shura Council in Benghazi – though one source blamed Egypt. The strike reportedly hit the area in the west of Benghazi called Bosnib.

Nöor çoröğlü posted pictures of destroyed civilian homes due to the strikes but did not mention civilian harm.

According to @zicotarhuni, the Egyptian air force bombed the Bosnib area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Egyptian Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: the target of Bu-Utni by the LNA (source: Alzarook_Nabbos)
  • Translation: Images of destroyed civilian homes (source: tweeted by Nöor çoröğlü)

Egyptian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces
  • Egyptian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Egyptian Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]