Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC086

Incident date

August 31, 2018

Location

Tripoli: Al Wadan hotel, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.893428, 13.190984 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported injured from indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Al Wadan hotel in Tripoli.

Sky News reported: “A hotel in the centre of Tripoli was bombed indiscriminately, injuring at least three people amid fighting between rival militias aspiring to take power in the Libyan capital.

The rocket hit the fourth floor of the Wadan Hotel, 100 meters from the Italian Embassy.

The missile also caused heavy damage inside and outside the hotel, forcing the evacuation.”

Alwasat published a similar report: “Ambulances rushed to the Wadan Hotel in the centre of Tripoli on Saturday after being subjected to indiscriminate bombardment in the ongoing clashes in the capital since Sunday.”

Local sources reported clashes between GNA-affiliated militias and the 7th Brigade at the time of the incident.

The incident occured at 5:50 am local time.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Images of the impact of the shelling on Al Wadan hotel.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ049

Incident date

June 27, 2017

Location

الحدود الليبية المصرية, Libyan-Egyptian border, Butnan, Libya

Geolocation

29.3223255, 24.7302246 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

According to Reuters and local sources, Egyptian airstrikes destroyed 12 vehicles allegedly carrying weapons and explosives near the border between Libya and Egypt.

The sources were conflicted as to whether the incident took place inside Libya or Egypt, with most of them stating it was in Libya.

However, Libya Herald noted the following: “The Egyptian air force claims to have destroyed a convoy of trucks laden with weapons as it crossed from Libya south of the Siwa oasis between the Qattara Depression and the Egyptian Sand Sea in the Western Desert. It posted footage said to show the airstrikes going in on Tuesday as the convoy moved apparently slowly through a remote desert area. A military spokesman in Cairo said that the 12 vehicles had been hit when they were some 60 kilometres inside Egypt. He said the airstrikes had been ordered as part of an intelligence-led operation. After the air attack, ground forces were said to be pursuing the survivors. The Egyptians have revealed nothing about the identity of those in the convoy. However, the suspicion is that whether they were militants or just smugglers, the weapons, explosives and ammunition in the trucks were ultimately destined for terrorists based in Sinai.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Egyptian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces
  • Egyptian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ012

Incident date

September 27, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, Bouatni, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.0875, 20.172222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported multiple helicopter strikes on Benghazi in the Bouatni, Sabri, Leithi and fish market areas. It also posted a video showing artillery shelling but didn’t specify on the location.

There were no public reports of civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A video shows some footages in the battlefield in Benghazi led by LNA (Source: LNA media office)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ004

Incident date

November 22, 2014

Location

بئر الغنم, Bi'r al Ghanam, Zawiya, Libya

Geolocation

32.311608, 12.569035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

LNA airstrikes reportedly targeted Libya Dawn at several locations in the south and west of the Libyan capital including Gheryan, Chalghouda, Nasser, Mazraq Al Qanqa, the Botteh Sorman farm, Bir Hwaisa, the Khuwaildi reserve, Bi’r Al Ghanam, Buaisa, Al Rabeta and the Shamalat factory. There were no public reports of civilian harm.

Sky News reported: “The Libyan air force on Friday [Nov 22nd] bombed sites belonging to militant groups known as Libya Dawn west of Tripoli, in the first daily raids targeting the region, the sources said. Yes, today the battle began in Tripoli, targeting the air force centres of terrorists, Libyan army spokesman Maj. Mohamed Hijazi told Sky News Arabiya on Saturday night [Nov 23rd].

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Fajr Libya operation media offie confers that Haftar airforce conducted airstrike on the area of Shalghouda (Source: Almanara Libya)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC148

Incident date

June 6, 2019

Location

جنزور: الكريمية, Janzur: Al Keramia, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.771657, 13.08665 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

In the morning of June 6th, the field hospital of the Field Medicine and Support Center was reportedly hit by an airstrike believed to have been carried out by the LNA, destroying parts of the hospital building.

According to the Citizen, several doctors and nurses were injured. The Libya Herald reported that a total of two paramedics and a field doctor were injured.

Amnesty International later published an on-the-ground investigation: “At a third location, in the al-Swani area south of Tripoli, three medics were injured in a 6 June 2019 air strike; fragments recovered at the scene by Amnesty International confirmed that the weapon was a French SAMP 250kg bomb. However, military vehicles with mounted heavy machine guns were observed in satellite imagery near the site prior to the strike. At least two strikes on ambulances examined by Amnesty International, one in the Wadi al-Rabea area and one east of the Airport Highway, are likewise ambiguous, in that fighters in military vehicles were being chased by LNA forces and were very close to the ambulances when these were struck.”

Local sources reported the incident to have occurred in Janzur. Al-Swani and Janzur neighbour each other.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via Field Medecine and Support Center).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).
  • The Field Medicine and Support Center after it was struck by an airstrike on June 6th (via JANZUR EMERGENCY AND EMERGENCY OFFICE).

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC180

Incident date

August 11, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: سوق الجمعة , Tripoli: Souq Al Jumaa, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.881854, 13.256303 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Three people were reportedly injured by LNA artillery shelling on the Souq Al Jumaa neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Libya Alahrar TV wrote: “3 civilians were injured due to shells falling on a residential neighbourhood in Souq Al Jumaa area in Tripoli”

February TV also said three civilians were injured and blamed the LNA for the shelling.

The GNA also accused the LNA and said they were breaking the Eid al-Adha truce agreed between the two parties during the festivities.

The Libya Observer later tweeted that four civilians were injured on August 11th by a Grad rocket that hit a residential building in Souq Al Jumaa.

Amnesty International later published a detailed investigation: “At about 9am on 11 August 2019 an artillery shell struck a house in the Souq al-Joumaa neighbourhood of Tripoli, west of Mitiga airport, injuring three civilians: Mahmoud Bashir Abu Obeid, the owner of the house, his 12-year-old nephew Rawad, and his elderly neighbour Mahfoudh Ben Ali. The shell struck a part of the house which was being used to slaughter sheep at a particularly busy time, on Eid al-Kabir (Feast of Sacrifice), the main religious holiday in the Muslim calendar, which is celebrated by slaughtering a sheep. A witness told Amnesty International:

‘There were several people around, it was busy. The shell which landed here was one of several which landed in the area. Some hit the airport. The airport is being shelled all the time, so one doesn’t really pay so much attention any more. But then suddenly, one of the shell struck right here in the middle of the people. It makes one realise how dangerous this is.’

Fragments recovered at the scene by Amnesty International investigators confirm that the weapon was an OF-412 100m artillery projectile.”

The incident occured at approximately 9:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mahmoud Bashir Abu Obeid Adult male injured
  • Rawad 12 years old male injured
  • Mahfoudh Ben Ali Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Video of the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC208

Incident date

October 2, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: سيدي سليم, Tripoli: Sidi Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.798611, 13.129444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Up to two civilians were allegedly killed by LNA shelling on the Sidi Salim of Tripoli.

Afrigate News and Hona Souq Al-Khmies said that a woman was killed by shelling.

The Libya Observer reported: “A woman and her daughter were killed when a shell landed on her house in the Abu Salim municipality of Sidi Selim, the media adviser to the Ministry of Health said on Thursday.

The Abu Salim municipal council said that eight civilians were injured by the targeting of militias of war criminal Khalifa Hifter on the region, on Wednesday evening.

The areas south of Tripoli, yesterday, violent clashes between the army forces and militias Hifter after the latter’s attempt to advance in the axes of Yarmouk and Khalat Street before being defeated.”

Al Wasat wrote: “Amin al-Hashemi, media adviser at the Ministry of Health in al-Wefaq [GNA] government, said that the number of deaths from an indiscriminate shell hit a house in the Sidi Selim area (south of Tripoli) reached two.

Hashemi, in a statement to «Central Gate», said that the daughter of the woman, who also died in the incident, died of her injuries, pointing to the injury of eight other civilians, who are receiving treatment in hospitals in the capital.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies said the incident took place near the American embassy.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (0–1 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (0–1 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC235

Incident date

November 4, 2019

Location

طرابلس: مصحة النخبة , Tripoli: Al Nokhba Clinic, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.822755, 13.222368 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

A child was allegedly killed by LNA artillery shelling on the Salaheddin neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Libya Observer posted: “A boy named Mohammed Naghasa was killed in rocket attacks by warlord Haftar’s armed groups on Salah Eddin neighbourhood in Tripoli today. Earlier, Haftar’s media office released a propaganda video showing militiamen conducting unguided artillery strikes on Tripoli.”

Afrigate News said: “The Center for Field Medicine and Support announced the death of a child in Sidra area and the injury of other in clashes in the capital Tripoli.

The center said on its Facebook page that it received a report of the fall of a shell next to the Al Nokhba clinic and ambulances of the field hospital Salaheddin rushed to the area of ​​Sidra and transferred the child Mohammed Naghasa to a clinic for treatment, but he died while the civilian Mohammed Ajdiea was transferred to Tripoli Medical Hospital. He was wounded by shrapnel in the feet and back.

The shelling also caused material damage to cars in the area.”

Other sources published similar reports.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Naghasa Child male killed
  • Mohammed Ajdiea Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused to vehicles by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Damage caused to vehicles by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Damage caused to vehicles by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Damage caused to vehicles by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Mohammed Naghasa, supposedly killed by LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Damage caused to the neighbourhood by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage caused to the neighbourhood by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on November 4th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (12) [ collapse]