Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS152

Incident date

February 3, 2018

Location

شيقيلا, Sheqela (Çeqela Jêrîn), Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.5571057, 36.6133371 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Cahida Dersim reported that the “Turkish army is bombing the village Çeqela of Shiye district: at least two civilians have been wounded”.

The Kurdish Red Crescent later named an injured child as “Ahmed Mohemmed Kheljeko 7 years old got injury in his head in 322018 in Chakhalaw village. In the same incident, his mother Zerifa Beyder Gezo got injured. Heva Mohemmed Ahmed 16 years old got injury in her wrist in 32208 in Chakhalaw village, her parents got injured in the same incident (Fatmah Jamil Mustafah and Mohemmed Ahmed).”

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ahmed Mohemmed Kheljeko 7 years old male Son, head injury injured
  • Zerifa Beyder Gezo Adult female Mother, foot injury injured

Family members (3)

  • Heva Mohemmed Ahmed 16 years old female Daughter, wrist injury injured
  • Fatmah Jamil Mustafah Adult female Mother, face, foot and hand injured
  • Mohemmed Ahmed Adult male Father injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS214

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

مخيم روبار, Robar camp, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.466944, 36.948333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to Afrin Now, there were civilian casualties in Robar camp, Aleppo, followed an alleged Turkish bombardment of the camp.

Bahzani reported: “The Robar refugee camp was not safe from the bombardment, according to Jean, who said: As a result of the exposure of the Robar camp for the displaced to bombardment, several civilians were injured.”

It has been reported that missiles and shells were used in the raid.

Other local sources also reported an unspecified number of injured civilians in the camp.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS306

Incident date

October 10, 2019

Location

القامشلي, Qadourbek neighborhood, Hasaka, Syria

Geolocation

37.036389, 41.239444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Four civilians including one child and two elderly women were reported killed and nine other civilians injured in an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qadourbek neighborhood in Qamishli, on October 10th, 2019, according to local media sources.

Mohammed Yousif Hussein was reported killed, and his sister Sara Yousif Hussein, lost a leg in the attack.

Smart News reported: “A child was killed and four civilians, including a girl and a woman, were wounded by Turkish artillery shelling on Thursday in the city of Qamishli (82 km northeast of the city of al-Hasakah) northeast of Syria.”

According to an Amnesty International report, the incident occurred near the Al Salah mosque in Qamishli.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Amina Mardini 60-73 years old female killed
  • Ahmad Abu Rana Age unknown male killed
  • Abdulghani Bashir Age unknown male shrapnel in the head injured
  • Bashira Kabsho Adult female elderly woman killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Sara Yousif lost her leg in an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qamihsli, October 10th, 2019 (via @zana_medi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mohamed Yousif Hussein was reported killed and his sister Sarah was reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qamishli, October 10th, 2019. (via @RudawEnglish)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child reported killed in an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qamishli, October 10th 2019. (via @BaxtiyarGoran)
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    Video of the surgery
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A 60 year old civilian was reported killed in an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qadourbek neighborhood in Qamishli , October 10th 2019. (via @NPA_SY)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    8 years old Sarah Yousif Hussein lost her leg in an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qidorbak in Qamishli, October 10th 2019 (via @mutludc).
  • Image showing where an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qidorbak in Qamishli happened, October 10th 2019 (via @khabat_abas)
  • Image showing where an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qidorbak in Qamishli happened, October 10th 2019 (via @khabat_abas)
  • Image showing where an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qidorbak in Qamishli happened, October 10th 2019 (via @khabat_abas)
  • Image showing where an alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qidorbak in Qamishli happened, October 10th 2019 (via @khabat_abas)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Muhammad Yousef Hussein (11 - 13 yrs old) killed in alleged Turkish forces shelling on Qamishli - October 10th 2019, (via SN4HR)
  • Photo of Sarah Yusuf Husein (8) in the hospital, after the alleged Turkish airstrike in Qamishli on October 10th 2019, that killed her brother Mohammed (12). Sara lost her leg (via Hawar News).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS342

Incident date

October 15, 2019

Location

الفارات, Al Farat, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.574629, 37.805800 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Multiple sources reported that 2 civilians were killed and 15 people were injured in an alleged Turkish shelling in the village of Al Farat, west of Manbij.

In a Kurdish Red Crescent document shared with Airwars, 15 people have been identified as injured, among which 10 children (including a child whose name is mentioned twice in the list). Sources posted images of casualties. ANHA reported 13 wounded, of which 4 children.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Yasin Al Khedir 12 years old male wounded by fragments in body injured
  • Wefa Al Khedir 28 years old female abdomen injury injured
  • Rabeya Al Ali Al Khedir, 18 years old female fragments in the left hand injured

Family members (5)

  • Razan Al Mousa 5 years old female fragments in legs injured
  • Ebrahim Al Mousa 3 years old male fragments in left leg injured
  • Ali Al Mousa 11 years old male fragments in legs injured
  • Mouhammad Al Mousa 10 years old male fragments in left leg injured
  • Muhammad Al Mousa 10 years old male fragments in the left leg

Family members (3)

  • Ruqaya Al Safri 13 years old female broken leg injured
  • Rezan Al Safri 5 years old female fragments in head injured
  • Bedriya Al Safri 13 years old female leg broken injured
  • Ehmed Abdullah Age unknown killed
  • Mihemed Abdullah El-Seferî Adult male killed
  • Kamla Al Muhammad Kher 40 years old female wounded by fragments in the right leg injured
  • Nermeen Al Ali 18 years old female broken bones injured
  • Ebrahim Abdullah 43 years old male fragments in the left leg injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    14–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Farat ( الفارات), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.574629, 37.805800. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    14–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS369

Incident date

October 26, 2019

Location

الأسدية, Al Assadiya, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.933136, 40.342870 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces attack on Assadiya village, Ras Al Ain in Hassakah Governorate on October 26th, 2019 according to local sources.

The two civilians were identified as Mary Khelef Mihemed (55) and Mihemed Mustafa Tahir (age unknown).

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Assadiya (الأسدية), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.933136, 40.342870. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI021a

Incident date

May 15, 2019

Location

برزان, Mount Butin, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

37.077778, 44.155833 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

A 50-year-old male civilian died in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barzan, according to multiple local sources.

ANF reported: “Turkish fighter jets carried out a bombardment on Mount Bote located in Barzan region in the countryside of Hewler (Erbil) Governorate.

“A 50-year-old civilian by the name of Kazım Eli was killed in the attack. The man was reportedly collecting beets in the area targeted by Turkish warplanes.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Kazım Eli 50 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The body of Kazim Ali is carried away following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barzan (via Sator-iq)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a strike on Mount Butin (بۆتین), in vicinity of  Pendro (پێندرۆ) village. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Mount Bote are: 37.077778, 44.155833.

  • Reports mention a strike on Mount Butin (بۆتین) close to the village of Pendro (پێندرۆ)

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS424

Incident date

March 26, 2020

Location

تل رفعت , Tal Rifaat, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.472576, 37.096272 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured when Turkish forces stationed near Azaz fired several rockets on Tal Rifa’at in Aleppo, Syria on March 26th, 2020. The injured civilians are IDPs originally from Afrin living in Tal Rifa’at.

@NadiaAbidd reported that “Two civilians were injured in Tel Rifaat city as a result of rocket fire from the Turkish armed forces positioned in the Azaz area.”

Afrin Post said the city was bombed with shells and heavy weapons. One of the injured civilians was identified as Abd al-Rahman Ibrahim, aged 33.

Also according to Rojava Information Center on Twitter, five shells struck down the city of Tal Rifa’at. In addition to injuring the two civilians, the shelling resulted in damaging a water pipe feeding the city which left around 25,000 people without drinking water.

 

The incident occured around midday.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Tal Rifaat (تل رفعت) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.472576 37.096272. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS228

Incident date

February 25, 2018

Location

حج خليل, Haj Khalil village, Rajo district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.678611, 36.683611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian male was wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Haj Khalil, local media said.

According to Hawar News, “an elderly man has critically been wounded in Haj Khalil village in Rajo area due to the Turkish occupation army’s artillery bombing on the village.

Sources added that the victim was transferred to Afrin hospital for treatment.

Rumaf reported that he had suffered “burns in the face, hands and thighs” and was in “a dangerous condition”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Shukri Hajika 60 years old from the village of Haj Khalil injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man with his face burnt following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Haj Khalil village, Rajo district, Afrin, 25th February 2018. (via Azadirojava) - PROPAGANDA
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man with his face burnt following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Haj Khalil village, Rajo district, Afrin, 25th February 2018. (via Hawar)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man with his face burnt following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Haj Khalil village, Rajo district Afrin, 25th February 2018. (via Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man with his face burnt following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Haj Khalil village, Rajo district Afrin, 25th February 2018. (via Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man with his face burnt following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Haj Khalil village, Rajo district Afrin, 25th February 2018. (via Rumaf)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]