Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS147

Incident date

February 2, 2018

Location

خلاقة, Khalalka, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.694266, 36.80596 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Local sources in Syria reported that “the civilian citizen Shaaban Khalil, 24, from the village of Khalalka, was injured by the Turkish bombardment of the village in the countryside of Afrin.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Shaaban Khalil Age unknown injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "Afrin - 24-year-old Shaaban Khalil was injured as a result of the shelling of his village by the Turkish occupation army in the area of Bilbala."
  • Translation: "The civilian citizen Shaaban Khalil, 24, from the village of Khalalka, was injured by the Turkish bombardment of the village in the countryside of Afrin."

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS211

Incident date

February 17, 2018

Location

راجو, عفرين, Rajo, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67296, 36.666364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent reported the injury of one civilian in an alleged Turkish shelling of Rajo.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Salah Hussein 45 years old male head injury injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS242

Incident date

March 3, 2018

Location

موباتة, Mobata, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.562634, 36.930000 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to six civilians were wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Mobata, Syria, according to local media.

ROK reported: “A number of civilians were wounded on Saturday morning by Turkish artillery shelling on the centre of Maabatli in Afrin, northwest of Syria, amid heavy fighting on the outskirts of Raju town west of the province.”

According to field sources in the area of Maabtli, Turkish artillery shelling targeted civilian houses, causing substantial damage to houses and shops, coinciding with the intensification of Turkish air raids on the countryside since Thursday.

Finally, Alalam reported that both the Turkish army and “armed forces of the Free Army” were behind today’s shelling.

The incident occured around dawn.

  • Mustafa Ahmed Ibrahim 60 years old male injured on his right foot injured
  • Shiraz El-Din Khalil Suleiman 48 years old male as injured in the head and currently receiving treatment in the intensive care unit injured
  • Rashid Hamid Musa 29 years old injured
  • Sido Shukri Abdo 65 years old full body injury injured
  • Ali Fadel Salameh Age unknown Rumaf correspondent injured
  • Nour Jammu Age unknown Rumaf correspondent injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via Arin Chikhmous)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Turkish raid on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. Blood can be seen in the streets alongside much material damage. (via Hawar)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ROK)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via Rumaf)
  • A wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mobata, Afrin, 3rd March 2018. (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI024a IRI003

Incident date

July 10, 2019

Location

Balakati and Bradost, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

36.735469, 44.387908 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed in a Turkish or Iranian strike on Balakati and Bradost.

ANF wrote: “The attacks carried out on Balakati and Bradost by Iran and Turkey that began on July 10 and in which 2 civilians lost their lives and four were wounded, continued yesterday.

On Thursday morning after 9 am Iranian and Turkish army hit the Balakati and Bradost regions throughout the day with intense howitzers, mortars and katusha, following coordinates given by Iranian reconnaissance planes.

Although the villagers tried to extinguish the fire in the fields which had resulted from the bombardment, hundreds of hectares of land were burning and thousands of trees and live in the natural area burned to ashes.”

There is currently no other information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS318

Incident date

October 12, 2019

Location

Qamishli, Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that a young female, named as Eiman Hajji Sharif, died after being shot by a Turkish sniper in Qamishli/

Kurdish Red Crescent named the victim Imam Ibrahim, male, 24 years old while other sources named them Iman Ibrahim.

However, all other sources said that the victim was female and named her as Eiman Hajji Sharif, publishing her photo.

Rudaw said: “The 24-year-old mother of a two-year-old girl lost her life after being sniped, according to her father, when she was bringing bread to her family on Saturday morning [Oct 12th] on the Belt Road in #Qamishlo”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Imam Ibrahim 22-25 years old female KRC List killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS349

Incident date

October 16, 2019

Location

Xanike village, between Dirbêsiyê and Amûde, Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

@c1wan tweeted: “A civilian martyr was killed in the village of Xanike between Dirbêsiyê and Amûde as a result of the cannon shootings of the Turkish army.”

@dersm_arin also reported one civilian death.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS370

Incident date

October 26, 2019

Location

Abu Heye, Tal Abyad,, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian aged 80 was reported injured after being shot allegedly by Turkey-back militants in Abu Heye, Tal Abyad in Raqqa Governorate on October 26th, 2019 according to local sources.

The civilian was identified as Jesus Khelil who according to ANF News, was shot in front of his house. Other sources said the civilian was going towards Meqtera village grazing his sheep, when he was shot.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army, Free Syrian Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • An 80 year- old civilian was reported shot dead by Turkey backed militants in Abu Heye, Tal Abyad in Raqqa on October 26 2019 (via ANF)
  • 80 year-old man injured after being allegedly shot in front of his house by Turkey-backed militants in Ras Al Ain (via ANHA)
  • An 80 year old civilian allegedly shot by Turkish forces or Turkey-backed militants in Raqqa on October 26th, 2019 (Via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army, Free Syrian Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS387

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

Tal Halef and Diwera, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

Many civilians were reported killed and injured when Turkish forces allegedly opened fire on protesters in Tal Halef and Diwera villages in Ras Al Ayn – Syria on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

SANA reported that “10 civilians were suffocated due to the release of tear gas by the Turkish patrols, accompanied by Russian patrols, on the people who went out in protest against their passage in Al Jawadiya area in Hasaka countryside, while they kidnapped three young men from the village of Tal Jemma in the countryside of Ras Al Ain, while a civilian was killed as a result of torture”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Civilians protesting against Turkey were reported attacked in Ras Al Ayn villages on November 9th, 2019 (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]