Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3400

Incident date

March 22, 2019

Location

كفريا والفوعة, Kafriya and Al Fou’a, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In a major civilian casualty incident, which several sources referred to as a “massacre”, up to 28 civilians died and as many as 30 more were wounded in multiple alleged Russian airstrikes on he town of Kafriya and Al Fou’a in Idlib.

According to Baladi, Russia launched “more than 15 successive airstrikes” on the town and “the surrounding farms with high-explosive missiles”. Other sources said that there had been “dozens” of Russia airstrikes on the town.

A report by Orient said that the strikes “targeted residential neighborhoods, markets and mosques in the town.” Multiple sources published images showing widespread destruction to residential areas.

The lowest death count was given by EdlibEMC1 at nine civilians, though the Syrian Network for Human Rights put the figure at 11 including four children and a woman.

Syria liveuamap and the White Helmets (who worked to remove bodies from the rubble), raised the death toll to 15, noting that 27 more people including 13 children and a woman were wounded.

@abuhuzaifa_ put the death toll still higher, at 20 civilians – with 30 more injured, some critically.”

On March 22nd the Step News Agency reported: “Russian aircraft launched dozens of cluster-bomb air strikes on the towns of Kafriya and Al Fou’a in the northern outskirts of Idlib and a number of towns and villages of the southern countryside of Idlib, killing dozens of civilians.

“The Russian raids on the northern countryside of Idlib focused on the center of the town of Kufria, and the western side of the town of Foa, killing 10 civilians and injuring 28 others as an initial toll in the town of Kfriya.

The death toll from Russia’s 14 raids was likely to rise by 28, due to the presence of two families under the rubble of a building in the town of Kafriya, where the civil defense teams are still working to rescue them.”

Smart noted that “forty-two civilians, including women and children, were killed and wounded” in this event. It went on to quote a doctor,  “Abu Mohammed”, who said that “more than 15 raids targeted the towns of Kufriya and al-Fuha”. He noted that many civilians had moderate injuries, “mostly children and women”.

Mustafa al-Haj Yousif, director of the civil defense in Idlib, noted a death toll of “15 civilians, including four children and two women”, but told Geiroon that these numbers were likely to rise, adding that the critically inured “were transferred to Bab Al-Hawa border hospital and will be referred to Turkish hospitals”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ali Wahid Qalla’ 50 years old male 'displaced person from al Abbada town in Eastern Ghouta' killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–28
  • (3–4 children1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–30
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (29) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrikes hit Kafriya and Al Fou’a, Idlib, March 22nd 2019 (via Suriye.u.a.d)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Step News Agency)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Step News Agency)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Step News Agency)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Step News Agency)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Step News Agency)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Step News Agency)
  • Smoke rises from Kafriya and Al Fou’a following an alleged Russian airstrike on March 22nd 2019 (via Step)
  • The White Helmets remove a child from the rubble after an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via SN4HR)
  • Children wounded in an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Syria liveuamap)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: 'Painful scenes from the #WhiteHelmets search and rescue work as they retrieve the bodies of the victims killed in11 Russian airstrikes in #Kafriya town in #Idlib this evening. 15 civilians were killed and 27 others injured so far. #Syria'
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Kafriya and Al Fou’a)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Kafriya and Al Fou’a)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via Kafriya and Al Fou’a)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019. According to Idleb Media Center, there were "dozens" or raids. (via EdlibEMC1)
  • The White Helmets attend the scene of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • Alleged Russian warplanes over Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • The White Helmets attend the scene of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • The White Helmets attend the scene of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • The White Helmets attend the scene of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • The White Helmets attend the scene of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via White Helmets)
  • More images of destruction following the alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 2nd 2019.
  • Ali Wahid Qalla’, killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Kafriya and Al Fou’a, March 22nd 2019 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–28
  • (3–4 children1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–30
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (28) [ collapse]