Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS029

Incident date

December 22, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 23 and 94 civilians were killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Al Bab, Syria, according to local media.

Al Jazeera reported the lowest death toll at 20 and refered to the ISIS media agency Al A’amaq as the source. Later Al A’amaq itself said the toll rose to 50.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights described “The death of 23 civilians because of Euphrates Shield forces missiles and shells fired on Al Bab city in Aleppo governorate suburbs, December 22, SNHR yet unable to verify the news, 2016.”

7al said 32 civilians died in the attack, whereas Russia Today reported 72 people dead.

Al Bab News posted on Facebook that “nearly 18 members of the al Shalash family, most of them women and children, killed following Turkish bombardment on al Bab.”

Halab News gave the highest death count at 91 and named many of the victims. Al Bab News reported the same names and said 45 more people were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

  • Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Adult male killed
  • Wife of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Adult female killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed

Family members (19)

  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Ahmed Hussein Al-Asfour Adult male killed
  • Wife of Ahmed Hussein Al-Asfour Adult female killed
  • Son of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child male killed
  • Son of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child male killed
  • Daughter of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child female killed
  • Daughter of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child female killed

Family members (6)

  • Member of the Abo family Adult female killed
  • Member of the Abo family Adult male killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed

Family members (2)

  • Member of the Fadel Sabbagh family Adult killed
  • Member of the Fadel Sabbagh family Adult killed

Family members (28)

  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed

Family members (3)

  • Member of the Kazakaz family Adult killed
  • Member of the Kazakaz family Adult killed
  • Member of the Kazakaz family Adult killed

Family members (11)

  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family killed

Family members (6)

  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed

Family members (2)

  • Mustafa Mahmoud al-Sukkar Adult male killed
  • Wife of Mustafa Mahmoud al-Sukkar Adult female killed

Family members (4)

  • Jafar Bertawi Adult male killed
  • Wife of Jafar Bertawi Adult female killed
  • Mohamed Jaafar Bertawi Child male killed
  • Fatima Jafar Bertawi Child female killed

Family members (4)

  • Mahmood al-Naama Adult male killed
  • Wife of Mahmood al-Naama Adult female killed
  • Mahmud al-Naama Child male killed
  • Yusuf Mahmud al-Naama Child male killed
  • Member of the al-Uday family Adult female killed
  • Child from the village of Qarodi Child killed
  • Ibrahim Qabalawi Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 94
  • (16 children9 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Some of the victims of the mass civilian causality incident in Al Bab, Aleppo on 22nd December 2016. (via Aleppo 24)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 94
  • (16 children9 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS075

Incident date

February 6, 2017

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 12 and 47 civilians, likely from one family, reportedly died in an alleged Turkish shelling on Al Bab, Syria.

LCCSY reported that there was a total of 26 dead in Aleppo on that day, the majority of which in Aleppo and the rest in Al Bab.

The Syrian Network of Human Rights said that “19 civilians, including five children under the age of 18 and four females were killed in shelling by the Turkish forces and warplanes on areas in Al Bab city.”

Alaraby provided the highest toll with 47 civilians dead resulting from over 300 shells that fell on Al Bab. Additionally, 20 people were still expected to be under rubble.

Al Bab 24 reported 27 dead and 30 injured and listed the names.

It added that there might be more victims under the rubble.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (7)

  • Al Ghawi family member Age unknown killed
  • Al Ghawi family member Age unknown killed
  • Al Ghawi family member Age unknown killed
  • Al Ghawi family member killed
  • Al Ghawi family member Age unknown killed
  • Al Ghawi family member killed
  • Al Ghawi family member Age unknown killed

Family members (5)

  • Family member of Abdallah Hattab Age unknown Killed while fleeing the city killed
  • Family member of Abdallah Hattab Age unknown Killed while fleeing the city killed
  • Family member of Abdallah Hattab Age unknown Killed while fleeing the city killed
  • Family member of Abdallah Hattab Age unknown Killed while fleeing the city killed
  • Family member of Abdallah Hattab Age unknown Killed while fleeing the city killed

Family members (6)

  • Mohammad Tayssir Taleb Adult male killed
  • Wife of Mohammad Tayssir Taleb Adult female killed
  • Said, son of Mohammad Tayssir Taleb Child male killed
  • Abd al Basset, son of Mohammad Tayssir Taleb Child male killed
  • Daughter of Mohammad Tayssir Taleb Child female killed
  • Daughter of Mohammad Tayssir Taleb Child female killed

Family members (4)

  • Razzouk al Khudar Adult male killed
  • Wife of Razzouk al Khudar Adult female killed
  • Child of Razzouk al Khudar Child killed
  • Child of Razzouk al Khudar Child killed
  • Abdallah Hattab Age unknown male Killed while fleeing the city killed
  • Ibtissam al Baqi Age unknown female Killed while fleeing the city killed
  • Ahmad, son of Hajj Abdallah Abu Kasha Child Injured in Al Bab a few days ago killed
  • Khalil Mansour Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 47
  • (5–7 children3–4 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 47
  • (5–7 children3–4 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS080

Incident date

February 15, 2017

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.3709658, 37.5179666 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between seven and 26 civilians including many women and children were reportedly killed in alleged Turkish airstrikes on Al Bab.

Al Bab 24 posted on Facebook that “seven people were killed following Turkish air and artillery bombardment on Al Bab northeast of Aleppo.”

The ISIS propaganda outlet Al Raed La Ykazeb Ahlahu initially agreed with that reporting.

LCCSY said that 27 civilians in the Aleppo governorate were killed, most of them in Al Bab.

Al Raed La Ykazeb Ahlahu and the Hezbollah outlet Almanar TV both reported 50 civilians dead, most of them women and children in Al Bab “during the last three days” from February 15.

HNN gave the highest death toll at 26 and listed the victims:

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammad al Hasri Age unknown male killed
  • Joumana al Taweel Age unknown female killed
  • Rama al Masri Child female killed
  • Sidra al Masri Child female killed
  • Bilal al Masri Child male killed
  • Abir al Shalal Age unknown male killed
  • Abdo Mohamamd al Hasri Child male killed
  • Radwan Mohammad al Hasri Child male killed
  • Rahaf Mohammad al Hasri Child male killed
  • Hasnaa Al Hasri Age unknown female killed
  • Hasnaa Al Hasri's sister Age unknown female killed
  • Ghassan al Hasri Adult male killed
  • Ghassan al Hasri's wife Adult female killed
  • Huda al Shawwaf Age unknown female killed
  • Ahmad Hassan al Suweid Adult male killed
  • Ahmad Hassan al Suweid's wife Adult female killed
  • Ahmad Hassan al Suweid's child Child male killed
  • Ahmad Hassan al Suweid's child Child female killed
  • Ahmad Mahmoud al Suweid Adult male killed
  • Abd al Ghaffar Nassani's wife Adult female killed
  • Abd al Ghaffar Nassani's child Child female killed
  • Abd al Ghaffar Nassani's child Child female killed
  • Abd al Ghaffar Nassani's child Child male killed
  • Abd al Ghaffar Nassani's child Child male killed
  • Mustapha al Sweid Age unknown male killed
  • Fatima Khaled al Kahhat Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 26
  • (12 children3–8 women2–6 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 26
  • (12 children3–8 women2–6 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS100

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

عنابكة, poultry farm at A'nabka, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.494167, 36.956389 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least 11 civilians, mostly children from several families, died in alleged Turkish airstrikes on a poultry farm at A’nabka, according to local media.

Afrin Now, Al Watan and Syria Steps all blamed Turkey. Afrin Now first placed the location of the strikes at Abeen, though later changed this to A’nabka – informing Airwars that the two villages are very close to each other. Casualties were also reported in Jalbara, though in a private message Afrin Now confirmed that this was the same location as A’nabka.

In a later report, the source said that there was a “Turkish airstrike against civilians in a warehouse in Jalbara. Our medical team were witnesses of this massacre, and rescued seven people from the the building. Many of them were children and there was even one under one-year-old. The victims were referred to the hospital. Eleven civilians were confirmed dead in this massacre, many of them children. We still don’t know anything about six people who were in the same building, and we are still trying to search for them”.

Welat FM and Step News Agency also reported that Turkey carried out raids on the village of Jalbara.

According to Welat FM, “three workers were killed and ten wounded. They were transferred to hospital. There are dozens of civilians under the rubble”.

According to Rojava, the death toll had climbed to 17 civilians, “most of them from a single family”.

Kurdish Red Crescent named an unidentified female aged 30 as killed, and said that Khalid Rahmano was wounded.

Vedeng added that “a displaced family from Idlib” were also killed, while 16-year-old Sami al-Hussein “was missing under the rubble”.

The source also published a number of images showing civilians being removed from the rubble following the air strikes.

Another image depicted “the funeral of 12 civilians and two fighters of the Syrian Democratic forces”, though it is unclear whether this photograph refers to this casualty event alone.

According to Alitihad Press “a medical source in the city of Afrin reported the death toll of the massacre of the village of Anakka southeast of the city to 10 people, including seven from one family who had been displaced from the city of Maarat al-Nu’man in rural Idlib.”

Revo Spring said that a family of seven died after “they were prevented from leaving the area by the Syrian Democratic Forces”.

The Syrian Observatory said that 11 civilians died, including “the death of 8 civilians from one family from the Maraat Al-Noman countryside in Idlib province, including a woman and 5 children below the age of 16.”

A video published by Rumaf reportedly features the only survivor of the poultry farm massacre in Jabal Hajar. The transcipt is as follows:

‘Off camera: How many missiles were fired?

Man: 4 missiles. I was hit by one of them

Off camera: They killed innocent kids

Man: They are Daesh, those people, they are Daesh – Mohammad’s son was 4 months old

Young girl: we are kids we had come to work. We’re not a military front or anything. We had come here to work. Why all this shelling on top of our head?’

A report by SDF Press cited Dr. Nouri Qanbar from the Kurdish Red Crescent as saying that “Our paramedics have rescued two children in the poultry farm of the village of Jalbara, but we have documented that there are about 11 people under the rubble after being bombed by the Turkish raids, which led to the complete destruction of the building’”. The organisation later said that five people were still missing following the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Rahaf al Hussein al Omar 33 years old female named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • Wael al-Hussein 1 years old male named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • Hadeel Al Hussein 10 years old female named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • Ghalia al Hussein 8 years old female named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • Salma al Hussein 6 years old female named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • The child of Mus’ab al-Hussein 6 years old The child of Mus’ab al-Hussein (unknown gender)named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • Ahmed al-Hussein 17 years old male named by Afrin now “all of them from a displaced family from Ma’arat al-Nu’man” killed
  • Abdelkader Rahmano 40 years old male Afrin Now informed Airwars that a second family, displaced people from Kufr Saghir, was also killed. killed
  • Ahmed Rahmano 37 years old male Afrin Now informed Airwars that a second family, displaced people from Kufr Saghir, was also killed. killed
  • Mohamed Abdelkader Rahmano 9 years old male Afrin Now informed Airwars that a second family, displaced people from Kufr Saghir, was also killed. killed
  • unidentified 30 year old female 30 years old female named by Kurdish Red Cresent killed
  • Cuma Muhammad Al Hussen 17 years old named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Hameda Ibrahem 3 years old named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Hessen Ibrahem Al Hussen 2 years old named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Fady Muhammad Eed 10 years old named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Ismael Muhammad Ibrahem 12 years old male named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Khalid Muhamad Ali 46 years old male named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Kefah Musa ALamer Age unknown named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Unidentified man 30 years old male named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Emad Shemo 29 years old named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Basm Suleman Age unknown named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured
  • Abdullqadir Kenjo Age unknown male named by The Kurdish Red crescent as injured injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 24
  • (7 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Civilians being dug out of the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • Civilians being dug out of the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • Funeral in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via Rumaf)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via SDF Press)
  • Boy trapped under the rubble following an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via SDF Press)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via SDF Press)
  • Boy trapped under the rubble following an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via SDF Press)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dead bodies under the rubble following an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via SDF Press)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dead bodies under the rubble following an alleged Turkish raid on a poultry farm at A'nabka, 21st Jan 2018. (via SDF Press)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 24
  • (7 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS003

Incident date

August 28, 2016

Location

ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﺭﻧﺔ, Al Armana, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.741944, 38.009722 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Fifteen to 24 civilians were reported killed in Turkish airstrikes on the town of Al Armana, as invading Turkish forces were said to have turned their attention to Kurdish YPG fighters. Al Hayat newspaper reported as many as twenty civilians were killed. 

However, Turkey denied it had killed any non-combatants in the action.

According to Reuters “Turkey said 25 Kurdish militants were killed in its air strikes and denied there were civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (13)

  • Hussam Jamal Othman Age unknown killed
  • Jamal Othman Child killed
  • Jamal Hisham Othman Child killed
  • Jamal Othman Age unknown killed
  • Munira Osman Age unknown killed
  • Fattah Othman Age unknown killed
  • Riza Othman Age unknown killed
  • Hassan Mohamed Osman Age unknown killed
  • Paper Mohammad Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • ire Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • Hussein Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • Osama Mohammed Ali Othman Age unknown killed
  • Ali Osman Age unknown killed
  • Mohammed Ali Mohamed Youssef Age unknown killed
  • Jassem Mohammad Al-Faraj Age unknown the village of Khirbet, a paramedics killed
  • Hussein Hammoud Age unknown the village of Khirbet, a paramedics killed
  • Mahmoud Alberhaoa Ali Age unknown the village of elders, a paramedics killed
  • Jassim Mustafa Jassim Age unknown killed
  • Salim Maher Alasmaeil Age unknown killed
  • Mustafa Mohammed Jassim Age unknown killed
  • Abdul Rahim Mustafa Age unknown killed
  • Subhia Hafez Age unknown killed
  • Aqeel Abdul Rahim Mustafa Child male killed
  • Mona Abdul Rahim Mustafa Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 24
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Free Manbej City)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Free Manbej City)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Free Manbej City)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Ajansa Hawra ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Al Armana, 28th August 2016. (via Haraw News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 24
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS277

Incident date

March 16, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin city centre, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Up to 21 civilians including five children died and as many of 45 were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin city centre, according to local media.

IC Afrin indicated the death count at 20 reporting that the Turkish army is shelling everywhere in Afrin city and its surroundings.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned from a number of reliable sources that Turkish warplanes targeted Afrin city during the past few hours [March 16th]. The targeting of Afrin has continued since last night, by the Turkish forces and warplanes, which resulted in the fall of tens of casualties and wounded. The Observatory has documented the death of 18 citizens including 5 children while more than 45 others were injured with varying severity, and others are still missing, with bodies trapped under the rubble.

ANF recorded the death toll as at 21. Six named were identified. Additionally, 29 were identified as injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (1 child5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    29–45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows dead bodies of civilians, killed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured or likely dead civilian, following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured or killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child, harmed followed an alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF English Mobile)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child, harmed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF English Mobile)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows civilians dead bodies, killed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured or dead man, following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A footage shows dozens of civilians, killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin (source: MOHAMMED HASSAN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows two civilians, injured forgoing an alleged Turkish strike in Afrin (Source: ROK)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (1 child5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    29–45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS327 TS005

Incident date

October 4, 2016

Location

الثلثانة, Taltanah, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.44605, 37.34302 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

Up to 19 civilians including 3 children were killed – and as many as 41 people injured – when airstrikes hit the village of Al Thaltanah. Multiple reports initially assigned blame to the Coalition or Turkish forces. However, on December 1st 2016 the Coalition conceded it had injured one civilian in the event.

The Syrian Network and Syria News Desk reported that seven civilians died, and assigned responsibility to the Coalition. Several other reports also blamed the Coalition. The Syrian Observatory reported that “warplanes” targeted the village “inhabited by Kurdish civilians,” leaving 60 civilian casualties, including 13 confirmed civilian deaths.

In a separate report, the Observatory clarified the airstrikes were carried out “likely by Turkish warplanes,” and reported that the death toll rose to 19 civilians, including 3 children, noting “the number of the dead is likely to rise.” ISIL’s news arm Al A’maq News reported that 10 civilians died and several were injured in an “American raid.”

Reflecting the confusion, al Jazeera cited the Observatory and wrote, “it was unclear whether the strike was carried out by the US-led coalition fighting ISIL, or Turkey, which is leading an operation against the group in the area with support from Syrian rebel forces.”

In its December 1st report the Coalition stated: “During a strike targeting ISIL fighters it is assessed that one civilian was inadvertently killed as a result of the blast following the strike.”

This was later amended on April 30th 2017: “Oct. 4, 2016, near Talatanah, Syria: Number 5 on the Dec. 1, 2016, CJTF-OIR press release reported that one civilian was killed during a strike on ISIS fighters. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally injured.”

Halab News identified 11 civilians, 9 of which it named, who it said were victims of “Coalition plane shelling.”

In July 2019 the Coalition provided Airwars with the location for this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Unidentified from Kleisharo family Age unknown from Kafr Sgheer village killed
  • Unidentified from Kleisharo family Age unknown killed

Family members (3)

  • Mohammad Yahiya al Ibo Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Yahiya al Ibo Age unknown male killed
  • Mustapha Yahyia al Ibo Age unknown male killed

Family members (2)

  • Rashid Risho Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmad Rashid Risho Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

  • Illo al Haj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Yahiya Yusuf Al Hajj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim Yahyia al Hajj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammad al Qarmatli Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 19
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    41
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • "Satellite images show recent attack resulted from an airstrike, UN says, as battle for Aleppo sees more children killed", November 2016. (via Al-Jazeera)
  • Location of the village where the air strike took place, November 2016. (via Eastern Manbij countryside)

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest village at 36.4457989, 37.3436021

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible / Substantiated
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Killed by strike blast
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    1
  • Stated location
    near Taltanah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCA515347
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Apr 30, 2017
  • Dec 1, 2016
  • Oct. 4, 2016, near Taltanah, Syria: During a strike targeting ISIL fighters it is assessed that one civilian was inadvertently killed as a result of the blast following the strike.

  • Oct. 4, 2016, near Talatanah, Syria: Number 5 on the Dec. 1, 2016, CJTF-OIR press release reported that one civilian was killed during a strike on ISIS fighters. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally injured.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 3rd-4th 2016, the Coalition reported no strikes in the near vicinity, though others for Aleppo governorate: ”Near Manbij, one strike destroyed an ISIL machine gun. Near Mar’a, four strikes engaged three ISIL tactical units and destroyed two fighting positions and a command and control node.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 19
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    41
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS276

Incident date

March 15, 2018

Location

ترينيدة, Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.493056, 36.879444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least five civilians including three children and two women died in alleged Turkish artillery and/or air strikes on Afrin, local media in Syria reported – though there was some uncertainty about the location. Rudaw put the death toll as high as 18.

According to Hawar, the Turkish occupation planes bombed the village of Trinide , the city of Afrin, resulting in the serious injury of Abdullah Bakr, 49 years. Bakr was taken to a hospital in Afrin for treatment. The correspondent confirmed that the bombing is still continuing on the neighbourhoods of the city of Afrin.

However, Afrin Now, who also named Abdullah Bakr, said that he was wounded in the Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood of Afrin.

IC Afrin reported the death of three children and two women.

According to ANF, however, the death toll may have been higher – though it is unclear whether the figure it gives applies specifically to this event or two several across the night of March 15th. On March 16th, the source reported: “The invading Turkish army and allied gangs intensely bombed Afrin city centre with mortar and artillery fire from last night until this morning. 13 civilians, mostly children, died and many more got wounded as a result.

ANF reporter Ersin Çaksu who is in Afrin stated this is only the number they themselves have reached.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ehmed Exlas 32 years old male killed
  • Şewket Henan 30 years old male killed
  • Qidret Bexlawa 70 years old male killed
  • Nezmî Elî 45 years old injured
  • Heval Cangora 22 years old injured
  • Ebdulwehab El-Xelef 60 years old injured
  • Hisên Ebdulwehab 35 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows the victim Abdullah Bakr, 49 years, at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish airstrike or artillery of Afrin city centre (source: ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, 15th March 2018. (via Aire-cudi)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]