Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3887

Incident date

October 28, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three men were killed and 2 others injured after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on October 28th 2019, according to local sources. It remains contested whether the victims were civilians or militants.

@SyrianCoalition reported that 3 men were killed and 2 injured after Russian warplanes bombed residential neighborhoods of the city. The Syrian Civil Defence reported the same numbers on Facebook, and stated that “Civil Defence teams recovered the bodies of the dead and rescued the injured to nearby medical points”. According to Step News, “vacuum missiles” were used.

The Syrian Observatory of Human Rights recorded the death of 3 “fighters of rebel factions”. A Step News correspondent however reported that all harmed were civilians.

While most sources point to Russia as the belligerent of the incident, Shaam News Agency reported that the Assad regime was responsible for the artillery strikes that killed 3 people, in addition to Russian airstrikes on the city.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • A building that was reportedly damaged by alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on October 28th 2019 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping wounded after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on October 28th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping wounded after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on October 28th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping wounded after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on October 28th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Footage of the alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Kafar Nabil on October 28th, 2019 (via @Kyruer).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3918

Incident date

November 8, 2019

Location

بلدة حزارين,, Hizareen town, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaba Press tweeted: “Two martyrs and wounded civilians in intensive raids by Russian occupation aircraft on the town of Hazarin”.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3945a

Incident date

November 19, 2019

Location

بلدات متعددة, several towns in Idlib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

The Shaam News Network reported: “Russian warplanes and helicopter gunships carried out airstrikes targeting the city of Kfarnabal, the towns of Kfarouma, Hass, Hazarine, Kafarsijnah, Musharrafa, Balaysa and Maarat Harmah, resulting in civilian casualties”.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3976

Incident date

December 2, 2019

Location

الغدفة, Al Ghadfa, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A woman and a man were reported injured in an alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrike in Al Gadfa in Idlib, Syria on December 2nd, 2019, according to local sources.

No further details available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Destruction caused by an airstrike that targeted Al Gadfa in Idlib, December 2nd. A man and a women were reported injured. (via SCD).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4003

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

جزرايا, Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one person was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019, according to local sources.

Smart News Agency reported that Russian warplanes carried out four air raids, which wounded one civilian. According to the Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook, there were injured civilians and civilian property was damaged.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Liveuamap).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Liveuamap).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4032

Incident date

December 22, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان , International road to Ma'arat Al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between three and seven civilians were killed as the result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on a convoy with displaced people on the international road to Ma’arat Al Numan on December 22nd, 2019, according to local sources.

Step News Agency put the preliminary death toll at three killed civilians and an unknown number of wounded. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that seven civilians were killed.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported the death of the brothers Muhammad and Ahmad Subhi Sharaf al Din, displaced from Taqana village, and their father.

@abuhuzaifa_ posted a video on Twitter of reportedly the remains of children burned in the incident.

Whereas most sources blamed Russian forces for the incident, Step News Agency wrote that Syrian regime aircraft was responsible.

The Step News Agency correspondent stated that “the Syrian and Russian aviation are trying to cut off the road for civilians trying to get out of the city of Ma’arat Al Numan, by targeting the cars of the displaced people on the international road at the northern entrance to the city”. Shaam News Network added that the bombing happened despite activists’ “escalating calls to stop the shelling and allow civilians to leave”.

On December 28th, 2019, the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that Mustafa Absi al Khalaf died because of wounds he sustained earlier as a result of this incident.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (2 children3–4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Destruction after alleged Russian or Syrian regime aircraft bombed a convoy with displaced people on the International Road to Ma'arat Al Numan on December 22nd, 2019 (via Euphrates Post).
  • Displaced woman sitting on the side of the road after alleged Russian or Syrian regime aircraft bombed a convoy with displaced people on the International Road to Ma'arat Al Numan on December 22nd, 2019 (via Shaam News Network).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video posted on Twitter of reportedly the remains of children burned in an alleged Russian airstrike on a convoy of displaced people on the International Road to Ma'arat Al Numan on December 22nd, 2019 (via @abuhuzaifa_ ).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (2 children3–4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4057

Incident date

January 17, 2020

Location

كفرناها, Kafrnaha, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, two children were reported killed, and four other civilians injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes one of which hit an IDP shelter in Kafrnaha in the western suburbs of Aleppo governorate in Syria, on January 17th, 2020. Edlib Media Center reported that Russian warplanes targeted the area with rockets.

Step News Agency said that “Russian warplanes targeted with vacuum missiles the town of Kafrnaha in the western countryside of Aleppo, killing two children and wounding four civilians, who were in a shelter for the displaced people in the outskirts of the town.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) said that “Fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian, fired missiles on an IDP shelter which was originally a beauty factory building located in the outskirts of Kafrnaha village in the western suburbs of Aleppo governorate, on January 17th, 2020.”

From their side, IdlibPlus said that towns and villages of western Aleppo were targeted with about 16 airstrikes on that day.

Step News Agency, Syrian Network for Human Rights, Edlib Media Center and Macro Media Center blamed Russia for this incident, while Shaam Network said both Russia and the Syrian regime were responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteer in the aftermath of alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime attack on Kafanaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via SN4HR)
  • Damage to IDP shelters caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on IDP shelters in Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on IDP shelters in Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Damage to IDP shelters caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on IDP shelters in Kafarnaha in Aleppo, on January 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • "Video showing Russian airstrikes targeting Kafrnaha in western Aleppo with vacuum missiles."

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4080

Incident date

January 21, 2020

Location

جزرايا, Jazraya, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to Syria Live Map website, “Two girls were killed and two people were wounded by the Russian shelling of Jazraya village, near the town of Ma’aret Al-Naasan, west of Aleppo.”

No further details are available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]