Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4286

Incident date

October 26, 2020

Location

منطقة الدويله في كفرتخاريم في ريف ادلب, Al Dwailah in Kafar Takhareem in Idib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Civilians were reported killed and injured when an alleged Russian forces warplane struck a training camp for Sham Legion of the Syrian National Army which is affiliated by Turkey in Al-Duwailah in Kafr Tkharim, Idlib, leading also to the killing of a media activist.

Local sources identified the killed journalist as Rashid Al-Bakr who died as a result of injuries he sustained as a result of the airstrike.

Step Agency said the attack targeted a training camp on the Syrian-Turkish border which is also close to IDPs camps.

The airstrike is also believed to have killed up to 50 militants and injured dozens from Sham Legion fighters. Reports said that 200 militants were in the camo at the time of the airstrike.

Local sources blamed Russia for the incident saying a Russian warplane flew from Hmeimem base to undertake the attack which was done with highly explosive weapons.

The US embassy published a statement by Special Representative for Syria Ambassador James Jeffrey on Idlib airstrike by what it described as pro-regime forces. @TRTWorldNow tweeted that Erdogan referred to the attack saying that “Russian attack in Idlib shows lasting peace in Syria is not desired.”

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army
  • Belligerents reported killed
    18–50
  • Belligerents reported injured
    50–70

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Rashid Al-Biker, a media activist, was reported killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on a SNA military training camp in Al-Duwailah in Idlib on October 26th.
  • More than a hundred members of pro-Turkey Sham legion were killed as a result of a Russian airstrike on Idlib.
  • Satellite imagery showing the attack on Sham Legion military training camp in Al-Duwailah that according to local sources led to civilian casualties, including a media activist. (via Freedierazourradio)
  • Satellite imagery showing the attack on Sham Legion military training camp in Al-Duwailah that according to local sources led to civilian casualties, including a media activist. (via Freedierazourradio)
  • Statement by Special Representative for Syria Ambassador James Jeffrey on Idlib Airstrike by what he described as pro-regime forces. (via Raqqa.rwb)
  • Media activist Rashid Al-Bakr was killed in the Russian air strike that targeted the Jebel Al-Duwailah area in Idlib countryside.
  • Funeral of those killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Al-Duwailah in Idlib on October 26th, 2020. (via Eye on Hasaka)
  • Funeral of those killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Al-Duwailah in Idlib on October 26th, 2020. (via Eye on Hasaka)
  • Rashid Al-Bakr, a media activist, was reported killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on a SNA military training camp in Al-Duwailah in Idlib on October 26th. (via ShahbaPress).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army
  • Belligerents reported killed
    18–50
  • Belligerents reported injured
    50–70

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4285

Incident date

October 21, 2020

Location

الرامي, Al Rami, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child was killed and up to six others, including children, were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami, Idlib governorate, on October 21st, 2020, according to local sources.

Euphrates Post wrote that “a child was killed and six others were wounded, as a result of the airstrikes by Russian warplanes that targeted the village of Al Rami in the countryside of Jabal Al Zawiya, south of Idlib, this morning.” Other sources did not report any civilian deaths.

@IdlibPlus reported that “several civilians were wounded as a result of airstrikes by Russian warplanes in the vicinity of the town of Al Rami, south of Idlib.”

Macro Media Center also reported injured civilians as the result of Russian airstrikes. Shaam News Network did not report any civilian harm but did mention Russian airstrikes on Al Rami on October 21st.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented the injury of six civilians, including two children. The Syrian Civil Defence reported five injured victims, including three children and a woman.

Step New Agency correspondent Hassan Al-Muhammad stated that residential homes were targeted with vacuum missiles by Russian warplanes, seriously injuring four civilians, including children. The victims were transferred to hospitals in Idlib city. The correspondent also reported damage to civilian property.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that several civilian homes were destroyed.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: “Several civilians were wounded as a result of air strikes by Russian warplanes in the vicinity of the town of Al-Rami, south of Idlib” (via @IdlibPlus).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami, Idlib governorate, on October 21st, 2020 (via Macro Media Center).
  • Translation: "The moment of implementation of the Russian warplanes on the village of Rami in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via Euphrates Post).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the site after alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Rami, October 21st, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Translation: “Five civilians, including three children and a woman, were wounded by Russian air strikes today, Wednesday, October 21, in Al Rami village in the southern countryside of Idlib. Any new military escalation of the regime and its Russian ally will lead to a humanitarian catastrophe in northern Syria and an unprecedented wave of displacement at a time when the Coronavirus is spreading in the camps for the displaced and has become a threat to them” (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping the wounded after alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami, Idlib governorate, on October 21st, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami, Idlib governorate, on October 21st, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami, Idlib governorate, on October 21st, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4284

Incident date

October 14, 2020

Location

بلدة الحمامة, Al Hamama, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were killed and 15 others were reportedly injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Hamama, Idlib governorate, on October 14th, 2020, according to local sources. A single source claimed that four militants were killed.

A correspondent for Step News Agency reported that “Russian warplanes targeted a civilian area in the town’s forest and forest lands with eight airstrikes, killing two people and wounding 15 others, as a preliminary outcome likely to rise as a result of the presence of missing civilians.”

According to Shaam News Network, the strikes targeted an area with dozens of tents for displaced people, adding that workers of olive picking workshops were among the victims.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, however, reported that Russian strikes on Al Hamama “targeted the headquarters and camps of Tahrir Al Sham and jihadist groups, killing four fighters so far and injuring others.”

All sources blamed Russia for the airstrikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4283

Incident date

October 4, 2020

Location

الطيبة, Al Tayba, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source reported that an alleged Russian cluster bomb explosion injured two children in the town of Al Tayba, Deir Ezzor, on October 5th, 2020. It remains unclear whether the bomb was fired on that same day, or that the explosion was caused by the remnants of an earlier strike.

@DeirEzzor24 wrote: “A Russian cluster bomb explosion injured the child Luai Tamer al-Sawma’i and Mahmoud al-Thiab’s son in #alTayba town, eastern #DeirEzzor.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • One of the two children injured in the explosion of an alleged Russian cluster bomb in the town of Al Tabya, Deir Ezzor governorate on October 4th, 2020 (via D@DeirEzzor24).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4281

Incident date

September 20, 2020

Location

محيط ادلب, The vicinity of Idlib City, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One or two civilians were wounded in airstrikes on the vicinity of Idlib city  on September 20th, according to local sources.

@SyriaCivilDefense reported that two civilians were injured as a result of alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on Idlib city and the outskirts of Seijar and Kafrjalas in Idlib on September 20th, 2020.

Macro Media Center said that one civilian was wounded in the targeting of Idlib city’s surrounding.

@HalabTodayTV reported that on that day, Russian warplanes targeted surroundings of Idlib city with dozens of airstrikes.

 

 

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4282

Incident date

September 20, 2020

Location

عرب سعيد, Arab Saeed, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Edlib Media Center (EMC) reported from the Syrian Civil Defense that one civilian was injured as a result of Russian airstrikes on Arab Saeed in Idlib on September 20th, 2020.

The two sources available so far blamed Russia for undertaking the airstrike which was reported to have caused huge damage and panic among the civilians, however only EMC reported the civilian casualty.

No further information is available at the moment.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4280

Incident date

September 15, 2020

Location

الأحراش المحيطة بمعرة مصرين وباتنتة, The bush near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the bush between the city of Maarrat Misreen and Batinta in northern Idlib on September 15th, 2020.

Idlib Plus and Macro Media Center said that vacuum rockets were used in the attack.

While all the sources blamed Russia for the incident, only the Syria Civil Defense mentioned a civilian casualty as a result of the attack.

The airstrikes are also reported to have caused damage in the area.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteers rescuing a civilian allegedly injured due to Russian warplanes airstrikes on village of Ahrash on Sep 15th, 2020. (via SCD)
  • Images to a warplane believed to be Russian that allegedly targeted with airstrikes the bush near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta in Idlib on Sep 15th, 2020. (Via SCD).
  • Location of alleged Russian warplane's airstrikes on the bush near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta in Idlib on Sep 15th, 2020. (Via SCD).
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the bush area in near Ma’aret Misrin And Batinta in Idlib on September 15th, 2020. (via Ariha Today)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4279

Incident date

September 7, 2020

Location

أريحا , Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source reported that two people were killed and several others injured in Russian forces and Syrian regime artillery shelling on Ariha on Sep 7th, 2020.

No further information is available at this moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]