Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS356

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

مَعَرَّة النُّعْمَان, Maarat al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.647038, 36.679174 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 52 and 96 civilians including three women and one child were killed and more than 200 injured in Russian airstrikes on Maarat al Numan, according to multiple sources.

The Shaam News Network initially reported that more than 20 civilians were killed and dozens wounded (mostly women and children) when Russian warplanes struck different districts of the city with “highly explosive missiles“, targeting civilian homes, a popular market place and the Justice Palace. The death toll climbed in subsequent reports, finally reaching over 90 with more than 200 wounded “thronging field hospitals in the region“. They stated that body parts were scattered all over the area.

Activists told SNN that Russian aircraft also targeted a courthouse and prison belonging to the Al-Nusra Front, resulting in massive destruction and the deaths of all who were at the site or around it.

They said that the majority of those killed were prisoners who were being held on multiple charges including belonging to the FSA. A medical source added that masked members of the Al-Nusra Front raided a field hospital in the region to arrest some of the injured.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also blamed a Russian bombardment. An initial report put the death toll at 39 people “including rebels, prisoners and civilians, while dozens of others were wounded and seriously wounded.”

But two other reports said more people had died, with the figure finally rising to 81, including 52 civilian citizens and prisoners (including three women and a child), 23 fighters from Jabhat Al-Nusra (al-Qaeda in the Levant) and six fighters from other rebel and Islamic factions.

According to the Syrian Observatory, Russia used four missiles on the Administrative Court of Jabhat Al-Nusra which included a prison, in addition to targeting areas in the vicinity of Maarat al Numan. As a consequence it said the death toll was even higher, but that this could not be documented because “of extreme secrecy by concerned parties in the area“.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights published four early reports which blamed the Assad regime. But a detailed fifth report eventually said Russian warplanes were responsible, and that 67 people had died, including three women.

The White Helmets – which needed two days to clear the site – said the final death toll was 96.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    52 – 96
  • (1 child3 women37 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Al Jazeera reporting on the incident in Maarat al Numan. Graphic footage showing deceased and injured civilians. (via, Al Jazeera)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of the deceased line the streets in the aftermath of the alleged Russian raids on the 9th of January 2016. (via, Al Maara Today)
  • Zakaria Abd al-Jabbar al-Satouf, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Abd al-Jabbar al-Satouf, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Omer Khaled al-Saraqbi, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Hasan Dody "Inak", killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Samawel Mohammad al-Mahmoud, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Mohammad Foad al-Qadour, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Adeeb Abo Hosain, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Deceased civilians in the back of an ambulance in Maarat al Numan. (via, LCCSY)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Upsetting footage of deceased civilians. (via, Shaam News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic footage of civilian casualties being pulled out of the rubble by the White Helmets. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Four casualties from the alleged Russian raids in Maarat al Numan. (via, Al Latamna youth gathering)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Idlib governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    52 – 96
  • (1 child3 women37 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS451

Incident date

January 23, 2016

Location

خشام, Khusham, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.3020098, 40.2914143 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between 61 and 90 civilians including two women and 11 children were killed – and between 40 and 100 others injured – in airstrikes on Khusham, according to multiple sources. While three of the five sources say that Russia was responsible for the attack, there was some uncertainty from the Syrian Network for Human Rights whether Russia or the regime were to blame.

Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently reported that Russian aircraft targeted the centre of the village of Khusham, near the “clinic of Sushi Mleihan“. They published eight reports in which they named some of those killed and documented the rising death toll, which they finally put at 90, with more than 100 wounded.

The Shaam News Network also said that Russia carried out the raids, killing “at least 50 civilians” and injuring dozens more. They said that warplanes shelled several neighbourhoods, causing widespread destruction to civilian property including shops. But a subsequent report by SNN – referring to a report by the Syrian Network for Human Rights – said that the death toll rose to at least 61 including 11 children and two women who were killed when “suspected Russian warplanes” fired four missiles.

In confused reporting, the Syrian Network for Human Rights initially said Russian warplanes killed 61 and wounded nearly 40 others when four missiles were launched on Khusham. But two subsequent reports said it was not clear whether Russia or the Assad regime were responsible. However, a final report on February 5 once more blamed Russia, again putting the death toll at 61.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, 33 non-combatants died, but the Observatory did not say who the “warplanes” belonged to.” They added that the death toll was likely to rise as many people were in a critical condition.

26 victims (killed “in a massacre due to Russian air forces shelling“) were named by the Violations Documentation Centre including one Unidentified male child.

Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently named another 41 victims, including 4 members of a refugee family from Homs.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ghazi al Doulab Adult male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The wife of Ghazi al Doulab Adult female named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Family members (2)

  • Darik Khudar Al Subkhan Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Mohammad Darik Khudar Al Subkhan Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Family members (3)

  • Shawwakh Al Shalash Al Jabr Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Abd Shawwakh Al Shalash Al Jabr Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The son of Rakan Hasan Al Shalash al Jabr Child male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Family members (7)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Family members (4)

Family members (3)

  • Mohammad Ahmad Alwan Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Jibreel Al Said Khalaf Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Mohammad Al Ahmad Age unknown male from the family of Alwan – abu Hamam, named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The son of Mohammad al Nouri Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Ali Manzil Al Zakari Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Ammar Mohammad Al Ismail Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Ali Khalaf al Aoued Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Ali Abdullah Tabini Al Hamad Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Mohammad Saddouk Al Hammoud Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Turki Ramadan Al Saleh Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Hussein Hassani Al Kalikal Age unknown from Marat, named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Abboud Al Badrani Age unknown a refugee from Marat, named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Zai’yan Al Dahl Al Dibbe Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Mu’az Hasan Ali al Ahmad Al Habbash Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Eid Zai’m Salman Hamad Al A’wwad Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Abd Al Wahab Jamal Mustafa Hamida al Hayess Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Hussein Al Shalash Al Jabr Al Mulazem Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The daughter of Mohamad A’kla Al Saleh Al Eid Child female named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The son of Mohammad Al Ali Al Sarhan Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The son of Hassan Ali Al A’feen Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Abdo Shei’bi Al Hamad Al Jawar Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The daughter of Omar Hamada Al Ma’idi Age unknown female named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Mohammad Albua’bta Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Mohammad Issa Al Khalil Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Hassan al-Habbash Adult male killed
  • Abdo Shueibi al-Jour Adult male killed
  • Ibraheem Eid Shlash Child killed
  • Eisa Aboud al-Khater Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Eisa Aboud al-Khater Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Abdullah al-Mleihan Adult male killed
  • Fares Ali al-Badran Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Abdullah al-Mleihan Adult male killed
  • Fares Ali al-Badran Adult male killed
  • Gebreil al-Sayad Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Ahmad al-Elwan Adult male killed
  • Taleea Hweijeh al-Omar Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Muhei Ali Ismaeil al-Shakkal Adult male killed
  • Aboud Hameid al-Obeid Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    61 – 90
  • (11 children2 women22 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • A photo of Ghazi Al Doulab who was killed with his wife and two of his daughters in law and Tali’l Al Obeid in an alleged Russian strike on Khusham, January 23rd 2016. (via, Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ibraheem Eid Shlash, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 23rd January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • The aftermath of an alleged airstrike from 23rd January 2016. (via, SOHR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its military report published on 25th January, the Kremlin said: “In the course of the last three days, January 22-24, aircraft of the Russian aviation group in the Syrian Arab Republic performed 169 combat sorties engaging 484 objects of terrorists’ infrastructure…crews of Tu-22M3 long-range bombers performed 18 combat sorties from the territory of the Russian Federation in order to engage manpower and hardware of the ISIS near Deir ez-Zor on January 22-24. Flight range reached more than 2,000 kilometers.“

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    61 – 90
  • (11 children2 women22 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS292

Incident date

December 20, 2015

Location

إدلب, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.93062, 36.63393 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 43 and 73 civilians were reported killed and 70-170 injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Idlib, according to multiple sources.

Al Jazeera posted a video from the main market on Al Jala’a street in which the reporter said 47 non-combatants were killed and 70 injured, in strikes by Russian warplanes. The correspondent said the street contained two schools, Al Ourouba school and a primary school, and that Russian planes were still circling the skies of idlib, despite a local truce agreed in the area. Al Jazeera English later posted a film by Nagieb Khaja which claimed the death toll had risen to 73.

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian strikes targeted the Al Qoussour neighbourhood, the industrial area and the city centre. It initially said 50 died including women and children and that more than 170 were injured including critical cases, in six Russian raids targeting a party branch, residential buildings and the Department of School Books.

SNN added that there had been fears of repeated raids as the White Helmets attempted to evacuate the area and rescue bodies. A member of the White Helmets said the field hospital was full of casualties, that it had not been possible to identify them all, and that teams continued to search for survivors under the rubble.

A subsequent report by SNN said that a Sharia court had also been struck, killing in total more than 95 people and leaving hundreds injured.

One of the dead was named as Samir Sweden, an engineer and a prominent table tennis judge, who was killed when his home was hit. According to an obituary: “Engineer Samir Sweden, was born in the city of Idlib in 1960, he studied engineering in the city of Aleppo University, and founded 5 years ago the page Deaths in Idlib via Facebook, which was the most prominent reference and the most accurate in terms of counting the number of deaths [from the civil war] maintained on a daily basis.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights initially published a short report blaming the regime for the attacks and putting the death toll at 18. But a subsequent detailed report blamed Russia, and documented the death of 42 civilians, including a child and two women, and one armed man, plus 122 wounded. According to the report:

Three alleged Russian warplanes launched 6 airstrikes with 8 rockets on vital regions in the middle of Idlib city. The estimated region’s area is 1 Km2.

– Four rockets fell on a region called ‘the security region’ in Al Qusour neighborhood in Idlib. It included several government buildings like the military and air force security branches, the governor’s palace and Al Ba’ath Party building that was transformed by the armed opposition to a court and a prison that included 200 individuals who were .accused of different charges

-Two rockets targeted Al Jalaa’ nearby street which includes the city’s main market, a  warehouse for school books, and a high school

-Two rockets targeted a residential building behind Al Hayat Mosque.”

Mr Omar Abu Abdullah, a civil activist witnessed the shelling and told SN4HR: “At about 10 am, three Russian warplanes launched an air strike on Al Jalaa’Street next to Al Ourouba Female High School. I went to the shelling location and before I got there, the Russian warplanes launched another airstrike on the court’s building that was previously the headquarters for the ruling regime party. I was next to the high school and the civil defense members were trying to evacuate the injured people and transport the dead bodies. I saw great destruction in the school’s book warehouse building since it was near the high school. However, the massacre happened next to court’s building. I went there and saw the place completely destroyed. The smell of charcoaled bodies was all over the place and I heard distress sounds from the court’s basement where .the court’s prison was.”

Mr Mohamad Yehya, another civil defence member in Idlib city added: “The greatest number of victims was in the court which was almost completely destroyed. It took us two days to pull the victims’ bodies from under the rubble. During our rescue mission, the Russian warplanes launched another airstrike on us and shelled Al Sheikh Tholoth region There was a 17 year old young man who was trapped under the rubble. It took us 5 hours to reach him and pull him. The region targeted is vital as people go to the court to facilitate their paperwork. There are no military headquarters near that area that would justify the brutal shelling.”

Further testimony was given by Mr Sa’er, a local media activist in Idlib, who was close to the location of the attacks: “The shelling started at about 10 a.m. where two rockets fell on the city’s downtown next to the former air force security branch which killed a civilian and injured 5 others. I went directly to the shelling location and started to take pictures of the shelled site. The shelling was repeated in nearby locations with 7 more rockets. They hit the military security branch, the court and the school books’ warehouse. The court’s building was targeted twice and it witnessed the death of dozens of people. It was a three story building and it facilitated the …resident’s paperwork and documents like marriage, divorce, civil conflicts etc. Dozens of individuals go there daily in addition to the judges. There was a basement in the court’s building which included almost 200 prisoners. The initial outcome was 20 martyrs, 15 missing individuals and not less than 110 injured individuals. It was horrific. Dead bodies were scattered around the .place and hundreds others were calling for help from under the rubble. The court’s building belonged to the Al Fateh Army but judges, lawyers, employees and court security forces worked in it and there were no military headquarters next to it.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights kept one other name confidential due to search reasons – from  Hama – a member of an armed opposition group.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

  • Omar Aisha Age unknown from Idlib, Darkoush  killed
  • Abdo Aisha Age unknown from Idlib, Darkoush  killed

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    43 – 73
  • (3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    70–170
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (21) [ collapse]

  • Moment of alleged Russian strike on Idlib, Dec 20th (via SNN)
  • A view of the smoke from an airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Moments after an airstrike fell. (via, SNN)
  • Another image taken moments after the airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian trapped inside a car following an airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Damaged buildings in Idlib following an alleged Russian airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • The aftermath of the airstrike on the ground in Idlib. (via, SNN)
  • A damaged car following an airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Civilians are rescued from the rubble following an alleged Russian airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Moments after the airstrike hit Idlib. (via, SNN)
  • A civilian being rescued from inside a damaged car. (via, SNN)
  • A car and some residential buildings, totally destroyed by an airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • The streets in the aftermath of the airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Chaos, as locals desperately try to find trapped or injured civilians. (via, SNN)
  • Part of the aftermath of the airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Smoke fills the sky moments after the airstrike hits Idlib. (via, SNN)
  • A damaged car from the alleged Russian airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Another image of civilians attempting to rescue trapped people from the rubble. (via, SNN)
  • Moments after the airstrike hit Idlib. (via, SNN)
  • A destroyed car. (via, SNN)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

For December 18th-23rd, Russia reported that “In the course of five days, on December 18-23, aircraft of the Aerospace Forces in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 302 combat sorties engaging 1093 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Homs and Deir ez-Zor provinces.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    43 – 73
  • (3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    70–170
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS120

Incident date

November 5, 2015

Location

البوكمال, Al Bukamal, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.4561111, 40.9190941 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that 71 civilians including nine or more children killed – and more than 100 people injured – when alleged Russian warplanes launched two airstrikes on the market in Al Bukamal. It added that more than 20 shops were destroyed and that a mosque, park and school were damaged while an ambulance burned.

The Violations Documentation Center put the death toll at least 48, including one woman and 11 children.

Deir Ezzor 24 insisted none of those killed has linked to so-called Islamic State: “At exactly 10:20 in the morning Russian aircraft launched two raids in a row on the perimeter of the Martyrs Park, where the first strike (using two missiles) left some casualties. Five minutes after the first raid, when paramedics and residents had gathered, the warplanes launched a second raid targeting the same place with the aim of causing a higher number of civilian casualties.”

VDC has named some 40 victims.

The Syrian Network has named 22 additional victims.

Additionally, VCD lists eight unidentified victims including four female adults and four male children.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mothana al-Hasib adult, male (or child according to SN4HR) killed
  • Hamid al-Hasib Adult male killed

Family members (2)

  • Mohammad Hani al-Hamid Adult male killed
  • Ahmad Hani al-Hamid male killed

Family members (7)

  • Wife of Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Adult female killed
  • Ahmad Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Child male killed
  • Anas Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Child male killed
  • Hareth Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Child male killed
  • Younes Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Adult male killed
  • Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Adult male
  • Ibraheem Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Child male killed

Family members (2)

  • Shaker Hamid Shaker al-Batleh Adult male killed
  • Ahmad Hamid Shaker al-Batleh Adult male killed

Family members (3)

  • Ahmad Hashem al-Rafeeq al-Bargash Adult male killed
  • Tareef Turky al-Bargash Adult male killed
  • Bassam al-Bargash Adult male killed

Family members (2)

  • Son of Hamed al-Hamad Adult male
  • Son of Hamed al-Hamad male
  • Mohammad Hamid Shaker al-Batleh Adult male killed
  • Ahmad al-Mdare Adult male killed
  • Habib Jomea al-Rwai Age unknown male adult or child according to SN4HR killed
  • Adnan al-Abd al-Amir Adult male killed
  • Farhan Ali al-Gdaib Adult male killed
  • Raed Anwar al-Haj Asi “al-Bargash” Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Walid al-Gozeh Adult male killed
  • Haseeb Haj Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Son of Hakoum al-Salman Child male killed
  • Iyad Kasra al-Knyaiher Adult male killed
  • Son of Jamal al-Haj Ali Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Bassam al-Sharif Adult male killed
  • Yasin Abdullah al-Kasheer Adult male killed
  • Son of Abdullah al-Gafian Adult male killed
  • Son of Malis al-Naye Adult male killed
  • Zeeb Hosain al-Basheer Adult male killed
  • Hamoud Mustafa al-Kabe Adult male killed
  • Khaled Mohammad Anwar al-Bargash Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Walid Again Adult male killed
  • Abdulraheem Moeaz Hakoum al-Debs Adult male killed
  • Maddah Naser al-Hodhod Adult male killed
  • Yasin al-Eifan Adult male killed
  • Mohammad Walid Al Za’ein (Al Jouza) Adult male killed
  • Madah Nasser Al Hudhud Age unknown
  • Mahmoud Al Snais’s son Age unknown
  • Yassine Abdullah Al Aifan Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammad Jasem Al Maraa Al Ashaab Age unknown male killed
  • Khalaf Rafea Al Aifa Age unknown killed
  • Al Mraihi’s son Age unknown killed
  • Hani Hameid Al Batleh’s son Age unknown killed
  • Hani Hameid Al Batleh’s cousin Age unknown killed
  • Mohammad Al Barghash’s son Age unknown killed
  • Shash Al Karbouli Age unknown killed
  • Mohammad Asaad Ayed Al Mattroud Age unknown male
  • Hamad Samer Al Hamad Age unknown
  • Al Haji Ibn Mattbalji Adult male killed
  • Al Akhras Ibn Mattbalji Age unknown killed
  • Ziad Al Khaleifa’s son Age unknown male killed
  • Su’od Khuder Al Thamer Age unknown killed
  • Omar Al Homsi Age unknown male killed
  • Khaled Al Daheim Age unknown male killed
  • Khaled Ibrahim Al Bakheit Age unknown male killed
  • Sa’ad Al Eid’s son Age unknown killed
  • Adel Al Dagher’s sons Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    48 – 71
  • (9–11 children1–4 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • The remains of an ambulance, following alleged shelling by Russian warplanes, published by a media agency that belongs to ISIL
  • Footage showing the moment a strike hit Al Bukamal, Nov 5th (via derrevolutio11)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A dead child following the raid in Al Bukamal
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has confirmed carrying out strikes in Dayr ez Zawr governorate between November 3rd-5th 2015: “Near Al-Muhasan (Deir ez-Zor province), a Su-34 bomber performed strike against terrorist training camp of the Jabhat al-Nusra. Terrorist training infrastructure, installations and constructions used by terrorists for keeping explosive devices were completely destroyed by direct hits of guided air bombs.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    48 – 71
  • (9–11 children1–4 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS819

Incident date

May 30, 2016

Location

إدلب, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.93062, 36.63393 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

In a major civilian casualty incident, consecutive strikes were reported by local sources across the city of Idlib, targeting the National Hospital and other locations. Up to 60 civilians – including women and children – were reported killed and 200 more injured.

Multiple sources attributed the incident to Russia, though there was some initial confusion in reporting by the Syrian Network for Human Rights. Russia responded to the allegations by categorically denying responsibility for the attacks.

Raqqa Post said that according to activists, “a flock of Russian planes launched raids on the residential neighborhoods and the national hospital in the city of Idlib“.

The Shaam News Network reported eight consecutive Russian strikes from six warplanes flying at the same time over the city center of Idlib, targeting  “the National Hospital, al Jalaa Garden, Saad Mosque and other areas”. It added that it had received reports of more than 150 wounded civilians and a “massacre at the National Hospital”, along with strikes on other locations including Al Kestna Park, a mosque and a kindergarten. A further SNN report said that while there were no accurate figures for the number of dead, the initial toll was 20 with more than 200 wounded and 16 people missing. SNN went on to report that Russia had denied responsibility for the attack, issuing a statement in which it insisted that none of its planes had launched strikes on Idlib.

In another report, the US said that the culprit should be punished, however, it had not yet been able to determine the identity of the aircraft. The Turkish Foreign Ministry said that Russia had killed more than 60 non-combatants in attacks on the hospital and a mosque.

LCCSY listed some of the areas that were struck: “the National Hospital, Ibin Sina Hospital, the industrial city, Mutanabi roundabout and the outskirts of Abrar Mosque in addition to the neighborhoods of Qusou and Thawra“. They reported 10 deaths at the hospital and named

Safwan Daaboul, a member of “Molham Volunteer Team“ and Hamad Youseef Aoun as victims.

They later reported that the number of dead had risen to 50, including 10 children, with dozens more civilians injured.

The White Helmets published videos showing a man, a woman and a child being rescued from the aftermath of alleged Russian strikes.

However, in a series of news briefs, the Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed the regime. It named “Safwan Daboul, head of food security at Banfsaj Organization” and “a volunteer in Mulham Voluntary Team” as victims. As well as the National Hospital, it said that the Sham Emergency System Office was struck, putting it out of service and destroying four ambulances.

But the Network later changed its position and attributed the incident to Russia, reporting that its warplanes carried out eight strikes on several areas of the city, killing 29 civilians. Muslim Al Sayeed Eissa, a media activist gave SN4HR the following testimony:

“I was one of the first to get to the vicinity area of the national hospital after it was targeted with two missiles. One of the missiles fell in the main street between the residential buildings while the other fell near Al Ashqar where Al Ashqar pharmacy is located. the building was destroyed completely. Medical teams pulled out 12 victims and more than 20 others who were wounded including very well-known figures such as a lawyer from the family of Izzdin and a female Pharmacist and a female doctor from Al Ashqar family. The bombing was Russian, it didn’t break the sound barrier and the bombing was carried out from a very high altitude.”

Twenty three civilian deaths including seven children and a number of women were documented by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. It also blamed Russia.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Anas Ezz Eldeen Adult male laywer killed
  • Yehya Naes Age unknown male injured
  • Roua Naes Age unknown female injured
  • Rand Naes Age unknown female injured
  • Ahmad Sayed Youssef Age unknown male injured
  • Khaled San’na. Age unknown male killed
  • a female doctor from Al Ashqar family Age unknown female injured
  • Safwan Da'boul Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 60
  • (7–10 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (53) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (40) [ collapse]

  • Fires rage in the city of Idlib following multiple alleged Russian strikes on May 30th (via LCCSY)
  • A man carries a distressed child through a crowd in what appears to be a hospital after raids upon Idlib. (via BBC Arabic)
  • Title: recovering a child alive from under the rubble after working for hours. (via White Helmet)
  • Martyr Safwan Da'boul (via LccSY)
  • Recovering a woman from under the rubble. (via White Helmets)
  • Rescue workers recover a man alive from under the rubble. (via White Helmets)
  • rescue workers at the scene. (via White Helmets)
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    rescue workers recover a dead child from the rubble. (via White Helmets)
  • rescue workers at the scenes in Idlib. (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of the airstrikes in Idlib. (via SNN)
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    A child wounded in the airstrike (via Baladi)
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    One of the dead children in the airstrike (via hala-just1)
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    One of the dead children in the airstrike. (via Hala-just_1)
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    children were killed in the airstrike. (via Hala-just_1)
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    One of the victims. (via hala-just_1)
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    one of the children killed in the airstrike. (via Hala-just_1)
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    one of the wounded children in the airstrike in Idlib. (via Iransiskis1)
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    Lawyer Anas Ezz Eldeen was killed in a suspected Russian warplanes shelling in Idlib. (via Al-Amawai)
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    One of the wounded children in the airstrike. (via baraa2abd)
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    One of the victims in the airstrike. (via muhanaalsunaidy)
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    One of the victims in the airstrike. (via muhanaalsunaidy)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike in Idlib. (via Zakaria Nassani)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike in Idlib. (via Zakaria Nassani)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike in Idlib. (via Zakaria Nassani)
  • Safwan Daboul was one of the victims of the airstrike in Idlib. (via Zakaria Nassani)
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    A wounded child in the airstrike. (via Al-Amawi)
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    One of the victims in the airstrike. (via Sedra Idlib)
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    One of the victims in the airstrike. (via Sedra Idlib)
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    A mother checking if her daughter is still alive (via Abuarwa)
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    One of the victims in the airstrike. (via khbrnet)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via Alsouria)
  • martyr Safwan Daboul (via Alwan news)
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    Victims of the airstrike. (via Erem news)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via Erem news)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via Erem news)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via Erem news)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via Erem news)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via LccSY )
  • Aftermath of the airstrike. (via LccSY )

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between May 1st – 31st

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 60
  • (7–10 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (53) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS060

Incident date

October 19, 2015

Location

بشرفة, Bisharfeh, Latakia, Syria

Geolocation

35.701856, 36.199383 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a reported mass casualty incident, at least 15 and as many as 57 civilians were killed in a Russian airstrike on the town of Bisharfeh in the Jabal al-Akrad area. Many of the victims were reported to be women and children.

Al Khaleej cited a local civil defence official: “The shelling came from a Russian aircraft on villages under the control of the opposition in the eastern countryside of the province of Latakia, killing 42 people and wounding dozens. The wounded were taken to the field hospital in the region.” The BBC placed the death toll slightly higher, at 45. However, rebel group the First Coastal Division later told Reuters that 15 non-combatants had died. Others insisted that as many as 57 civilians died.

A senior commander named as Captain Basil Zimmu was also killed along with four other fighters in the attack. The Syrian Observatory also later noted that the dead included “fighters from the rebel and Islamist factions with their families, one of them a chief of staff in a rebel division. The death toll is expected to rise because there are some people in critical situation.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 57
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia confirms carrying out strikes in Lattakia governorate on October 19th-20th 2015: “The Russian pilots carried out 55 combat sorties from the Hmeymim airbase engaging 60 targets in the Hama, Idlib, Lattakia, Damascus, Aleppo and Deir ez-Zor provinces.” No further details were given.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 57
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS448

Incident date

January 22, 2016

Location

الطابية جزيرة, Al Tabiya Jazeera, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.2501, 40.29627 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between 34 and 50 civilians including up to eight women and 16 children were killed and more than 60 injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Al Tabiya Jazeera, according to multiple sources.

An initial report by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently said that Russian two strikes led to the deaths of four civilians families in their entirety.

Subsequent reports put the death toll at 37 non-combatants who were buried in a “mass grave“, and predicted that the number was likely to rise to 50. A further report said that 48 had died and more than 60 were wounded, most of them being in “critical condition“.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, 38 died when alleged Russian warplanes shelled Al Tabiya Jazeera. This figure included seven women and 16 children.

The Shaam News Network said that three families of mostly women and children were killed in Russian strikes, bringing the number killed to more than 45, but they later reported that it was almost 50 with dozens more injured.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented the death of 30 civilians, including 13 children – three of whom were blind and from the same family – and eight women, killed by “warplanes” – but said that it was not known whether these belonged to Russia or the Assad regime.

Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently named victims including five unknown women from outside the village.

 

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Son of Ibrahimal Mustapha 1 Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Son of Ibrahimal Mustapha 2 Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Son of Ibrahimal Mustapha 3 Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Family members (3)

  • A member of the Al Rahil family Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • A member of the Al Rahil family Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • A member of the Al Rahil family Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Family members (1)

  • The family of Salloum Ramadan Al Saleh Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently, who were all visually impaired killed

Family members (1)

  • The family of Abd Al Jabbar al Mustapha Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently, except for Mustapha al Jabbar killed

Family members (3)

  • Reiss Saleh al Nakash Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The family of Ahmad Ja’afar Al Nakash Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The family of his brother Farhan Ja’afar Al Nakash Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Family members (1)

  • The “family of Abdul-Jabbar Mustafa Age unknown named later by Shaam News Network killed

Family members (1)

  • The family of Farhan Jaafar Al Nakas Age unknown named later by Shaam News Network killed

Family members (1)

  • The family Salloum Ramadan Al Saleh Age unknown named later by Shaam News Network killed
  • Anas Bashir Al Saleh Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • son of Sleiman Al Abd Al Ali Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • The son of Khalaf al Salama Age unknown male named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed
  • Jalal Hassoun al Allawi 49 years old named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently, died “due to being hit by shrapnel in his chest”.  killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    34 – 50
  • (10–16 children4–8 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its military report published on 25th January, the Kremlin said: “In the course of the last three days, January 22-24, aircraft of the Russian aviation group in the Syrian Arab Republic performed 169 combat sorties engaging 484 objects of terrorists’ infrastructure…crews of Tu-22M3 long-range bombers performed 18 combat sorties from the territory of the Russian Federation in order to engage manpower and hardware of the ISIS near Deir ez-Zor on January 22-24. Flight range reached more than 2,000 kilometers.“

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    34 – 50
  • (10–16 children4–8 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS211

Incident date

November 29, 2015

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.81374, 36.60964 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

At least 37 civilians, including four children, were reported killed – and more than 72 others injured – in an alleged Russian airstrike on the market in the centre of Ariha, according to multiple reports. Amnesty International placed the death toll at 49 following an investigation.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that Russian warplanes launched three rockets on the market, destroying more than 20 shops and 25 cars. It noted that vital facilities were targeted, and after conducting interviews with witnesses stated that: “Through careful examination of the photo and video evidence we concluded that the airstrikes had targeted a purely civilian marketplace void of any military or weapons depots neither during nor before the attack.”

Mohamad Jattal, a media activist from Ariha, was near the market and went directly to the shelling location. He told SN4HR: “The Russian warplanes launched three rockets that fell on the market. One hit a civilian gathering which turned them to body parts. We still cannot identify the victims. The rockets, possibly vacuum missiles, caused huge damage. The attack destroyed what was left of the market where 20 shops were almost completely destroyed. Most of the victims were vendors who sold their products in the market. Since the Russian warplanes started their airstrikes, the city became free of any presence of the [rebel] Al Fateh Army, so as to protect residents from the shelling. However, it seems that Russia considers civilians a target.”

Relief aid activist Omar Rihawi also described the scene for the Syrian Network: “Civil Defense teams arrived and pulled dead bodies from under the rubble and took the injured to medical points. However, the medical points could not receive all the injured people at once due to the lack of medical supplies. Russian and Syrian regime warplanes have both targeted this market.”

Mohamad Ameen, a media activist and photographer who was near the shelling location, added: “I went to the market a few minutes after the shelling and the scene was horrific. Blood, bodies and body parts were scattered all around the market. I saw a woman sitting next to her husband and children’ dead bodies. She was sobbing and calling to them. It was devastating. The number of the injured individuals reached more than 70, and we do not have the proper medical equipment to deal with this number of injuries.”

The Syrian Network named  30 victims. It also said there were six further unidentified victims. And Shaam News later reported the White Helmets recovered the body of a man under rubble, 20 days after the initial alleged airstrike.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    37 – 49
  • (4 children10–16 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    72
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • The shelling aftermath by alleged Russian warplanes on Areeha's main market, November 29th2016. (via SN4HR)
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    A man beside the body of a victim from the alleged Russian raid on Areeha, November 29th 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • A video that depicts aftermath of the alleged Russian raid on the main market in Areeha. (via, Maara Media Center)
  • A video that depicts the massacre’s location on the main market in Areeha city due to the alleged Russian shelling. The video shows a number of residents who appear to be survivors from the shelling. (via Ariha Today)
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    Images of deceased children who were killed due to the alleged Russian shelling on Areeha’s main market. (via SN4HR)
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    An image that depicts a deceased man who was killed due to the alleged Russian shelling on Areeha’s main market. (via SN4HR)
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    An image that depicts a deceased mans body who was killed due to the alleged Russian shelling on Areeha’s main market. (via SN4HR)
  • Impact location (in red) of a suspected Russian air strike on a market in Ariha on 29 November 2015. Imagery date: 23 September 2014. Coordinates: 35.813144, 36.610613 © Google Earth / DigitalGlobe.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia reported that “In the course of the last week, November 26 – December 4, the Russian aircraft have performed 431 combat sorties from the Hmeymim airbase making pinpoint strikes on 1458 terrorist objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deir ez-Zor and Raqqah provinces.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    37 – 49
  • (4 children10–16 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    72
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]