Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident date

May 12, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT120524e

LOCATION

خربة العدس, Kirbet al-Adas, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

On Sunday, May 12th 2024, 30-year-old Abdelrahman Fouad Ahmad Madi was killed by gunfire from an alleged Israeli quadcopter in the Khirbet al-Adas area of the Gaza Strip. The day of the alleged Israeli attack, Facebook user Mohamed Awad and Twitter/X user @khalidalmaktari reported that “since morning, four martyrs and a number of injuries have

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Airstrike, Drone Strike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Small arms and light weapons
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

May 12, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT120524g

LOCATION

محيط معبر رفح, In the vicinity of Rafah crossing, Gaza strip, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

On Sunday May 12th 2024, a 43 year old man, Muhammed Misbah Hassan Abu Hamda, was reportedly killed as a result of alleged Israeli gunfire in the vicinity of the Rafah crossing. In a tweet sharing news of various incidents from the same day, the account @az_za98 posted to X/ Twitter to further report the

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Single source claim
Strike type
Ground operation
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Cause of injury / death
Small arms and light weapons
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

May 12, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT120524h

LOCATION

جباليا, al-Nuzha Street, Jabalia Camp, Gaza Strip, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On Sunday May 12th 2024 at approximately 1pm, two men – Abdul Rahman Musa Shehab and Muhammad Obaid – were reportedly killed in an alleged Israeli drone strike and artillery strikes on homes in the centre of Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza. Reports also claimed that others were wounded in the alleged attack. Multiple

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2
(2 men)
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named
View Incident

Incident date

May 12, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT120524i

LOCATION

عزبة ملين, Azbet Malin, Jabalia, Gaza Strip, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On Sunday May 12th 2024, Dr Safia Hamdan was reportedly killed by an alleged Israeli drone strike at the entrance to Azbet Malin in Jabalia, northern Gaza. A colleague of Dr Safia’s, Eid Sabah, posted to Facebook mourning the loss of Dr Safia Hamdan and reporting that they were killed by a “Zanana” missile. A

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike, Drone Strike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

May 12, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT120524c

LOCATION

مخيم بشيت جنوب رفح, Bishit camp, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

On May 12th 2024, a 23-year-old man, likely a militant, named Adham Karam Abu Sharkh was reported killed and three other people were injured by an alleged Israeli drone strike on the Bishit Refugee Camp in Rafah, Gaza Strip. A Facebook post by Laith.achouri1 indicated that Adham was a member of a militant organization, writing

Summary

First published
May 12, 2024
Last updated
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike, Drone Strike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
3
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Suspected target
Palestinian Forces
Belligerents reported killed
1
View Incident

Incident date

May 12, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT120524d

LOCATION

مركز بيسان الطبي, Bisan Medical Center in Bureij Camp in the central Gaza Strip, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On the evening of May 12th 2024, a child named Hani Arafat Abu Jalal was killed and at least 10 others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Bisan Medical Center, located in the Bureij Refugee Camp in central Gaza. On May 12th, the Palestinian Press Agency (Safa.ps) reported “Injuries as the [Israeli

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility, IDP or refugee camp
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1 – 2
(1 child)
Civilians reported injured
10
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

January 17, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT170124n

LOCATION

المستشفى الميداني الأردني الخاص/2 في خان يونس, Jordanian Private Field Hospital 2, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Two people, including a Jordanian medic, were injured after alleged Israeli shelling of the Jordanian Private Field Hospital 2 on January 17th, 2024. The hospital employee, whose name is unknown, was wounded on the right side of his body, sustaining injuries to his thigh and arm; both injuries were described as “moderate.” The other civilian,

Summary

First published
May 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Artillery, Ground operation
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
2
Causes of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

January 11, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT110124b

LOCATION

خانيونس, a residential house in vicinity of the Nasser Medical Complex in Khan Yunis, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Shortly before 12:34 PM on Thursday, January 11th, 2024, up to two Palestinian Civil Defense crew members were reportedly injured in an alleged ‘double tap’ Israeli airstrike on the civil defense crews and paramedics while they were trying to rescue injured people who were trapped under the rubble of a house in the vicinity of

Summary

First published
May 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
1–2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
View Incident

Incident date

January 10, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT100124b

LOCATION

سيارة إسعاف تابعة للهلال الأحمر الفلسطيني في شارع صلاح الدين وسط قطاع غز, a Palestinian Red Crescent ambulance on Salah al-Din Street in Deir Al-Balah , Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On Wednesday, January 10th 2024, volunteer journalist and photographer for the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS), 26-year-old Fouad Abu Khammash, was killed alongside three members of PRCS crew and two patients in an ambulance on Salah al-Din Street in Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, after a Palestinian Red Crescent ambulance was hit by

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike, Drone Strike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
6
(4 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
4 named
View Incident

Incident date

January 10, 2024

Incident Code

ISPT100124a

LOCATION

محيط مستشفى شهداء الأقصى بدير البلح, a residential house near the western hospital gate of Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in Deir Al-Balah, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

On Wednesday afternoon, January 10th, 2024, Palestinian journalist Ahmad (Ahmed) Bedir (Bdeir), also called Abu Naeem, was among at least ten civilians killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike on a house. Some reports put the death toll as high as 40. Another 30 civilians were reported injured, in the home near the western hospital gate

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 41
(2 men)
Civilians reported injured
30
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named
View Incident

Incident date

December 28, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT281223a

LOCATION

شرق مستشفى الأمل, East of Al Amal Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On Thursday morning, December 28th 2023, between 10 and 20 civilians, including at least three children, were killed, and at least 12 others, including at least five children, were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike/and or artillery strikes on a residential area near the al-Amal Hospital in Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip. At

Summary

First published
March 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 20
(3–5 children1 woman2 men)
Civilians reported injured
12
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
10 named
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

December 24, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1923

LOCATION

مخيم المغازي, Al-Maghazi camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Israeli airstrikes killed as many as 106 civilians in a series of attacks on the Al Maghazi camp on December 24th, 2023. The Israeli military which acknowledged the attack, claiming that it was targeting Hamas operatives. Israeli forces admitted to the “unintended” harm to civilians, due to “mistakenly” having hit adjacent structures. Military officials also

Summary

First published
July 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
67 – 106
(9–25 children7–14 women10–20 men)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
50 named, 2 families identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
24
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

December 22, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1881a

LOCATION

منزل الحاج أبو درويش المغربي قرب مدينة غزة, Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On Friday, December 22nd 2023, the entire al-Maghribi family, including up to 81 civilians: at least 17 women, 49 children, and an employee of the United Nations Development Program, were killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike on the home of Hajj Abu Darwish al-Maghribi near Gaza City, in the Gaza Strip. Al-Arabiya news, the Associated

Summary

First published
June 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
79 – 81
(49 children17–19 women15–16 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Education,Food,Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
79 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
City
View Incident

Incident date

December 12, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1697b

LOCATION

منزل ابو اسلام ابو لبدة في بني سهيلة شرق خان يونس, House of Abu Islam Abu Lubda in Bani Suhila, east of Khan Yunis, Gaza Strip, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On Tuesday, December 12th 2023, seven members of the Abu Libdeh family were reported missing. According to messages posted on social media, the family had been besieged in their home since December 4th, when the IDF entered the area of Bani Suhaila, east of Khan Younis. Three bodies – believed to be those of Duwaila

Summary

First published
July 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Ground operation
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
3 – 7
(3–5 women0–2 men)
Causes of injury / death
Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Education,Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
3 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

December 11, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1669

LOCATION

الشيخ رضوان, Sheik Radwan, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Shortly before 7:43 AM on Monday, December 11th 2023, a series of alleged Israeli airstrikes hit six homes belonging to the extended Salem family in Sheikh Radwan, killing at least 102 civilians. Airwars was able to identify 104 named victims (102 fatalities, and two others injured), though some local reports put the death toll at

Summary

First published
March 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
102 – 200
(50 children26 women26–27 men)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
104 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
2
Geolocation
Exact location (other)
View Incident

Incident date

December 5, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1483

LOCATION

شارع ابو حسني, Abu Hosni Street, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On Tuesday, December 5th, 2023, an Israeli aircraft allegedly bombed the Abu Musabbeh family home containing a bakery located on Abu Hosni Street, in Deir Al Balah, central Gaza Strip, reportedly flattening it to the ground. According to publicly available accounts, this resulted in the deaths of at least 30 and up to more than

Summary

First published
February 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Marketplace, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
30 – 51
(1 child1 man)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Food
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
3 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Street
View Incident

Incident date

December 3, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1437

LOCATION

مدرسة الفاخورة, al Fakhoura School, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the morning of December 3, 2023, a number of civilians were killed and injured, including a woman and a child, in an alleged Israeli strike at the gate of the Al Fakhoura School in the Jabalia Camp, located in North Gaza. Few specific details about the victims were publicly available. At 3:27 am, the

Summary

First published
April 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, School
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2 – 4
(0–1 children0–1 women)
Civilians reported injured
2–4
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Education
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

December 2, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1406

LOCATION

مسجد أنس بن مالك, Anas bin Malik Mosque, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

At least four children were injured by an artillery strike on the Anas bin Malik Mosque in the afternoon of December 2nd, 2023. It appears the casualties occurred at the neighboring Deir al-Balah Martyrs School, though this reportedly was not the target of the strike. Abeer Al Banna Press specified that four children had been

Summary

First published
January 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Contested strike
Strike type
Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
Religious Institution, School
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
Unknown
Civilians reported injured
4
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Contested
Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

December 2, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1410

LOCATION

جوار منزل عائلة مشتهى, Vicinity of Mushtaha family home, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the afternoon of December 02, 2023, a home for the Mushtaha family on Nazir Street in the Shujaiya neighbourhood, east of Gaza City was bombed in an alleged Israeli airstrike, killing at least 20 civilians, many of them members of the Mushtaha family. According to @SafaPs, 11 people were killed in the bombing of

Summary

First published
April 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
20
(5–9 children4 women4–8 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
20 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

December 2, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1417a

LOCATION

الشجاعي, Al Shujaiya, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the morning of 3rd December 2023, at least two civilians were killed when an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the al-Hajjaj family home in the al-Shuja’iya neighborhood, east of Gaza City. The victims were identified as 27 year old writer and novelist Nour al-Din Hajjaj, and Hamza Haider Hajjaj. In a Facebook post, user Ahmed Ayyad

Summary

First published
June 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
2 – 24
(1–2 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Neighbourhood/area
View Incident

Incident date

December 1, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1336

LOCATION

النصيرات, Nuseirat camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

An infant was killed by alleged Israeli bombing on the Al-Zahar family home in Nuseirat Camp in Deir Al-Balah on December 1, 2023. The Palestinian Refugee Portal reported that a 5-month-old infant named Muhammad Hani Al-Zahar was killed by an Israeli bombing of his family’s house, and included names of the family members seen holding Muhammad’s

Summary

First published
March 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 child)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Geolocation
Town
View Incident

Incident date

December 1, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1345

LOCATION

ساحة الشوا, Shawa Square, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Four members of the Al-Sawaf family were killed by alleged Israeli airstrikes on the Al-Sawaf family home in Shawa Square in the Al-Tiffah neighborhood east of Gaza City on December 1, 2023. On January 14, 2024, Airwars’ researchers spoke with Shimaa Musfafa Al-Sawaf, daughter of the owner of the house, who provided the names and

Summary

First published
March 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
4
(4 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
4 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

December 1, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1371

LOCATION

محيط مستشفى ناصر, Vicinity of Nasser Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

At least one person was killed and a number of people were injured on Friday, December 1, 2023, when the Qanan family home near Nasser Hospital, west of Khan Younis, in the south of the Gaza Strip, was reportedly bombed by an Israeli military aircraft. The man identified by sources as killed was Arafat Mustafa

Summary

First published
January 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1 – 2
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

November 20, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1238

LOCATION

مدرسة البريج في مخيم البريج, Bureij Preparatory School for Boys, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

At around midday on Monday, November 20th 2023, an alleged Israeli bombing of the Bureij Preparatory School for Boys located in the Block 12 of the Bureij refugee camp in the Gaza Strip reportedly killed at least 12 civilians, including children and women, and injured at least 35 civilians. The school, run by the United

Summary

First published
February 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, School, UN facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
12 – 20
(6–10 children2 women)
Civilians reported injured
35
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Education
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
2 named
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

November 20, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1234

LOCATION

مدينة حمد, Hamad Town, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

On Monday, November 20 2023, between five and 15 civilians, including at least two children, were killed, and between 12 and 25 civilians, including at least five children and an elderly man, were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike and/or artillery strike on a residential apartment in Hamad Town, west of Khan Yunis, in the

Summary

First published
April 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
5 – 15
(2–4 children)
Civilians reported injured
12–25
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
5 named, 1 familiy identified
Names matched with MoH IDs
4
Geolocation
Exact location (via Airwars)
View Incident

Incident date

November 17, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1177a

LOCATION

ساحة الشوا, Shawa Square, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

At least 46 people were killed, including women, children and a journalist, and at least five others were injured, including three journalists, by alleged Israeli airstrikes on the Al-Sawaf family home in Shawa Square in the Al-Tiffah neighborhood east of Gaza City at 11:15pm on November 17, 2023. On January 14, 2024, Airwars’ researchers spoke

Summary

First published
February 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
46 – 48
(19 children12 women9 men)
Civilians reported injured
5
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
45 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Nearby landmark
View Incident

Incident date

November 15, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1122

LOCATION

مسجد احياء السنة في حي الصبرة, Ihyaa al-Sina Mosque, al-Daghamsha, al-Sabra, south of Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

At least 64 people were killed and at least six others were injured after an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Ihyaa al-Sina mosque in the al-Daghamsha neighbourhood of al-Sabra, south of Gaza City. The Palestinian News Agency reported “around 50” people had been killed, which Arabi 21 News corroborated. Many of those who were identified

Summary

First published
November 15, 2023
Last updated
June 26, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian infrastructure
Religious Institution
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
64 – 101
(2 women32–62 men)
Civilians reported injured
6
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
70 named, 2 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

November 15, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1135a

LOCATION

شارع المغربي في حي الصبرة مدينة غزة, Al Maghrabi street in Al Sabra neighborhood, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

At least one man and his daughter were reportedly injured by a bombing on the morning of Wednesday, November 15th 2023, while standing on Al Moghrabi Street (also known as Moneer al-Rayees Street) in the Al Sabra neighbourhood, of Gaza City, in the northern Gaza Strip. The father Bilal Al-Ashram reportedly died of his injuries

Summary

First published
June 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Contested strike
Strike type
Airstrike and/or Artillery
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
1
Causes of injury / death
Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Contested
Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
Suspected belligerents
Israeli Military, Palestinian Militants
Named victims
2 named, 1 familiy identified
Geolocation
Neighbourhood/area
View Incident

Incident date

November 13, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1083

LOCATION

أمام مستشفى الشفاء, Gaza City, in front of Al Shifa Hospital, Gaza Strip, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

On the morning of Monday, November 13th, 2023 an alleged Israeli airstrike killed journalist Ahmed Fatima, who was a photographer for Al-Qahera (Cairo) News and a media worker with Press House Palestine. Another journalist was injured in the attack, but details about their identity or the severity of the injury were not confirmed. Fatima was

Summary

First published
July 14, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
Healthcare facility
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
1
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Impact
Healthcare
Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

November 10, 2023

Incident Code

ISPT1011

LOCATION

جوار مسجد التوبة, Vicinity of al Tawbeh Mosque, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

At least six people were reportedly killed and a number of others were wounded, on Friday November 10, 2023, when the Mari family home, near the al-Tawbeh mosque and the al-Yemen al-Saeed hospital in the west of the Jabalia camp, in the northern Gaza strip, was allegedly hit by an Israeli military airstrike. A family

Summary

First published
April 1, 2024
Last updated
July 9, 2024
Strike status
Likely strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian infrastructure
IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
6
(1–3 children2–4 women1–2 men)
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Suspected belligerent
Israeli Military
Named victims
6 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident