Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC078

Incident date

March 4, 2018

Location

الزنتان, Al Zintan, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.75591, 22.637772 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between three and five civilians were reportedly injured in what was described as indiscriminate LNA artillery shelling on the Al-Zintan neighbourhood in western Derna.

@Abo_moslem4036 reported a “random bombardment” at the west of the entrance to the Darna al-Zintan neighbourhood, which injured three women, a child and a man.

@deskdrnoe cited the LNA for bombing a residential area.

Libya Observer said the four civilians were injured by “heavy artillery shelling” by fighters loyal to Haftar. Citing local authorities, the Observer said that a “wife and a husband, as well as their daughter”, were injured.

Libya al Akhbar reported that three civilians were injured “in an artillery attack carried out by gunmen” loyal to the LNA. The report said the artillery had his Al-Zintan neighbourhood, and that one of the shells directly hit the house of Jamal al-Kubailit, which led the injury of his wife and daughter.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Zintan (الزنتان), allegedly located in the western entrance of Derna (درنة) city. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Derna are: 32.75591, 22.637772.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ042

Incident date

April 19, 2017

Location

درنة الفتايح, Al Fatayah, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.733611, 22.645278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to local reports, an LNA airstrike hit the Al-Fatayih neighbourhood in East Derna. Reportedly the house of the Bouchiha family was destroyed and other buildings in the neighbour were damaged.

There are no publicly known reports of deaths or injuries resulting from the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC129

Incident date

April 28, 2019

Location

الكايخ, Al Kheikh, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.686667, 13.152500 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were allegedly injured by a GNA airstrike on Qasr Bin Gashir.

Riyadh Burshan posted images of an injured child and said: “The house of Abdul Karim Munir Qarifa was exposed to shrapnel as a result of the aerial bombardment of Qasr Bin Gashir, with human damages and injuries to family members.”

Tripoli Operations Room wrote: “The house of Abdul Karim Munir Qarifa was hit by shrapnel from airstrikes. There are human damages to the family and we ask God for safety.”

Oil Crescent News later published a video piece claiming between two and three civilians were injured in the strike.

Other sources only mentioned airstrikes but no civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of one victim and the aftermath
  • More pictures from the incident
  • Video mentioning civilian harm

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Kheikh (الكايخ), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.686667, 13.1525. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Kheikh (الكايخ).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC220

Incident date

October 16, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

An ambulance driver was reportedly injured by indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara.

Ambulance Services Libya said: “The driver Mohamed Fawzi of the rescue team was injured by a shell while he was working in the Ain Zara area and was transferred to the medical center for treatment.”

Later it added: “The ambulance and emergency team visited the driver Mohammed Fawzi to check on his health.

It is noteworthy that he was injured at dawn today in Ain Zara while he was working to rescue the injured and is now in the care room of Tripoli Medical Center after some surgery.”

Local reports point at the GNA or LNA as the perpetrator of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Victims being treated after alleged artillery shelling on Ain Zara on October 16th, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Zara (عين زارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.816556, 13.267525. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC246

Incident date

November 18, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One child was allegedly killed by indiscriminate shelling on the Hadaba project in Tripoli.

Tk Yahrough Kl shy said: “The death of Khaled Mohammed Muftah Al-Mashay as a result of an indiscriminate shell landing last night on his house in line 6 in Hadaba project area.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies published a similar report.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Khaled Mohammed Muftah Al-Mashay Child male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of Khaled Mohammed Muftah Al-Mashay, allegedly killed by shelling near the Hadaba project on November 18th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Hadaba project (مشروع الهضبة) in Tripoli (طرابلس‎). The coordinates for the Hadaba project are: 32.838333 13.175278. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC275

Incident date

January 7, 2020

Location

سجن الرويني, Al Ruwaini Prison, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.803608, 13.293285 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Two children were allegedly killed by LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

Libya Alahrar TV reported: “Medical source to Al Ahrar: the death of two children from one family following the fall of a mortar shell fired by the gunmen of Haftar in Ain Zara.”

The same source later published a picture of the victims saying their father was  injured.

Other sources published similar reports. Tk Yahrouq Kl shy said the shell landed on the family’s house.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video showing the alleged victims from LNA shelling on Ain Zara on January 7th, 2020
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of an alleged victim from LNA shelling on Ain Zara on January 7th, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of an alleged victim from LNA shelling on Ain Zara on January 7th, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of the alleged victims from LNA shelling on Ain Zara on January 7th, 2020 (via Libya Alahrar TV)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Ruwaini Prison (سجن الرويني) within Ain Zara (عين زارة) for which the generic coordinates are: 32.803608, 13.293285. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC306

Incident date

February 28, 2020

Location

قدح, Gadah, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.854211, 13.138275 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One child was reportedly injured by LNA shelling on the Gadah area of Tripoli.

Tk Yahroug Kl shy said: “These are pictures showing a shell landing in the Gadah area on the home of the Al-Kilani Al-Mahmoudi family and the slight injury of a child.”

Libya Alahrar TV wrote there was intense LNA shelling in the area without mentioning civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Car supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building supposedly damaged by LNA shelling on Gadah on February 28th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Gadah (قدح), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.854211, 13.138275. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Gadah (قدح).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC338

Incident date

April 7, 2020

Location

مستشفى الخضراء, Khadra Hospital, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.854416, 13.192035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly injured by LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital in Tripoli.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies wrote: “Al-Khadra Hospital has been exposed to indiscriminate rockets this afternoon on the Women’s and Obstetric Operations Department.

The doctor continues operations despite the difficult circumstance, fear and terror, a victim was exposed to shrapnel wounds.”

Other sources did not report civilian harm. Libya Ambulance Services said: “Part of the evacuation operations carried out by the rescue and emergency teams of patients from Al Hadaba Al Khadra’ General Hospital, which was subjected to shelling with random shells today, where more than 30 patients were evacuated.”

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Window allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital on April 7th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Window allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital on April 7th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Window allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital on April 7th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Blood stain on a bed after alleged LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital on April 7th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Shrapnel wound allegedly casued by LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital on April 7th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Shrapnel wound allegedly casued by LNA shelling on the Khadra Hospital on April 7th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Al Khadra Hospital (مستشفى الخضراء) for which the generic coordinates are: 32.854416, 13.192035. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]