Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

YS108

Incident date

July 25, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between six and eight civilians, including four children and two women, were injured in alleged SDF or regime strikes on Afrin on July 25, 2021.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, “Civilians injured and SCD center damaged in SDF shelling of Afrin city in Aleppo suburbs on July 25. Syrian Democratic Forces used a missile launcher to fire six missiles at Afrin city in the northern suburbs of Aleppo governorate on July 25, 2021, injuring seven civilians, with one of the missiles landing on the city’s Civil Defense center, partially damaging the center and three of its vehicles (one ambulance and two service cars).”

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported “several rockets hit residential neighbourhoods in Afrin city which is under the control of Turkish forces and their proxy factions, as the rocket fire targeted Ma’rata roundabout, Raju road and al-Villat street, amid reports of injury of civilians. However, it is not known if Kurdish or regime forces fired these rockets.”

Syrian Civil Defense added that “8 civilians were injured in an initial toll (4 children, two women, and two men, one of whom is in critical condition). The toll provided by @zenhom75 was that “6 civilians were injured in the initial outcome”.

A post by @ammar_sakkar listed the names of those injured in the strikes: Nada Al-Zaher, 29 years old (F), child Muawiyah Akash (M), Child Fadi Tawil (M), Qadriya Sido 65 years old (F), child Khadija Ahmed Al-Taweel (F), Child Tamim Ahmed Al-Taweel (M), Hassan Allawi, 38 years old (M)

Volunteer Muhammad Ali Haj Ahmed talks about the moments of targeting the Syrian Civil Defense Center in the city of #Afrin, north of #Aleppo: “I didn’t expect the bombing to be on us, we immediately ran out to save people, but when they saw the bombing of our center, they ran to us to help us, thank God there were no injuries from the team, people’s eagerness for us could not be described, this thing makes us continue to help them and save them. Despite the great danger that we were exposed to, in the last period we lost colleagues with the bombing of the regime and Russia on our centers and teams during the response, and a while ago we were exposed to the city of Afrin by bombing that targeted us while we were treating the wounded to the hospital. Targeting humanitarian workers is a war crime, but unfortunately the criminals when they saw no punishment increased their crime, our message. Today, we have no goal, and the perpetrators of this crime and other crimes of targeting humanitarian workers and civilians must be held accountable, because leaving them is a green light to commit more crimes.”

SN4HR also pointed out that “the targeted area is a civilian one and free of any military presence or equipment” and Shaam News Network referenced that the strikes “targeted indiscriminately the city of Afrin, targeting residential neighborhoods crowded with civilians, and the Civil Defense Center in the city center, leaving great material damage to the center’s mechanisms.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. SN4HR attributed the strikes to the SDF while SOHR was uncertain whether the Kurdish or regime forces fired the rockets. The Syrian Civil Defense also pointed out that the strikes came “from areas controlled by the regime forces and the Syrian Democratic Forces” and @MMCSYR referred to the strikes as a “joint bombardment by the regime forces and the “SDF” organization”. An image posted by @yahya_kadaa shows the location where the shells were launched from but doesn’t identify who was responsible.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Khadija Ahmed Al-Taweel Child female injured
  • Fadi Tawil Child male injured
  • Tamim Ahmed Al-Taweel Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (35) [ collapse]

  • Damage to a building caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Strikes damaged a Civil Defense building in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Damage to an emergency vehicle caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage to a building caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A Civil Defense member after strikes on their center in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Targeting humanitarian workers and Syrian Civil Defense centers is a war crime whose perpetrator must not escape justice.
  • Damage to an emergency vehicle caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @davut1374)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @davut1374)
  • One of the children injured in strikes on Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Remnants of the shell used in the strikes on Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)
  • "The site of the launcher from which the missiles that targeted the Civil Defense Center in Afrin were launched." Image posted by @yahya_kadaa)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS109

Incident date

July 25, 2021

Location

مارع, Mare’, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was injured in alleged SDF shelling of the city of Mare’ on July 25, 2021.

Shahba Press reported that “a woman was also slightly injured as a result of the YPG targeting of Marea city”.

Baladi News correspondent in Aleppo said that “SDF” forces shelled with mortar shells residential houses in the city of “Marea”, which resulted in the injury of a woman. @Ahmad_1alshble also pointed out that the woman that was injured was a displaced person.

SY24 added that “residential neighborhoods in the city of Marea in the Aleppo countryside were subjected to mortar shelling, which led to the injury of a woman, and severe material damage to civilian property. In turn, the Syrian Civil Defense went to the location of the shells and worked to provide first aid to the injured woman and to secure the place.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces or were ambiguous about who was responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Smoke from shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Image of the impact of a shell launched at Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @abo_aljod84)
  • Smoke from shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @Ahmad_1alshble)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1961

Incident date

July 16, 2021

Location

ذيبان, Thiban, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

A man and his son were reportedly killed in a raid in Deir Ezzor’s Thiban town carried out by Syrian Democratic Forces with support of the US-led coalition at dawn on July 16, 2021.

The dead were identified as Miteb Sherida Al-Ghadir and his son Ahmed.

@Sada_AlSharqieh said they had been grazing their sheep at the time of the incident and “had no links with the terrorist organization ISIS or any other party”. NPA Syria meanwhile reported that two members of Islamic State had been killed, quoting a military source in the Syrian Democratic Forces. However, the ISIS members they were referring to were not named.

The Syrian Democratic Forces shot the two men dead, according to Jesr Press, when “a number of people fled for fear of arbitrary arrests” and “the patrol members opened fire directly on these people”. NPA Syria reported that a military source told them that the forces, “with the support of the International Coalition, carried out a landing operation on the Al-Latwa neighborhood in the town of Thiban, where clashes took place with ISIS members.”

Eyewitnesses told Furat SY that a “force consisting of several cars raided civilian homes, without warning, accompanied by indiscriminate shooting between the houses with the aim of terrorizing the ‘wanted’”. The two men were shot in front of their house, according to its reporting. “This incident sparked a wave of panic among the civilians and generated a state of anger and frustration among the relatives of the victims, forcing the SDF to withdraw from the town,” it added.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Suspected target
    ISIS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of Mutaib Sherida Al-Ghadeer, who was killed in a raid in the town of Thiban on July 16, 2021. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of Ahmed Sherida Al-Ghadeer, who was killed in a raid in the town of Thiban on July 16, 2021. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Suspected target
    ISIS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1960

Incident date

July 15, 2021

Location

القائم, Al Qa’em, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reportedly shot dead during a raid on the outskirts of Al-Zar village carried out by the US-led Coalition alongside the Syrian Democratic Forces, according to multiple sources, at dawn on July 15, 2021. A single source – Furat News – also reported that a girl was injured in the incident.

The dead civilian was identified by multiple sources as Riad Ali Al-Khuzam. Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that he was shot by personnel from the Syrian Democratic Forces during the raid. Al-Khuzam was allegedly from the village of Al-Maray’iyah but lived in Al-Busaira while working on the oil fields. Euphrates Post reported he was a displaced person.

Sputnik reported that the operation “resulted in the killing of civilians and the kidnapping of dozens of others” but did not provide any other details of how many or who civilians were involved.

According to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, Amjad Al-Sari from the Ain Al-Furat satellite television network said the raid involved “26 military vehicles, 5 helicopters, a number of drones and laser-correction aircraft” which arrived in the village at around 2am.

Eye of Euphrates gave the following account from a civil source: “The international coalition carried out an airdrop operation on a house in the village of Al-Zar, east of Deir Ezzor, in which four military helicopters and two drones participated.” It added, “The targeted person resisted the international coalition forces and fled within the agricultural lands, after which the planes bombed the area with several missiles, which led to his arrest and detention, and the injury of a girl with several shrapnel.”

Deir Ezzor 24 said the operation targeted a house near the “Abu Saad” mosque, arresting a man named Saleh Abu Sumaya and his wife. It reported that Abu Samaya had been arming Islamic State and organising assassinations for the group.
It continued, “During the operation, clashes took place between the SDF and persons from Azzir village for about half an hour as they refused to surrender, but helicopters targeted their place with a guided missile and sound bombs forcing them to surrender.”

Euphrates News added that two houses were targeted in the raid, “the house of Khader Rajab Al-Sabti near the Abu Saad Mosque and another house belonging to a member of the “Al-Munkar” family, inhabited by displaced people from the village of Al-Hari in the city of Al-Bukamal.” In addition to arresting “Saleh Abu Sumaya and his wife”, six others were arrested on charges of belonging to ISIS.

The incident occured at 3:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of Riad Ali Al-Khuzam, from the village of Al-Maray’iyah, who was killed in a raid near the Al Qa’em Syrian-Iraqi border on July 15, 2021. (Image posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of Riad Ali Al-Khuzam, from the village of Al-Maray’iyah, who was killed in a raid near the Al Qa’em Syrian-Iraqi border on July 15, 2021. (Image posted by Euphrates Post)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS107

Incident date

July 15, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including a child, were killed and between eight and 12 others, including three women and two children, were injured in alleged YPG or regime missile and artillery strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, two civilians were killed, including a child and a man, and 12 civilians were injured, including three women and two children, “as a preliminary outcome”. The Civil Defense teams “rescued the injured To the hospitals, the bodies of the dead were recovered to be handed over to their families”.

Media activist Rohat Muhammad told BasNews that “two people were killed, including a child, and 8 others were wounded when 6 missiles fell on Al-Zabadiyah neighborhood in the city of Afrin, the source of which is the towns of Nubl and Al-Zahra, which are under the control of the regime’s Shiite militias (Popular Defense) and Kurdish units.” He added that “a missile fell on the electricity tank, which caused the entire city to be cut off.”

Zaman Al Wasl reported that “the neighborhoods of “Al-Mahmoudiya” and “Al-Zaydiyah” in the center of “Afrin” were bombarded in the strikes. Afrin Media Center told 7al News that “the bombing was carried out in two waves, the first batch of missiles fell on the “Al-Zaydiyah neighborhood” and the street of Jindires Road, killing two people and wounding 11 others, then the shelling was renewed on the arc of the city and the village of “Jomke”.

@ShahbaPress and @mohmad_rasheed both identified one person as being killed in the strikes.

A post from Mustafa Sheikhou named some of the victims of the strikes that were injured: Masoud Rashid Hussein – 40 years old – Afrin; Mustafa Juma Samer Zainab – Afrin – 9 years old; Muhammad Ali Wamuna Wamouna, 60 years old, from Afrin; Salwa Haider Wamouna, 30 years old, from Afrin; Yassin Omar Khaled Intisar, 30 years old, Hama; Sally Sheikh Naasan, 18 years old, from Afrin; Emad Othman Mustafa, 40 years old, from Afrin; Muhammad Yusuf Taha – 35 years old – Idlib; Ziad Al-Omar Hussein, 35 years old, Idlib. At least one of the children injured, whose name was not identified, was in intensive care.

Afrin Media Center identified Kurdish civilian Radwan Jamil Hamid, from the village of Suya, as being a “victim” of the strike but does not specify whether he was killed or injured.

Shaam News reported that “activists stated that the bombing caused at least 15 wounded, including women and children, who were transferred to Afrin hospitals, including serious cases” and that “residential neighborhoods” were struck in the shelling.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes but the majority of sources attributed the strikes to the SDF/YPG. The Syrian Civil Defense identified the shells as “originating from the areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces and the regime forces north of Aleppo” but did not assign blame. However, @ShahbaPress attributed the missiles to “the YPG militia” and @mohmad_rasheed tweeted about the casualties from “the bombing of SDF with vacuum missiles”. Anadolu Agency referred to both “the terrorist YPG/PKK organization” and “ISIS elements stationed in the city of Tal Rifaat” as carrying out the strikes while 7al News identified “government forces and the Iranian militia loyal to them” as responsible.

Rocket launchers and artillery shelling was reportedly used against Afrin according to various sources.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Masoud Rashid Hussein 40 years old injured
  • Mustafa Juma Samer and Zainab 9 years old injured
  • Yassin Omar Khaled Intisar 30 years old injured
  • Sally Sheikh Naasan 18 years old injured
  • Emad Othman Mustafa 40 years old injured
  • Muhammad Yusuf Taha 35 years old injured
  • Ziad Al-Omar Hussein 35 years old injured
  • Radwan Jamil Hamid Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Civil Defense team members search through the rubble for casualties following strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Civil Defense team members search through the rubble for casualties following strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Civil Defense team members search through the rubble for casualties following strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Civil Defense team members search through the rubble for casualties following strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Statistics of the victims of the bombing of the city of #Afrin in the northern countryside of #Aleppo, Thursday, July 15th: death of 2, one of them a child, and 12 injured, including 2 children and 3 women. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of an older man injured in strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by @khalidaboalmjed)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a young man injured in strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by @khalidaboalmjed)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a young child injured in strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by @khalidaboalmjed)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a young child injured in strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by @khalidaboalmjed)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a young man injured in strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by @mohmad_rasheed)
    Damage to a building caused by strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by BasNews)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the young child killed in strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by @Yusuf1975hamoud)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of the strikes on Afrin on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by Shaam News)
  • Ambulances arrive at the scene of strikes on Afrin to rescue injured civilians on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by BasNews)
  • Ambulances arrive at the scene of strikes on Afrin to rescue injured civilians on July 15, 2021. (Images posted by Afrin Media Center)
  • "Among the victims of the missile strikes on the city of Afrin yesterday evening, Thursday 15.07.2021, was the Kurdish civilian, Radwan Jamil Hamid, from the village of Suya." (Image posted by Afrin Media Center)

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4316 IRS008 YS105

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.5112804, 36.851089 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and others were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces or Russian airstrikes on agricultural lands in the outskirts of Afrin on June 12, 2021.

According to Macro Media Center, “a civilian was killed and others were wounded as a result of the bombing of the PYD PKK gangs with missiles on the city of Afrin”. Shaam News also reported that one civilian was killed in the incident.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the SDF and PKK. However, Mazloum Abadi, the head of the SDF, issued a statement: “We strongly condemn the bombing by the Russian forces of the city of Afrin, which is overcrowded with civilians.”

The incident occured at 5:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Image of the agricultural lands outside of Afrin that were bombed on June 12, 2021. Image shows "the moment civilians fled during the bombing of the #PKK militia, on the city from their lands where they were working." (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to an area just west of the city, for which the exact coordinates are: 36.5112804, 36.851089.

  • Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to an area just west of the city.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery according to sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Gurbtwatan

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4317 IRS009 YS106

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509587, 36.858479 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least 13 civilians, including four hospital staff, were killed and 27 others, including 11 hospital staff, were injured in alleged airstrikes and/or artillery shelling of Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021.

The Syrian American Medical Society issues a statement that “SAMS-supported Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin, Syria was directly targeted by two missiles. Initial reports from the ground indicate that thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition”. Additional details are that “the first missile hit the emergency room, and the second missile hit the labor and delivery room. Both units have been completely destroyed, in addition to the outpatient department that was partially destroyed. The hospital has been taken out of service, evacuating patients to nearby facilities.”

A tweet from @rahhalahmad06 gave information on one of the victims: “the death of the anesthesiologist, Amin Qusho, as a result of the heinous crime that affected Al-Shifa Hospital in Afrin.”

@hsasmar also identified Mahmoud Al-Dabbas Abu Khaled as someone who was “trying to provide aid to the wounded who fell as a result of the bombing on the city of #Afrin.”

@BilloMohemed gave the context that Zalloukh Hanan Muhammad, 85 years old was killed “when a missile fell on her house in the vicinity of Marati roundabout in the center of Afrin city”.

The victims “Zeinab Sheikh Daoud“, 21 years old, and her two-year-old son, “Yusuf Qilij”, from the village of Ma’arat were both killed as well, according to @SheroAlo1. Afrin Rights Watch reported that the husband and father of the deceased was being held in Marati Prison / Marata, under the control of the Turkish, and was denied a request to be released to attend their funeral.

According to @Zoher__kh, a friend of one of the victims, Majed Kbeish was a member of the Shafak Organization. @rame0alsayed also identified Anwar Al-Daher as an employee of the Shafak Organization and pointed out that he was helping one of the wounded when he was killed.

Maaret alnuman posted on Facebook that Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh, the wife of Mahmoud Khashan, was also killed in the bombing of Al Shifaa Hospital.

A Facebook post by Mustafa Sheikho identified the death of Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil and the injury of her daughter, Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana.

An image posted by @Marea_Elshame shows a child in a wheelchair who was paralyzed prior to the incident and was killed in the strikes.

@SyrianCoalition published a full list of the names of those killed: Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad Afrin, 85 years old (F); Zainab Sheikh Daoud Afrin, 21 years old  (F); Yusuf Kilij Khushan Afrin, 2 years old  (M); Amin Qushou, 55 years old  (M); Muhammad Osama Mamdouh Homs, 33 years old  (M); Dana Al-Manfoukh  (F); Ghaith Abbas, 23 years old  (M); Samira Al-Sufi, Damascus, 41 years old  (F); Mahmoud Dias Homs, 35 years old  (M); Fadel Haj Ibrahim  (M); Laith Al-Hamwi  (M); Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Anwar Ahmed Daher  (M); Majed Kbeish  (M)

Syrian Civil Defense published the names Ismail Al-Naasan, Zaher Hamsho, and Ahmed Ibrahim, three volunteers of the White Helmets were injured while performing their humanitarian duty.

Afrin Post included additional names of civilians injured from Afrin: Fatima Sager Ahmed, 56 years old (F); Mazkin Muhammad Hassan, 39 years old (F)  //daughter of Malak Othamn Khalil; Ali Ali Mahmoud, 21 years old (M); Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad, 50 years old (?); Nidal Hajj Ibrahim, 55 years old (M); Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa, 4 years old (M); Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa, a year and a half old (M); Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old (F); Aisha Kılıch Colin, 56 years old (M)

Afrin Post also named civilians injured from outside of Afrin: Mohieddin Al-Zein, age 55 (M); Ismail Nassan 39 (M); Muhammad Saleh. 23 (M); Zahid Hamsho 36 (?); Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 (F); Abdullah Al-Abed 33 (M); Iman, Ghadab Zakaria (5 years) (F); Jalal Al-Qassab Omar (30 years old) (M); Iman al-Akhras Muhammad (22 years old) (F); Muhammad Qadriya (27 .) (M); Muhammad Hamidi Attia (36 years old) (M); Qusay Muhammad Khalil (31 years old). (M); Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka (41 years old) (M); Bilal Ramadan (29 years old). (M); Hossam Noureddine Farouk (37 years old) (M); Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal (31 years old) (M)

Qasioun News reported that “the authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF.”

A tweet from @ahmadal_shame put the number of civilians killed in the strikes “at more than 18” and @SyrianCoalition tweeted that the number of people killed had risen to 19. A higher count was given by Step News, putting that the strikes “killed 23 people and injured more than 40 civilians and medical staff” and Al Modon reported that more than 50 civilians were injured. However, other sources gave lower estimates, with @SEMA_Org tweeting that “at least 6 civilian casualties were killed, and 15 were injured,” but this seems to be an early estimate.

Orient News provided information on the victims: “killing of at least seven people in the initial toll, including three women from the medical staff (a midwife and two nurses), a civil defense volunteer and two civilians, in addition to the injury of dozens, including three civil defense volunteers and a number of medical staff and civilians, especially women”. Enab Baladi gave information that of the seven killed, that included “four medical personnel and three members of the “Syrian Civil Defense” team” and Syrian Network for Human Rights identified one child and five women among those killed.

In addition, Orient identified Iran as responsible for the bombardment on the hospital and added that the bombing “originated from the Iranian “sectarian” militia points in the areas of Aleppo countryside”.

A tweet from @NagiNajjar blamed the strikes on the regime and Iran.

Various sources, including @itsnotsuhad and Syrian Civil Defense, attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces and/or the PKK. Syrian Arab News Agency, the regime controlled news agency, reported that the civilian casualties resulted from “mutual shelling between the Turkish occupation forces and their terrorist mercenaries on the one hand, and the US occupation backed-QSD militants on  the other hand”.

However, Farhad Shami, Director of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Forces released a statement that “some media published incorrect news about the targeting of the city center of Afrin this evening and attributed it to our forces. We in the Syrian Democratic Forces confirm that we do not have any presence in those areas, and we call on all media outlets to adhere to credibility in publishing news related to our force”. The head of the SDF also denied that they were responsible, blaming Russia for the strikes.

Afrin Post reported that “Turkish soldiers in six military vehicles (with Turkish flags on them) had evacuated their military headquarters located in the building (formerly Ronahi Press) adjacent to Afrin Hospital (al-Shifaa now) just 4 minutes before the start of the missile shelling on the city, which indicates that they were on Aware of the missile targeting and its timing” and that Turkish forces prevented activists and media from entering the hospital following the strikes. In addition, “the missile shelling was launched from the outskirts of the towns of Nubl and al-Zahra, which are under the control of the Syrian regime army.”

A tweet from @maamo_walid provided an image of the “Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance”. Using the same image, @AKMcKeever referred to it as ” a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins) taken ~175m from the site of the Afrin hospital”.

The US State Department issued a statement condemning the attack and pointed out that “this hospital’s coordinates have been shared with the UN deconfliction mechanism for Syria” but did not identify who was responsible. The World Health Organization also issued a condemnation of the attack and did not attribute responsibility.

The incident occured at approximately 7:15 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Malak Othman Khalil Adult female from the village of Konde Khalil killed
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad 39 years old female injured

Family members (2)

  • Zainab Sheikh Daoud 21 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Yusuf Kilij Khushan 2 years old male From Afrin killed

Family members (4)

  • Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa 4 years old male injured
  • Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri Age unknown female killed
  • Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri 2 years old female killed
  • Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa 1.5 years old male injured
  • Amin Qusho 55 years old male Anesthesiologists killed
  • Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad 85 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Muhammad Osama Mamdouh 33 years old male From Afrin killed
  • Dana Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female killed
  • Ghaith Abbas 23 years old male killed
  • Samira Al-Sufi 41 years old female From Damascus killed
  • Mahmoud Dias 35 years old male killed
  • Fadel Haj Ibrahim Age unknown male killed
  • Anwar Ahmed Daher Age unknown male killed
  • Majed Kbeish Age unknown male killed
  • Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female wife of Mahmoud Khashan killed
  • Ismail Al-Naasan Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Zaher Hamsho Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Laith Al-Hamwi Age unknown male killed
  • Fatima Sager Ahmed 56 years old female injured
  • Ali Ali Mahmoud 21 years old male injured
  • Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad 50 years old injured
  • Nidal Hajj Ibrahim 55 years old male injured
  • Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old female injured
  • Aisha Kılıch Colin 56 years old male injured
  • Mohieddin Al-Zein 55 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Saleh 23 years old male injured
  • Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 years old female injured
  • Abdullah Al-Abed 33 years old male injured
  • Iman, Ghadab Zakaria 5 years old female injured
  • Jalal Al-Qassab Omar 30 years old male injured
  • Iman al-Akhras Muhammad 22 years old female injured
  • Muhammad Qadriya 27 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Hamidi Attia 36 years old male injured
  • Qusay Muhammad Khalil 31 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka 41 years old male injured
  • Bilal Ramadan 29 years old male injured
  • Hossam Noureddine Farouk 37 years old male injured
  • Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal 31 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (89) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (72) [ collapse]

  • Image of the destroyed al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. According to the Syrian American Medical Society, "thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition."
  • Image of al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin, which was destroyed by missile and artillery strikes on June 12, 2021. "The authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF." (Image posted by Qasioun)
  • According to @Marea_Elshame, the image shows a child who was paralyzed in a wheelchair and was killed in the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital.
  • Amin Qusho, an anesthesiologist who was killed in the bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @rahhalahmad06)
  • An ambulance destroyed by the bombardment of Al-Shifaa hospital on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image of Amin Qushou. an anesthesiologist who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an unidentified victim who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an Majed Kbeish, a published writer who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of an unidentified civilian who was injured in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @Tb7FgaFJwxqQlKu)
  • Image of a car belonging to Anwar Al-Daher, an employee of the Shafak Organization that was trying to help the wounded when he was hit with another missile. (Image posted by @rame0alsayed)
  • Image of the destruction to the hospital and blood from the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A injured member of the Syrian Civil Defense being taken to a medical facility in an ambulance following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense helping an injured victim following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • An image posted by the Turkish Defense Ministry shows the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin of June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @tcsavunma)
  • Image of Mahmoud Dabbas Abu Khaled, who was killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021.
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir and Majid Kubaish, members of Shafak Organization who died while performing their humanitarian duty to provide aid to the wounded following the bombing of the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Bonyan organization via Facebook)
  • Image of Ghaith Abbas, killed in airstrikes on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Ahmad Khaled via Facebook)
  • An image of the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of damage to Al-Shifaa hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a White Helmet searching through the rubble of the hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a cleaning up following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a wheelchair in the destroyed Al-Shifaa hospital, which suffered damage from airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana was injured, along with her mother who was killed, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil was killed, along with her daughter who was injured, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners burying some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of a White Helmet and a civilian carrying the body of one of the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Al Araby)
  • Image of Zainab Sheikh Daoud, 21, and her two-year-old son, Yusef Khoshnav Kilij, who were killed in airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Afrin Rights Watch)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"
  • Image of the location struck by the bombing in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @AKMcKeever)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Shifa hospital (مشفى الشفاء) in Afrin (عفرين). According to research conducted by @AKMcKeever, and as confirmed by our geolocation team, the exact coordinates for this strike are: 36.509587, 36.858479.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (89) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS104

Incident date

May 2, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and two others, including a woman, were injured in alleged Kurdish or regime strikes on Afrim in the northern countryside of Aleppo on May 2, 2021.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported “the killing of the child “Alia Rahim, 5 years old, and the wounding of a woman and a man, as a result of missile strikes from areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces and the regime forces in the northern countryside of Aleppo.” Various other sources gave the slain child’s age as three years old.

SCD also added that the child’s family had been displaced “from the southern countryside of Aleppo” and Shaam specified that her family “lives in a tent after she was displaced… from the village of Al-Batrana.” The Syrian Network for Human Rights added that the man and woman injured were the child’s parents and Baladi News reported that the parents were seriously injured and taken to the city hospital.

EdlibEmc1 also reported “a child was killed and others were injured due to artillery shelling by separatist Kurdish parties on the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo.”

The Turkish Ministry of Defense stated that the YPG had launched “8 cannons / rockets in the area where the fields are located in Afrin, Olive Branch, injured the mother, her child and a villager,” adding that the child could not be saved.

The Syrian Documentation Center reported that “more than 12 rockets” struck the neighborhood while 7al only identified six shells and located the strikes on the road to Jenderes. Radio Al Kul gave the specific location of the attacks as hitting “the Al-Jadida farm, south of Afrin.”

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to Kurdish forces. However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “it is not known yet if regime forces or Kurdish forces fired these rockets.” They also added that the area hit is under the control of “Turkish forces and their proxy factions” and just a few days prior, Turkish forces had shelled “the Kurdish-controlled villages of Bainah and Sawaghnah in Shirawa district in Afrin countryside.” A tweet from @anasanas84 also blamed the attack on “the Al-Assad and Qasd gangs.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, YPG forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The killing of the child “Alia Rahim, 5 years old, and the wounding of a woman and a man, as a result of missile strikes from areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces and the regime forces in the northern countryside of Aleppo. The body of the child and secured the place. (Image posted Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: A five-year-old girl, named as Aliaa Rahim, was killed and her parents were injured in shelling by Syrian Democratic Forces who used a missile launcher to bombard a residential area in the center of Afrin city in the northern suburbs of Aleppo governorate on May 2. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Screengrab taken from a video posted by the Turkish ministry of Defense on Twitter about the alleged Kurdish shelling on Afrin on May 2, 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: A child was killed and a woman was injured as a result of artillery shelling by the Syrian Democratic Forces targeting the city of Afrin in the northern countryside of Aleppo. (Image posted by @zelal_abo_adnan)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: The death of the three-year-old girl, Alia, and the injury of her mother as a result of artillery shelling by the SDF that targeted the city of Afrin, west of Aleppo, this morning, Sunday, May 2. (Image posted by @firas_alkhalifa)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, YPG forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (22) [ collapse]