Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

Lib2011-138

Incident date

August 9, 2011

Location

مصراتة, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

32.374457, 15.087794 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least 16 people, identified as Egyptian workers, were killed by Gaddafi forces on August 9, 2011 in Misrata according to Abdul Asallak’s post on YouTube and a tweet by @tounsiahourra.

Multiple sources stated that those killed were Egyptian workers who worked in a warehouse in the Kararim area of Misrata. A video posted by Abdul Asallak’s on YouTube shows more than 10 dead bodies in a pile.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Misurata (مصراتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.374457, 15.087794. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-136

Incident date

August 5, 2011

Location

المليعب, Al Mleeb, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

32.027635, 12.593237 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 28 and 49 people, including 28 men, were killed by Gaddafi forces in Al Mleeb in the vicinity of Al Qalaa village on August 5, 2011 according to various sources, including a video on ImazighenLibya’s YouTube and a post on Safit Al Somoud’s Facebook.

A graphic video posted by ImazighenLibya shows rows of dead bodies, more than 15, many of them with their hands tied behind their backs. Graphic images posted by Safit al Somood show some of the victims covered in mud. Other videos and images posted by various other sources show hundreds of people attending the funeral for the victims.

Names of victims killed:

M’hamed Ahmed Ghida

Muhammad Ghida, son of M’hamed Ahmed Ghida

Fouad Ghida, nephew of M’hamed Ahmed Ghida

Ashraf Abu Kassem Saleh Al-Ezabi

Abu Kassem Al-Ezabi,, father of Ashraf Abu Kassem Saleh Al-Ezabi

al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator

Muhammad Al-Shator, father of al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator

Mhammed Muhammad Al-Shator, younger brother of al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator

Saleh Ali Omar

Salem Suleiman Ali Khalifa

Rabie Saeed Omar Al-Ezabi

M’hamed Ajal

Yusef Ajal, son of M’hamed Ajal

Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden

Ali Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden, son of Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden

Salem Younis Kreir

Saeed Ali Othman

Uribi Othman, brother of Saeed Ali Othman

Suleiman Abdul Salam Ajal

Abd al-Salam Ajal, father of Suleiman Abdul Salam Ajal

Abdullah Ammhamad (Al-Dardouri)

Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari

Mahmo al-Harari, brother of Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari

Uncle of Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari

Uncle of Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari

Abdul Hamid Qarad Al-Taher

Talal Al-Hadi Omar Oreibi

Omar Qirqab Ahmed Al-Baden

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • M'hamed Ahmed Ghid Adult male killed
  • Muhammad Ghida Adult male Son of M'hamed Ahmed Ghida killed
  • Fouad Ghida Adult male Nephew of M'hamed Ahmed Ghida killed

Family members (2)

  • Ashraf Abu Kassem Saleh Al-Ezabi Adult male killed
  • Abu Kassem Al-Ezabi, Adult male Father of Ashraf Abu Kassem Saleh Al-Ezabi killed

Family members (3)

  • al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator Adult male killed
  • Muhammad Al-Shator Adult male Father of al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator killed
  • Mhammed Muhammad Al-Shator Age unknown male Younger brother of al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator injured

Family members (2)

  • M'hamed Ajal Adult male killed
  • Yusef Ajal Age unknown male killed

Family members (2)

  • Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden Adult male killed
  • Ali Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden, Son of Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden Adult male killed

Family members (2)

  • Saeed Ali Othman male killed
  • Uribi Othman male Brother of Saeed Ali Othman killed

Family members (2)

  • Suleiman Abdul Salam Ajal Adult male killed
  • Abd al-Salam Ajal Adult male Father of Suleiman Abdul Salam Ajal injured

Family members (4)

  • Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari male killed
  • Mahmo al-Harari male killed
  • Uncle of Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari male killed
  • Uncle of Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari male killed
  • Saleh Ali Omar Adult male killed
  • Salem Suleiman Ali Khalifa Adult male killed
  • Rabie Saeed Omar Al-Ezabi Adult male killed
  • Salem Younis Kreir Adult male killed
  • Abdullah Ammhamad (Al-Dardouri) Adult male killed
  • Abdul Hamid Qarad Al-Taher Adult male killed
  • Talal Al-Hadi Omar Oreibi Age unknown male killed
  • Omar Qirqab Ahmed Al-Baden Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    30 – 49
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (46) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • Funeral for Aug 5, 2011 victims
  • August 5 victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    August 5 victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    August 5 victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    August 5 victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    August 5 victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    August 5 victims
  • M'hamed Ahmed Ghida
  • Ashraf Abu Kassem Saleh Al-Ezabi
  • Abu Kassem Al-Ezabi,
  • al-Hashemi Muhammad al-Shator
  • Mhammed Muhammad Al-Shator
  • Saleh Ali Omar
  • Salem Suleiman Ali Khalifa
  • Rabie Saeed Omar Al-Ezabi
  • M'hamed Ajal
  • Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden
  • Salem Younis Kreir
  • Saeed Ali Othman
  • Suleiman Abdul Salam Ajal
  • Abdullah Ammhamad (Al-Dardouri)
  • Uribi Ali Othman
  • Muhammad Mhammed Al-Harari
  • Fouad Abdullah Ahmed Ghida
  • Abdul Salam Ajal
  • Talal Al-Hadi Omar Oreibi
  • Abdul Hamid Qarad Al-Taher
  • Mahmoud Mhamed Al-Harari
  • Mohammed Al-Shator
  • Muhammad M'hamed Ghida
  • Omar Qirqab Ahmed Al-Baden
  • Ali Mhamed Suleiman Al-Baden
  • Yusef Mhammed Ajal

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Mleeb (المليعب) area, in the vicinity of Al Qalaa (القلعة) village, for which the generic coordinates are: 32.027635, 12.593237. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    30 – 49
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-089

Incident date

May 7, 2011

Location

زاوية البقول, Zawiyat Al Baqoul, Yafran, Libya

Geolocation

31.989587, 12.430859 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were allegedly killed by Libyan rebel forces in Zawiyat Al Baqoul.

The UN’s investigation into Libya 2011 later reported the following: “The Commission also received reports of killings of members of other groups perceived to be Qadhafi loyalists, which typically took place in the immediate aftermath of the thuwar gaining control of the area.  The Zintan thuwar, who accuse the Mashashiya community of providing support to the Qadhafi forces during the latter’s siege and shelling of the Nafusa Mountains, have carried out attacks against the entire community including unlawful killings.

“For example, an 82 year-old Mashashiya man from Zawiyat al-Baqoul was shot dead at his home on 7 May 2011, reportedly by thuwar from Zintan.  Regarding another incident, the Commission was informed by two sources interviewed separately that two Mashashiya brothers were shot at point-blank range after capture by Zintan thuwar in front of another brother.  These incidents are examined in greater detail in Annex I, sect. III.F.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Zawiyat Al Baqoul (زاوية البقول), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.989587, 12.430859. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan rebel forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan rebel forces
  • Libyan rebel forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Incident Code

Lib2011-086

Incident date

May 3, 2011

Location

الرويسات, Al Ruwaisat, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

32.366517, 15.110012 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

On May 3rd, 2011, Gaddafi forces reportedly bombed Misurata after NATO planes had left the area.

Al Jazeera said: “Fighting broke out between the rebels and the Gaddafi Brigades in the southern and eastern suburbs of Misrata, and the rebels said they repelled an attack by tanks belonging to the brigades.

Sources reported that 55 civilians were killed and wounded in battles since last night, and the sporadic shelling of the Ruwaisat area continued, in which warehouses of goods were burned.”

Another local source, Resistance Misurata, suggested that no civilians may in fact have been killed: “Thankfully, no news has been received so far about cases of wounded or martyrs among civilians as a result of the intermittent shelling of the terrorist forces on the city.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    55
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighborhood of Al Ruwaisat (الرويسات) in the city of Misurata (مصراتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.366517, 15.110012. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    55
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-082

Incident date

April 30, 2011

Location

جالو, Jallo Oasis, Al Wahat, Libya

Geolocation

29.046464, 21.516349 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

On April 30th, 2011, Gaddafi forces entered the Jallo Oasis, reportedly killing six civilians and four rebels.

According to Agence France-Presse, 66 cars arrived from the south of the Oasis, killing one civilian at a bakery and five more civilian workers during the attack.

Al Jazeera quoted a rebel spokesman, also describing the six civilian deaths.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Jallo (جالو) Oasis area, for which the generic coordinates are: 29.046464, 21.516349. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-046

Incident date

March 22, 2011

Location

مصراتة, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

32.374457, 15.087794 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least four children were reported killed in a possible attack on Misurata by Gaddafi regime forces.

RTE wrote that “Forces loyal to Gaddafi are shelling the rebel-held western city of Misrata and casualties include four children killed when the car they were in was hit, Reuters is reporting.”

And the BBC noted: “AFP reported that sniper fire and bombing operations killed 17 people, including 5 children, in Misrata on Tuesday during attempts by pro-Gaddafi forces to regain control of the city.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 17
  • (4–5 children)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Misrata (مصراتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.374457, 15.087794. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 17
  • (4–5 children)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-004

Incident date

February 15, 2011

Location

البيضان, Bayda, Jabal al Akhdar, Libya

Geolocation

32.759849, 21.752794 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

On February 17th, 2011, between 5:30pm and 6:00pm local time, the deaths of between three and 14 civilians were reported killed by Gaddafi forces in Bayda.

Ibm tweeted, quoting Al Jazeera: “Three demonstrators were killed and four wounded by Libyan security bullets in Al-Bayda city, east of Benghazi.”

@monakareem said: “Security forces kill 4 more protesters after a humanitarian organization in Geneva said snipers from rooftops killed 13 protesters in Al-Bayda city – AFP.”

Amnesty International wrote about the incident: “Members of the security and armed forces chased and shot at protesters – those who threw stones, as well as those who did nothing or who were running away. Seventeen protesters were killed in al-Bayda that day and scores were wounded.”

It quoted the father of one of the victims saying: “‘At about 4.15pm… we heard shooting in the neighbourhood, behind ‘Uruba Street and we heard the imam of the Green Mosque speaking to the soldiers with a loudspeaker… There were bullets, plastic bullets and live bullets, and youths were closing the streets with [makeshift barricades]. Safwan was at home and he called his little brother who was on the balcony to go inside. A bit later he went downstairs and stood with a neighbour on the corner opposite the house. It was quiet. My other children wanted to go downstairs and I went with them and took them to the supermarket by car and while there my cousin called me to go to the hospital… People were holding up and parading the bodies of people who had been shot dead and I did not realize that one of them was Safwan. He was shot in the head as he stood by the door of the mosque.’”

Another eyewitness told the NGO: “‘We were at the Green Mosque and when we tried to leave after prayer the area was surrounded by security forces, soldiers in green and blue uniforms. They had weapons for plastic bullets and for real bullets. We stayed in the mosque for about an hour unable to leave and then some tried to leave, going forward and coming back because of the security forces ahead. Safwan was by the door of the mosque when he was shot dead at about 5.30pm-6pm.”

Twitlonger said that 14 young men were killed on that day.

The incident occured between 5:30 pm and 6:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 14
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Safwan Ramadhan ‘Atiya ‘Ali, allegedly killed by Gaddafi forces in Bayda on February 15th, 2011 (via Free Zawi)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Al Bayda (البيضاء), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.759849, 21.752794. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 14
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-003

Incident date

February 15, 2011

Location

شارع العروبة, Al Orouba Street, Bayda, Libya

Geolocation

32.112582, 20.082151 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

Seven civilian were allegedly killed and one more injured by Gaddafi forces during protests in Al Bayda.

Al Jazera said: “The number of martyrs in Al-Bayda, east of Benghazi, increased to 7, and the security forces injured a 13-year-old child in the leg with rubber bullets.”

Amnesty International wrote: “In al-Bayda, a protester and a bystander were killed on 16 February, a day prior to the planned “Day of Rage”, during a demonstration against the arrest of activists (see Chapter 1). The protester was Sa’ad Hamed Salah al-Yamani, a 20-year-old student. His father told Amnesty International: ‘He asked for me for permission to go to the peaceful demonstration. He went out at about 6.30pm and at about 7.45pm his best friend got a call to go to the hospital and when he went there he found Sa’ad dead.’ Sa’ad’s friend Hazem Ahmed Mohammed al-Faidi, who was with Sa’ad when he was killed and who was himself shot, told Amnesty International: ‘We went for a peaceful demonstration. We walked past the Commercial Bank, where the security forces threw tear gas, and went on to the ISA building to call for the release of the people arrested the previous day. We were outside the main door, at the back of ‘Uruba Street, by the market. They shot in the air from the guard room on the ground floor and then shot live bullets. I was shot in the right flank and in the right arm. Sa’ad was standing two or three metres from me and was shot immediately after me; he was shot in the face and collapsed. He died immediately.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Khaled Khanfar and Sa'ed Hamad Al Yamani, allegedly killed by Gaddafi forces in Benghazi on February 15h, 2011 (via Walled Bin Amir)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Al Ouruba or Al Abraq street (شارع العروبة) in the city of  Al Bayda (البيضاء), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.112582, 20.082151. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Al Ouruba or Al Abraq street (شارع العروبة) in the city of  Al Bayda (البيضاء).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (6) [ collapse]