Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3808

Incident date

August 14, 2019

Location

بلدات متعددة في ادلب, Several towns in Idlib, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam News reported that “Russian and regime warplanes launched dozens of airstrikes and artillery and rocket shelling were carried out by warplanes, helicopters and missiles in Idlib.”

The agency reported unspecified  “wounded in all of Kfarsjnh, Kfroma, Tarmla, Bskla, Kfarbasin, Kfarwasid, Sheikh Mustafa, Alrkaya, Umm Zaytouna, Umm Jalal, Teraa, Almanmah, Hish, Altah, Mardam, Sfohn, Mufuqat, Mukha, Krishah, Hasba, Hass, Sheikh Dams, Maarat Horma, Jabalra, Knezvhra,  Maarat Mater, Najda and Kinda.”

Airwars has set a possible injury range of 2 to 12 for this event – and is conducting ongoing research.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3706

Incident date

July 20, 2019

Location

بليون, Balyoun, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Eight civilians were reported injured in airstrikes on Balyoun, Idlib, on July 20th.

Syria Civil Defense stated that “eight civilians, including a child and a woman, were injured by the targeting of the towns of Kansafra, Balyoun and Jabal al-Arba’een in the countryside of Idlib, with air raids from dawn until today.”

Meanwhile, Step News reported the incident, among others, but did not cite civilian harm. According to this source, “Syrian and Russian warplanes targeted [a range of locations] in Idlib with high-impact rockets.”

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3215

Incident date

March 9, 2018

Location

عربين, Arbeen, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.538143, 36.364331 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that both Russian and Syrian regime warplanes fired heavy air and artillery strikes on Arbeen, causing an unspecified number of injured civilians.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3010

Incident date

February 10, 2018

Location

جرجناز, Jarjanaz, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime warplanes struck the eastern town of Jarjanaz, Idlib, reportedly causing several injuries, local media reported.

Several sources, such as Step News Agency, reported how multiple Idlib towns were subject to “several air raids with rockets and explosive barrels targeting” on February 10th, including Jarjanaz.

However, only Sham News Network who reported about injury of civilians following the strikes.

All sources, except one, pointed to Russia as the responsible. Sham News Network namely pointed to both “Russian and Asiad military aircraft”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2978

Incident date

February 5, 2018

Location

مرديخ, Mardkikh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that alleged Russian airstrikes destroyed public facilities and possibly wounded two civilians as the town of Mardkikh in Idlib was subject to aerial shelling.

Smart News Agency reported how “warplanes likely to be Russian launched raids on the town, one of which hit the house, causing great damage and injury to civilians.”

Smart News Agency was, however, the only source mentioning civilian harm, as the remaining merely mentioned the destruction of public facilities, namely two schools and the health center.

All sources attributed blame to Russian warplanes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The Mardkikh Health Center was left completely destroyed following the alleged Russian strike in Mardkikh, Idlib, February 5th, 2018 (via Hurrya News)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.


Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2913

Incident date

January 18, 2018

Location

رسم العيس, Rasim Alees, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

A man was wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes which struck Rasim Alees, Aleppo, according to local media. All sources reported that Russian warplanes were to blame.

Sources reported that the aerial bombardment struck civilian housing.

Members of the Syrian Civil Defence “rushed to help the injured and inspect the location of the shelling”.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Rasim Alees, Aleppo, 18th Jan 2018. (via Aleppo white helmets)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Rasim Alees, Aleppo, 18th Jan 2018. (via Aleppo white helmets)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Rasim Alees, Aleppo, 18th Jan 2018. (via Aleppo white helmets)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4068

Incident date

January 20, 2020

Location

الكماري, Al Kamari, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam Network reported that Russian airstrikes targeted Al Kamari village in Aleppo’s southern countryside on January 20th, 2020, causing injuries among civilians.

@so_ria98 tweeted that “Civilian casualties were reported by Russian airstrikes on the village of Al Kamari in the southern countryside of Aleppo.”

No further details are available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2487

Incident date

September 21, 2017

Location

بلدة الهبيط, al Habeet, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least three civilians, including a woman and two children, were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of al Habeet in southern Idlib according to a local source.

The White Helmets tweeted a video showing the rescue of a child, who was found alive, in the ruins of her home.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • "The helmet of hope reaches a child [girl] alive and rescues her from the ruins of her home destroyed by warplanes during bombing in the town of # Habait in southern countryside Idlib."

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]