Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1696

Incident date

December 13, 2017

Location

الجردي الشرقي, Al Jarthi al Sharqi, Deir Ezzor, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.868793, 40.6480229 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to 29 civilians including eight children and six women died and at least 10 more were wounded in airstrikes on al Jarthi al Sharqi, according to local media.VDC-SY reported that .the airstrike was conducted on the 12th of December, whereas our research shows it was in fact on the 13th of December. All but one source said that the US-led Coalition was responsible. The Step News Agency was alone in pointing to Russia.

According to Al Haall, there were “more than eight raids on civilian houses”.

Euphrates Post blamed the Coalition, reporting “more than 20 martyrs and a number of wounded, most of them displaced civilians from the town of Sbeikhan”.

Al Qouriya media centre, also attributing the event to the Coalittion, put the death toll at 25, naming the same victims as Euphrates Post.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, who also blamed the Coaliton, “the warplanes targeted places in the village after midnight just before the control of SDF of it. The airstrike caused of a massacre of 23 people of one family including 8 children under the age of eighteen, and 6 citizen women over the age of eighteen. The casualties are displaced from Sbikhan town to the village of Eastern al-Jerthi, and the death toll is expected to rise because there are some people in critical situation”.

Other sources blaming the Coalition included SANA, Eldorar, the Shaam News Network, Baladi and Smart, which put the death toll at 11, with 10 more wounded.

However, the Step News Agency said that Russia was responsible.

VDC-SY named the victims and reported on the death of 16 children and six women. 

The Syrian Network for Human Rights later reported a higher civilian casualty figure, stating that “at least 29 civilians, including 21 children and 5 women, killed as International Coalition warplanes fired missiles on al Jerthi al Sharqi village in Deir Ez-Zour governorate eastern suburbs, on December 13, 2017.”

 

The incident was first reported on December 13, 2017 at 11:20 am by .

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

  • The family of Ahmed Al – Aboud killed
  • The family of Nasser Al Ali Al Aboud killed
  • The Family of Salah al – Ali Aboud killed
  • The Family of Mahmoud Al – Khalif Al – Abboud killed
  • The family of Saleh al-Ali al-Aboud the only surviving one of them is the father (Saleh)
  • The family of Turki Al – Hamash the only surviving one of them is his son Mohammed
  • Naser al-Ali al-Aboud Adult male killed
  • Ayman Naser al-Ali al-Aboud Adult male killed
  • Saleh Naser al-Ali al-Aboud Adult male killed
  • Iman Naser al-Ali al-Aboud Adult female killed
  • Eilaf Naser al-Ali al-Aboud Adult male killed
  • Elham Adult female killed
  • Saida Adult female killed
  • Mhede Saleh al-Ali al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Odai Saleh al-Ali al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Mouayd Saleh al-Ali al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Somaia al-Helal Adult female killed
  • Maha al-Khalefah Adult female killed
  • Ahmad al-Ali al-Aboud's son 1 Child male killed
  • Ahmad al-Ali al-Aboud's son 2 Child male killed
  • Ahmad al-Ali al-Aboud's son 3 Child male killed
  • Ahmad al-Ali al-Aboud's son 4 Child male killed
  • Roqaia Salah Ali al-Aboud Child female killed
  • Azoz Salah Ali al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Mahmoud Khlaif al-Aboud Adult male killed
  • Khleif Mahmoud al-Khleif al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Yamen Mahmoud Khlief al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Nesrah Ali al-Aboud Adult female killed
  • Ahmad Turki al-Hemesh Child male killed
  • Shaoq Turki al-Hemesh Child female killed
  • Shefaa Turki al-Hemesh Child female killed
  • Taymaa Turki al-Hemesh Child female killed
  • Turki al-Hemesh's daughter Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11–29
  • (8–21 children5–6 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition raid on town of al-Jarthi, Dec 13th (via Euphrates Post)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Jarthi Al Sharqi (الجردي الشرقي), for which the coordinates are: 34.868793, 40.6480229

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For December 12th-13th, the Coalition reported: “Near Abu Kamal, seven strikes engaged seven ISIS tactical units and destroyed two ISIS vehicles and a heavy weapon.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Tuesday 12 December – a Reaper struck a group of terrorists firing on the Syrian Democratic Forces in the east of the country...The Syrian Democratic Forces have continued to clear a number of villages held by Daesh along the Euphrates in eastern Syria, between Abu Kamal and Mayadin. Royal Air Force Reapers have provided significant support to these operations, their very long endurance, precision weaponry and advanced surveillance equipment allowing them to maintain effective overwatch for the SDF advances on the ground. On Tuesday 12 December, a Reaper identified a small group of Daesh extremists firing on the SDF. The Reaper’s crew kept very close watch on a number of civilians, including women and children, who were evacuating the village, and waited until they were clear of the area before conducting a successful attack on the terrorists with a Hellfire missile

France
  • English
    /
    Original

The Wagram Task Force continues its support for security operations in the Euphrates Valley. This week, two firefighting missions were carried out for the benefit of the Iraqi security forces (balance sheet from 6 to 10 December). Since the beginning of its mission, the TF Wagram, realized 1589 shooting missions. This week, the air activity focused on intelligence missions for the benefit of Iraqi security forces and Syrian democratic forces.There were 20 sorties (Nov 6th-10th) but no strikes were conducted. It gave rise to 20 aerial sorties (balance sheet from 06 to 10 December). During these outings no hits were made. Total balance since 19/09/14: 7561 sorties / 1422 strikes / 2209 targets destroyed

CHAMMAL SITUATION MILITAIRE DU THEATRE Libération de l’Irak Cette semaine a été marquée par l’annonce par le premier ministre irakien de la libération de l’Irak et de la fin de la guerre contre l’Etat Islamique. Cette annonce fait suite à l’achèvement de la dernière opération d’ampleur dans le désert de Jézirah et à la reprise par les forces de sécurité irakiennes du contrôle de l’ensemble de la frontière entre l’Irak et la Syrie. La victoire militaire sur l’Etat Islamique ne signifie cependant pas la fin des opérations militaires ni strictement la fin des combats. Des poches terroristes subsistantes en Syrie En Syrie, le long de la frontière irako-syrienne, Daech contrôle encore quelques poches que les forces de sécurité syriennes s’attachent à réduire. Les combats y sont encore intenses, notamment dans le nord-ouest d’Abou Kamal, sur la rive orientale de l’Euphrate. EFFORT DE LA COALITION Poursuite du soutien aux forces locales En Irak, l’effort de la coalition porte sur le soutien aux forces de sécurité irakiennes actuellement impliquées dans des opérations de sécurisation et de stabilisation. En Syrie, la coalition poursuit son soutien aux forces démocratiques syriennes engagées dans des combats contre plusieurs poches terroristes restantes situées sur la rive orientale de l’Euphrate. Préparation de la période hivernale pour les réfugiés Avec l’arrivée de la période hivernale, la coalition s’attache à mettre en place les conditions permettant aux nombreux réfugiés et déplacés de passer l’hiver dans les meilleures conditions possibles. Ces opérations sont dirigées par le général Parisot, Senior National Représentative français, dont l’une des attributions est également de diriger la cellule en charge des actions civilo-militaires de l’état-major de l’opération Inherent Resolve. Dans ce cadre, trois C-17 américains ont récemment acheminé de l’aide humanitaire à Raqqa qui reste néanmoins infestée d’engins explosifs improvisés malgré les travaux de dépollution en cours. ACTIVITE DE LA FORCE la Task Force Wagram en appui des dernières opérations de sécurisation La Task Force Wagram poursuit son appui aux opérations de sécurisation menées dans la vallée de l’Euphrate. Cette semaine, deux missions de tirs ont été réalisées au profit des forces de sécurité irakiennes (bilan du 6 au 10 décembre). Depuis le début de sa mission, la TF Wagram, a réalisé 1589 missions de tirs. Activité aérienne Cette semaine, l’activité aérienne s’est concentrée sur des missions de renseignement au profit des forces de sécurité irakiennes et des forces démocratiques syriennes. Elle a donné lieu à 20 sorties aériennes (bilan du 06 au 10 décembre). Au cours de ces sorties aucune frappe n’a été réalisée. Bilan total depuis le 19/09/14 : 7561 sorties / 1422 frappes / 2209 objectifs neutralisés.’

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Oct 26, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11–29
  • (8–21 children5–6 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1695

Incident date

December 12, 2017

Location

الجردي الغربي, Al Jarthi al Gharbi, Deir Ezzor, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.8827778, 40.6091667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian male, Hamad al Ghathwan, was named as killed in an airstrike on al Jarthi al Gharbi.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed regime warplanes for his death. But according to Al Haall, Russia was responsible. The source reported that “Russian warplanes targeted the village of al-Jarthi al Gharbi with two raids, killing one man and injuring four others.”

The Smart New Network blamed unidentified warplanes, as did Euphrates Post which also named Hamad al Ghathwan as a victim.

The Syrian Observatory provided some context, reporting that it had “observed fierce fighting between Syria’s democratic forces supported by the International Alliance and Russian aircraft on the one hand, and the organization of the Islamic State. On the other hand, the forces of Operation Al-Jazeera Storm succeeded in gaining control of a village on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River. Violent clashes were continuing on the outskirts of the town of al Jarthi al Gharbi and in the towns of Abu Hammam and Al-Kashkiya”.

 

The incident occured during the night.

  • Hamad al Ghathwan Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Jarthi Al Gharbi (الجردي الغربي), for which the coordinates are: 34.8827778, 40.6091667

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For December 11th-12th, the Coalition reported: “Near Abu Kamal, six strikes engaged five ISIS tactical units and destroyed three heavy weapons.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Tuesday 12 December – a Reaper struck a group of terrorists firing on the Syrian Democratic Forces in the east of the country...The Syrian Democratic Forces have continued to clear a number of villages held by Daesh along the Euphrates in eastern Syria, between Abu Kamal and Mayadin. Royal Air Force Reapers have provided significant support to these operations, their very long endurance, precision weaponry and advanced surveillance equipment allowing them to maintain effective overwatch for the SDF advances on the ground. On Tuesday 12 December, a Reaper identified a small group of Daesh extremists firing on the SDF. The Reaper’s crew kept very close watch on a number of civilians, including women and children, who were evacuating the village, and waited until they were clear of the area before conducting a successful attack on the terrorists with a Hellfire missile

France
  • English
    /
    Original

he Wagram Task Force continues its support for security operations in the Euphrates Valley. This week, two firefighting missions were carried out for the benefit of the Iraqi security forces (balance sheet from 6 to 10 December). Since the beginning of its mission, the TF Wagram, realized 1589 shooting missions. This week, the air activity focused on intelligence missions for the benefit of Iraqi security forces and Syrian democratic forces.There were 20 sorties (Nov 6th-10th) but no strikes were conducted. It gave rise to 20 aerial sorties (balance sheet from 06 to 10 December). During these outings no hits were made. Total balance since 19/09/14: 7561 sorties / 1422 strikes / 2209 targets destroyed

CHAMMAL SITUATION MILITAIRE DU THEATRE Libération de l’Irak Cette semaine a été marquée par l’annonce par le premier ministre irakien de la libération de l’Irak et de la fin de la guerre contre l’Etat Islamique. Cette annonce fait suite à l’achèvement de la dernière opération d’ampleur dans le désert de Jézirah et à la reprise par les forces de sécurité irakiennes du contrôle de l’ensemble de la frontière entre l’Irak et la Syrie. La victoire militaire sur l’Etat Islamique ne signifie cependant pas la fin des opérations militaires ni strictement la fin des combats. Des poches terroristes subsistantes en Syrie En Syrie, le long de la frontière irako-syrienne, Daech contrôle encore quelques poches que les forces de sécurité syriennes s’attachent à réduire. Les combats y sont encore intenses, notamment dans le nord-ouest d’Abou Kamal, sur la rive orientale de l’Euphrate. EFFORT DE LA COALITION Poursuite du soutien aux forces locales En Irak, l’effort de la coalition porte sur le soutien aux forces de sécurité irakiennes actuellement impliquées dans des opérations de sécurisation et de stabilisation. En Syrie, la coalition poursuit son soutien aux forces démocratiques syriennes engagées dans des combats contre plusieurs poches terroristes restantes situées sur la rive orientale de l’Euphrate. Préparation de la période hivernale pour les réfugiés Avec l’arrivée de la période hivernale, la coalition s’attache à mettre en place les conditions permettant aux nombreux réfugiés et déplacés de passer l’hiver dans les meilleures conditions possibles. Ces opérations sont dirigées par le général Parisot, Senior National Représentative français, dont l’une des attributions est également de diriger la cellule en charge des actions civilo-militaires de l’état-major de l’opération Inherent Resolve. Dans ce cadre, trois C-17 américains ont récemment acheminé de l’aide humanitaire à Raqqa qui reste néanmoins infestée d’engins explosifs improvisés malgré les travaux de dépollution en cours. ACTIVITE DE LA FORCE la Task Force Wagram en appui des dernières opérations de sécurisation La Task Force Wagram poursuit son appui aux opérations de sécurisation menées dans la vallée de l’Euphrate. Cette semaine, deux missions de tirs ont été réalisées au profit des forces de sécurité irakiennes (bilan du 6 au 10 décembre). Depuis le début de sa mission, la TF Wagram, a réalisé 1589 missions de tirs. Activité aérienne Cette semaine, l’activité aérienne s’est concentrée sur des missions de renseignement au profit des forces de sécurité irakiennes et des forces démocratiques syriennes. Elle a donné lieu à 20 sorties aériennes (bilan du 06 au 10 décembre). Au cours de ces sorties aucune frappe n’a été réalisée. Bilan total depuis le 19/09/14 : 7561 sorties / 1422 frappes / 2209 objectifs neutralisés.’

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Oct 26, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1691

Incident date

December 5, 2017

Location

الجردي, Al Jarthi, Deir Ezzor, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.884892, 40.635273 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location

Airwars assessment

Up to 24 civilians died in an airstrike on Al Jarthi town, local media reported – though it was unclear whether the Coalition, Russia or the regime were responsible. The majority of sources, however, attributed the event to Moscow.

According to Al Haal, “Abu Hassan al-Khalifa (a resident of the town) told al-Hal, that the Russian warplanes targeted the two towns of Al Jarthi Al Sharqi [Eastern] and Al Jarthi al Gharbi [Western], with more than 9 raids, killing 17 civilians, mostly women and children, wounding more than 20 others.”

Al Jisr TV, citing local sources, reported that “[Russian] fighters targeted with rockets a residential complex, and then returned to target a car that tried to aid the wounded”.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights was alone in blaming the Coalition, putting the number killed at “at least 7 civilians, including 2 children and a woman”.

According to the Euphrates Post, “there were more than 15 martyrs and a number of wounded as a result of military aircraft targeting the town of al-Jarthi al-Sharqi [al Jarthi East]. A van carrying civilians in Al Jarthi al Gharbi [al Jarthi West] was struck last night [Dec 5th]. Most of the victims are from the town of al-Duyer, including the family of Ali al-Shakil al-Hamad. The father, son and grandfather died, in addition to three people from al Jarthi itself. The following victims have been named: Hamid Sa’aran al Ghathwan and Ahmed Hussein Al-Haboud.“

Step News Agency blamed Russia, initially putting the death toll at 14. It later said that the number killed had risen to 23, of which 13 were from one family. It added that “dozens more” were injured. Victims were named as:

13 people from the family of Mohammed Hassan al-Jassim (Al-Kabaz) from the town of Al-Duwair

The Syrian Observatory also pointed towards Russia, initially reporting that 14 people died including six children and women, with 10 more wounded, “during Russia’s support of operations by the SDF east of the Euphrates River”. A further report by the Observatory said that the death toll had risen to 24, of which 10 were children and four were women.

The Smart News Agency also said that the strikes were “likely” Russian.

Qasioun appeared to blame the regime, putting the death toll at 20 with another 30 wounded.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • A father from the family of Ali al-Shakil al-Hamad Adult male killed
  • A mother from the family of Ali al-Shakil al-Hamad Adult female killed
  • A grandmother from the family of Ali al-Shakil al-Hamad Adult female killed

Family members (1)

  • 13 people from the family of Mohammed Hassan al-Jassim (Al-Kabaz) killed

Family members (2)

  • The son of Ali Al Badi male killed
  • The son of Saleh Al-Badi male killed
  • Hamid Sa’aran al Ghathwan Adult killed
  • Ahmed Hussein Al-Haboud Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmed Ali al-Shakil Age unknown male killed
  • Khaled Ayad al-Saleh Age unknown male killed
  • Mete’ib Awad al-Saleh Age unknown killed
  • Mahmood Atta al-Kubaisi Age unknown male killed
  • Mua’th Ayed al-Da’is Age unknown killed
  • Hamid Sa’aran al Ghathwan Age unknown male killed
  • The son of Hashim Abdullah Al-Hajji Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    23–24
  • (10 children4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–30
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Al Jarthi town, Dec 5th (via Euphrates Post)

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a building in the village of Al Jarthi al Sharqi (الجردي الشرقي), for which the coordinates are: 34.8687930, 40.6480229. Satellite imagery analysis geolocated the image of a destroyed house posted on social media by Euphrates Post. Before (Dec. 03, 2017) and after (Dec. 26, 2017) images showed visible structural damage. Airwars does not have the rights to publish the images. The exact coordinates for the destroyed building are 34.884892, 40.635273. Further evidence of this can be seen in a separate video posted on Twitter by @Al_sharqnews

  • The location of the destroyed building in the village of Al Jarthi al Sharqi (الجردي الشرقي), shown in the Euphrates Post and the @Al_Sharqnews video. Airwars geolocated these two sources to 34.884892, 40.635273

    Imagery:
    © 2018 Google

  • Panorama from the video posted by @Al_Sharqnews

    Date taken:
    December 6, 2017

    Imagery:
    https://twitter.com/Al_sharqnews/status/938401362211155973

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For December 4th-5th, the Coalition reported: “Near Abu Kamal, one strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed an ISIS fighting position.”

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    23–24
  • (10 children4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–30
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1679

Incident date

November 20, 2017

Location

القريا, Al Quoriya, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.96, 40.55 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed by a drone strike in al Qouriya, local media said, though neither source has said who was responsible.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “two men were killed and another was wounded after being targeted by a drone in the al-Quriyah area”.

Sharqiya Voice provided some more detail, naming the victims as Abdul Rahman Al Ali Al Aboud and Ali Abdul Rahman Al Aboud, and said that they “were targeted by an unmanned drone after they lost their way and approached the front line of IS in the city of Qouriya”. It added that “Hamid Al-Mohammed Al-Abdullah Al-Sayel was injured in the eyes”.

The United States, UK and Iran all operate armed drones above Syria.

Eabirsabil published two videos on YouTube showing ” the signs of the destruction following unprecedented raids on the town”. Meanwhile, Al Araby TV and Smart confirmed that the regime had control of al Qouriya – suggesting that any strike may have been linked to regime or Russian aircraft.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Abdul Rahman Al Ali Al Aboud male killed
  • Ali Abdul Rahman Al Aboud male killed
  • Hamid Al-Mohammed Al-Abdullah Al-Sayel Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Qurayya (القريا), for which the coordinates are: 34.96, 40.55

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 19th-20th the Coalition publicly reported no strikes in Syria.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Oct 26, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1670

Incident date

November 10, 2017

Location

Al Shafa, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.617246, 40.922012 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

It was locally reported that the following six civilians died in an airstrike on Al-Sha’afa water crossing.

Most sources didn’t say who was responsible, referring to ‘raids’ and ‘bombing by aircraft.’.

However, Khafafeesh al Zalam reported that Russia carried out raids on a nearby town on November 11th, killing two civilians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Hisham Mash’an Al-Shaji Age unknown killed
  • Bassam Ghaleb Al-Shaji Age unknown killed

Family members (2)

  • Ahmed Awad Akash al-Kharamit Age unknown killed
  • Waleed Hamad Awad Al Kharamit Age unknown killed
  • Salah Hamad Al-khulyawi Age unknown killed
  • Abdullah Mohammed al-Hassan al-Badawi Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the river crossings between the village of Al Sha’afa (الشعفة), for which the coordinates are: 34.57888,40.93441, and the village of Al Ramadi (الرمادي), for which the coordinates are: 34.6388889,40.8755556. Possibly there were strikes on multiple river crossings within the stretch of 7-10km between these villages on opposing sides of the river. Hundreds of cars are seen on the western side of the river on satellite images available to Airwars from mid November to early December 2017 (an example can be seen around this area: 34.617246,40.922012), most likely abandoned by fleeing villagers or IS militants

  • River between Al Sha'afa (الشعفة) and Al Ramadi (الرمادي)

    Imagery:
    © 2018 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 10th-11th, the Coalition reported: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, seven strikes engaged six ISIS tactical units and damaged a heavy machine gun.”

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Oct 26, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1668

Incident date

November 8, 2017

Location

حريزة, Harizah, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.2110563, 40.4731349 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians died in an airstrike on the village of Harizah, local media said – though they were unclear whether the Coalition or Russia were to blame. The US-led alliance reported no strikes in Syria that day.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “six civilians died in a bombing on the village of Harizah, though it was unclear whether the warplane responsible belonged to the Coalition”.

However, Eldorar reported that Russia carried out strikes “targeting the vicinity of the town of Qouriya and the village of Hariza”, killing seven non-combatants.

Euphrates Post said that “a man displaced from al-Sabha town was killed as a result of a military air strike” on the village. A later report blamed the Coalition for the death of four civilians and named them – see below.

Free Deir Ezzor Radio also blamed the Coalition.

In December 2018, the Coalition announced that it had classed the event as non credible due to a lack of available evidence of civilian harm: “Nov. 8, 2017, near Harizah village, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find civilians were harmed in this strike.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Farhan al – Sayyah Age unknown male killed
  • Uncle of Farhan al – Sayyah Adult male killed
  • Qadeef al-A’ttallah Abu A’ref Age unknown killed
  • An unnamed displaced person from the town of Al Subha Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–7
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Reports of the incidents mention the village of Harizah (حريزة) for which the coordinates are: 35.2110563, 40.4731349

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient evidence of civilian harm
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Harizah village, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU340974
    Military Grid Reference System

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 8th-9th the Coalition publicly reported no strikes in Syria.

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Dec 30, 2018
  • Nov. 8, 2017, near Harizah village, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find civilians were harmed in this strike.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–7
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1666

Incident date

November 5, 2017

Location

الصبحة, Al Subha, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.2970537, 40.2363968 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including two brothers died in airstrikes on al Subha, local media said – though it was unclear who was responsible.

According to Al Sharq News “intense” raids by the Coalition were occurring in the area.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights and Al Natek , they were killed by regime warplanes. Al Hall however blamed Russia, reporting that planes carried out “more than eight raids, killing two displaced men from the town of Mosul and injuring 13 others in additional to demolishing a large number of houses”.

Deir Ezzor 24 reported “the Deir Ezzor Military Council and the forces of SDF took control of the village of Subha in the eastern countryside of Deir Ezzor”.

A third victim was later named by Marsad al Sharqiya. The source said that he died as a result of shelling. He was also named by SPC, which blamed the Coalition for his death.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Hammadi Turk Al Ghadhban Age unknown male brothers, named by Euphrates Post killed
  • Aboud Turki Al Ghadhban Age unknown male brothers, named by Euphrates Post killed
  • Nu’man Hamoud al-Hunaidi Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Reports of the incidents mention the village of Al Subha (الصبحة) for which the coordinates are: 35.2970537, 40.2363968

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 5th-6th: “Near Abu Kamal, four strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units and destroyed three ISIS missiles. Near Dayr Az Zawr, two strikes destroyed an ISIS line of communication and a fighting position.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Sunday 5 November: Two flights of Typhoon FGR4s, armed with Paveway IVs, flew similar missions over eastern Syria. One flight eliminated a mortar team near the border town of Abu Kamal, whilst the second pair of Typhoons successfully conducted four phased attacks against a tunnel complex near Al Mayadin.‘

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

Russian Armed Forces
  • Oct 26, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties..

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1663

Incident date

November 2, 2017

Location

باغوز, Al Baghouz, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.4111111, 40.9611111 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Four or more civilians died in an airstrike on al Baghouz, according to local media. While most sources pointed towards the Coalition, one said that it was unclear whether Russia had been responsible. The US-led alliance later admitted killing five civilians in the event.

According to Al Hal, “Coalition forces also raided al-Bagouz village in the same countryside, killing four civilians and injuring more than 20 others, mostly women and children”.

Euphrates Post also blamed the Coalition, reporting that “there were four deaths and a number of wounded, with a whole family are still under the rubble, following a terrible massacre as a result of air strikes believed to be by the International coalition”. The source named victims.

It was reported that “a number of charred bodies and a whole family who are still under the rubble at the home of Eid al-Daham.”

Al Bukamal is Being Slaughtered reported a bombing on “the house of Riad Mohammed al-Daham al-Rahbi.” It proceeded to say: “We received news that they had in their house a guest Saleh Obeid al Khalaf al Marsoumi and he died under the rubble with the family.”

However, according to Al Bukamal news, it was “unknown whether the bombing was by Russia or the Coalition.”

It should also be noted that on November 3rd and 4th, locals reported that they had come under attack from “Iraqi shelling.”

In its November 2018 casualty report the Coalition admitted responsibility for five deaths, noting that ” Coalition aircraft conducted multiple airstrikes targeting identified ISIS personnel and equipment. Unfortunately, during one of the strikes, five civilians were unintentionally killed.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Sulaiman Saleh al Obeid al Khalaf Adult male killed
  • The child Hassan Ali al-Aboud Child male killed
  • Ali Saleh al-Obeid Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5–6
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Suleiman Al - Saleh Al - Obeid, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Al Baghous, November 2nd 2017. (via Euphrates Post)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Stated reason for civilian harm
    No reason given
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    5
  • Stated location
    near Al-Baghouz, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU802094
    Military Grid Reference System

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 2nd-3rd: “Near Abu Kamal, one strike destroyed an ISIS line of communication. Near Dayr Az Zawr, six strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units and destroyed an ISIS line of communication, a VBIED factory and an ISIS headquarters.”

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 29, 2018
  • On Nov. 2, 2017, near Al-Baghouz, Syria, via Airwars report Coalition aircraft conducted multiple airstrikes targeting identified ISIS personnel and equipment. Unfortunately, during one of the strikes, five civilians were unintentionally killed.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5–6
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]