US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1908

Incident date

March 14, 2019

Location

الباغوز, Al-Baghouz, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

During intensive air raids, a farm in Al-Baghouz was struck by air- and artillery fire. Step News was the only source that reported over 20 civilians were killed in the strike. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights blamed the Coalition and the Syrian Democratic Forces while all other sources only blamed the Coalition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (1–2 children1–2 women)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising from Al-Baghouz after an alleged Coalition airstrike on March 14th 2019 (via Euphrates Post).
  • Smoke rising from Al-Baghouz after an alleged Coalition airstrike on March 14th 2019 (via Euphrates Post).
  • Smoke rising from Al-Baghouz after an alleged Coalition airstrike on March 14th 2019 (via Euphrates Post).
  • Smoke rising from Al-Baghouz after an alleged Coalition airstrike on March 14th 2019 (via Euphrates Post).

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Awaiting Coalition report.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (1–2 children1–2 women)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1905

Incident date

March 10, 2019

Location

مخيم الباغوز, Al Baghouz camp, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between seven and ten civilians were killed – including children – and as many as 18 were wounded, following air and artillery on Al Baghouz camp. Sources were conflicted as to who was to blame. Most media blamed the US-led Coalition, and more than seven sources attributed the blame to both the Coalition and the Kurdish-based ٍSDF militia.

Horrya News put the death toll as high as ten, while other local sources reported that only seven were killed. 

@DeirEzzor24 initially tweeted that there was heavy artillery shelling by a helicopter. Many sources additionally claimed that “the international Coalition air force targeted [with] several raids on the farms in the town of Al-Baghouz”.

Local media initially specified that there were exactly three shells fired on the vicinity. The following day, Horrya News reported that there were also “dozens of missiles”. 

Smart News Agency tweeted this was one of the “last strongholds of the ISIS organisation”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    7–10
  • (0–2 children0–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–18
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    7–10
  • (0–2 children0–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–18
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1887

Incident date

January 13, 2019

Location

السوسة, Al Soussa, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.528889, 40.9675 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A house in the town of Al Soussa was struck by what sources described variously as a drone strike, airstrikes, artillery shelling, a rocket or a rocket-propelled grenade, killing two named brothers. Three of their other brothers were reported injured.

Although one source implied the brothers were members of ISIS, this was not mentioned by any other source. Mena-Monitor and Sham-FM specifically referred to the deaths of two civilians.

Some sources blamed the Coalition, while others blamed SDF.

Although it was alleged that SDF artillery had been responsible for the casualties, Airwars understands that only the US-led Coalition had access to field artillery at the time. This is therefore a potential Coalition civilian harm event.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

  • Hassan Sabah al-Khurair Adult male killed
  • Abdul Rahman Sabah al-Khurair Adult male killed
  • Brother Adult male injured
  • Brother Adult male injured
  • Brother Adult male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between Jan. 13 - 26, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 645 strikes consisting of 1,360 engagements in Syria, and conducted nine strikes consisting of 12 engagements in Iraq.

In Syria, 645 strikes engaged 394 ISIS tactical units, and destroyed 244 fighting positions, 172 supply routes, 85 staging areas, 21 vehicles, 17 buildings, 15 vehicle borne improvised explosive devices, 14 mortar launching sites, 13 manufacturing facilities for improvised explosive devices, 12 command and control nodes, nine tunnels, eight weapons catches, seven pieces of engineering equipment, five launching sites for unmanned aircraft systems, two weapons storage facilities, two mortar tubes, two improvised explosive devices, one unmanned aircraft system, one machine gun, one logistic node and one check point.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1886

Incident date

January 10, 2019

Location

البوبدران, Al Boubadran, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.542338, 40.959091 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to sources on the ground, air and artillery strikes targeted the town of Al Boubadran, which allegedly resulted in the deaths and injuries of an unspecified number of civilians.

Most sources blamed the Coalition. Sousseh Facebook page specifically blamed “heavy shelling by French artillery and criminal airstrikes.”

Although some sources also alleged that SDF artillery had been responsible for the casualties, Airwars understands that only the US-led Coalition had access to field artillery at the time. This is therefore a likely Coalition civilian harm event.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between Dec. 30, 2018 and Jan. 12, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 575 strikes consisting of 1,147 engagements in
Syria.

In Syria, 575 strikes engaged 485 ISIS tactical units, and destroyed 308 staging areas, 220 fighting positions, 105
mortar, rocket and artillery systems, 57 supply routes, 50 manufacturing facilities for improvised explosive device
and vehicle borne improvised explosive device, 31 command and control nodes, 26 vehicles, 19 weapons caches,
18 mortar launching sites, 18 petroleum oil and lubricant storage facilities, 11 heavy and light weapon systems,
eight reservoirs and tankers for petroleum oil and lubricants, eight pieces of heavy equipment, seven vehicle borne
improvised explosive devices, six tunnels and caves, four buildings, two unmanned aircraft systems, one weapons
facility, one logistics hub and one fuel storage.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1884

Incident date

January 9–10, 2019

Location

السوسة, Al Soussa, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.528889, 40.9675 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to sources on the ground, a family of five civilians was killed “by artillery shelling of SDF” on their house in the town of Al Soussa.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR), the family consisted of three children and their parents who were all killed. The Network dated the incident to January 9th, whereas other sources dated it January 10th.

Additional civilians were also reported wounded, but few further details were given. Horriya said that some were in a critical condition.

Although it was alleged that SDF artillery had been responsible for the casualties, Airwars understands that only the US-led Coalition had access to field artillery at the time in this vicinity. This is therefore classed by us as a potential Coalition civilian harm event.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between Dec. 30, 2018 and Jan. 12, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 575 strikes consisting of 1,147 engagements in
Syria.

In Syria, 575 strikes engaged 485 ISIS tactical units, and destroyed 308 staging areas, 220 fighting positions, 105
mortar, rocket and artillery systems, 57 supply routes, 50 manufacturing facilities for improvised explosive device
and vehicle borne improvised explosive device, 31 command and control nodes, 26 vehicles, 19 weapons caches,
18 mortar launching sites, 18 petroleum oil and lubricant storage facilities, 11 heavy and light weapon systems,
eight reservoirs and tankers for petroleum oil and lubricants, eight pieces of heavy equipment, seven vehicle borne
improvised explosive devices, six tunnels and caves, four buildings, two unmanned aircraft systems, one weapons
facility, one logistics hub and one fuel storage.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1844

Incident date

November 20, 2018

Location

هجين, Hajin, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.6897222, 40.83 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Coalition planes were said to have fired white phosphorus munitions on Hajin, according to sources on the ground.

Free Deir Ezzor Radio added that it was the sixth time Coalition forces used white phosphorus during the month.

Amongst others, Sound and Picture and Sana News claimed that civilians were killed and injured, but exact numbers were not stated.

Marsad al Hasakah reported that the town also came under fierce artillery bombardment: “The heavy artillery of Syrian Democratic Forces did not stop targeting the market behind the General Hospital and the neighborhoods near the Khalid ibn al-Walid mosque and near the  Al-Tawheed mosque amid intermittent clashes between SDF and ISIS on the outskirts of Hajin  on the side of the Badia [the desert] and near al Jaabi area. The suffering of thousands of civilians trapped in the areas under the control of ISIS in the eastern countryside of Deir al-Zour areas, continue after they have become a direct target of the bombing of the international coalition forces and the SDF.”

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • White phosphorus bomb according to Deir Ezzor Radio Facebook post on November 20th, 2018.
  • White phosphorus bomb according to Deir Ezzor Radio Facebook post on November 20th, 2018.
  • White phosphorus bomb according to Deir Ezzor Radio Facebook post on November 20th, 2018.

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position for incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 20th, the Coalition publicly reported: On Nov. 20 in Syria, Coalition military forces conducted six strikes consisting of six engagements against ISIS targets.
Near Hajin, six strikes destroyed six supply routes.

France
  • English
    /
    Original

France report that from Nov 14th – 20th, Task Force Wagram conducted 64 firing missions – 47 ‘lighting’, 17 ‘destruction’. Aircraft carried out 18 sorties but there were no strikes.

‘CHAMMAL SITUATION MILITAIRE DU THEATRE Offensive contre les dernières poches de Daech en Syrie L’opération pour reprendre la poche d’Hajine dans la moyenne vallée de l’Euphrate, lancée le 10 septembre, marque actuellement un temps d’arrêt. Appuyées par la coalition, les forces démocratiques syriennes se réorganisent et consolident leurs positions avant de relancer leur offensive. Poursuite des actions de sécurisation en Irak En Irak, les opérations de sécurisation des forces de sécurité irakiennes (FSI) se poursuivent. Evitant le contact, Daech tente d’alimenter un sentiment d’insécurité par des actions clandestines ciblant indistinctement les FSI ou la population irakienne. ACTIVITE DE LA FORCE La Task Force Wagram en appui de l’offensive contre les dernières poches de Daech présentes dans la vallée de l’Euphrate La Task Force (TF) Wagram appuie l’offensive des forces démocratiques syriennes contre Daech dans la région d’Hajine. Elle a réalisé, depuis le territoire irakien, 64 missions de tir (47 éclairement, 17 destruction – bilan du 14 au 20 novembre inclus).’ Depuis le début de son engagement, la Task Force Wagram a réalisé 2165 missions de tirs.'

Netherlands
  • English
    /
    Original

For November 14th-20th 2018, the Dutch MoD reported that Dutch F-16’s supported ground troops in the fight against IS during 10 missions. Weapons were deployed during 3 missions above Deir Ezzor in Syria, targeting IS warehouses and fighting positions.

‘In het weekoverzicht van 14 t/m 20 November laat MinDef weten F-16’s te hebben ingezet tijdens 10 missies ter ondersteuning van grondtroepen in de strijd tegen IS. Bij 3 werden wapens ingezet, boven Deir al Zour in Syrie. Opslagplaatsen en gevechtsposities van IS zijn vernietigd.’

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1843

Incident date

November 19, 2018

Location

حويزية, Huweiziya village, al Shadadi, Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, 13-year-old Ali Matar al-Hammad was killed by a cluster bomb that was left behind after previous bombing on the village of Hweiziyah in rural Shaddadi, south of Hasaka. Several sources including Step News Agency blamed the Coalition. 

However according to a number of tweets from amongst others @Syria_News5 and @SyriaNewsNetwrk, the cluster bomb was left behind after clashes between SDF and Daesh. 

The Coalition is not known to have used cluster munitions in Syria – indicating that the remnant munition might also have come from prior Syrian government or Russian military actions.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ali Matar al-Hammad 13 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 19th, the Coalition publicly reported: On Nov. 19 in Syria, Coalition military forces conducted six strikes consisting of nine engagements against ISIS targets.
Near Hajin, six strikes destroyed five supply routes.

[Note however that this report relates to a remnant munition from a previous military action]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1842

Incident date

November 19, 2018

Location

قرية الحنة, Al Hanna village, Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, people took to the streets in demonstration after one man was killed and his two children injured when shells hit their house in Al-Hanna.

Jisr TV reported it was a total of 14 shells that caused the killing of the man and the injuries of his children. According to a source reporting to Eye on Hassaka – activist Mohammed al Khader – the victims were part of the Hassan al-Khairi family. According to Mohammed, the limbs of the children were amputated as a result of the shell falling on their house.

Media activist Raed al-Haskawi told the newspaper Madar Daily that the reason for the demonstrations was the killing of an entire family in the eastern village of Al-Hanna. He claimed this was due to the fall of a rocket-propelled grenade from US troops stationed at the Kam Al-Bulgar, an area used for training.

Syrian state media agency Sana News reported that the fall of the rocket shell on the home in Al-Hanna killed two civilians and wounded four others.

Eye on Hassaka blamed the Coalition, while Smart News blamed the SDF who were allegedly conducting military exercises with live ammunition. According to Shaam News, both the Coalition and SDF were conducting training during which the shell was fired. According to @aa_arabic, it was a mortar shell.

Euphrates Post and Beautiful Hassaka posted a different report, stating that the man Hussein al-Khairi was injured, that his hand was amputated, and that his children Bayda of 15 years old and Muhammad of 13 years old were injured by bullets from a machine gun in front of their house in the village.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Hussein al-Khairi Adult male killed
  • Bayda 15 years old Son of Hussein injured
  • Muhammad 13 years old Son of Hussein injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Demonstration against the coalition and SDF after a training shell killed one man and injured his children, according to Eye on Hasaka Facebook post on November 19th, 2018.
  • Demonstration against the coalition and SDF after a training shell killed one man and injured his children, according to Eye on Hasaka Facebook post on November 19th, 2018.
  • Protesters demonstrate after a family was harmed by small arms fire or shelling on November 19th 2018 (Eye on Hassakah)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 19th, the Coalition publicly reported: On Nov. 19 in Syria, Coalition military forces conducted six strikes consisting of nine engagements against ISIS targets.
Near Hajin, six strikes destroyed five supply routes.

[Note however that the reported casualties resulted from small arms fire]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]