Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

Lib2011-104

Incident date

June 5, 2011

Location

طرابلس‎, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.886602, 13.190912 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One child was possibly injured in a NATO airstrike on Tripoli.

A video report uploaded by Adam Nafusa says that the government had claimed the child was injured by an airstrike, while a hospital worker insisted they had been injured in a car accident.

Reuters also said it had learned from a hospital staff member that the child was injured in an accident.

NATO itself and other sources only reported airstrikes on Tripoli but no civilian harm.

Throughout the whole 2011 NATO intervention some independent monitors assessed that the Gaddafi regime had routinely fabricated civilian harm allegations.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected targets
    Gaddafi forces, Other

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Video showing the supposed victim

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Tripoli (طرابلس‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.886602, 13.190912. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

NATO forces

In Tripoli: 1 Command & Control Facility. In the vicinity of Tripoli: 2 Command & Control Facilities, 1 Surface-To-Air Missile Storage Facility, 1 Ground Forces Compound, 1 Air Defence Forces Compound, 4 Surface-To-Air Missile Launchers, 1 Radar.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected targets
    Gaddafi forces, Other

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-173

Incident date

September 22, 2011

Location

مستشفي ابن سينا, Ibn Sina Hospital, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.183768, 16.584301 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Three civilians, including one doctor, were allegedly injured by a NATO airstrike on Sirte.

Surt Son posted a video on Youtube saying that two civilians and one Ukranian doctor were injured by an airstrike on the main hospital in Sirte.

Libya Realmadrid posted a similar report.

NATO on that day reported hitting one “Ammunition Storage and Military Barracks Facility” near Sirte.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Ibn Sina Hospital (مستشفي ابن سينا),  for which the generic coordinates are: 31.183768, 16.584301. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

NATO forces

In the vicinity of Sirte: 1 Ammunition Storage and Military Barracks Facility.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-027

Incident date

March 3, 2011

Location

راس لانوف, Ras Lanuf, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

30.517778, 18.498889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

On March the 3rd 2011, Gaddafi forces allegedly launched several airstrikes on Ras Lanuf (the oil crescent), in the vicinity of Brega that resulted, according to a single surviving source, in six civilians killed and 12 injured, who were said to be accompanying an Egyptian relief convey.

Several sources referred to Gaddafi forces being behind these strikes.

No further information is currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ras Lanuf (راس لانوف), for which the generic coordinates are: 30.517778, 18.498889. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-129

Incident date

July 24, 2011

Location

مصراتة, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

32.374457, 15.087794 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

On July 24th, 2011, six rockets were fired on Southern Misurata by Gaddafi forces, resulting in the deaths of two people, one Muhammad Muhammad al-Qunaidi and one unnamed woman. Injuries were also reported, but no numbers were provided.

Bint Misurata posted on Facebook “6 rockets fell this morning on civilian neighborhoods in southern Misrata, killing Muhammad Muhammad Al-Qunaidi and wounding others …”

Multiple sources reported the death of Muhammad Muhammad al-Qunaidi and the unnamed woman, as well as wounded.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Muhammad Muhammad al-Qunaidi Adult male

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Misurata (مصراتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.374457, 15.087794. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-008

Incident date

February 17, 2011

Location

الزنتان, Zintan, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

31.930396, 12.250838 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

On February 17th, 2011, Wiki news reported the death of a single demonstrator due to a confrontation with the Gaddafi security forces in Zintan.

No other casualties were reported.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Zintan (الزنتان), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.930396, 12.250838. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-149

Incident date

August 23, 2011

Location

خلة الفرجان, Warehouse in Khallet Al Furjan, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.886602, 13.190912 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between 63 and 170 prisoners were killed in the early evening in Yarmouk prison under the control of Gaddafi forces in a warehouse in Khallet al Furjan on August 23, 2011.

According to the UN Report Source, in the early evening, prison guards at the facility threw between 6 and 8 grenades into the warehouse holding the prisoners and then the guards began shooting the prisoners with AK47s. The violence continued for between 10-30 minutes before the guards stopped, possibly to get more ammunition. A guard ordered to collect the bodies counted 109 bodies.

DW News reported that 50-53 charred bodies were found at the site of the massacre. BBC News reported that 47 bodies were found at the site but a survivor of the massacre said that 153 people were being held at the time and only 20 escaped. He also added that most of the detainees were civilians.

Lalout News reported that over 170 victims were killed at the Yarmouk massacre.

The names of those killed:

Ali Muhammad Faraj Al-Bahbah, 20 years old, from Zliten

Anas Bashir Abu Bakr bin Aisha, arrested on August 18, 2011 in the uprising of Al Baza

Abd al-Hakim Khalifa al-Kabir

Bahaa al-Din Salih Abd al-Salam al-Thani

Jamal Khalifa Abdullah Al-Lafi

Osama Khalifa Abdullah Al-Lafi

 Muhammad Khalfa Abdullah Al-Lafi

Imad al-Din Salem Abu al-Qasim Hassan

Al Naji Masoud Salem Al-Zardab

Masoud Salem Abdullah Al-Zardab

Osama Abd Al-Salam Abdullah Al-Saeedi

Joum’a Masoud Abu Al-Qasim Abu Dabba

Saleh Khalifa Muhammad Al-Fitouri

Saddam Ali Muhammad Ashour

Saleh Ali Muhammad Ashour

Muhammad Imhamed Erhim Obaid

Muhammad Mahmoud Abdullah Al-Sari

Mahmoud Imhamed Mahmoud As-Sari

Ahmed Mustafa Ahmed Al-Sari

Ali Saleh Ahmad As-Sari

Muhammad Nuri Mahmoud As-Sari

Mustafa Muhammad Qununu

Khaled Mustafa Muhammad Qununu

Abd al-Basit Musafi Muhammad Qununu

Ramadan Abdullah Muhammad Zureik

Muhammad Umar Al-Sadiq Ahmadi

Osama Faraj Al-Misrati

Tariq Abd al-Latif bin Zahia

Atia Omar Ahmidan

Abdul-Malik Abdel Hafeez Himyer

Muhammad Omar Al-Bak

Abdullah Bouamran Al-Ghoula

Abdul Razzaq Masoud Misbah Al-Naaji

Rajab Masoud Misbah Al-Naaji

Abu Bakr Miloud Al-Taif Al-Najjar

Mustafa Ahmed Al-Ashhab

Ali Ibrahim Al-Shwahidi

Mustafa Muhammad Al-Manqoush

Salem Hussein Al-Qady

Yusef Salem Al-Qadi

Essam Jabra Ihbeish

Atiyah Moftah bin Sulaiman

Muhammad Moftah Hammouda

Hussain Abdul Hamid Al-Mabqa 

Muhammad Bashir bin Aisha

Ramadan Mahmoud Jaber

Ali Al-Hadi Misbah

Hasan Ali Ghaith

Abd al-Salam Abu Hanik

Ibrahim Fateh Al-Eshitr

Mustafa Muhammad Abu Mariqa

Faraj Muhammad Aghilib

Wael Atiyah Abd Al-Hamid Al-Adl

Al-Saeed Al-Sayyed Al Sayyad 

Al-Najjar is Egyptian

Khaled Al-Soghair Abusaq

Ayman Younis Al-Sukaih

Amhammad Muhammad Abdullah Al-Aswad

Mahmoud Abdel Salam Adrah

Muhammad Muhammad Shaaban al-Dabrzi

Miftah Abdul Qader Al Futaisi

Ali Ibrahim Al-Daradh

Omar Salem Muhammad Salhuba

 

 

 

The incident occured at approximately 7:30 pm local time.

  • Ali Muhammad Faraj Al-Bahbah 20 years old male He is one of the rebels from the jihad city of Zliten, who was lost while joining the rebels and was arrested by the Gaddafi Brigades on Thursday at 10:30 pm on 08/18/2011. killed
  • Anas Bashir Abu Bakr bin Aisha Age unknown male Anas was arrested on August 18, 2011 in the uprising of Al Baza killed
  • Abd al-Hakim Khalifa al-Kabir Age unknown male killed
  • Bahaa al-Din Salih Abd al-Salam al-Thani Age unknown killed
  • Jamal Khalifa Abdullah Al-Lafi Age unknown killed
  • Osama Khalifa Abdullah Al-Lafi Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Khalfa Abdullah Al-Lafi Age unknown killed
  • Imad al-Din Salem Abu al-Qasim Hassan Age unknown killed
  • Al Naji Masoud Salem Al-Zardab Age unknown killed
  • Masoud Salem Abdullah Al-Zardab Age unknown killed
  • Osama Abd Al-Salam Abdullah Al-Saeedi Age unknown killed
  • Joum’a Masoud Abu Al-Qasim Abu Dabba Age unknown male killed
  • Saleh Khalifa Muhammad Al-Fitouri Age unknown killed
  • Saddam Ali Muhammad Ashour Age unknown killed
  • Saleh Ali Muhammad Ashour Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Imhamed Erhim Obaid Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Mahmoud Abdullah Al-Sari Age unknown killed
  • Mahmoud Imhamed Mahmoud As-Sari Age unknown killed
  • Ahmed Mustafa Ahmed Al-Sari Age unknown killed
  • Ali Saleh Ahmad As-Sari Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Nuri Mahmoud As-Sari Age unknown killed
  • Mustafa Muhammad Qununu Age unknown killed
  • Khaled Mustafa Muhammad Qununu Age unknown killed
  • Abd al-Basit Musafi Muhammad Qununu Age unknown killed
  • Ramadan Abdullah Muhammad Zureik Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Umar Al-Sadiq Ahmadi Age unknown killed
  • Osama Faraj Al-Misrati Age unknown killed
  • Tariq Abd al-Latif bin Zahia Age unknown killed
  • Atia Omar Ahmidan Age unknown killed
  • Abdul-Malik Abdel Hafeez Himyer Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Omar Al-Bak Age unknown killed
  • Abdullah Bouamran Al-Ghoula Age unknown killed
  • Abdul Razzaq Masoud Misbah Al-Naaji Age unknown killed
  • Rajab Masoud Misbah Al-Naaji Age unknown killed
  • Abu Bakr Miloud Al-Taif Al-Najjar Age unknown killed
  • Mustafa Ahmed Al-Ashhab Age unknown killed
  • Ali Ibrahim Al-Shwahidi Age unknown killed
  • Mustafa Muhammad Al-Manqoush Age unknown killed
  • Salem Hussein Al-Qady Age unknown killed
  • Yusef Salem Al-Qadi Age unknown killed
  • Essam Jabra Ihbeish Age unknown killed
  • Atiyah Moftah bin Sulaiman Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Moftah Hammouda Age unknown killed
  • Hussain Abdul Hamid Al-Mabqa Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Bashir bin Aisha Age unknown killed
  • Ramadan Mahmoud Jaber Age unknown killed
  • Ali Al-Hadi Misbah Age unknown killed
  • Hasan Ali Ghaith Age unknown killed
  • Abd al-Salam Abu Hanik Age unknown killed
  • Ibrahim Fateh Al-Eshitr Age unknown killed
  • Mustafa Muhammad Abu Mariqa Age unknown killed
  • Faraj Muhammad Aghilib Age unknown killed
  • Wael Atiyah Abd Al-Hamid Al-Adl Age unknown killed
  • Al-Saeed Al-Sayyed Al Sayyad Age unknown killed
  • Al-Najjar is Egyptian Age unknown killed
  • Khaled Al-Soghair Abusaq Age unknown killed
  • Ayman Younis Al-Sukaih Age unknown killed
  • Amhammad Muhammad Abdullah Al-Aswad Age unknown killed
  • Mahmoud Abdel Salam Adrah Age unknown killed
  • Muhammad Muhammad Shaaban al-Dabrzi Age unknown killed
  • Miftah Abdul Qader Al Futaisi Age unknown killed
  • Ali Ibrahim Al-Daradh Age unknown killed
  • Omar Salem Muhammad Salhuba Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    64 – 170
  • (4 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (25) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of charred bodied killed in a prison massacre on August 23, 2011
  • Anas Bashir Abu Bakr bin Aisha, killed in Yarmouk prison on August 23, 2011
  • From the association of the families of the victims of the Yarmouk prison holocaust
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Prisoners killed at Yarmouk on August 23, 2011
  • Images of those killed at Yarmouk prison, August 23, 2011
  • Images of those killed at Yarmouk prison, August 23, 2011
  • Images of those killed at Yarmouk prison, August 23, 2011
  • Images of those killed at Yarmouk prison, August 23, 2011
  • Images of those killed at Yarmouk prison, August 23, 2011
  • Image taken the day of the Yarmouk prison massacre

Geolocation notes (5) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a warehouse in Khallet Al Furjan (خلة الفرجان) south of Tripoli (طرابلس‎). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to these exact coordinates: 32.773607, 13.211762.

  • Reports of the incident mention a warehouse in Khallet Al Furjan (خلة الفرجان) south of Tripoli (طرابلس‎). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to exact coordinates.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery according to mateial from sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @rabta2011

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @rabta2011

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    64 – 170
  • (4 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-135

Incident date

August 5, 2011

Location

مسكن مصطفى ناجي المرابط, Mustafa Naji Al Morabit, Murqub, Libya

Geolocation

32.472842, 14.489344 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

Two children and their mother were allegedly killed in a NATO airstrike on Zliten.

The Telegraph said: “Residents from the town said the strike happened just after 6am, killing brothers Mohammed, three, and Moataz, five, and their mother Ibtisam.

Moussa Ibrahim, Libyan government spokesman, accused Nato of bombing civilian targets frequently.

He said: In the city of Zlitan, you saw with your own eyes the dead bodies of small children and their mother, there are many other examples around the country.

‘Unfortunately we are only able to take you to some scenes of these crimes, these take place everyday, sometimes whole families are killed, sometimes individuals.’

The Ministry of Defence said it had carried out air strikes on Tuesday and Wednesday against buildings, staging posts and a tank being used by Gaddafi forces near Zlitan.”

NDTV reported on a possibly related strike in the area without mentioning civilian harm: “A senior Libyan government official has denied rebel reports that Moammar Gaddafi’s youngest son was killed in a NATO airstrike on the western town of Zlitan.

Deputy Foreign Minister Khaled Kaim says Khamis Gaddafi is alive and spoke to Libyan government officials to confirm his well-being.”

An Amnesty International report later found: “On 4 August 2011 at about 6.30am the home of Mustafa Naji al-Morabit, in Zlitan west of Misratah, was struck, killing his 37-year-old wife, Ibtisam, and two of his three children, three-year-old Mo’taz and six-year-old Mohammed, as well as injuring his 60-year-old mother, Fatima ‘Omar Mansur. According to information provided by Mustafa Naji al-Morabit to Amnesty International, a nearby house (approximately 50 metersaway) had been used, until 1 August 2011, for meetings by military officers. Because they feared that the nearby house may be attacked by NATO, Mustafa Naji al-Morabit and his family had not been sleeping in their own home. They remained in the house during the day as it was common belief that NATO strikes were carried out at night. As opposition fighters were closing in on the area, the owner of the nearby house and others who had been meeting there fled by 2 August 2011, leaving the front gate wide open – a sign that they were not going to return. The al-Morabit family decided that it was therefore safe to return to their home and slept in their home for the first time on the night between 2 and 3 August 2011. The night passed without incident and the nearby house remained abandoned and the al-Morabit family again slept in their home the following night (between 3 and 4 August 2011), but the house was struck in the early hours of that morning.”

The NGO added: “In its 15 February 2012 letter to the ICIL, NATO referred to the above incident stating that the site was in fact struck on 4 August 2011, because it had been identified as ‘a senior regime commander’s command and control node located within a residential property’. Based on its examination of the site, interviews with witnesses and satellite images the ICIL found that ‘evidence suggests NATO hit the wrong building (and) that those killed were civilians’. Amnesty International reached the same conclusions.”

A Human Rights Watch investigation quoted the father saying: “Around 6:30 a.m., I heard an explosion, a terrible sound. I got up, and dust was falling all over; I couldn’t see in front of me. I was trying to reach my children and family, but I kept falling down. I reached the main road, and with the help of neighbors, we tried to lift the blocks and reach my family.

The first one we reached was my wife; we found her dead in her place. And then we got to my mother who was still alive, wounded in the left leg and right shoulder. Then we found [my son] Naji, who was alive. Mohamed, five years old, we found next to him still alive. I had no strength to continue and looked to others to save my family. They took Mohamed to the hospital, but he died before he got there; they say he suffocated from the dust. Then they found [my other son] Moataz, three years old. His brain was out of his head; I saw it. My house is demolished. My children are dead.”

The report added: “Al-Morabit and neighborhood residents initially said that no Gaddafi forces were in the area at the time of the attack. But in a subsequent interview on December 7, 2011, without the presence of a government minder, they said that the house next door had housed Gaddafi military personnel until August 2, two days before the attack. At the al-Morabit house itself, they said, they knew of no military equipment or personnel. A Human Rights Watch inspection of the house and yard on August 7 revealed no signs of military activity or material; however, evidence of a military target could potentially have been moved.

According to al-Morabit and two neighbors, interviewed separately, Libyan military personnel had used the large house next door to the al-Morabit house since late June. When the personnel moved into the house, al-Morabit said, he and his family began sleeping at his brother’s house, fearing a NATO attack in the area. He did not know how many military personnel and from which forces had moved into the neighboring house.”

NATO reported hitting “1 Military Radar Site, 1 Military Storage Facility” in Zliten on August 5th in its operational update.

The incident occured at approximately 6:30 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Destroyed Morabit family home in Zliten after NATO airstrike on August 5th, 2011 (via Amnesty International)
  • Killed Morabit family members after NATO airstrike in Zliten on August 5th, 2011 (via Amnesty International)
  • Killed Morabit family members after NATO airstrike in Zliten on August 5th, 2011 (via Amnesty International)
  • Killed and injured Morabit children after NATO airstrike in Zliten on August 5th, 2011 (via Amnesty International)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The three victims of the the NATO strikes on the Morabit family home in Zliten on August 4th, 2011 (Youssef Shaftar)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the house of Mustafa Naji Al Morabit (مسكن مصطفى ناجي المرابط) being struck, within the city of Zlitan (زليتن), the exact location of which has been published by New York Times and Human Rights Watch. The exact coordinates are: 32.472842, 14.489344.

  • Reports of the incident mention the house of Mustafa Naji Al Morabit (مسكن مصطفى ناجي المرابط) being struck, within the city of Zlitan (زليتن), the exact location of which has been published by New York Times and Human Rights Watch.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Under investigation
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

NATO forces
  • Jan 8, 2012
  • This target had been identified as a regime senior commander’s command and control node, located within a residential property four miles west of Zlitan. At no time were civilians intentionally targeted. The target building and buildings immediately adjacent to it were used exclusively by senior regime commanders as an active command and control facility directing forces in the Zlitan area. The structure was positively identified and one precision guided weapon was dropped on 4 August. Review of intelligence confirms that the correct and intended building was struck, and assessment of the claimed civilian casualties at the time concluded that this was highly unlikely. This incident is under further assessment.

Original strike reports

NATO forces

In the vicinity of Zlitan: 1 Military Radar Site, 1 Military Storage Facility.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-167

Incident date

September 17, 2011

Location

الشعبية, Al Sha'biya, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.19674643, 16.58422018 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

On September 17th, 2011, it was reported that there were four civilian casualties in a NATO airstrike in Al-Sha’biya near Sirte.

An al-Gadafia Martyr’s post reported four deaths on September 19th, 2011, Sirte Martyrs reported the same amount of deaths.

Nour al-Din Nasser al-Zanki reported that the deaths were the result of a bombing on a family house in al-Sha’biya, leading to the death of 4 cousins.

NATO confirmed airstrikes on “2 Command and Control Nodes, 4 Multiple Rocket Launchers, 1 Armed Vehicle, 4 Surface to Air Missile Systems” the vicinity of Sirte on the 17th

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Reham Milad Khalifa al-Qahsi al-Gaddafi Child female killed
  • Atiqa Masoud Khalifa al-Qahsi Gaddafi Age unknown female Also identified as Aisha Milad Khalifa Masoud Al-Jurdi Al-Qahsi killed
  • Najat Abdel Rahim Ali Al-Qahsi Al-Gaddafi Adult female killed
  • Najat Milad Khalifa al-Qahsi al-Gaddafi Adult female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1–2 children2–3 women)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Sha’biya (الشعبية), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.19674643, 16.58422018. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Sha’biya (الشعبية).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

NATO forces

In the vicinity of Sirte: 2 Command and Control Nodes, 4 Multiple Rocket Launchers, 1 Armed Vehicle, 4 Surface to Air Missile Systems.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1–2 children2–3 women)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]