Reported civilian and ‘friendly fire’ deaths from Coalition airstrikes 2014

Rescuers search for survivors of a US airstrike at Kafar Daryan, Syria September 23 2014 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
Rescuers search for survivors of a US airstrike at Kafar Daryan, Syria September 23 2014 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Listed are all known reports for 2014 – via generally credible sources unless otherwise indicated – of non-combatant and ‘friendly fire’ deaths allegedly caused by the Coalition. We include locations, dates and reported casualty numbers, as well as the names of victims where known. Also cross-referenced are any known US or allied airstrikes in the vicinity – and any coalition response to a reported incident.

Some photographs have been masked because of their graphic content. These masks will disappear when your cursor is placed over them. We explain our grading system here. And you can find our ongoing 2015 casualty reports here.

Airwars monitors media and social media sites in both Iraq and Syria for claims of coalition-inflicted casualties. We also cite reports from regionally-focused monitoring groups which include:
Syrian Observatory for Human Rights
Syrian Network for Human Rights
Syria Violations Documentation Center
Raqaa is Being Slaughtered Silently
Iraq Body Count
Antiwar.com

Please note that this is an organic dataset, which reflects our latest current understanding of any particular event. 

August 2014

August 16th, 2014: Sinjar, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary: According to the German news agency DPA, the first known civilian victims of US bombing in the campaign occurred on August 16th, eight days into the air war. According to DPA, witnesses informed the agency’s reporter that “11 civilian were killed by a US airstrike when they chased [ISIL] fighters in Sinjar but its rockets missed them, targeting civilian houses and killing 11 persons west of Mosul.”
Al Jazeera also reported that 11 non-combatants had died, adding that additional civilians may also have been killed on US strikes after August 8th: “Medical sources from the city’s hospital in Mosul said that the bodies of more than two dozen people from IS killed by US raids on northern Iraq were received.”
Civilians reported killed: 11

Reported injured: Unknown
Quality of reporting: Fair
Sources: Ghar Ishta blog [Arabic], Deutsche Presse Agentur cited by Al Quds [Arabic], Al Hadath TV [Arabic], Al Jazeera [Arabic]
Coalition position: A single US airstrike was confirmed in Sinjar August 15th, with six in the vicinity of Mosul Dam the following day. For August 15th-16th 2014: “U.S. military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Iraq yesterday, with remotely piloted aircraft successfully conducting airstrikes on two armed vehicles south of the village of Sinjar. After receiving reports from Kurdish forces that ISIL terrorists were attacking civilians in Kawju, a village located south of Sinjar, U.S. aircraft identified and followed an ISIL armed vehicle to a roadside area. At approximately 10:10 a.m. EDT [1910 local], U.S. aircraft struck and destroyed two vehicles in the area.”

For August 16th-17th 2014U.S. military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Iraq Saturday (Iraq time), with a mix of fighter and remotely piloted aircraft successfully conducting airstrikes near Irbil and the Mosul Dam… The nine airstrikes conducted thus far destroyed or damaged four armored personnel carriers, seven armed vehicles, two Humvees and an armored vehicle.”

 

August 24th, 2014: Al Qayyarah, south of Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary: Local news service Al Sumaria claimed that “11 civilians from one family” died after coalition airstrikes hit the village of al Qayyarah south of Mosul on the morning of August 24th.
Other sources, placing the death county slightly lower at 8-9 killed, reported that the attack had been carried out by a helicopter, possibly a Chinook, suggesting that the Iraq Army may have been responsible. Local MP Abdul Rahman Allowaizi later complained that “there is no difference between detonating car bombs in the regions and governorates of Iraq and the dumping of barrels explosive on the role of residential neighborhoods in Nineveh.
Civilians reported killed: 8-11
Reported injuries: Unknown.
Quality of reporting: Contested
Sources: Al Sumaria TV [Arabic], Baghdad TV [Arabic], Herak [Arabic], Sougour al Arab [Arabic]
Coalition position: The coalition has reported two strikes in the vicinity of Mosul for August 23rd-24th 2014, both of which it says targeted vehicles: “U.S. military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in support of Iraqi security force operations, using fighter aircraft to conduct an airstrike in the vicinity of Mosul Dam. The strike destroyed an ISIL vehicle and all aircraft exited the strike area safely.

September 2014

September 3rd, 2014: Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
 A reported aerial bombardment (at 2200hrs local time) near an ISIL HQ east of Mosul, allegedly left up to seven members of the same family dead and injured in the al-Wadha Street area.  At least three women were reported killed and a man and child injured.
While Baghdad TV attributed the strike to US aircraft, other media referred only to unspecified aircraft, or said that Iraqi forces were responsible.

According to local media, residents had earlier been warned of imminent airstrikes: “Iraqi planes dropped leaflets two days ago, in which civilians were warned against mixing with members of IS to avoid harm from any Iraqi security strikes targeting the organisation.” In response, ISIL reportedly evacuated part of its HQ in the city. 
Civilians reported killed:
3-7

Reported injured: 2
Sources: Almada Press [Arabic], Altaghier TV [Arabic], Alghad Press [Arabic], Rudaw [Arabic], Al Sumaria TV [Arabic], Baghdad TV [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Contested
Coalition position: CENTCOM reported three strikes in the vicinity of Mosul Dam for September  3rd-4th 2014, though has not acknowledged any associated civilian deaths: “U.S. military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Iraq, using fighter aircraft to conduct three airstrikes Wednesday and Thursday, in support of Mosul Dam operations. The strikes destroyed two ISIL armed vehicles and an ISIL observation post.

 

September 5th, 2014: Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
Sources in the city claimed that an airstrike carried out at approximately 10pm in the vicinity of the Turkish consulate in Mosul had killed Ridwan Akram, his wife and their child. According to a commemorative Facebook page, the family had only recently returned after three months in Turkey when they died.
While a number of reports attributed the attack to the coalition, others including Baghdad TV  claimed that the Iraqi military (which carried out strikes elsewhere on the city that day) was responsible.
Civilians reported killed: 3, including child
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Citizens of Mosul Facebook page [Arabic], Herak [Arabic], Al Gharbiya News [Arabic], Baghdad TV [Arabic], YouTube clip [damage inflicted by airstrikes on Mosul Sept 5th]
Quality of reporting: Contested
Coalition position: CENTCOM reported four airstrikes in the vicinity of both Mosul Dam and Irbil  for September 4th-5th 2014. However none were reported for September 5th-6th, when this event appears to have taken place.


Munition fragments and damage from strikes, Mosul Sept 5th

 

September 14th, 2014: Sinjar, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary: An internal CENTCOM review identified potential civilian casualties from a Coalition airstrike in “northern Iraq.” The only location for this date which matches is Sinjar.
According to a declassified CENTCOM document, “A review of FMV from a RECOIL feed revealed unknown individuals moving into a target area during a strike on PIO ISIL fighters under SROE 001.”
A first stage review concluded “No CIVCAS determined“, citing local peshmerga reports that “all individuals engaged were ISIL forces.”
Civilians reported killed: 2 or more 
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document, Coalition daily report
Quality of reporting: Fair
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
Attacks are confirmed for September 14th 2014: “strikes destroyed six ISIL vehicles near Sinjar.” However based on comments from peshmerga and inconclusive video feeds, no further action was taken. 

 

September 23rd, 2014: Kafar Daryan, Idlib governorate, Syria
Summary: On the first night of US airstrikes in Syria, the United States carried out a sequence of attacks on the Al Qaeda-affiliated Khorasan Group (part of the al-Nusra Front.) For the only recorded occasion during the allied air war, the US deployed Tomahawk cruise missiles to strike targets in the vicinity of Aleppo. Locals also reported what they described as US combat aircraft participating. Up to fifteen civilians died in the strikes, along with “a large number of mujahideen” according to one Al Qaeda-linked militant at the scene.
Eyewitnesses told SN4HR that all of the civilian deaths occurred when a house collapsed: “The huge pressure from the explosion caused the collapse of a two-storied residential house near the Nusra Front target, less than 100 m from it. This caused the death of 12 people, all civilians, including five children and five women.” SN4HR later added a 13th fatality to its lists.
The civilian victims were later named as:
Abd Al-Hameed Mohammad Jahjah
His wife Mrs. Reem Al-Hajji
and their young daughter Basmala (pictured)
and son Mohammad abd al Hameed Jahjah
Also reported killed were two young sisters – Zainab Mhanna Barakat [Syrian Martyrs page] and Safa’a Mhanna Barakat [Syrian Martyrs page]
Ramziya Juma’a Mahmoud Mu’az died five days after the US attack in a Turkish hospital [Syrian Martyrs page here].
His wife Mrs Ramzia and infant son Mahmoud Juma’a Moua’z (pictured below) died at the scene [Syrian Martyrs page].
Also reported killed were Safwan Yihya [Syrian Martyrs page]; a Turkish man named as Abu Yousef Al Kannass;  and three unidentified women.
The Global Post later reported that husband and wife Mohammed and Fatima Darwish also died in the strike, while their orphaned son Humam survived.
After examining video evidence of apparent US cruise missile fragments at the village, Human Rights Watch later said that the strikes “should be investigated for possible violations of the laws of war.”
Buzzfeed also spoke with two eyewitnesses to the attack, with one noting: “What we saw with our own eyes was unreal — the [civilian] houses were completely gone. Our job was to collect the body parts. The worst thing was the children. It’s still in my mind.

An internal CENTCOM investigation into alleged civilian deaths swiftly concluded “No further inquiry required,” it was revealed a year later. This was in part based on an assessment that “Open source images presented as casualties from the strikes actually came from previous GoS [Government of Syria] strikes.”
Airwars has since examined all known published images relating to the Kafr Daryan event. As our Syria researcher Kinda Haddad notes, “Every picture but one we are aware of first appears on 23rd September 2014, and in connection with Kafr Daryan.”
The one known exception is a picture which first appeared as a tweet on September 2nd, after a child was killed by the Assad regime. Shortly after the Kafr Daryan attack some three weeks later, that same image was claimed in English by at least one site to have been taken at Kafr Daryan.

However even a rudimentary search by CENTCOM would have identified multiple photographs and videos relating to September 23rd itself. Even when investigators noted new evidence on the strike from the Syrian Network for Human Rights in April 2015, this did not appear to trigger any new inquiry.
Civilians reported killed: 13-18 civilians including 2 to 5 women, 5 children, along with 13 Al Nusra Front combatants

Reported injured: 15
Quality of reporting: Fair. Confirmed strikes. Named victims. Multiple eyewitnesses. Video and oral evidence and testimony. Recovered weapons fragments identified as belonging to cruise missiles
Sources: YouTube [US strikes reportedly hitting Kafar Daryan],  YouTube video [aftermath of attack], YouTube video [missile fragments], YouTube video [victims removed from rubble], YouTube video [victims taken for medical treatment], Times of Lebanon [Arabic], YouTube video [reported child casualties of attack], YouTube video [Nusra Front militant at bomb site], Uruknet, Sadaa al-Sham TV [reported eyewitness testimonies – Arabic], Al Jazeera [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights (1) [Arabic], Pentagon Spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby, Human Rights Watch, Voice of America, Syrian Network for Human Rights (2), Syrian Network for Human Rights (3) [reported names of civilian victims], Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Buzzfeed, Declassified CENTCOM report, Tweet for Sept 2nd 2014, Airwars, Global Post,
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT

US strikes are confirmed at the location for September 23rd-24th 2014: “In total, U.S. Central Command conducted eight strikes against Khorasan Group targets west of Aleppo to include training camps, an explosives and munitions production facility, a communication building and command and control facilities.
Two days after the attack the Pentagon’s chief spokesman stated that “we don’t have any credible operational reporting through operational channels that would sustain those allegations [of civilian deaths].” Despite multiple eyewitness testimonies to the contrary, the US continues to insist that no non-combatants died in the attack.

Basmala, who died with her young brother and parents in a US cruise missile strike, September 23rd, 2014
Basmala, who died with her young brother and parents in a reported US cruise missile strike, September 23rd, 2014 (via SN4HR)
GRAPHIC Mahmoud Juma’a Mua’az, slain in a reported US strike Sept 23 2014 (SNHR)
GRAPHIC Mahmoud Juma’a Mua’az, slain in a reported US strike in Syria Sept 23 2014 (via SN4HR)


Bodies removed from rubble at Kafar Daryan, Sept 23rd 2014

Alleged cruise missile fragment recovered from the scene, Sept 2014 (SNHR)
Alleged cruise missile fragment recovered from the scene, Sept 2014 (SN4HR)

 

September 25th, 2014: Al Hassakah, Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
 The Syrian Martyrs website claimed that six unnamed civilian males were killed in a coalition airstrike on Al Hassakah. It said it had obtained the news via the Syrian Network for Human Rights, though that original report cannot presently be traced.
Civilians reported killed: 6
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – missing report
Quality of reporting: Poor. Effectively single source
Coalition position: Strikes in the vicinity were reported by the coalition for September 24th-25th 2014: “U.S. military forces and partner nations, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, attacked ISIL terrorists in Syria today, using a mix of fighter and remotely piloted aircraft to conduct 13 airstrikes against 12 ISIL-controlled modular oil refineries located in remote areas of eastern Syria in the vicinity of Al Mayadin, Al Hasakah, and Abu Kamal and one ISIL vehicle near Dayr az Zawr, also in eastern Syria.
US and allied airstrikes were only officially reported as taking place around Dayr az Zawr on September 25th-26th.

 

September 26th, 2014: Al Hassakah, Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
 The Syrian Martyrs website claimed that three named men were killed in a coalition airstrike. It listed them as:
Juma’a Zulti
Mohammad Juma’a Zulti
Nader Akta’a
On its summary page Syrian Martyrs listed the trio as civilians. However, their individual pages describe them as fighters.
According to a video tribute, Akta’a was an opponent of the Assad regime who had also fought the Kurds in Syria’s chaotic civil war, and it appears unlikely he was a non-combatant: “One of the first to come out in peaceful protests in the town of Jissr Al Shoughour, he [Akta’a] fought the regime peacefully but he found that peaceful means with the regime do not work so he fought like a hero and he avenged the blood of the pure.  He was victorious and with his own blessed blood he wrote history.  The coming generations will remember his victories against the Kurdish forces loyal to the regime. He lived and died a free man. May God accept him.
The Violations Documentation Center listed a fourth name, that of “non-civilian” Yasin Shaikh Mosa.
Civilians reported killed: 2-3
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], YouTube martyr’s video for Nader Akta’aSyrian Human Rights Committee [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic]  
Quality of reporting: Contested

Coalition position: US and allied airstrikes were only officially reported as taking place around Dayr az Zawr on September 25th-26th.
Strikes were however confirmed at al Hasakah for September 27th-28th 2014: “In Syria, an ISIL vehicle was destroyed south of Al-Hasakah. Also near Al-Hasakah several buildings that were part of an ISIL garrison were destroyed.” 


Martyrdom video for Nader Akta’a, most likely a combatant

September 26th 2014, Eastern Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:  Seven civilians including two children” were reported by two local news agencies as being killed in a coalition airstrike in the eastern part of Mosul, in al-Tahrir Street.
Alternatively, the Baghdad Centre for Human Rights claimed that two separate coalition strikes – in the Fadhiliyah and Ba’shika neighbourhoods of Mosul – killed four civilians each.
Civilians reported killed: 7-8, including 2 children
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: El Hasad [Arabic], Baghdad Centre for Human Rights [Arabic], Deutsche Presse Agentur, cited by Arab News [Arabic], Almshaheer [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair, though coalition denies having carried out any strikes in the vicinity.

Coalition position: No coalition strikes were officially reported in Mosul between September 25th-27th 2014. A spokesman also told Airwars that “no Coalition airstrikes have taken place in the vicinity” on the date listed.

قصف-الطائرات-الأمريكية-يوقع-شهداء-وجرحى-في-الموصل
House damaged in alleged coalition airstrike Mosul, Iraq September 26, 2014 (via Baghdad Centre for Human Rights)

 

September 26th, 2014: Bayji, Salahudin province, Iraq
Summary:
 An alleged coalition ‘friendly fire’ incident killed a number of Shia militia. A graphic video, titled “The killing of members of the Popular mobilisation unit by the coalition air forces,” was posted by Iraqi Shia activist Ya Zahra’a Ya Mahdi on the day. It shows many bodies obviously killed in a violent incident. Another site claimed that “dozens” were killed and injured.
Al Midan cited local MP Iskandar Watout as condemning as “heinous” a coalition airstrike which security sources said had killed and injured 73 people. 
Citing this and other incidents, Al Wafd also reported a parliamentary source as saying that “more than 60 soldiers in the popular crowd forces, were killed or wounded by American planes bombed targeted by mistake, to the south of Tikrit and in the northern areas of Diyala.

Friendly forces reported killed: 30 est
Reported injured: 40 est
Sources: YouTube post by Ya Zahra’a Ya Mahdi [Arabic], Iraqi Media Network Shaa’a Facebook page [Arabic], Al Masdar News [Arabic], Al Wafd [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair 
Coalition position: No coalition strikes are publicly reported in the vicinity of Bayji for September 25th-27th 2014.

The only possible match might be an event described as “south west of Irbil“, for September 26th-27th 2014: “In Iraq, three airstrikes southwest of Irbil destroyed four ISIL armed vehicles and destroyed an ISIL fighting position.


GRAPHIC: Alleged ‘friendly fire’ incident at Bayji, Sept 26th 2014

 

September 27th, 2014: Al Fadghami, Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
Six male civilians, all cousins were killed in the village of Al Fadghami, Al Hassakah “as a result of Coalition strikes.”
Local activist Siraj al Hasskawi published details of the event on the day: “At 10:30 on Friday morning the Western/Arab alliance jets committed a massacre against six unarmed civilians and wounded two in the village of Al Fadghami 70 km South of Hasaka city on the old Hassaka/Deir Ezzor road near Shaddadi city….
The six martyrs had met, along with a number of relatives, in front of the home of Mr. Suleiman to eat breakfast and had their cars parked in front of the house. Unmanned surveillance planes were circling the skies of the village and surrounding villages. Then without warning a coalition aircraft fired a missile on one of their cars, burning it completely and killing the six cousins, and injuring two others. The first car was completely destroyed and the second one was damaged.  The house where women and children live was partially damaged.

… Both Mahmoud and Hussein had returned from Iraq two months ago with their parents after the border between Syria and Iraq was removed, and they both decided to live in the village of their parents. Mahmoud lived in the house of Mr. Suleiman Hussein al Salim, in front of which the massacre took place. The other four martyrs (Satem, Abdullah, Ghassan .and Ali ) were all civilians  working in agriculture and other freelance work and did not belong to any armed military faction. All were married and each had children between the ages of 9 and 15. They have now been buried in al Fadaghma  Cemetery.”
The men, all residents of al Fadghami, have been identified as:

Hussein Al Ali Al Khalil Al Salama 35 year old Iraq-born farmer
Sitam Al Atiya Al Salama – 38 year old farmer 
Abdullah Muhssein Al Latif Al Salama – 43 year old former employee of the municipality of Al Mayadeen
Ali Antar Al Hannoush41 year old farmer
Ghassan Al Makhlaf Al Salim – 35 year old farmer
and Mahmoud Halabi Dandah Al Salama 31 years old from Iraq
Also reported injured in the event were
Bashar Hamidi al Salim and Ashraf Mukhlef Al Ali.

Civilians reported killed: 6
Reported injured: 2
Sources: Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic], Siraj al Hasskawi report [Arabic], Video – immediate aftermath, Video – aftermath of Fadghami strike, Video – injured receive hospital treatment, Hassakah page for Documenting Martyrs [Arabic], Syrian Revolution Hama [Facebook], Etihad Press [Arabic], SAS News Agency [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: Two coalition airstrikes were confirmed in the vicinity of al-Hassakah on September 26th-27th 2014. In one (for which CENTCOM also released video footage) it was stated that “several buildings that were part of an ISIL garrison were destroyed.”
For September 27th-28th 2014, the Colition claimed that “One airstrike in northeast Syria destroyed three ISIL armed vehicles and an ISIL Humvee.”

 

 

September 28th 2014, Ar Raqqah, Al Raqqah governorate, Syria
Summary:
An alleged early morning coalition airstrike hit a small plastics factory on the Old Bridge Road in Ar Raqqah, the headquarters town of Islamic State in Syria. The strike reportedly killed the factory site’s young night watchman (or alternatively the owner), Ismail Hussain Al Ibbou.
In what may be a separate incident in the city, the Syrian Martyrs website (citing VDC) reported the death of Othman Mahmoud Mathouth as a result of a coalition airstrike on Ar Raqqah” on September 28th. He was described as originally coming from Aleppo.
Civilians reported killed: 1-2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: YouTube video [GRAPHIC aftermath of strike], Syrian Network for Human Rights [Arabic] & [English]; Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center on Al Ibbou [Arabic]; Violations Documentation Center on Othman [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair. Named victim and follow-up via credible source

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed strikes in the vicinity of Ar Raqqah for September 27th-28th 2014: “U.S. and partner nations conducted airstrikes on four ISIL-held modular refineries and an ISIL command and control node north of Ar Raqqah; although we continue to assess the outcome of these attacks, initial indications are that they were successful.
In addition, for September 28th-29th 2014 the coalition also confirmed: “Two airstrikes were conducted on ISIL compounds near Ar Raqqah.” However it has not conceded any civilian casualties.


GRAPHIC: Ismail al Ibbou, reported civilian victim of
US air strike on Ar Raqqah Sept 28th 2014

September 28th 2014, Manbij, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
The US (possibly with Jordan and/or the UAE) bombed grain silos near Manjib. While CENTCOM insisted that the grain facilities were occupied by Islamic State forces, the UK-based  Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that only civilians – workers at the silos – had been killed, although militants were also wounded.
According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights [which did not record any civilian deaths] the silos and associated facilities were still producing vital food for nearby residents: “If these mills were damaged, it would mean that 650,000 people will be unable to get bread.”
In an apparent reference to the Manbij incident, a declassified CENTCOM file published in September 2015 noted that “An initial review of a strike during the initial deliberate strikes in Syria prior to 29 September on the area IVO grain silos in Idlib had been conducted, determined not to have been ClVCAS.” The review then concluded that “No further inquiry [was] required.

Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: 4 or more
SourcesCENTCOM daily report, Reuters, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights [Arabic], YouTube video [severely damaged grain silos], Syrian Network for Human Rights, Declassified CENTCOM document 
Quality of reporting: Weak

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The coalition has confirmed responsibility for the event: “Two airstrikes struck an ISIL training camp and ISIL vehicles within a vehicle staging area adjacent to an ISIL-held grain storage facility near Manbij. The storage facility was being used by ISIL as a logistics hub and vehicle staging facility,” an official report noted.

Despite on the ground reporting, the US denies any civilian casualties. CENTCOM spokesman Col Patrick Ryder told ReutersWe are aware of media reports alleging civilian casualties, but have no evidence to corroborate these claims,” adding that CENTCOM would nevertheless look into the reports further.

 

September 28th 2014, Jarablus, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a coalition airstrike “on Islamic State buildings” killed “several” civilians who were being held captive, as well as five Islamic State militants.
Other sources reported that the Omar Abu Risha school at Manbij was also destroyed in a coalition attack.
Civilians reported killed: 2 or more, and 5 militants
Reported injured: “Several”
Sources: Syrian Observatory for Human Rights [Arabic], CENTCOM daily report, Halab News [Arabic], YouTube, YouTube [2nd video of destroyed school], Aleppo News [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair, though reporting at times confused

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed strikes in the vicinity, though has denied any civilian casualties. For September 28th-29th 2014 it reported: “U.S. and partner nations conducted two airstrikes on an ISIL compound and an ISIL-held airfield in northwest Syria near Aleppo.

 

September 29th 2014, Ar Raqqah, Al Raqqah governorate, Syria
Summary:
A single source (the Syrian Martyrs website) reported that a woman was killed in a coalition airstrike on Ar Raqqah whom it named as Fawzia Al Ghaddou, a resident of the city. A Syrian Network for Human Rights report relating to this event can no longer be traced.
Civilians reported killed: 1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – missing report
Quality of reporting: Poor. Only one source claims civilian casualties

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed airstrikes in the vicinity on September 28th-29th 2014: “Two airstrikes were conducted on ISIL compounds near Ar Raqqah.
No strikes are reported in the vicinity for September 29th-30th 2014.

October 2014

October 5th, 2014: Hit, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary:
It was reported by several sources in Hit that coalition or Iraqi jets struck a number of civilian houses, killing up to 22 persons. Eight children and 3 women were reportedly among the dead. 
One of those quoted on the event was Nabil Souri, an Iraqi citizen working at Hit hospital, who learned that many in his family had been killed including his parents and six others: “I was in the hospital the moment the alliance bombing hit the townhouses in Hit.  We were informed that there were dead and wounded, including critically wounded, who were on their way to the hospital to be treated.”
The official spokesman for local Sunni tribes, Sheikh Abdul Razzaq al-Shammari, told Rudaw that the coalition was responsible: “Twenty people were killed and 40 wounded, mostly women and children, and a large number of the wounded died on Monday, following the aerial bombardment of the international coalition aircraft on the city of Hit.”
However, al-Gharbiya News reported that while many civilians had indeed died in the bombing, this had been the result of an erroneous Iraq Air Force strike. Al Jazeera also interviewed a city official by phone, who said that “The town yesterday endured bombings carried out by coalition planes and Iraqi military planes. They targeted Al Jabad, Al Qadissia, Al Ummal and al Mukhabarat streets. More than 24 civilians were killed, most of them women and children.”
The UN cited the attack in its quarterly report, noting that: “On 6 October, an air strike allegedly hit civilian buildings in Heet [sic], killing at least 18 civilians (including three women and eight children), with an undetermined number of wounded. Other sources, however, reported that the target of the air strike was ISIL, and that the three civilian houses had been hit with resulting civilian casualties in subsequent shelling of the area.The UN attributed the attack generally to Iraq and its allies – including possibly the coalition.
Graphic images allegedly showing children killed in the Hit incident emerged on October 6th. These were later used for anti-Assad propaganda purposes in Syria, for example for October 26th 2014.
Responding to allegations of civilian casualties at Hit, CENTCOM internally reviewed all records of strikes on the town between October 1st and October 5th 2014. According to a report declassified in August 2015, “No strikes IVO [in vicnity of] Hit struck any civilian structures.” Based on information presently available, it appears likely the strike was the work of Iraqi aircraft.

Civilians reported killed: 18-24, including 3 women and 8 children
Reported injured: Up to 43
Sources: Anatolia News Agency [Arabic], Masress citing Al Mayadeen TV channel [Arabic], Al Gharbiya News [Arabic], Al Jazeera [Arabic], Los Angeles Times, Al Khabar Press [Arabic],  Local Sunni blog [Arabic], Al Jazeera TV report [Arabic], Rudaw [Arabic], GRAPHIC Fallujah News [Arabic], UN Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Iraq: 11 September – 10 December 2014, Declassified CENTCOM report, Airwars
Quality of reporting: Disproven

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The coalition has confirmed one airstrike at Hit on October 4th-5th 2014: “One strike southeast of Hit destroyed two ISIL Humvees.”

However CENTCOM denied any non-combatant deaths from the event, with Major Curtis Kellogg telling the Los Angeles Times: “We have seen the media reports alleging civilian casualties in Hit, Iraq. However, based on our current assessment, we believe them to be false and have seen no evidence to corroborate these claims.

20141006_150835-600x330GRAPHICClaimed image of infant casualties of the October 4th 2014
strike at Hit, Iraq 
(via Al Gharibiya News)


Al Jazeera report on concerns about civilian casualties
from coalition airstrikes, October 6th 2015

 

October 7th 2014: Tuz Khurmatu, Amarli, Salahuddin province, Iraq
Summary:
Coalition aircraft reportedly killed at least four and perhaps many more Shia militia allied with the Iraq government, in a ‘friendly fire’ incident. According to Sky News Arabia, aircraft “targeted a group of the Saraya Al Salam (Peace Brigade) of the Sadrist movement, one of the units known as the popular mobilisation unites in Amirli in the district of Tuz Khurmatu.”
According to the blog Iraq’s Sunnis, those killed died when their car was targeted in the mistaken belief that the militiamen were Islamic State terrorists.

Friendly forces reported killed: 4-24 or more
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Sky News Arabia [Arabic], Al Iraq Times [Arabic], Sunnat al Iraq blog [Arabic], Iraqeana [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair
Coalition position: The coalition has officially reported no strikes in the vicinity of Amirli for this date.

 

October 7th 2014: Hamam, Al Raqqah governorate, Syria
Summary:
A single source, the Syrian Martyrs website, reported that one civilian male was killed in a coalition strike on a village near Ar Raqqah. It named him as Khalil Ibrahim Al Sheikho.
Civilians reported killed: 1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed activity in the area for October 7th-8th 2014, noting that “Two airstrikes northwest of Ar Raqqah successfully struck an active ISIL training camp and associated ISIL fighters.” However it has denied any non-combatant casualties.

 

October 7th 2014: Slouk, Al Raqqah governorate, Syria
Summary:
A single source, the Syrian Martyrs website, reported that one civilian male was killed in a coalition strike on Slouk near Ar Raqqah. It named him as Salama Mohammad Al Thiab.
Civilians reported killed: 1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source.

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed activity in the area for October 7th-8th 2014, noting that “Two airstrikes northwest of Ar Raqqah successfully struck an active ISIL training camp and associated ISIL fighters.” However it has denied any non-combatant casualties.

 

October 8th 2014: Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
According to an unidentified international news agency cited in Foreign Policy, there were unconfirmed reports of possible civilian casualties at Mosul after coalition aircraft heavily targeted the city – though the agency was unable to verify further given the security situation: “We were never able to confirm it.”
Perhaps linked to the above, CENTCOM noted internally that it had received reports from an unnamed journalist on October 17th that “there may have been CIVCAS on a strike conducted on several vehicles in Mosul.”
Investigators concluded that the allegation might be linked to a confirmed strike by an unspecified Coalition Task Force that day. However, based on operational reports and “no reports of alleged CIVCAS arising from this strike” it was subsequently decided that “No further inquiry required.”

According to a reporter for Rudaw still in the city (who made no mention of civilian casualties) the coalition airstrikes began at 8pm local time: “The bombing targeted the strongholds of the organization Daesh, one of them the police culture center in Alnarkal neighborhood east of the city of Mosul, while missiles also targeted a gathering of militants near University Bridge Tunnel in the cultural district of the town.”
Civilians reported killed: Unknown

Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Foreign Policy, Rudaw [Arabic], Niqash [Arabic], Declassified CENTCOM report
Quality of reporting: Weak

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The coalition confirms an airstrike in Mosul on October 8th-9th 2014 which “destroyed 4 ISIL vehicles and damaged two others,” but has conceded no civilian casualties.

 

October 8th, 2014: West of Ramadi, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary: An internal CENTCOM review identified potential civilian casualties from a Coalition airstrike on an ‘ISIL checkpoint’ west of Ramadi, which appears to have been carried out by Australian aircraft.
According to the internal CENTCOM document, “On reviewing WSV [weapon system video] from AUS F18F” – an Australian Super Hornet – “it was apparent that a truck entered the target area between weapon release and impact.”
Although an initial investigation was begun, this ended after a review of full motion video of the incident.
Airwars researchers could find no public claims of civilians killed near Ramadi on this date. However it was reported that a Coalition strike west of Ramadi that day killed ISIL commander Shaker Mohammed Musleh and five of his aides.
Civilians reported killed: 2 or more 
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document, NINA [Arabic], ABC Australia, Airwars 
Quality of reporting: Disproven 
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
A Coalition report for October 8th-9th 2014 noted that “In Iraq, one airstrike northwest of Ramadidestroyed an ISIL checkpoint.”

 

October 15th 2014: Kobane,  governorate, Syria
Summary: A Kobane officials reported that a civilian – an 87 year old woman – and six Kurdish fighters from the Peoples’ Protection Units (YPG) died in a ‘friendly fire’ incident in the besieged city.It was also reported that two hospitals in the town had been destroyed.
According to Sky News Arabia, Kurdish sources said that the bombing occurred near Al-tall Street in the city. It represented the first known alleged Coalition ‘friendly fire’ incident in Syria.
CENTCOM disputed the claims, noting internally that Kurdish YPG sources instead insisted the elderly woman “was executed by ISIL forces.” The declassified report also concluded that no hospitals had been targeted by the Coalition, although it was conceded that “The closest target struck was approximately 100m away.”
Civilians reported killed: 1 civilian, 6 allied Kurdish forces
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Sky News Arabia [Arabic], YouTube video [coalition aircraft above Kobane October 16th], Deutsche Presse Agentur, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Declassified CENTCOM document 
Quality of reporting: Contested

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The coalition has confirmed 32 airstrikes at Kobane between October 14th-16th 2014.

 

October 16th 2014: Kabiba village, al Shadadi, Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
In a major night time coalition air raid targeting oil facilities used by Islamic State, five civilians including a 7- or 10-year old boy were reported killed. The dead were later named as:
Raed Mohammed Eid (or Raed Mohammad Al-Ali Al-Abd)
Saleh Al-Ahmad Al-Nasser (or Al Fadel)
Mahidi As-Saleh Mohammad Al-Khalil
Mahmoud Allawi Al-Hams
and the child as Laith Al Khalif al Mashieh.
In a detailed report on the event, SN4HR later noted: “Those civilians are from Kabiba town and they work on selling oil to the traders, owners of the primitive oil refineries and power planes. SN4HR documented the killing of five civilians, including a child that was with his father at the site, in addition to six injured who all were oil traders and tanker drivers.  Also the shelling caused fires in many vehicles and cars. Investigations showed that there were ISIS fighters and military vehicles [present] at the time of the attack.”
Six months after the event CENTCOM opened an investigation into the incident at the prompting of the US State Department – which had forwarded a copy of the SN4HR report. A review of full motion video and post strike images was deemed “inconclusive,” with investigators noting that “Information has been preserved if we receive anything further.”
Civilians reported killed: 5
Reported injured: 6
Sources: Free Syrian Army [Arabic], Syrian Solution [Arabic], Step Agency [Arabic], Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Syrian Network for Human Rights [Arabic] [English], Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic], Declassified CENTCOM document
Quality of reporting: Fair, with follow-ups and named victims
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The coalition confirms that it was responsible for the event, though has not confirmed any civilian casualties: “One airstrike near Shadadi successfully struck ISIL oil collection equipment consisting of several “POL tanks” (petroleum, oil and lubricants) and a pump station, which represents part of the terrorist group’s oil producing, processing and transportation infrastructure.  This strike was intended to destroy a portion of ISIL’s ability to operate oil tanker trucks at oil collection points.

 

October 17th, 2014: Aiounat, 110km NW of Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary: 
According to news agency NINA, a “US air strike on the village of Aouinat northwest of Mosul killed five civilians, according to a source in forensic medicine in Mosul.” The Al Rafidain website (in a report dated ten days after the event) placed the death toll higher at between 10 and 20, saying two houses had been destroyed by the coalition.
The quarterly UN Report for Iraq also noted that “Air strikes carried out on 17 October north of Mosul allegedly killed at least 26 civilians.” These were only generally attributed to Iraqi security forces and their allies – which might include “US-led coalition airstrikes.” However, the Guardian later reported that following an agreement with the international coalition, Iraqi aircraft were not carrying out airstrikes north of Mosul.
Civilians reported killed: 5-20
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: NINA [Arabic], Al Rafidain [Arabic], UN Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Iraq: 11 September – 10 December 2014, The Guardian 
Quality of reporting: Fair
Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed five airstrikes to the west of Mosul Dam (itself north west of the city) on October 17th-18th 2014: “Five airstrikes occurred west of the Mosul Dam and damaged an ISIL building and destroyed an ISIL heavy machine gun, an ISIL HMMWV and struck three small ISIL ground units.

 

October 17th, 2014: Al Bojeel near Tikrit, Salah al-Din province, Iraq
Summary:
Reports claimed that Coalition strike hit a mosque during Friday prayers in the town of Al Bojeel, to the east of Tikrit. 
Civilians reported killed: 10
Reported injured: 15
Sources: Akram Facebook page [Arabic], Thiaya Facebook page [Arabic], Sky News Arabia [Arabic] 
Quality of reporting: Weak
Coalition position: No publicly reported Coalition strike appeared to match the event. However for October 17th-18th 2014 it was reported that “five airstrikes occurred south and west of Bayji and struck two ISIL units, destroyed one ISIL armed vehicle, an ISIL heavy weapon, an ISIL machine gun position, an ISIL building and three ISIL guard shacks and damaged one ISIL guard shack.”


Sky News reports on alleged civilian casualties October 17 2014

 

October 17th 2014: Khesham,  Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
An airstrike on a gas station near the Konoco gas refinery reportedly killed between 3 and 4 civilians.
A subsequent investigation by the Syrian Network for Human Rights later noted: “Around 7:00pm the international alliance warplanes targeted a gas station and an oil well in Deir Ezzor countryside which is located near Khasham town. the oil well is for Konico gas plant and it is three KM away from it.  the shelling caused fires in a number of tanks. The airstrike killed three civilians who used to work in the oil trading field.  Usually, many people come to this well to buy petrol and oil.  Also we documented 11 injured including critical cases in addition to six who are still missing. Furthermore some ISIS military vehicles were damaged.”
Civilians killed were named as

Hassan Ash-Shaher
Adnan Al-Abd Al-Eid
Ahmad Ali Al-Afien
According to SN4HR and Syrian Martyrs, a fourth non-combatant, Hamza Hamoud Al-Ghazi from Al-Jurathi town, was killed in a related coalition airstrike nearby.
Prompted by the US State Department six months later, CENTCOM re-examined claims of civilians killed at Khesham. Weapon system video from the time was reviewed and air crews interviewed.
Investigators finally concluded that there was “Insufficient evidence to determine CIVCAS.” Yet at the same time, they admitted to “limited video analysis” and “ntermittent visual contact with the ground.” 
Civilians reported killed: 3-4
Reported injured: 11, with 6 more missing
Sources: Free Syrian Army [Arabic], Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Syrian Human Rights Committee [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights [Arabic] [English], Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic], Declassified CENTCOM report
Quality of reporting: Fair. Confirmed strike with named victims, though some confusion over totals

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The coalition confirmed an attack in the vicinity for October 17th-18th 2014, though has not confirmed any civilian deaths: “One airstrike took place southeast of Dayr Az Zawr and damaged an ISIL modular oil refinery.”

 

October 18th 2014: Al Shadadi,  Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
A single source, the Syrian Martyrs website, claims that one civilian was killed in a coalition airstrike near Al Shadadi. The man was named as Mohssein Khalaf Al Abeed Al Khoshman Al Fadel.
A cited report by the Syrian Network for Human Rights can no longer be located.
Civilians reported killed: 1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – missing report
Quality of reporting: Poor. Single source

Coalition position: The coalition reports multiple airstrikes in Syria October 17th-19th 2014 targeting ISIL oil installations, though no event precisely matches. According to Airwars’ Syrian researcher, the most likely possible match would be three bombings reported at Khusham: “Khusham is on the Euphrates SW of Hassaka. Since the strikes were NE of Khusham, and depending on how far, the actual location could well be Shadadi.”
According to CJTF-OIR “Three airstrikes took place northeast of Khusham and successfully struck an ISIL crude oil collection point.”

 

October 18th 2014: Al Maya’iya,  Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
According to the Syrian Martyrs website (the sole known source) two civilians named as Hamza Ahmad Al Abd Al Jaleel and Mahmoud Ahmad Al Abd Al Jaleel – both members of the same family – died in an airstrike on the village of Al Maya’iya.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source

Coalition position: The coalition reports three events in the vicinity between October 17th-19th 2014. In the first, “One airstrike took place southeast of Dayr Az Zawr and damaged an ISIL modular oil refinery.”
The next dayTwo airstrikes took place southeast of Dayr Az Zawr and damaged an ISIL modular oil refinery to further degrade and destroy ISIL’s oil producing, collecting, storage and transportation infrastructure.

 

October 19th, 2014: Mahmoudiya or Douailiba, near Baghdad, Iraq
Summary:
Iraqi security sources reported the killing of ‘dozens’ of members of a popular mobilization unit (a Shia militia set up to fight ISIL and attached to the Iraqi army) in an alleged ‘friendly fire’ incident. According to Nahrain, an airstrike stuck militia positions near Douailiba, west of Baghdad.
Dr Haitham Abu Said of the European Department for Security and Information later claimed to have received independent verification of the friendly fire incident, though placed it at Al Mahmoudiya south of Bagdhad.
Friendly forces reported killed: ‘Dozens’
Reported injured: Unknown

Sources: Iraqeana [Arabic], European Dept. for Security and Information [Arabic and English], Nahrain [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor to moderate
Coalition position: No officially acknowledged coalition strike in the vicinity of Baghdad between October 18th and 20th 2014.
However, one possible match for October 19th-20th noted that “In Iraq, two airstrikes took place southeast of Fallujah and struck a large ISIL unit and destroyed three ISIL vehicles.

 

October 25th 2014: Al Hajj Ali, Qayyarah, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
Two civilians were reported by medical sources in the city to have been “accidentally killed” in an airstrike on a “Daesh stronghold in Qayyarah, Mosul“. However the Wameedh Sabah blog reported a security source as saying that the casualties were inflicted by an Iraq Army airstrike.
Up to 81 alleged militants were also reported killed in coalition strikes in Al Hajj Ali.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: NINA [Arabic], Wameedh Sabah blog [Arabic], Al Fayhaa TV [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Contested. Conflicting accounts over whether coalition or Iraq military was responsible

Coalition position: Twenty coalition airstrikes were confirmed in the vicinity of Mosul between October 24th-26th 2014, including by the US and France.

 

October 26th, 2014: Aouinat, Mosul province, Iraq
Summary:
 There were claims that coalition air raids resulted in the deaths of between 10 and 20 civilians in a village 110km northwest of Mosul called Aouinat.
Civilians reported killed: 10-20
Reported injured: ‘A large number’
Sources: Al Rafidain [Arabic], El Nashra citing al-Mayadeen TV channel [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor, with few details
Coalition position: For October 25th-26th 2014, the coalition noted: “Six airstrikes west of the Mosul Dam area struck two small ISIL units, damaged an ISIL building and destroyed four ISIL vehicles and an ISIL artillery piece. Three airstrikes southwest of the Mosul Dam area struck a large ISIL unit and a small ISIL unit, and destroyed two ISIL vehicles and two ISIL buildings.”
For the following day, CENTCOM noted that “In Iraq, three airstrikes west of the Mosul Dam area struck a small ISIL fighting unit.”

 

October 28th-29th 2014: Slouk, Al Raqqah governorate, Syria
Summary: An internal Coalition report, citing web sources, noted claims that civilian casualties had been alleged at Slouk “on a strike on some grain silos.” The aircraft was likely to have been a US armed drone, due to the Hellfire missile used.
An initial investigation concluded that there had been no civilians injured: “The only strike that corresponded with the report was a strike on a tank about 70km N of Raqaa. Review of the aircrew’s video showed that the strike conducted with [] AGM-114, struck the target. No civilians were present on the video, either pre- or post-strike… No further inquiry required.”
A search of public records by Airwars found that the location of the Coalition’s strike did appear to be Slouk. As Raialyoum reported at the time: “The strikes [which were attributed instead to October 29th]continued in the northern countryside, targeting granaries [silos] around Slouk 80km north of Raqqa city. These  are believed to be used by IS as stores for heavy weapons that were captured from Brigade 80. The raid resulted in the destruction of part of the silos, and an IS tank parked nearby.
An Islamic State propaganda video released on November 2nd 2014 alleged that civilians had died in the attack, showing the corpses of what it said were two petrol sellers. However no reference was made to grain silos. 
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document, Raialyoum [Arabic], Islamic State propaganda video [Arabic], Al Araby[Arabic] 
Quality of reporting: Contested 
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The Coalition’s initial reporting of the incident on October 28th-29th 2014 made no mention of Slouk or Aleppo, noting only that “In Syria, eight airstrikes near Kobani destroyed five ISIL fighting positions, a small ISIL unit, six ISIL vehicles, an ISIL-occupied building and an ISIL command and control node.”
While the Coalition internally asserted that no non-combatants died, this remains a contested case because of allegations of civilian casualties at the time. 

November 2014

November 4th, 2014: Al-Qaim, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary:
An alleged coalition airstrike reportedly hit a market at Al Qaim in western Anbar, killing at least 3 people and injuring up to 35. Two of the victims were named as as Mohamed Ahmed and Ahmed Munir Khitab. Significant damage was reported at the scene. However, the coalition denies carrying out any airstrike in the vicinity on this date.
According to one eyewitness, the attack happened after Islamic State militants in the vicinity fired on coalition aircraft: “The reckless action of the militants led to the death and injuries of more than 37 people, all of them civilians, and causing substantial material damage in the shops.”Al Jazeera cited witnesses as saying that 15 died and 35 were injured in an ‘international coalition’ strike, adding that according to one source, “the aircraft bombed once then bombed a second time once people had gathered to look for the victims.” NINA placed the number of injured significantly lower, at 14.
The attack was denounced by Sheikh Najm Al Alyawi, a member of the council of tribes of the district, who said in a press release “The people of the district strongly denounce the bombing by warplanes of the main market in Al Qaim, western Anbar province, which resulted in the death and injury of dozens of innocent citizens.”
The United Nations cited the incident in its quarterly report on Iraq, noting: “It was also alleged that on 4 November, an air strike hit a market in al-Qaim, western Anbar, killing at least five civilians and wounding at least 27 more.” The attack was generally attributed to Iraqi government forces and their allies, which might include the coalition.
Civilians reported killed: 3-15, with two named
Reported injured: 1435. Listed by Herak as: Imad Hadi; Ahmed Abboud; Ra’ed Nuri; Nouri Afar; Mohammad Yousuf; Hakim Marwan; Amash Jassim; Bilal Abdul-Jabbar; Subhil Jameel; Ali Naseer; Mohamed Wadah; Zia Aboud; Yousef Salem; Saif Abdul Hadi; Qusay Rahim; Hamad Talal; Osman Yusuf; Walid Youssef; Amal Eid; Mua’z Nuri; Ra’ed Nuri; Abdul Rahman Hamid; Mohammad Shaker; Rifa’at Radi; Atheer A’zal; Alaa Jassim; Yasser Tayyar; Ammar Yasir; Osama Haitham; Muhannad Mohammed Ahmed; Wasfia Jawhar; Mu’awya Muhannad; Walid Youssef; Adnan Mohamed Ahmed; Mua’z Sabah Awad.
Sources: Herak [Arabic]; Al Jazeera [Arabic], NINA [Arabic], Herak [Arabic], Baghdad TV [Arabic], Al Quds [Arabic], UN Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Iraq: 11 September – 10 December 2014
Quality of reporting: Fair– named victims, multiple eyewitnesses, photos of scene

Coalition position: No coalition reports of airstrikes on Al Qaim or the vicinity for November 3rd-5th 2014. A spokesman also later told Airwars that “no Coalition airstrikes have taken place in the vicinity” on the date in question.

Al Qaim marketplace, November 4th 2014 (Photo via Herak)
Al Qaim marketplace, November 4th 2014 (Photo via Herak)

 

November 5th 2014: Dayr az Zawr, Syria
Summary: An internal Coalition report noted that “Open source video indicated that three civilians were killed in a deliberate strike on an oil collection point in DeZ.” Airwars researchers have identified what they believe to be the [graphic] video in question, which was posted to YouTube on November 11th 2014.
The Coalition was unable to verify the claims, though assessed that “No further inquiry required.” As an internal CENTCOM document notes: “Review could not determine that the video came from the strike in DeZ. Although there was a US strike on the oil collection site, the target was validated through the JTCB [Joint targeting Coordination Board?]. Targeting was mitigated – it was a night strike on a specific target where NCV [Non-Combatant Value] was assessed as 0, with mitigated weapons effects.
WSV [weapon system video] cleared target. There was no way to determine authenticity of allegation.”
Civilians reported killed: 3
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document, [GRAPHIC] Video of fatalities from alleged Coalition airstrike [Arabic] 
Quality of reporting: Fair. Although the Coalition decided not to pursue clear allegations of civcas further, it admitted internally that it was not in a position to judge allegations one way or another. 
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
No public reference was made at the time by the Coalition to any airstrike on oil facilities at Dayr az Zawr, either for November 3rd-5th 2014 or November 5th-7th 2015.


[GRAPHIC] Video of 3 victims of alleged Coalition strike
Dayr az Zawr, November 5th 2014

 

November 5th-6th 2014: Harem, Idlib governorate, Syria
Summary:
 Six months after US air raids had targeted the Khorasan Group (part of the al-Nusra Front) and the militant group Ahrar al-Sham, the coalition finally conceded that two children had “likely” died in the attack – the first public concession of any civilian deaths after 4,000 airstrikes over nine months.
The November 5th US-only raid targeted the villages of Harem, Bab Al Hawa, Sarmada, Reef Al-Muhameen and Binsh.
Reports from the night remain confused, with civilian deaths claimed at a number of locations. Reuters carried a statement from Ahrar al-Sham saying that “The air strikes came last night and hit a number of areas in the liberated Idlib countryside,” and that casualties included “women and children and civilians.
The site of the civilian deaths appears was Harem, CENTCOM later confirmed. According to the Syrian Revolution Forum blog: “The planes of the Arab/Western coalition launched air strikes on Syrian cities adjacent to the Turkish border.  The centre of the town of Harem was targeted with more than six raids causing the death of four children and causing massive destruction to residential and commercial property on Al Sijn street.
One of the children named as killed was five year old Daniya Ali Al Haj Qaddour, whose father Ali Saeed Al Haj Qaddour – a fighter with the al-Nusra Front – also died in the attack (both pictured below.) Daniya’s mother and brother Saeed were reported to have been severely wounded.

A second unidentified female child victim was shown alongside the body of Daniya in several graphic videos and photographs taken after the US bombing.
VDC additionally reported the deaths of three or four unidentified male children in the coalition attack – though gave no further details.
CENTCOM has accepted that two civilian NGO workers were also injured in the attack.
Civilians reported killed: 2-6 children
Reported injured: 4 or more
Sources: ReutersGRAPHIC Jakob Sheikh Facebook page [Danish], Syrian Revolution Forum [Arabic], Free Syrian Army [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights [Arabic] [English], GRAPHIC YouTube video [two slain children], YouTube [post-strike destruction in Harem], YouTube (2nd video of destruction in Harem), YouTubeSyrian Martyrs [Arabic], YouTube [civil-defence rescuers search for survivors in Harem – Arabic commentary], YouTube [Syrian rescue services hunt for survivors], Violations Documentation Center, CENTCOM press releaseCENTCOM declassified reportAirwars, New York Times, Global Post,  
Quality of reporting: CONFIRMED CASUALTY INCIDENT
Coalition position: CENTCOM originally confirmed US strikes in the vicinity, though denied causing any civilian deaths: “U.S. military forces conducted airstrikes last night against five Khorasan Group targets in the vicinity of Sarmada, Syria, using bomber, fighter and remotely piloted aircraft. All aircraft exited the strike areas safely. We are still assessing the outcome of the attack, but have initial indications that it resulted in the intended effects by striking terrorists and destroying or severely damaging several Khorasan Group vehicles and buildings assessed to be meeting and staging areas, IED-making facilities and training facilities. These strikes were undertaken only by U.S. assets.
CENTCOM finally confirmed on May 21st 2015 that it had likely killed two children in an airstrike at Harem. “We regret the unintentional loss of lives,” Lt General Terry said of the incident. “The Coalition continues to take all reasonable measures during the targeting process to mitigate risks to non-combatants, and to comply with the principles of the Law of Armed Conflict.”

مع ابنته علي سعيد الحاج قدور الملقب بـــ- المعتــز
Five year old Daniya Ali Al Haj Qaddour and her father, al Nusra Front militant Ali Saeed Al Haj Qaddour, both killed in a US air strike at Harem, November 5 2014


GRAPHIC: Two confirmed child victims of
a US airstrike at Harem, Syria November 5 2015

November 5th-6th, 2014: Al Qaim, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary:
Witnesses from Al-Qaim alleged that coalition airstrikes targeted a civilian house at midnight, killing a father and his three children and leaving the wife with severe injuries. The man’s name was given as Mohammed Hammad Alhialy.
This may or may not be related to an incident cited by the United Nations in its quarterly report on Iraq: “On 5 November, an airstrike is alleged to have hit a gathering of people near a hospital in al-Qaim, western Anbar, killing three and wounding 14 others.”
Civilians reported killed: 4, including 3 children
Reported injured: 1
Sources: Herak [Arabic], NINA [Arabic], UN Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Iraq: 11 September – 10 December 2014
Quality of reporting: Fair, though coalition denies any strike at Al Qaim on these dates
Coalition position: No coalition airstrikes were officially reported at Al Qaim for November 5th-7th 2014.

 

November 6th 2014: Mouka, Idlib governorate, Syria
Summary:
 The Syrian Martyrs website claimed that up to four unnamed children under the age of 10 died in a coalition airstrike on Mouka – described as one girl and two or three boys.
In contrast, the VDC lists three unidentified bodies (2 adult male and 1 female child) noting that they were Martyred due to the regime air forces’ shelling.”
Civilians reported killed: 3-4, 1-4 of them children
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Contested
Coalition position: The only coalition airstrikes officially reported for November 5th-7th 2014 took place at Kobane in Aleppo governorate, and at Tal Abyad (Ar Raqqah governorate.) Additional strikes targeted the area around Sarmada to the west of Aleppo.

 

November 7th 2014: Al Zir, Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
A single source, the Violations Documentation Center, claimed that two male civilians were killed during a coalition airstrike on the village of Al Zir, whom it named as Anass Al Ahmad Al Khalaf Al Daham and Mahmoud Al Tarqi Al Daham – both from the same family.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor. However, while single source VDC names victims; and coalition strikes are confirmed in the near vicinity

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed ten airstrikes in the vicinity of Dayr az-Zawr between November 7th-10th 2014, noting: “Eight airstrikes southeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged several structures of an ISIL oil collection facility which was used to trans-load oil for the black market.  Two airstrikes east of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL oil collection point.

 

November 7th 2014: Dayr az Zawr, Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
Five civilian men were reported by a single source to have been killed in a coalition strike on the city of Dayr az Zawr. They were named as:
Ahmad Awwad Al Duniyat
Abd Awwad Al Duniyat
and Mohammad Awwad Al Duniyat (all residents of Ar Raqqah),
Khalil Ibrahim Hussein Al Jassem
Abd Hussein Al Jassem – both from Eastern Al Dashisha.
Civilians reported killed: 5
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website citing VDC [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed ten airstrikes in the vicinity of Dayr az-Zawr between November 7th-10th 2014, noting: “Eight airstrikes southeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged several structures of an ISIL oil collection facility which was used to trans-load oil for the black market.  Two airstrikes east of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL oil collection point.

 

November 7th 2014: Sa’alo, Dayr az Zawr  governorate, Syria
Summary:
Two non-combatant males were reported killed in a coalition airstrike on the village of Sa’alo, named locally as Khaled Al Mohammad and Kawan Al Mohammad.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed ten airstrikes in the vicinity of Dayr az-Zawr between November 7th-10th 2014, noting: “Eight airstrikes southeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged several structures of an ISIL oil collection facility which was used to trans-load oil for the black market.  Two airstrikes east of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL oil collection point.

 

November 8th 2014: Al Khareeta, Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
Two civilian men, named as Khaled Jaber Al Jassem Al Hamad and Moussa Yassin Al-Amer were reported by a number of sources as having been killed in a coalition airstrike.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Syria Revolution forum [Arabic], Enab Baladi [Arabic], Siraj Press [Arabic] 
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed ten airstrikes in the vicinity of Dayr az-Zawr between November 7th-10th 2014, noting: “Eight airstrikes southeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged several structures of an ISIL oil collection facility which was used to trans-load oil for the black market.  Two airstrikes east of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL oil collection point.

 

November 10th 2014: Dayr az Zawr,  Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
A number of sources cited the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights [report now lost] as reporting the death of one civilian male in a coalition airstrike on Dayr az Zawr town, naming the victim as Abd Al Kader Ibrahim Al Saleh.
Civilians reported killed: 1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Syrian Human Rights Committee [Arabic], Syrian Observatory for Human Rights – missing report
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed ten airstrikes in the vicinity of Dayr az-Zawr between November 7th-10th 2014, noting: “Eight airstrikes southeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged several structures of an ISIL oil collection facility which was used to trans-load oil for the black market.  Two airstrikes east of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL oil collection point.
An additional four strikes were confirmed in the immediate area between November 10th-12th 2014: “Three airstrikes northeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL crude oil collection facility.   Near Dayr Az Zawr, one airstrike struck a small ISIL unit and damaged an ISIL vehicle.”

 

November 11th 2014: Ar Raqqah,  Ar Raqqah governorate, Syria
Summary:
According to some sources, a civilian man was killed alongside two militants in an alleged coalition airstrike on Islamic State’s headquarters town of Ar Raqqah. The slain civilian was named as Abd Al Mouli Al Haroush Al Deebo,  a resident of Ma’ar Shoureen in Idlib. Two ‘Daesh militants’ were reportedly killed with him, one named as Mohammad Said Al Kaddour Nasser.
In contrast, Raqaa is Being Slaughtered Silently and VDC said all three men were civilians, though said their deaths were the result of an Assad regime airstrike. The site described the third unnamed man as “a driver from the town of Jarjanaz in Al Raqqa.”
Civilians reported killed:  1-3
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic], Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – lost report, GRAPHIC Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently [Arabic], GRAPHIC Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (2) [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Contested, with no confirmed coalition strikes in the vicinity

Coalition position: No coalition airstrikes were officially reported at Ar Raqqah between November 10th-12th 2014.

 

November 11th 2014: Manbij, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
A number of sources cited SN4HR (in a report now lost) as claiming that two unnamed civilian males and one ISIL militant were killed in a coalition airstrike at Manbij, near Aleppo.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Syrian National Media Center [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – lost report
Quality of reporting: Poor. Single source, no names of victims, and no confirmed coalition strikes in vicinity

Coalition position: No coalition airstrikes were officially reported in Aleppo governorate between November 10th-12th 2014.

 

November 11th 2014: Al Shanan, Dayr as Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
 The Syrian Martyrs website claimed that a civilian male died in a coalition airstrike on the village of al Shanan near Dayr az Zawr. He was later named as Rashed Hamdan Al Abd Al Jassem.
According to the Facebook page of local activist Abu Mohammad Al Dairi, al Jassem was one of 12 casualties from “international coalition raids on one of the oil fields in the eastern countryside a few days ago.
Civilians reported killed: 1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Facebook page of Abu Mohammad Al Dairi Al Jassem [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – report lost
Quality of reporting: Fair.

Coalition position: Four coalition strikes have been confirmed in the area between November 10th-12th 2014: “Three airstrikes northeast of Dayr Az Zawr damaged an ISIL crude oil collection facility.   Near Dayr Az Zawr, one airstrike struck a small ISIL unit and damaged an ISIL vehicle.”

 

November 12th, 2014: Denden & Jawsag districts of Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
Iraqi news agency NINA and others reported that seven civilians – including children – died in “international coalition raids” in the vicinity of both Denden and Jawsag, south of Mosul city.
An additional strike by the Iraq military at nearby Mithaq in eastern Mosul reportedly killed an additional 15 civilians.
Civilians reported killed: 7, including 2 or more children
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: NINA [archived]; Jane’s Terrorism Watch Report [citing NINA], Al Gharbiya News [Arabic], Al Moslim [Arabic], Al Rayiq [Arabic], NINA [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair
Coalition position: One confirmed coalition strike between November 12th-14th 2014 was reported “east of Mosul, Iraq, destroyed one small ISIL unit.

 

November 13th 2014: Al Hassakah,  Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
Three civilian males were reportedly killed in an alleged coalition airstrike on the city of Al Hassakah, according to a single source. One of the deceased was later named as Ragheb Al Faraj.
Civilians reported killed: 3
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights – report lost
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source

Coalition position: No coalition airstrikes have been officially reported in Al Hassakah governorate between November 12th-14th 2014.

 

November 17th, 2014: Al Qayyarah and al Shura districts, Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
Multiple civilians were reported killed as a result of air raids launched by the coalition south of Mosul. The National Iraqi News Agency cited forensic sources as saying that 16 people, including six women and children, were killed.
Other media reported that up to “22 Daesh militants” were also killed in coalition airstrikes in the vicinity, including 13 at Al Qayyarah.
Civilians reported killed: 16, including women and children
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Iraq Press Agency [Arabic], News of Iraq [Arabic], NINA [Arabic], Emirates Today [Arabic] 
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: Seven coalition airstrikes, including by Canada, are confirmed for November 17th-19th. According to CENTCOM: “Seven airstrikes near Mosul struck five ISIL tactical units, damaged an IED factory and destroyed an ISIL mortar position, three ISIL vehicles, an ISIL occupied building, an ISIL artillery piece and ISIL artillery mover.”
The Canadian MoD additionally noted that “‘On 17 November 2014, four CF-188 fighter jets, as part of a larger coalition operation, conducted airstrikes against ISIL positions in the vicinity of Mosul in northern Iraq. Our CC-150 Polaris conducted air-to-air refueling and delivered an estimated 28,000 pounds of fuel during this operation. This was Joint Task Force Iraq’s first participation in a deliberate strike. Our fighter aircraft destroyed an ISIL improvised explosive device – commonly referred to as IEDs – factory.”

 

November 19th, 2014: Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary: The FBI informed CENTCOM internally on November 21st 2014 that a source had alleged the deaths of “41 Yezidi captive females killed in a strike on a named OBJ IVO [objective in the vicinity of] Mosul.”
The closest strike, number 999, was identified by CENTCOM as having taken place some 3.2km from the site of the alleged incident with an AGM-114 missile (suggesting that the aircraft involved was a drone.) However, it also noted that “the engagement conducted a cold shift on the weapon due to collateral concerns entering the area of the strike.” As a result it was concluded “No further inquiry needed.
While Airwars researchers have not been able to identify any published claims of mass casualties among Yazidi women in Mosul for this period, there were reports at the time of women escaping as a result of Coalition airstrikes. One local news source cited the Director-General for Yazidi Affairs at the Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs in Kurdistan as saying that “about 250 Yazidi from Mosul and Sinjar escaped during the aerial bombardment of these gatherings.”
Civilians reported killed: 41, all women
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document, Azzaman [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Weak – single source. Contested by Coalition. 
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
For November 17th-19th 2014 it was publicly reported that “Seven airstrikes near Mosul struck five ISIL tactical units, damaged an IED factory and destroyed an ISIL mortar position, three ISIL vehicles, an ISIL occupied building, an ISIL artillery piece and ISIL artillery mover.”

The Coalition also reported for November 19th-21st 2014 that “Near Mosul, three airstrikes destroyed an ISIL guard post, an ISIL vehicle and two ISIL tactical units.

 

November 22nd, 2014: Hit, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary:
Multiple airstrikes reportedly targeted Hit, allegedly leading to significant civilian casualties. News agency Herak reported one eyewitness as saying that five airstrikes had struck the city: “The first targeted outside a hospital building, and the other targeted a house near the mosque. A further air strike targeted a house in the Qadisiyah district, leading to the deaths of three children killed, and another bombing targeted in the vicinity of a school.” NINA described the attack as a “random raid” by the coalition. However, the coalition denies carrying out any strikes in the vicinity on this date.
Four houses in the al-Zohour district were among those reported damaged or destroyed. Residents were urged by loudspeaker to donate blood at the local hospital.
Russia Today made no mention of civilian casualties, though reported that 85 “Daesh militants” were killed in coalition airstrikes on Hit that day.
Civilians reported killed: 5-8 including at least 3 children
Reported injured: 9-35
Sources: Herak [Arabic], Shafaaq News, Al Iraq Times [Arabic], NINA [Arabic], Al Shaheed al-Musqatel [Arabic], Al Baghdadiya [Arabic], Russia Today [Arabic] 
Quality of reporting: Fair. Multiple sources, eyewitnesses and photographic evidence

Coalition position: Responding to a query from Airwars, a CENTCOM spokesman stated that “based on available records“, no US or allied strike occurred in the vicinity of Hit on November 22nd 2014, although it was noted that a strike in the vicinity of Hit the following day had destroyed “an ISIL vehicle.”

 

November 25th 2014: Bansh, Idlib governorate, Syria
Summary:
 There were claims that a ‘civilian male’, named as Dergham Karah Ali, was killed in a coalition airstrike on the village of Bansh in Idlib governorate.
However, two videos later emerged challenging Ali’s non-combatant status. One showed him singing a moderate resistance song.
The second video, posted by Islamic State, indicated that Ali had later become a fighter with the group, using the nom de guerre of Abu Hammam.
Civilians reported killed: 0-1
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic], Committee for the Defense of Democracy, Freedoms and Human Rights in Syria [Arabic], YouTube [Dergham Karah Ali singing a resistance song – Arabic], Islamic State martyrs’ video
Quality of reporting: Disproven. Combatant.

Coalition position: No coalition airstrikes were officially reported as occurring in Idlib governorate between November 24th-26th 2014.


Dergham Karah Ali [left] singing a moderate resistance song, 2013


‘The Islamic State Martyr Dergham Karah Ali’ [at 7’45”]

December 2014

December 1st-2nd 2014: Al-Mrey’iya,  Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
Two civilian males, both residents of the village of Al-Mrey’iya, were reported by SOHR to have been killed in a coalition airstrike. They were named as Hassan Al Ali Al Zahiya and Moyyed Mohammad Al Assaf.
The Committee for the Defence of Democracy, Freedoms and Human Rights also named the two men as civilians – but said that Moyyed Mohammad Al Assaf was killed in an airstrike at Al Shadadi on December 1st, while Hassan Al Ali Al Zahiya was reportedly “killed in the ‘countryside of Deir Ezzor” the following day.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website [Arabic], Committee for the Defence of Democracy Freedoms and Human Rights [Arabic], Syrian Observatory for Human Rights – report lost
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed airstrikes in the vicinity between December 3rd-5th 2014, though has not conceded any non-combatant casualties: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, an airstrike destroyed three ISIL vehicles, an ISIL excavator and struck a ISIL training camp.” Between December 1st-3rd, the coalition has only publicly reported airstrikes for the Kobane area.

 

December 9th, 2014: Fallujah, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary:
 Up to 9 civilians were reported killed and 32 injured in what NINA described as a “coalition airstrike” on people queuing for fuel in the city.
On the following day Al Jazeera, Rudaw, NINA and Mobtaba all described attacks on the districts of “Al Jolan north of the city, Nizal in the centre of the city and The Shuhada’a and Al Tamim neighbourhoods in the South” as being the work of Iraq Army heavy artillery.
An internal CENTCOM investigation reported that the Coalition was not responsible for the incident: “There were no airstrikes in Fallujah on 09 December. There were two airstrikes in Ramadi on 08 and 09 December… neither against vehicle and area depicted in video.
Civilians reported killed: 89, including 2-3 children
Reported injured: 32
Sources: NINA (1) [Arabic], Rudaw [Arabic], Mobtada [Arabic], Al Jazeera [Arabic], NINA (2) [Arabic], Declassified CENTCOM report
Quality of reporting: Disproven

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
CJTF-OIR says that no coalition airstrikes took place in the vicinity of Fallujah between December 8th-10th 2014.

 

December 11th 2014: Al Maskaneh, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
A shepherd boy aged 10, 14 or 15, and named as Muhammad Qasim (or sometimes Mohammed Abd al Kareem), was reportedly killed in a coalition airstrike on a nearby Islamic State military base.
An investigation by the Syrian Network for Human Rights later concluded: “Around 2:45 in the afternoon an international alliance warplane raided over Al-Jarrah military airbase located on Al-Maskaneh – Deir Hafr road in eastern Aleppo countryside, which is under ISIS command. The shelling of the airbase surroundings  killed a shepherd who was a child.” According to the monitoring group the flock of sheep was owned  by the boy’s brother, a member of Islamic State. 
An eyewitness told SN4HR that he had visited the family immediately following the air strike: “The parents told me that the boy was sitting near one of the buildings that was targeted inside the airport, and which led to the injury of his head by shrapnel metal and that it almost entirely crushed his head. His parents then buried him in the village after they received the body from ISIS fighters who also lost fighters to death because of the raids, but I do not know the number.”
Civilians reported killed: 1

Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Network for Human Rights [English] [Arabic], Aleppo News [Arabic], Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center
Quality of reporting: Fair
Coalition position: One coalition event between December 10th-12th 2014 appears to match the incident: “Near Aleppo, an airstrike struck five ISIL-occupied buildings.”

 

December 12th 2014: Kashish, Al Hassakah governorate, Syria
Summary:
Two unnamed civilian males were reported by a single source to have been killed in a coalition airstrike on the village of Kashish,
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs website (1) [Arabic], Syrian Martyrs website (2) [Arabic], Syrian Observatory for Human Rights – report lost
Quality of reporting: Poor – single source

Coalition position: No coalition airstrikes have officially been reported as taking place in Al Hassakah governorate, for either December 10th-12th, or for December 12th-15th 2014.

 

December 13th, 2014: Ramadi, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary: The Coalition reported an unspecified open source as publishing a picture of a dead child “without any identification of original location.”
According to provisional analysis “There was one airstrike in Ramadi on 13 December (strike #1266) which was unlikely to have caused the death.” No further action was recorded by CENTCOM. 
Civilians reported killed: 1, a child 
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document,
Quality of reporting: Weak 
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
For December 13th-15th 2014, the Coalition reported that “Near Ramadi, an airstrike struck two ISIL vehicles.” 

 

December 16th, 2014: Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary: An internal Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) reported “4 unknown persons potentially injured while moving into the engagement area,” during a Coalition airstrike on Objective Nebula, a targeted vehicle.
France later confirmed that it had carried out a targeted strike in Mosul on that date, though it is not presently clear whether this was the incident in question.
A subsequent review of full motion video from the event showed that “the 4 individuals in question eventually fled the scene of the strike.” It was also noted that there were no subsequent media reports of casualties.
However, given the potential risk to civilians during the event, CENTCOM also reported that “TF [Task Force] is still conducting an investigation into decisions made relating to the strike.”
Civilians reported killed: 0
Reported injured: 4
Sources: CENTCOM document,
Quality of reporting: Disproven
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
For the period December 15th-17th 2014, the Coalition reported that “In Iraq, eight airstrikes near Mosuldestroyed two ISIL heavy machine guns, three ISIL buildings, one ISIL mortar position, one ISIL bulldozer and an ISIL bunker and also struck a large ISIL unit and an ISIL tactical unit.”

More specifically, France reported carrying out a targeted strike at Mosul for December 16th: “Enfin, le 16 décembre, une patrouille a de nouveau été sollicitée par le CAOC afin de détruire un objectif dans la région de Mossoul.”

 

December 21st 2014: Al Bab/ Tabqa airfield, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
Three civilian men were reported killed in an event near the town of Al Bab, after a US aircraft dropped a 500lb bomb on a fleeing ISIL suspect. They were later named as:
Nagi AlKhillo
Fadi Al-Kassem
Mohammad Hammoud Al Turkmani – who died two days after the event of injuries sustained in the incident, according to the Damascus Center for Human Rights Study.
Social media also reported civilian deaths, with one tweet noting: “At least two civilians martyred in the air strikes conducted by US led Coalition war planes on IS-held Al Bab.” This was accompanied by a graphic photograph apparently showing major damage to the town.
Monitoring site Mugrn News, which also reported two civilian deaths, claimed that both coalition and Assad regime aircraft had been seen in the vicinity of Al Bab on the day, making attribution difficult. And VDC described Fadi al-Kassem being “Martyred during the regime`s army forces rocket shelling.”
However privately, CENTCOM conceded that an American aircraft was responsible for the incident. Following an attack on an ISIL checkpoint a fleeing alleged militant was targeted with a 500lb GBU-49 bomb. According to a report declassified in August 2015, this “re-attack” killed the suspect, damaged a building and also resulted in “2x nearby pax possibly injured.”
A rare full inquiry was ordered into the incident. On July 30th 2015, CENTCOM informed Airwars that this had concluded and found no evidence of civilian casualties: “We have no additional information available to provide at this time. Currently, CENTCOM plans only to release those investigations where the preponderance of evidence supports a finding that Coalition airstrikes resulted in civilian casualties.“ Requests for an expedited release of the report were denied on the grounds that this was not “currently newsworthy.”
Civilians reported killed: 3
Reported injured: ‘Several’
Sources: Aleppo News [Arabic], Uygar Aktas tweet, Mugrn News [Arabic], YouTube [Halab News – Aleppo martyrs’ names], Reported footage of coalition aircraft over Al Bab – deleted account, YouTube [building collapsing in Al Bab after reported airstrike], CENTCOM strike footage, Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Damascus Center for Human Rights Study [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center, Declassified CENTCOM file
Quality of reporting: Fair, with named casualties, photographic evidence, and confirmed coalition strikes in vicinity

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The Coalition confirmed three airstrikes in the vicinity, on December 21st-22nd 2014: “Near Aleppo, three airstrikes destroyed artillery equipment and struck ten ISIL buildings.” CENTCOM also issued video footage of one of the strikes.


CENTCOM footage of a strike near Aleppo, Dec 21st 2014

 

December 21st, 2014: Fallujah, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary: A woman and child may have been injured in a major Australian airstrike at Fallujah on December 21st 2014, according to an internal CENTCOM assessment. The pre-planned attack was focused on a’suspected weapons factory’ in the city. However, 10 minutes after the last bomb had been dropped by an Australian aircraft, “a probable female and probable child were observed on FMV [full motion video] to walk through the target area.”
As the overhead observation continued, the child was taken by motorbike to Fallujah hospital, while the woman “walked to the median strip on the road and lay down, and was not observed any further.”
Despite the apparent seriousness of the report, both CENTCOM and the Australian military concluded that “there is insufficient information to warrant further inquiry.” According to a declassified internal report, “The lack of urgency and fact that the child walked apparently normally suggested his injuries were not life-threatening.”
While its aircraft were not implicated by CENTCOM’s internal assessment, Canada also reported being a part of the mission which attacked the Fallujah facility (see below.)
Multiple civilian fatalities were in fact reported at Fallujah that night, with BBC Arabicdescribing medical sources at the city’s main hospital as “receiving 13 bodies and seven wounded, including women and children who fell during the incessant shelling.” The casualties were attributed both to the Iraqi military and to “air strikes launched by the international coalition on the city of Fallujah on Sunday night (21st) and until dawn Monday,targeting places where IS fighters are believed to be.” Al Ghad instead reported eight fatalities from Coalition strikes in the wider region that day. 
Civilians reported killed: 0-13
Reported injured: 2
Sources: CENTCOM document, BBC Arabic, Exclusive Mag [Arabic], Al Ghad Press [Arabic], NINA[Arabic], ABC Australia, Airwars
Quality of reporting: Fair. Despite internal assessments to the contrary there are indications of possible injuries relating to this event, with seven victims in total reported taken in by the local hospital that night 
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
For December 21st-22nd 2014, the Coalition reported that “Near Fallujah, an airstrike destroyed two ISIL buildings and struck a weapons factory complex.”

Australia refuses to disclose where or when it bombs in Iraq, claiming that this wold expose it to Islamic State propaganda.

 

December 23rd 2014: Dayr az Zawr, Dayr az Zawr governorate, Syria
Summary:
 Syrian Martyrs and other monitoring sites listed three civilian males as being the victims of a coalition strike.  They were named as:
Hussein Hamid Al Zakkawi [Syrian Martyrs page, VDC page]
Ziyad Hussein Al Hamid [Syrian Martyrs page, VDC page]
Yahiya Hussein Al Hamid [Syrian Martyrs page, VDC page]
All three men were listed as residents of Dayr az Zawr, and as having been killed in Ziban Street in the city.
Civilians reported killed: 3
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies [Arabic], Syrian Human Rights Committee [Arabic],  Violations Documentation Center [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: The coalition has confirmed an airstrike in the vicinity on December 23rd-24th 2014, noting: “Near Dayr az Zawr, an airstrike struck a crude oil collection point.” However the claims above appear to refer to events in the city itself.

 

December 25th, 2014: Bayji, Salah al Din province, Iraq
Summary:
 In a reported ‘friendly fire’ incident, between 8 and 40 members of the Iraq Army’s Brigade 52 (Task Force 14) and/or Shia militias allegedly died in a reported coalition airstrike on a group of hummvees.
The incident was first reported by a Syrian Kurdish activist on Twitter, citing local media: “US led coalition war planes mistakenly hit Iraqi Army and Shiite militants at the entrance to Beiji killing at least 19 of them.” Nahrain placed the death toll at 8, while a site run by a Shia militia claimed that 40 had died in the incident.
A YouTube video posted by activist Nizar al-Ka’abi a week later was titled “The moment the International coalition aircraft bombed a Popular Mobilisation unit at Bayji by mistake.” This appears to depict Iraqi forces at the edge of Bayji, followed by two significant airstrikes in the near vicinity.
On July 30th 2015, CENTCOM informed Airwars that it had carried out an investigation into the Bayji incident, one of ten across Iraq and Syria to date: “We have no additional information available to provide at this time. Currently, CENTCOM plans only to release those investigations where the preponderance of evidence supports a finding that Coalition airstrikes resulted in civilian casualties.
Friendly forces reported killed: 8-40
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Uygar Aktas Twitter account [archived], YouTube video, Al Basrah Net [Arabic – backgrounder],  Network for Defence of Sunnis blog [Arabic], Qanon [Arabic], Nahrain [Arabic], Hakaek [Arabic], Airwars Report
Quality of reporting: Fair. Local reporting and apparent video evidence

Coalition position: In its daily report for December 24th-25th 2014, the coalition stated that “Near Bayji, an airstrike struck a large ISIL unit.


Video of apparent ‘friendly fire’ incident at Bayji, Iraq Dec 25th 2014

 

December 25th-26th, 2014: Fallujah, Anbar province, Iraq
Summary: Two civilians were reported as having been possibly killed by a Dutch airstrike on December 26th, after motorbikes strayed into the kill zone during an attack on Fallujah.
According to an internal CENTCOM document, it was self-reported the following day that “while conducting dynamic coalition airstrikes on ISIL fighters and technical vehicles [redacted] NLD F· l6AM [ie a Dutch F-16] may have unintentionally struck two unidentified persons on motorcycles who entered the target area during the strikes.”
These claims of civilian deaths were deemed credible enough to trigger a rare formal CENTCOM investigation into the event. This later concluded that there was not enough evidence to indicate civilian fatalities, A spokesman told Airwars in July 2015 that “after reviewing all available evidence, the allegations of civilian casualties from Coalition airstrikes in these instances were unfounded.  The two allegations investigated in Iraq involved Coalition airstrikes on Dec. 25, 2014 [US time], near Fallujah, and April 4, 2015, near Al Sadilyae.
The determination that no civilians had died appeared based mainly on an assessment of the ammunition used: “No CIVCAS found due to the Dutch using ball ammo rather than HE [high explosive] rounds.”
CENTCOM has decided not to publicly release its investigation into the Dutch strike at Fallujah, with an August 2015 request by Airwars for an expedited release of the documents dismissed on grounds that there was no “compelling need” for the public to be urgently informed about this or similar investigations.
Airwars researchers have found no public reports of civilian fatalities for Fallujah on December 25th-26th, although there was coverage of ongoing clashes between the Iraq military and Daesh.
Civilians reported killed: 2
Reported injured: 0
Sources: CENTCOM document, Al Maalomah [Arabic], New Sabah [Arabic], Al Maalomah (2) [Arabic], RTL [Dutch], Airwars
Quality of reporting:
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
For December 25th-26th, the Coalition reported that “Near Fallujah, an airstrike destroyed two ISIL technical vehicles and struck an ISIL tactical unit.”

While the Netherlands usually issues weekly updates reporting on its actions in Iraq, no such report was issued for the week of December 22nd-28th 2014. 

 

December 26th, 2014: Eastern Mosul, Nineveh province, Iraq
Summary:
 Local residents reported that an “international airstrike” involving three missiles had struck houses killing and injuring civilians. NINA claimed that five women from one family were among the dead.
Civilians reported killed: 7, including 5 women
Reported injured: 4
Sources: Deutsche Presse Agentur, cited in Masrawy [Arabic], Lana News [Arabic], NINA [Arabic], Libyan News Agency [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair

Coalition position: The coalition confirmed two airstrikes in the vicinity of Mosul, though has not conceded any non-combatant casualties. For December 25th-26th 2015 CJTF-OIR reports: “Near Mosul, an airstrike destroyed an ISIL armored personnel vehicle.” And for December 26th-27th it states: “Near Mosul, an airstrike destroyed an ISIL tactical vehicle.

 

December 26th, 2014: Aleppo, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary: An internal CENTCOM review reported unnamed open sources as claiming civilian casualties had occurred as a result of Coalition airstrikes. A provisional review found that there had been no international airstrikes in the vicinity of the city on that date.
Airwars researchers later identified coverage from the time of Assad regime attacks on Aleppo on December 26th, which caused between 4 and 45 civilian deaths.
Civilians reported killed: 4-45
Reported injured: Unknown 
Sources: CENTCOM document, Elaph [Arabic], Al Jazeera [Arabic]  
Quality of reporting: Disproven
Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT


Al Jazeera report on civilians killed at Aleppo
by Assad regime, 
December 26th 2014

 

December 28th 2014: Al Bab, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
In one of the the worst known incidents of mass civilian casualties reportedly caused by coalition bombings, at least 58 non-combatants were killed when aircraft struck an Islamic State local headquarters, which was also being used as a temporary prison.
Somewhere between 150 and 400 people were being held by ISIL on petty charges at the time of the 7.45pm attack at the Al Saraya site, it was reported. Multiple sources have confirmed significant civilian casualties in the event. For example news agency McClatchy “located two sources who confirmed a high civilian death toll from the strike. One witness, an activist in Al Bab, gave the death toll as 61 civilian prisoners and 13 Islamic State guards. The Syrian Network for Human Rights estimated the death toll at 80, and said 25 of those were Islamic State Guards and another 55 were either civilians or imprisoned fighters from non-Islamic State rebel groups.
Recovering the dead and injured from the site took many days according to VDC, which also reported 60 civilians killed: “On the first day more than 20 injured civilians were taken out in addition to 7 injured members of the organisation who were the policemen in the centre.  On the second day after the attack more than 13 bodies of civilians were pulled out of the rubble and 37 more bodies of civilians on the following day as well as a number of unidentified bodies.  At the time of counting 10 people were still missing.
Among those killed were men imprisoned by ISIL simply for buying cigarettes. At least four women and a number of teenagers were reportedly among the dead. News agencies and monitoring groups, which gathered biographical details of many of those killed, initially chose not to make public the names of those killed for fear of retaliation by ISIL against surviving relatives.
Between December 28th 2014 and January 10th 2015, the United States concealed the fact that it had carried out any airstrikes at Al Bab on the night in question. Only after “repeated inquiries” by McClatchy did CENTCOM spokesman Colonel Patrick Ryder finally concede that “Coalition aircraft did strike and destroy an ISIL headquarters building in Al Bab on Dec. 28.”
On April 1st 2015, CENTCOM reassessed claims that multiple civilians had been killed in the Al Bab attack, but still concluded that there was “insufficient information to determine CIVCAS.” This was partly justified by citing an Assad regime airstrike on the city 48 hours before the US attack, “which resulted in media reports of CIVCAS as well.
This new assessment appeared to take little account of detailed investigations carried out by McClatchy, SN4HR and others.
The use of the al-Saraya building as a holding facility for locals had been widely reported long before the US airstrike. Syrian NGOs were damning of the coalition’s actions: “There is no evidence that the International Coalition exerted any effort to ensure that there were no civilians near the building nor to be certain that the building itself was not a secret detention center for ISIL, as was widely known in town,” noted VDC.

The names of those reported killed (with any variations) are listed below:

Via VDC (31 names)

Bashar Ahmad Su’aidi (male)
Juma’a Ayyoub (male)
Hassan Sardar – (male)
Hassan Mohammad (25 year old male)
Hamdan Al Taha (male)
Khaled Mohammad Saiid (male)
Khaled Na’assani (40 year old male)
Salem Sillo (25 year old male )
Salem Sharaf (male)
Saiid Jandoli (17 year old male)
Abdallah Nasser (50 year old male)
Omar Jazzar (18 year old male)
Farah Hamdan (45 year old female)
Majid Al Shami (22 year old male)
Mohammad Bashir Hamdan (18 year old male )
Mohammad Abdallah Nufuss (male)
Mohammad Alweh (45 year old male)
Mohammad Kassar (20 year old male)
Mohammad Mahmoud Hamdan (male)
Mahmoud Bakr (25 year old male)
Mahmoud Hajjar (male)
Mahmoud Sharaf (male)
Yamin Al Sayih (20 year old male)
Yusuf Sukkar (male)
Omer (no surname)
Hamdo Al Asali
Mohammad Al Aboud
Mokhlef Mahmoud
Mostafa Yousef Al-Nashef
Mohammad Al-Naous
Abd El-Elah Mohammad Nadeem Al-Najjar
An additional 33 unidentified non-combatant males
1 unidentified civilian woman (40 years old)

Civilians reported killed: 58-65
Reported injured: 20 or more
Sources: Aleppo News [Arabic], McClatchy, Violations Documentation Centre [Arabic], McClatchy, Syrian Network for Human Rights [Arabic] [English], Syrian Martyrs [Arabic], VDC additional names [Arabic], Buzzfeed, Declassified CENTCOM file, Airwars
Quality of reporting: Fair. Extensive eye-witness testimony; photographic and biographic evidence. Confirmation of a US air strike at the location.

Coalition position: COALITION-ASSESSED INCIDENT
The US did not report any air strikes in Aleppo governorate at the time of the attack, and only conceded a strike on Al Bab after repeated questioning by the McClatchy news agency over a 13-day period. This raises issues regarding the veracity of coalition daily reports – particularly in relation to controversial incidents.

This image of post-strike destruction at Al Babs featured in a major report by VDC into the airstrike.
This image of post-strike destruction at Al Bab featured in a major report by VDC into the airstrike.

 

December 28th 2014: Jarablos, Aleppo governorate, Syria
Summary:
An 8.30pm coalition bombing raid on Jarablos – a major Islamic State hub – destroyed a cultural centre being used as an ISIL headquarters in the town. According to Aleppo News, “According to activists, the strikes caused great devastation in the building in addition to the destruction of two civilian houses in the vicinity. Witnesses confirmed that the targeted building was inhabited by many of the elements of the organization (ISIS) which led to the deaths of most of them and seriously injuring the rest.”
‘Dozens’ of militants were reportedly killed. However civilians were also reportedly being detained at the location. Two women casualties of the coalition strike were named as 30 year old Hiba Raei and Jorieh Hamdan.  A third victim, a member of the local KazKaz family, was also cited. He may be Fawaz Al Taha (an 18 year old male reportedly killed by the coalition at either al Bab or Jarablos on December 28th.)  
VDC also cited local residents as saying that “an unconfirmed number of detainees were killed during this attack” adding that “several ISIL leaders, one of whom was French (his  name could not be obtained) were killed as well. Moreover, Abu Omer al-Shami, the prison governor, who is known as Abu Hadid, appeared to have been injured. Eyewitnesses also said that an F-16 fighter aircraft of the International Coalition appears to have carried out the attack.”
Civilians reported killed: 3
Reported injured: Unknown
Sources: Halab Today video [report on airstrike in Jarablos], Orient News,  Aleppo News [Arabic], Violations Documentation Center [Arabic], Syrian Network for Human Rights [English] [Arabic]
Quality of reporting: Fair – with a coalition airstrike eventually confirmed at the location.

Coalition position: While the coalition initially denied any airstrikes in Aleppo governorate on the night of December 28th 2014, it later conceded to McClatchy that it had bombed Jarablos, in an airstrike it initially described as being “near Kobani” (also see previous event.)

The Jarablos culture centre and temporary prison after its destruction in a US air strike, December 28th 2014 (Photo Aleppo News)
The Jarablos culture centre and temporary prison after its destruction in a US air strike, December 28th 2014 (Photo Aleppo News)