US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1920

Incident date

May 8, 2019

Location

الشحيل, Al Shahil, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.0865, 40.45232 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a three hour operation between midnight and dawn in the al Katef neighborhood in the city of Al Shahil, at least five people were killed. Most local sources that reported on the incident claimed that the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) were responsible, with air support from the International Coalition. According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, five civilians were shot by the SDF with support of International Coalition planes. Zaman Al Wasl claimed six civilians were killed, four of whom from the same family. Deir Ezzor 24 states that eight were killed in total in the incident.

Deir Ezzor 24 reported that Haji Khleif Al-Abdullah Al-Othman was killed by a bullet from a helicopter after he came out to know why it was hovering over his house.

“After hearing sounds of helicopters and cars outside his house, Haji Abu Awwad came out to investigate what these sounds were, and once he got out of his door, he was shot by a bullet from the helicopter that was covering the operation, after hearing his cry, his son Muhammad came out to see what happened to his father, and he was also shot down over his father, then Ahmed, Muhammad’s brother and Haji Khleif’s son, joined them after taking a bullet ended his life. The two brothers and their father died in minutes, but they lost their lives without even knowing why they were killed.”

According to a single source, Syria.liveuamap, the victims were not civilians but members of ISIS. The source claimed that a total of six ISIS members were killed when the Coalition carried out a landing operation in support of SDF who was driving armored vehicles. @DeirEzzor24 claimed that SDF drove a total of 10 vehicles, while Manaret Al Furat claimed a total of 15 vehicles, which he described as hummer vehicles. He added that “Coalition forces raided and besieged the house of Ahmad al-Faraj al-A’sman in Hawi al-Shahil through air and infantry forces and about 15 Hummer vehicles, using loudspeakers to ask the residents of the house to surrender amid reports of casualties.”

Both Hajeen Magazine and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights put the death toll higher and claimed a total of eight civilian fatalities. Both sources reported that seven civilians were killed in the raid on Al Shahil, while another civilian was killed by SDF in a demonstration in the town a later time.

SANA, a source affiliated to the Syrian regime, was the only source that claimed that the attack was not carried out by SDF but by Qasad militias supported by US-helicopters. According to the source, “Qasad militia backed by US helicopters at dawn besieged al-Katef neighborhood in Shahil town for more than two hours ,and then stormed into the neighborhood with heavy and random shooting, claiming the lives of six civilians, injuring others, and arresting a number of the locals.”

Syria News and several other sources reported that a total of two civilians were arrested. Zaman Wasl identified the two detainees as Hussein Allawi and Mahid As’ad Asman.

Pro-SDF source C.M. Deir Ezzor reported that SDF indeed carried out a successful operation and arrested Abu Bara al-Diri, “who financed the terrorist cells of Da’ash and was responsible for purchasing weapons and explosives in order to destabilize the region.” The source claimed that in a shooting, two “terrorists” were injured. The source added that SDF secured medical assistance to keep them alive.

Deir Ezzor 24 however, claimed that “two of the dead, who the SDF claimed to be Daesh cells, had nothing to do with the organization, but were elements of the SDF” and that their sources “confirmed that the rest of the victims were civilians and were not involved in any security or military activity”. Deir Ezzor 24 posted pictures of the victims Muhammad and Ahmed Khleif al-Asman in military uniforms of the SDF to corroborate the claim.

On May 18th, representatives of the Coalition and the SDF held a meeting with tribal figures and the families of the victims of both the Al Shalil operation, and an incident in Daman, Deir Ezzor 24 reports. According to this source, the families called upon the Coalition to provide evidence that their sons were connected to Daesh, questioning the credibility of this claim.

Deir Ezzor 24 said: “The victims’ families stressed that what took place in Ash-Shahil and Daman was a mistake, so the international coalition and the SDF have to admit that their information was inaccurate and erroneous.” In response, Deir Ezzor claims, the Coalition and the SDF representatives made a distinction between the two incidents, stating that in the case of Al Shahil the victims “had resisted the international coalition forces during the operation.”

The families of the victims contended that the evidence provided by the Coalition was not correct, and called for the “perpetrators be brought to justice and held accountable.” According to Deir Ezzor 24, “some of the tribal figures withdrew from the meeting, as they were not satisfied with the evidence provided, while some Sheikhs took the responsibility of completing the communication with the Coalition” regarding the two incidents.

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 6:00 am local time.

  • Mohammed Al-Khalifa Al-Abdullah Al-A’sman Adult male killed
  • Ahmed Al-Khalifa Al-Abdullah Al-A’sman Adult male killed
  • Khaleef Al-Abdullah Al-A’sman Adult male killed
  • Hail Al Saleh Al Faraj Adult killed
  • Hamid Al-Alawi Al-A’sman Adult male killed
  • Asaad Al Nawaf Al Farhan Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmed Al-Ahmed Al-Awad Mohammed Al Farhan Adult male killed
  • Hamid al-Assaad al-Asman Adult male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5–8
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of the victims who were alleged killed by SDF forces with air support from the International Coalition on May 8th (via Deir Ezzor 24).
  • Photo's of the victims who were alleged killed by SDF forces with air support from the International Coalition on May 8th (via @DeirEzzor24).
  • Abu Bara al-Diri was allegedly arrested for financing ISIS and was responsible for purchasing weapons and explosives (via C.M. Deir Ezzor).
  • Demonstrations against SDF in Al-Shahil in Deir al-Zour, after at least six civilians were alleged killed by the organization on May 8th (via @ANews_Arabic).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of the alleged attack by the SDF and US-led Coalition in Al Shahil on May 8th (via @ahhrrar123).
  • Ahmed Asaad al-Farhan, alleged killed in an attack believed to have been carried out by SDF and the US-led Coalition on Al-Shahil on May 8th (via Euphrates Post).
  • Hamid al-Assaad al-Asman who was wounded in the alleged attack by SDF and US-led Coalition on Al-Shahil on May 8th (via @DeirEzzor24).
  • One of the victims in SDF uniform, allegedly killed by SDF on May 8th (via Deir Ezzor 24).
  • One of the victims in SDF uniform, allegedly killed by SDF on May 8th (via Deir Ezzor 24).
  • Haji Khleif Al-Abdullah Al-Othman, allegedly killed by a bullet from a helicopter after he came out to know why it was hovering over his house on May 8th (via Deir Ezzor 24).

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Awaiting Coalition report.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5–8
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1919

Incident date

April 24–25, 2019

Location

ماشخ أو الضمان, Al Daman or Mashikh village, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.2333162, 40.5419164 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that at least four civilians from the same family were killed in a joint operation by the Syrian Democratic Forces with air support from Coalition fighter jets around 1 am between April 24th and 25th. Baladi claimed that Coalition helicopters participated in the raid.

While most sources, including an eyewitness, reported that the incident occurred in Al Daman village, others including local monitor Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claimed the incident occurred in Al Mashikh village.

Step News added that “the Coalition forces at midnight carried out a raid on the house of Farhan Mazhour al-Sarhan in the village of Mashekh near the city of Al Bassira supported by the ground force of the militia of SDF and opened fire on the house, killing Farhan Mazhour Al Sarhan and two his sons and the wife of his son (who was pregnant), knowing that the man and his sons are civilians.”

According to Deir Ezzor 24, the Coalition carried out a landing operation with SDF and shot and killed a total of six family members, including a child and two women. Deir Ezzor 24 managed to speak to one of the victim’s relatives who witnessed the event.

“On Friday, 26-4-2019, at about 1 p.m., we woke up to the sound of helicopters over our houses accompanied by the sound of armored vehicles in front of the houses, we did not know what was going on, we were so terrified.”

The witness continued:

“The house they were seeking was Farhan Al-Madhoor’s, as an armed group of the SDF raided it, getting the whole family outside the house and then an element of the group shouted at the family saying: the one who is called “Adham Al-Madhoor” shall move towards us slowly raising his hands high into the air, and immediately the youth Adham did what he was told. He moved, raising his hands up in the air, towards the group that were taking the shooters’ stance, and after he walked several steps, the SDF elements shot him dead, when Adham’s father saw his son falling down, he ran toward him and was shot by the SDF before reaching him. The father and the son were killed in cold blood in front of their family. Muhammad, Adham’s brother, took his eight months pregnant wife and tried to escape after he saw the fate of his father and brother, but he ran only a few steps before the group opened fire on him and his wife killing them.””

The source added that the reasons for “the landing are still unknown” and that “D24 network was not able to determine whether the landing had affected a cell or elements of Daesh in Daman village.” It went on to note, however, that “international coalition forces and the SDF have recently carried out several landings in Deir Ezzor countryside.”

Deir Ezzor 24 added in a later post that on May 18th, the international coalition held an extended meeting with the families of the victims of two “massacres”; in Ash-Shahil and Daman. The source reported that the meeting took place in Al-Omar oilfield.

“Sources from within the meeting confirmed that the families of the victims of Ash-Shahil and Daman massacre called on the international coalition to provide evidence that their sons were in contact or cooperation with Daesh in Deir Ezzor countryside.

The sources added that the evidence of the coalition and the SDF was not convincing and does not indicate any links between the victims and Daesh.

The sources noted that the SDF tried to calm the atmosphere, and said that they will restore the right of all those killed by mistake in the landing operations, but the victims’ families demanded the handing over of the persons who killed the civilians in Daman town north of Deir Ezzor.

The victims’ families stressed that what took place in Ash-Shahil and Daman was a mistake, so the international coalition and the SDF have to admit that their information was inaccurate and erroneous.

The international coalition and the SDF, in turn, made a distinction between the two massacres as part of the discussion in the meeting, they accused the victims of Ash-Shahil that they had resisted the international coalition forces during the operation, which resulted in eight deaths, while the coalition confirmed that what happened in Daman village did not witness any resistance from the people.

The victims’ families responded in different way to these accusations that the evidence, presented against the victims to be raided, was not correct, and demanded that the perpetrators be brought to justice and held accountable.

The meeting was attended by the commander of the international coalition forces in the eastern region, military figures in the SDF and tribal figures including Sheikh Jamil al-Hafel.

The sources confirmed that some of the tribal figures withdrew from the meeting, as they were not satisfied with the evidence provided, and that some Sheikhs took the responsibility of completing the communication with the Coalition about the two massacres of Daman and Ash-Shahil.”

 

The incident occured at 1:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–6
  • (1 child2 women3 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo's of alleged civilians killed in a raid on the village of Al Daman on April 24th (via @DeirEzzor24).

Geolocation notes

These are the coordinates for Al Daman village since most sources claimed that is where the incident took place. However, some other sources claimed that it occurred in Al Mashikh. Al Daman is close and to the northeast of Al Mashikh.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Awaiting Coalition report.

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–6
  • (1 child2 women3 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1918

Incident date

April 15, 2019

Location

الشعفة, Al Shaafa, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.57888, 40.93441 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Ali al-Muhammed al-Furaiji and his two wives were killed in the morning of April 15th, when their house was hit by an alleged Coalition airstrike, multiple local sources reported – though there was also a claim that the deaths had been caused by an explosion of an ISIS-planted mine.

@alhasensaleem tweeted that “a whole family” had died, while other sources named the man and his two wives as the victims.

Other sources such as Deir Ezzor 24 said that the house was struck by an unknown explosion.

According to Jisir TV, “local sources said the blast occurred in a house belonging to a civilian, killing his two wives and destroying the house completely, adding that the explosion was believed to be caused by aerial bombardment of coalition fighters, while witnesses said it was caused by a mine left by Daesh.”

 

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Islamic State (ISIS)

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The house of Ali al-Muhammad al-Furaiji after it was struck by an airstrike between April 14th and 15th (via Euphrates Post).

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between April 7 - 20, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted no strikes in Syria.

Islamic State (ISIS) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Islamic State (ISIS)
  • Islamic State (ISIS) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Islamic State (ISIS)

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1917

Incident date

April 13, 2019

Location

الطكيحي, Al Takihi, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.171318, 40.472238 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between midnight and 5 am on the morning of April 13th five people were reportedly killed in what was described as a “landing operation” by the US-led Coalition in Al-Takihi village. According to Jisir TV, the operation was carried out by several Apache helicopters and Hummer vehicles. It was, however, unclear who killed the victims (whose combat status was uncertain). Some sources blamed the Coalition, while the Syrian Network for Human Rights said that the victims were shot by the SDF.

Al Masdar reported that “during the raid, the U.S. military came under heavy gunfire from the suspected Islamic State fighters inside the home” but that “eventually, the U.S. military was able to overwhelm them, killing five suspects, including one woman.”

It is unclear at this time whether all the victims were members of ISIS or not. The house reportedly belonged to a member of ISIS, who was hiding inside. Among the victims were two former ISIS members who, according to Deir Ezzor 24, had “defected” several months ago. The two victims were brothers of the house owner, according to local sources.

Two other men and a woman with Iraqi nationality were reported killed as well.  Local news outlets Baladi and Jorf claimed these three were also members of ISIS. Considering that ISIS does not recruit women, she is considered a non-combatant and will therefore be included in the civilian casualty count of Airwars.

Step News added that eight others were wounded.

A number of people were also reported arrested. According to Step News, the father of the two brothers was arrested. Jisir TV added that his other son Ra’ed was arrested as well. According to Al Masdar, however, the “U.S. military” arrested eight of the suspects, who the source reported “of Iraqi and Syrian descent”. The eight arrested people could have been among the eight wounded.

However, the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the victims were killed by the SDF. The Network reported: “Five civilians, including a woman, were shot dead by Syrian Democratic forces supported by a helicopter of International Coalition forces in a raid on a house in al Takehi village which is administratively a part of al Bseira city in Deir Ez-Zour governorate eastern suburbs, on April 13.”

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 5:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–5
  • (1 woman4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between April 7 - 20, 2019, CJTF-OIR reported it conducted no strikes in Syria.

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–5
  • (1 woman4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1915

Incident date

March 15–21, 2019

Location

مخيم الباغوز, Al-Baghouz camp, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.447579, 40.953426 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that a family of five including three children were killed in alleged Coalition bombing in Al-Baghouz camp days several days before March 20th. The exact date they were killed remains unknown.

Ahmad Abd Al Rzzaq said: “My cousin Louay Abdel Wahab Al-Hamad Al-Ibrahim Al-Abdullah and his wife Nadra Abdul Aziz Al Thabet Al Khudur, and their three sons Khalil, Isra and Yaqoout” were killed – but said that they died in Hajin which would mean they were killed before December 15th 2018.

But all other sources said that the family died at Al Baghouz camp. Ahmad Abd Al Rzzaq noted that the family were refugees from Hajin, though @DeirEzzor24 said that they were from Al Mayadin city.

Airwars can’t confirm any more details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

  • Louay Abdel Wahab Al-Hamad Al-Ibrahim Al-Abdullah Adult male killed
  • Nadra Abdul Aziz Al Thabet Al Khudur Adult female Wife of Louay Abdel Wahab Al-Hamad Al-Ibrahim Al-Abdullah killed
  • Khalil Child male Son killed
  • Isra Child male Son killed
  • Yaqoout Child male Son killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

"Between March 10 - 23 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 250 strikes consisting of 398 engagements against Daesh targets in Syria and Iraq.

In Syria, CJTF-OIR conducted 193 strikes consisting of 338 engagements, engaged 346 Daesh tactical units, and destroyed 104 vehicles, 63 supply routes, 39 fighting positions, 31 vehicle borne improvised explosive devices, nine tactical vehicles, six fuel tankers, four weapons caches, two command and control nodes, one tunnel, one tanker for petroleum oil and lubricants, one mortar system, and one checkpoint."

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1914

Incident date

March 20, 2019

Location

الباغوز, Al Baghouz , Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.4641667, 40.9452778 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported the death of the young woman “Alaa Mahmoud Al-Shakran” displaced from the city of Palmyra, as a result of alleged Coalition on the town of Al-Baghouz on March 20th.

According to a post by Revo.palmyra3, this brings the number of fatalities to four civilians displaced from Palmyra including two women and one child in the same week. 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Alaa Mahmoud Al-Shakran Age unknown female Described as "young" killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (3) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between March 10 - 23, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 250 strikes consisting of 398 engagements against Daesh targets in Syria and Iraq.

In Syria, CJTF-OIR conducted 193 strikes consisting of 338 engagements, engaged 346 Daesh tactical units, and destroyed 104 vehicles, 63 supply routes, 39 fighting positions, 31 vehicle borne improvised explosive devices, nine tactical vehicles, six fuel tankers, four weapons caches, two command and control nodes, one tunnel, one tanker for petroleum oil and lubricants, one mortar system, and one checkpoint.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1916

Incident date

March 19, 2019

Location

الباغوز, Al Baghouz camp, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two local sources reported that two named civilians – Shaimaa Walid Al Turki  and Rahaf Darwish – died in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Al Baghouz camp.

According to revo.palmyra3, the two victimns were displaced from Palmyra and died “as a result of the daily bombardment of aircraft”.

Palmyra and Al Sukhna group noted that Rahaf Darwish was “young”, suggesting she may have been a child.

revo.palmyra3 noted that “many of the displaced are still trapped in the area and there is no news of them until now”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

"Between March 10 - 23, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 250 strikes consisting of 398 engagements against Daesh targets in Syria and Iraq.

In Syria, CJTF-OIR conducted 193 strikes consisting of 338 engagements, engaged 346 Daesh tactical units, and destroyed 104 vehicles, 63 supply routes, 39 fighting positions, 31 vehicle borne improvised explosive devices, nine tactical vehicles, six fuel tankers, four weapons caches, two command and control nodes, one tunnel, one tanker for petroleum oil and lubricants, one mortar system, and one checkpoint."

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For March 13th-19th, France report that Task Force Wagram did not carry out any artillery missions. Aircraft carried out 57 sorties and there was one strike. It also provides a review of the four years of training of TF Narvik and Monsabert

CHAMMALSITUATION MILITAIRE DU THÉÂTREOffensive contre les dernières poches de Daech en SyrieEn moyenne vallée de l’Euphrate, les combats menés par les Forces démocratiquessyriennes, appuyés par la coalition, pour reconquérir le réduit de Baghouz continuent. Les combats sont intenses, la progression effective, mais lente, en raison de l’évacuation de nombreux civils, et de l’imbrication des combattants et des non combattants.Poursuite des actions en IrakLa situation sécuritaire est stable en Irak, et reste sous contrôle des Forces de sécurité intérieures qui poursuivent leur effort dans la lutte contre Daech.ACTIVITÉ DE LA FORCELe dispositif français déployé au Levant n’a pas évolué depuis la semaine dernière. Le groupe aéronaval participe toujours à l’opération Chammal : une frappe aérienne a été réalisée par ses Rafale cette semaine en appui des forces démocratiques syriennes.En parallèle, le groupement naval est intégré, en soutien associé, à l’opération Sea Gardian, opération maritime de l’OTAN qui accomplit actuellement trois tâches de sûreté maritime en Méditerranée : la constitution de capacités de sûreté maritime, la connaissance de la situation maritime, et la lutte contre le terrorisme.Enfin, la frégate britannique HMS Duncan a rejoint le groupe aéronaval cette semaine.Bilan des quatre ans de formation des TF Narvik et MonsabertDepuis mars 2015, en complément de l’appui feu aux troupes engagées au sol contre Daech, la France a déployé à Bagdad des militaires dont la mission est d’améliorer les capacités de commandement et les savoir-faire des troupes irakiennes. Deux Task Force (TF), Narvik et Monsabert, aux périmètres différents, ont été mises en place pour assurer cette mission.La TF Narvik prend part à la formation des forces spéciales de l’Iraki Counter Terrorism Service (ICTS), dans des domaines d’expertise immédiatement exploitables dans la lutte contre Daech : le combat en zone urbaine, le renseignement, le tir aux armes collectives et armes lourdes, la lutte contre les engins explosifs ou le sauvetage au combat.Les premiers mandats proposaient des instructions générales et spécialisées aux jeunes recrues et aux soldats expérimentés. L’ICTS est progressivement devenue autonome dans ces domaines et la TF Narvik porte désormais ses efforts sur la formation des cadres et des opérateurs spécialisés tout en perfectionnant à travers des stages dédiés des bataillons opérationnels de l’ICTS.Au bilan, la TF Narvik a formé plus de 8000 soldats et 300 instructeurs, et a mené des stages de perfectionnement au profit de plus de 3000 soldats, ce qui représente 25 % des actions de formation menées par la coalition pour l’ICTS.De son côté, la TF Monsabert fournit assistance et conseil (Advise and Assist — A2) à l’État-major et aux soldats de la 6e division d’infanterie, responsable notamment de la sécurisation de Bagdad.Dans le cadre de son partenariat avec la 6e division, la TF Monsabert a formé depuis sa création plus de 3300 soldats irakiens, et plus de 1700 formateurs.En constante évolution pour répondre aux besoins de ses partenaires irakiens, la TF Monsabert a récemment mis en place des cycles d’évaluation des savoir-faire fondamentaux des soldats de la 6e division. Plus de 4000 soldats irakiens ont déjà été passés au crible, permettant aux experts de la TF et au commandement de la 6è division de disposer d’une appréciation globale du niveau des différents régiments.Enfin, depuis 6 mois, dans le cadre de son partenariat avec l’école d’artillerie irakienne la TF Monsabert a formé 330 officiers et sous-officiers irakiens.Depuis quatre ans, ce sont au bilan plus de 20 000 soldats irakiens qui ont bénéficié de l’expertise de 1400 instructeurs français qui se sont relayés au sein de l’opération Chammal, dispensant 150 stages et participant à plus de 200 missions de conseil et d’appui.La Task Force Wagram en appui de l’offensive contre les dernières poches de Daech présentes dans la vallée de l’EuphrateLa Task Force (TF) Wagram continue d’appuyer les forces démocratiques syriennes contre Daech au sud de la ville d’Hajin.La TF Wagram n’a pas réalisé de missions de tir, depuis le territoire irakien, cette semaine (bilan du 13 au 19 mars inclus).Sorties air hebdomadaires (bilan du 13 au 19 mars inclus)Les aéronefs français basés en Jordanie et aux Émirats arabes unis, et projetés depuis le groupe aéronaval poursuivent leurs actions contre Daech, au sein de la coalition.Cette semaine, les aéronefs de l’opération Chammal ont réalisé 57 sorties aériennes (bilan du 13 au 19 mars inclus). Les Rafale français ont conduit 01 frappe cette semaine, réalisée par les aéronefs du groupe aeronaval.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1912

Incident date

March 18–19, 2019

Location

الباغوز, Al Baghouz, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.447579, 40.953426 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

As the SDF sought to take control of Al-Baghouz, the last ISIS territorial stronghold in Syria, local sources reported on what was referred to as a significant “massacre” in which between 160 and 300 civilians including 45 children were alleged killed.

In May 2019, the Coalition announced that it had assessed this allegation of civilian harm as non-credible, noting “the report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.”

Nors For Studies – an Arabic language source which describes itself as a Syrian research centre though which was not known for casualty claims in Deir Ezzor until very recently – alleged the staggering number of 3,000 people killed by Coalition bombardments. It was unclear whether this referred to a general number of fatalities, or whether it referred to one specific incident.

According to the source, 300 people were reported killed as a result of “sniping” and 300 charred bodies were found, most of whom were reported to be children and women.

According to Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silenty (RBSS), these people were killed in Coalition air and ground attacks aimed at expelling ISIS from the town. The source reported that ISIS used hundreds of civilians as human shields during the raids. It alleged that after SDF took control of the town, “SDF militias dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured”. Alongside the report, RBSS posted numerous graphic photos of human remains and charred bodies.

Several sources including Al Hasaka Arabea and RBSS reported that after “the images leaked”, journalists were prevented from entering Al-Baghouz camp by the “intelligence service of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party”. This intelligence service was reported to have entered with a convoy of trucks “in order to get rid of the bodies of the massacres committed by the Kurdish protection units”. Al Hasaka Arabea also claimed that the Coalition did not distinguish between civilians and members of ISIS.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SO4HR) reported 200 people including ISIS members and their families were killed in alleged Coalition bombing on Al-Baghouz camp carried out on Tuesday March 19th. The source reported that among the victims were 160 civilians, including 45 children. The bodies were reportedly buried on Wednesday morning March 20th.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights called for an independent investigation into what it described as “the massacre”. The Syrian Observatory questioned whether the international coalition knew during the bombing of the camp of the presence of children and women from the families of ISIS and why media was prevented from entering the area on the morning of March 20th.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) reported a much lower number of individuals killed in aerial and ground attacks on Al Baghouz camp over the course of the last four days before the declared capture of Al Baghouz on March 23rd. The Syrian Network said that tens of individuals were killed, including women and children, most of whom were reported to be family members of ISIS members. The Network added that it was unable to specify the details of the attacks and the death tolls at the time of writing.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    160–300
  • (45 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • The aftermath of alleged Coalition shelling on Al Baghouz camp, March 18th-19th, in which up to 300 civilians reportedly died (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of alleged Coalition shelling of Al Baghouz camp, March 18th - 19th, which allegedly killed at least 160 civilians (via Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.
  • On March 20th, RBSS published several pictures alongside a report that SDF "dug mass graves to bury those killed and even those merely injured" after taking control of Al-Baghouz.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Stated location
    near al-Baghouz, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU794135
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2019
  • Mar. 18, 2019, near al-Baghouz, Syria, via Airwars report. The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

"Between March 10 - 23 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted 250 strikes consisting of 398 engagements against Daesh targets in Syria and Iraq.

In Syria, CJTF-OIR conducted 193 strikes consisting of 338 engagements, engaged 346 Daesh tactical units, and destroyed 104 vehicles, 63 supply routes, 39 fighting positions, 31 vehicle borne improvised explosive devices, nine tactical vehicles, six fuel tankers, four weapons caches, two command and control nodes, one tunnel, one tanker for petroleum oil and lubricants, one mortar system, and one checkpoint."

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For March 13th-19th, France report that Task Force Wagram did not carry out any artillery missions. Aircraft carried out 57 sorties and there was one strike. It also provides a review of the four years of training of TF Narvik and Monsabert

CHAMMALSITUATION MILITAIRE DU THÉÂTREOffensive contre les dernières poches de Daech en SyrieEn moyenne vallée de l’Euphrate, les combats menés par les Forces démocratiquessyriennes, appuyés par la coalition, pour reconquérir le réduit de Baghouz continuent. Les combats sont intenses, la progression effective, mais lente, en raison de l’évacuation de nombreux civils, et de l’imbrication des combattants et des non combattants.Poursuite des actions en IrakLa situation sécuritaire est stable en Irak, et reste sous contrôle des Forces de sécurité intérieures qui poursuivent leur effort dans la lutte contre Daech.ACTIVITÉ DE LA FORCELe dispositif français déployé au Levant n’a pas évolué depuis la semaine dernière. Le groupe aéronaval participe toujours à l’opération Chammal : une frappe aérienne a été réalisée par ses Rafale cette semaine en appui des forces démocratiques syriennes.En parallèle, le groupement naval est intégré, en soutien associé, à l’opération Sea Gardian, opération maritime de l’OTAN qui accomplit actuellement trois tâches de sûreté maritime en Méditerranée : la constitution de capacités de sûreté maritime, la connaissance de la situation maritime, et la lutte contre le terrorisme.Enfin, la frégate britannique HMS Duncan a rejoint le groupe aéronaval cette semaine.Bilan des quatre ans de formation des TF Narvik et MonsabertDepuis mars 2015, en complément de l’appui feu aux troupes engagées au sol contre Daech, la France a déployé à Bagdad des militaires dont la mission est d’améliorer les capacités de commandement et les savoir-faire des troupes irakiennes. Deux Task Force (TF), Narvik et Monsabert, aux périmètres différents, ont été mises en place pour assurer cette mission.La TF Narvik prend part à la formation des forces spéciales de l’Iraki Counter Terrorism Service (ICTS), dans des domaines d’expertise immédiatement exploitables dans la lutte contre Daech : le combat en zone urbaine, le renseignement, le tir aux armes collectives et armes lourdes, la lutte contre les engins explosifs ou le sauvetage au combat.Les premiers mandats proposaient des instructions générales et spécialisées aux jeunes recrues et aux soldats expérimentés. L’ICTS est progressivement devenue autonome dans ces domaines et la TF Narvik porte désormais ses efforts sur la formation des cadres et des opérateurs spécialisés tout en perfectionnant à travers des stages dédiés des bataillons opérationnels de l’ICTS.Au bilan, la TF Narvik a formé plus de 8000 soldats et 300 instructeurs, et a mené des stages de perfectionnement au profit de plus de 3000 soldats, ce qui représente 25 % des actions de formation menées par la coalition pour l’ICTS.De son côté, la TF Monsabert fournit assistance et conseil (Advise and Assist — A2) à l’État-major et aux soldats de la 6e division d’infanterie, responsable notamment de la sécurisation de Bagdad.Dans le cadre de son partenariat avec la 6e division, la TF Monsabert a formé depuis sa création plus de 3300 soldats irakiens, et plus de 1700 formateurs.En constante évolution pour répondre aux besoins de ses partenaires irakiens, la TF Monsabert a récemment mis en place des cycles d’évaluation des savoir-faire fondamentaux des soldats de la 6e division. Plus de 4000 soldats irakiens ont déjà été passés au crible, permettant aux experts de la TF et au commandement de la 6è division de disposer d’une appréciation globale du niveau des différents régiments.Enfin, depuis 6 mois, dans le cadre de son partenariat avec l’école d’artillerie irakienne la TF Monsabert a formé 330 officiers et sous-officiers irakiens.Depuis quatre ans, ce sont au bilan plus de 20 000 soldats irakiens qui ont bénéficié de l’expertise de 1400 instructeurs français qui se sont relayés au sein de l’opération Chammal, dispensant 150 stages et participant à plus de 200 missions de conseil et d’appui.La Task Force Wagram en appui de l’offensive contre les dernières poches de Daech présentes dans la vallée de l’EuphrateLa Task Force (TF) Wagram continue d’appuyer les forces démocratiques syriennes contre Daech au sud de la ville d’Hajin.La TF Wagram n’a pas réalisé de missions de tir, depuis le territoire irakien, cette semaine (bilan du 13 au 19 mars inclus).Sorties air hebdomadaires (bilan du 13 au 19 mars inclus)Les aéronefs français basés en Jordanie et aux Émirats arabes unis, et projetés depuis le groupe aéronaval poursuivent leurs actions contre Daech, au sein de la coalition.Cette semaine, les aéronefs de l’opération Chammal ont réalisé 57 sorties aériennes (bilan du 13 au 19 mars inclus). Les Rafale français ont conduit 01 frappe cette semaine, réalisée par les aéronefs du groupe aeronaval.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    160–300
  • (45 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]