US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Weak
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CI102

Incident date

September 5, 2015

Location

عنه, Anah al Jadidah, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

34.372699, 41.986442 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

The Iraqi Revolution site reported that “NATO planes” [sic] carried out two overnight raids on the town of Ana, which allegedly injured women and children. According to the claims, one of the two strikes targeted a residential neighbourhood.

NINA also reported civilian fatalities from a strike in the area, describing the fatalities as occurring when the coalition accidentally bombed a school sheltering internally displaced peoples, “killing two children and wounding 15 civilians, including 5 women and 7 children.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–15
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (3) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

There were two possible matches for September 4th-5th 2015: “Near Rawah, one airstrike destroyed an ISIL homemade explosives facility… Near Haditha, one airstrike destroyed an ISIL vehicle.”
No incidents for September 5th-6th appeared to match this claim.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–15
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI069

Incident date

May 31, 2015

Location

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34585235, 43.09857692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A single source claimed that 11 civilians “including women and children” died when coalition aircraft struck targets to the east of Mosul. No further details were given.

In July 2017, the Coalition classed the event as non credible on grounds of available evidence: “May 31, 2015, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report: The report contained insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    a:1:{i:0;s:24:"insufficient_information";}
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jul 7, 2017
  • The report contained insufficient information on the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Two coalition airstrikes were confirmed in the vicinity for May 30th-31st 2015: “Near Mosul, two airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit, an ISIL mortar system and land features denying ISIL a tactical advantage, destroying an ISIL building and an ISIL heavy machine gun.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI137

Incident date

November 10, 2015

Location

الرفاعي, Rifai (Mosul), Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.3558497, 43.0937862 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

There were claims that 12 primary school children were injured following an alleged Coalition airstrike at Rifai, west of Mosul.

No other details are presently available.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • Arabic
    • Arabic

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

No Coalition strikes were reported at Mosul for November 9th-10th 2015. For November 10th-11th it was reported that “Near Mosul, one strike destroyed an ISIL fighting position.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • Arabic
    • Arabic

Incident Code

CI256

Incident date

June 25, 2016

Location

الموصل: غرب/الجانب الأيمن, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.336843, 43.117979 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One local source, Mosul Eye, reported that eight civilian detainees of Daesh were killed after the coalition allegedly targeted a Daesh convoy which was transferring the prisoners to court.

Mosul Eye reported: The source explained to Mousliyn, that elements of the organisation brought a group of prisoners by bus for their ‘trial, but international Coalition aircraft bombed the convoy, killing at least eight prisoners.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For June 24th-25th, the Coalition reported: “Near Mosul, six strikes struck four separate ISIL tactical units and an ISIL VBIED factory and destroyed four ISIL vehicles and an ISIL mortar system.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS376

Incident date

November 16, 2016

Location

الثورة‎, Al-Thawrah (Tabaqah), Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.8295049, 38.5360909 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

A single source reported that an unspecified number of civilian casualties were caused by a Coalition strike on al Tabaqa.

According to Smart News, “A number of civilians died and wounded on Wednesday-Thursday night due to aerial bombing of the international coalition on Tabaqa city in the western countryside of Raqqa.”

No other details are presently known.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Tabqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • The report contained insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 16th-17th, the Coalition reported “Near Ayn Isa, four strikes engaged two ISIL tactical units; destroyed an artillery system, a mortar system, and damaged a supply route.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS483

Incident date

February 11, 2017

Location

الرقة‎, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9505639, 39.0094148 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Heavy airstrikes on Raqqa – reportedly by the Coalition – may have caused civilian casualties according to confused reports.

According to Step News “international coalition raids target the grain silos, the finance building, the arts school and al Nai’m roundabout in the city of Raqqa a short while ago causing material and human losses as well as a complete electricity cut in most of the city’s neighbourhoods.”

While other sources mentioned the air raids none referenced civilian casualties.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    1 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV0071178717
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 29, 2017
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For February 10th-11th the Coalition stated: “Near Ar Raqqah, 10 strikes engaged four ISIL tactical unit; destroyed three tactical vehicles, three fighting positions, two vehicles, an ISIL headquarters, a tunnel system, and a weapons storage facility.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS554

Incident date

March 7, 2017

Location

الرقة‎, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9505639, 39.0094148 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including a child were reportedly killed, after an alleged Coalition strike targeted boats on the River Euphrates.

According to Smart News: “Three civilians were killed and two others injured on Tuesday, following the aerial bombardment is likely to be the international coalition on a on the Euphrates River near Raqqa city, north of Syria, as reported by a local source speaking to Smart.

The source said the raid targeted a boat carrying civilians to cross between the two banks of the Euphrates River, near the “new bridge” Al Jasir al Jadid, killing two men and a child and wounding several others.

The source explained that civilians were resorting to use boats to move between the two shores of the river after the destruction by the international coalition of al Maghla bridge Amolh in order to increase the siege on the Islamic State, as the other two bridges were also destroyed managing to isolate Raqqa from the southern countryside.

Some of the boats belong to civilians and local fishermen, and are used as a means of movement in exchange for financial remuneration ranging between 300 and 500 Syrian pounds per person depending on the size of the boat and its type (electric or manual ), according to the source.”

Tahrir al Sham militants also mentioned a Coalition raid, though made no mention of casuialties: “crusader international coalition planes launched raids on Raqqa city targeting the enrtrace of al Jisr al Jadid [the New Bridge] and the garage in front of the Euphrates gas station.” Al Araby al Jadid also mentioned strikes on a number of bridges that day.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Oct 27, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 6th-March 7th the Coalition noted: “Near Ar Raqqah, one strike destroyed a footbridge and an ISIS-held building.“

France
  • English
    /
    Original

France reports that in the last week it carried out 29 sorties and 9 strikes destroying 12 ISIL targets. In Iraq, all 8 strikes were carried out in support of operations in Mosul. They targeted mortar positions and defensive positions in the city as well as in the outskirts of Badush. In Syria, in the Raqqah region, a Rafale patrol was engaged on a ground support mission to neutralize ISIL fighters leading an attack against the SDF.

Opération Chammal En Syrie le recul de Daech se poursuit. Après avoir dû se retirer d’Al Bab la semaine passée, l’organisation terroriste a perdu cette semaine le contrôle de la ville de Palmyre, tandis que la manœuvre d’isolement de Raqqah au Nord de l’Euphrate est sur le point de s’achever. En Irak, Daech tente d’entretenir l’insécurité en poursuivant sa campagne d’actions asymétriques, en particulier dans l’Anbar, dans une logique de dispersion des forces engagées contre elle. En périphérie de Mossoul Ouest, la manœuvre d’encerclement menée par les forces de sécurité irakiennes (FSI) progresse dans sa partie occidentale. Les combats qui ont lieu depuis le début de la semaine autour de la localité de Badush au Nord-Ouest de la ville en sont la conséquence. Dans la partie sud de Mossoul Ouest, les FSI poursuivent également leur progression dans le centre urbain et se trouvent désormais aux portes du centre historique. Avançant toujours le long du Tigre depuis l’aéroport, les combattants de la police fédérale et de l’ICTS sécurisent méthodiquement chaque quartier, faisant face à une défense féroce des combattants terroristes. Dans le même temps, Daech maintient ses actions de harcèlement contre la partie orientale de Mossoul, en réalisant des tirs de mortiers sporadiques et aveugles. Appui aérien au Levant Cette semaine, les aéronefs ont réalisé 29 sorties aériennes dont 26 de reconnaissance armée ou d’appui au sol (CAS), et 3 de recueil de renseignement. 9 frappes ont été réalisées par les avions français, elles ont permis la destruction de 12 objectifs. En Irak, les 8 frappes ont toutes été réalisées en appui des opérations sur Mossoul. Elles s’inscrivent dans le cadre de l’appui des troupes irakiennes engagées dans l’offensive visant à reprendre la partie ouest de Mossoul. Elles ont ciblé des positions de mortier et des positions défensives dans la ville de Mossoul elle-même, ainsi que dans la périphérie de Badush. En Syrie, dans la région de Raqqah, une patrouille de Rafale a été engagée en mission d’appui des troupes au sol pour neutraliser des combattants de Daech menant une attaque contre des forces démocratiques syriennes. Appui feu – Task Force Wagram Cette semaine, l’effort du détachement de la Task Force (TF) Wagram, désormais regroupée sur une même emprise au nord de Mossoul, s’est intensifié. Les appuis ont marqué l’effort au profit des troupes engagées au sol dans la région de Badush. 53 missions ont été réalisées cette semaine. Elles comprennent 22 actions de neutralisation, destruction ou harcèlement visant soit à détruire des positions défensives adverses, soit à empêcher tout mouvement des groupes de combattants de Daech. 31 missions d’éclairement ont également été effectuées afin d’entraver les tentatives d’infiltration de la part de groupes de combattants terroristes cherchant à mener des actions de harcèlement nocturne contre les FSI.’

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS632

Incident date

March 28, 2017

Location

الخاتونية, Khatouniya, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9219103, 38.737935 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A single source, the Smart News Agency, reported that six civilians died and 10 were injured in an alleged Coalition airstrike on the villages of Al Khatuniya and Al Qahtaniya.

According to the Smart News Agency, “A medical source from the hospital of the city of Raqqa said that six people were killed, including three women and a child, and ten others were injured in the air strike. The source said that the shelling targeted the villages of Khatouniya and Al-Kahtaniya (15 km west of Raqqa).”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (1 child3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 27, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 27th-28th: “Near Ar Raqqa, five strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; and destroyed eight barges, a vehicle, a front-end loader, and a truck and trailer.”
For March 28th-29th: "Near Ar Raqqah, one strike destroyed an ISIS pump jack."

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

"Monday 27 March – Typhoons supported operations in Mosul, while Tornados eliminated a mortar team in eastern Syria…Armed reconnaissance missions continued over the weekend, gathering intelligence on Daesh positions in Syria and Iraq. On Monday 27 March, Typhoons again patrolled over Mosul, and used one Paveway IV against a building from which Daesh fighters were continuing to engage Iraqi forces. Over eastern Syria, two Tornados attacked a building in a remote area south of Hasakah, from which a Daesh mortar team was operating against Syrian Democratic Forces."

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • (1 child3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]