Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0044

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

مفترق الترنس في جباليا شمال قطاع غزة, the Terence Junction in Jabalia, Northern Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 9, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on/near a market in Jabalia refugee camp resulted in between 50 and 69 civilians killed, including at least 15 children and six women, and “hundreds” of wounded.

A tweet from Al Jazeera Mubasher News (@ajmubasher) reported that “at least 50 were killed in a new Israeli bombardment that targeted a densely populated residential neighborhood” with dozens of missiles. Multiple sources refer to the incident as a massacre and describe it “as if an earthquake occurred here.” Ilyass elmaliki news posted on Facebook that the home of “Abu Ashkian” was bombed and the result was “dozens” of killed and “hundreds” of wounded. Defense for Children International (DCI) reported that 15 children were among those killed in Jabalia, with a note that the number of children killed was expected to rise to 17 after verification of two additional young victims.

An Amnesty International report included details that at around 10:30am, Israeli airstrikes hit a market in Jabalia refugee camp, killing at least 69 people. Amnesty referred to the market as “one of the busiest commercial areas in northern Gaza” and added that the market was busier than usual because of people fleeing their homes after being told to by the Israeli military.

Amnesty said that the Israeli military reported they were targeting “a mosque in which Hamas members had been present” but no mosque was found in the immediate vicinity of the market. The Israeli military reported on the same day targeting an “an Islamic Jihad command center located inside a mosque,” though it did not state where it was.

A post from HedeebRadwan9 named Youssef Rabaa as among those killed, and Ansam Ahmed identified Youssef as their cousin, adding that their nephew Muhammad Fares Rabaa and his brother Yazan Fares Rabaa (eight years old) were also killed (all seem to be children in images). Naeem Karama posted that their brother Ahmed Karim Al-Kafarna, their uncle Jihad Adnan Al-Kafarna, their cousin and sister’s husband Muhammad Iyad Al-Kafarna, their cousin Anas Iyad Al-Kafarna, and their cousin Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Kafarna were also killed. Al Kurdi family in Gaza posted that Thaer Talal Ramadan Murad Al-Kurdi and Ezzedine Yasser Ramadan Murad Al-Kurdi were both killed, and both were referred to as the sons of Murad Al-Kurdi. Kamal Abo Mohammed named “the struggling and friendly brother” Mahmoud Al-Sidawi as killed. Hasan louqa identified Mohammed Khalid as killed and Abo Khaled Al Lino identified their cousin Ahmed Moein Wahdan as killed.

Classmate and friend @KhaderA7med reported that Doctor Saed Maher Darabiya was killed in the Jabalia “massacre,” describing him as gentle and close to people. The Ministry of Health of Gaza also posted a statement mourning Doctor Saed and the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health, Dr. Youssef Abu Al-Rish performed the funeral prayer for Doctor Saed at Al-Shifa Hospital.

A Facebook post from Ahmad Idris Aouda reported that Mustafa Salah Abu Shakyan, a master’s student in the “Noble Hadith and its Sciences at the Faculty of Fundamentals of Religion,” was also killed. Inas Khalil posted that their friend Aisha Hameed (Abu Shakyan) and her daughters were killed. Mahmoud Abu Alfahem posted that Islam Salah Abu Shakyan and her children Anas Nasser Abu Al-Fahm (four years old) and Layan Nasser Abu Al-Fahm (eight years old) were also killed. Amani Rayan posted that their sixth grade teacher Mr. Ibrahim Al-Tatri Abu Muhammad was among those killed. Hasan Adel posted that their aunt Etaf Abu Shakyan (Umm Abdullah), her children, her children’s wives, and her grandchildren were all killed.

Mohammed Shehab’s uncle Mustafa Hussein Abu Al-Eish and his sons Ahmed and Abdullah (14 years old) were killed, according to their Facebook post. Abo Khaled Al Lenoi posted that their cousin Daoud Sami Wahdan, who was an only child, was killed. Wasem Musleh identified their cousin Khaled Musleh as one of those killed.

A post by Wael Qatash stated that their wife’s cousin Alaa Atta Al-Sheikh was killed, along with “her children, her husband, her aunt, her children, her husband, and their wives, since there is no one left of the family.” Walaa Al Sheikh, brother of Alaa, provided additional details of her husband Abdullah Abu Ashkian, and their three daughters, Jannah (10 years old), Joudi, and Jouri (five years old). DCI-Palestine identified cousins of the three daughters Maria Huthaifa Salah Abu Shukian (three years old), and Retal Bilal Salah Abu Shukian (seven years old) as also killed. The brother of Alaa also identified his aunt Umm Abdullah, her children, and her son’s wives as among those killed.

Mahmoud Sadat identified their cousins Muhammad Nabil Saadat and Ismail Nabil Saadat as among those killed. Google Market International Trade Company posted a statement mourning the death of Tariq Hajjaj, indicating that he was an employee.

Um Asil Qadourah posted on Facebook that their sister’s husband Thaer Saadi Abu Odeh and his son Ali Thaer Saadi Abu Odeh (a child) were killed, and that there was no trace of the son’s body following the attack. A post from ِthe Abo Odah family in Beit Hanoun added that Hudhayfah Arif Ali Abdulaziz Abu Odeh, Anas Ahmed Abdel Aziz Abu Odeh, and the child Muhammad Anas Musa Sheikh Abdullah Abu Odeh (nine years old) were also killed.

Majed Okasha identified the members of the Al-Zwaidi family who were killed, describing it as a “massacre”: Adham Amin Muhammad Al-Zwaidi (father, 55 years old), Hussein Al-Zwaidi (mother, 51 years old), Muhammad Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi (33 years old), Mr. Imad Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi (28 years old), Amin Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi (17 years old), Hussein Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi (13 years old), Ghadeer Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi.

A post from Medoo Samer mourned the death of Yasmine Muhammad Abu Shouqfa (Umm Qais), her husband Naeem Abdel Fattah Rashid Atallah, and their son Karem Atallah. Abo Shouqfa family on Facebook identified Bashir Rafiq Abu Shouqfa as among the killed (unclear if related to Yasmine).

A post from Ibrahim Adwan reported that his cousin Yahya Murshid Adwan, who had got married a few weeks prior, and his other cousin Imad Murshid Adwan were both killed, as well as the young man Muhammad Waked Adwan. A Facebook post from Mhmwd Abo Qaseem Edwan included a list of residents of Jabalia killed, which included many mentioned above as well as Fahima Jamil Ibrahim Al-Afifi, Muhammad Youssef Ayesh Hamad (17 years old), Hassan Yacoub Al-Kafarna, Imad Ziyad Hamad (19 years old), Ahmed Musa Daraj, Moaz Abdel Qader Daraj.

Amnesty International reported that Imad Ziyad Hamad was killed while he was on his way to buy bread and mattresses for his family. According to his father Ziyad Hamad, the family had left their home in Beit Hanlon after receiving a warning from the Israeli army and had walked almost five kilometers to a UNRWA-run school in Jabalia camp. When Ziyad arrived at the morgue for his son’s body, “The bodies were burned, I was scared of looking. I didn’t want to look, I was scared of looking at Imad’s face. The bodies were scattered on the floor. Everyone was looking for their children in these piles. I recognized my son only by his trousers. I wanted to bury him immediately, so I carried my son and got him out. I carried him.” Ziyad later told Amnesty “What did I do to deserve this? To lose my son, to lose my house, to sleep on the floor of a classroom? My children are wetting themselves, of panic, of fear, of cold. We have nothing to do with this. What fault did we commit? I raised my child, my entire life, for what? To see him die while buying bread.”

DCI-Palestinian identified the names of additional children killed in the incident: Diab Mohammad Diab Abu Baid, six years old; Yousef Sameer Ramadan Al-Athamneh, 10 years old; Mohammad Imad Ebrek Al-Amouri, nine years old; Mohammad Bajes Hassan Al-Khaldi, 11 years old.

Images posted by Shaymaa Abo Shkyan show four children who were reportedly killed. Muahammed Ali via Facebook identified their cousins from the Abu Shakyan family who were killed, and the images include four men and three young girls.

Amnesty International reviewed videos of the aftermath and satellite imagery and concluded that at least three multi-story buildings were completely destroyed and surrounding structures were heavily damaged, as well as multiple deceased bodies still under the rubble.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:30 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Ahmed Karim Al-Kafarna أحمد كريم الكفارنة
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802893594
Jihad Adnan Al-Kafarna جهاد عدنان الكفارنة
33 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802761213
Muhammad Iyad Al-Kafarna محمد أياد الكفارنة
28 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400744496
Anas Iyad Al-Kafarna انس اياد الكفارنة
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407744085
Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Kafarna محمد محمود الكفارنة
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804323715
Hassan Yacoub Al-Kafarna
40 years old male Matched to MoH ID 800018947

Family members (6)

Thaer Talal Ramadan Murad Al-Kurdi ثائر طلال رمضان مراد الكردي
35 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801873886
Ezzedine Yasser Ramadan Murad Al-Kurdi عزالدين ياسر رمضان مراد الكردي
28 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 400684502
Hudhayfah Arif Ali Abdulaziz Abu Odeh حذيفة عارف علي عبدالعزيز ابو عودة
killed
Anas Ahmed Abdel Aziz Abu Odeh انس احمد عبد العزيز ابو عوده
38 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 801326711
Ali Thaer Saadi Abu Ouda علي ثائر سعدي ابوعودة
Child male killed
Muhammad Anas Musa Sheikh Abdullah Abu Odeh محمد انس موسى الشيخ عبدالله ابوعودة
9 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 432974483

Family members (3)

Youssef Rabaa يوسف رابعة
26 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 402989495
Yazan Fares Rabaa يزن فارس محمد رابعة
8 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 436028476
Muhammad Fares Rabaa محمد فارس رابعة
male killed

Family members (4)

Yasmine Muhammad Abu Shouqfa (Umm Qais) زوجة نعيم, ياسمين أبو شقفة
37 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 801362740
Naeem Abdel Fattah Rashid Atallah نعيم عبدالفتاح عطاالله
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803459833
Karem Atallah ابن نعيم, كرم عطاالله
Age unknown male Son of Naeem and Yasmine killed
Bashir Rafiq Abu Shouqfa بشير أبو شقفة
32 years old Unclear if related killed Matched to MoH ID 802919514

Family members (13)

Abdullah Abu Ashkian
33 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802646414
Alaa Atta Al-Sheikh
30 years old female wife of Abdullah killed Matched to MoH ID 804395135
Janna Abu Ashkian جنة أبو اشكيان
10 years old female daughter of Abdullah and Alaa killed Matched to MoH ID 433810702
Jouri Abu Ashkian جوري أبو اشكيان
5 years old female daughter of Abdullah and Alaa killed Matched to MoH ID 439110156
Joudi Abu Ashkian جودي أبو أشكيان
female daughter of Abdullah and Alaa killed
Maria Huthaifa Salah Abu Shukian ماريا حذيفة صالح أبو اشكيان
3 years old cousin of three daughters killed
Retal Bilal Salah Abu Shukian ريتال بلال صالح أبو اشكيان
7 years old cousin of three daughters killed Matched to MoH ID 437303555
Mustafa Salah Abu Ashkian مصطفى صلاح أبو اشكيان
25 years old unclear if related to above killed Matched to MoH ID 404129926
Aisha Hameed (Abu Shukian) عائشة حميد أبو اشكيان
female killed
Islam Salah Abu Shukian اسلام صلاح أبو شيكان
36 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 801801341
Anas Nasser Abu Al-Fahm أنس ناصر أبو الفحم
4 or 5 years old male Son of Islam killed Matched to MoH ID 441132321
Layan Nasser Abu Al-Fahm أنس ناصر أبو الفحم
8 years old female Daughter of Islam killed Matched to MoH ID 435986211
Etaf Abu Ashkian عطاف أبو اشكيان
female killed

Family members (3)

Mustafa Hussein Abu Al-Eish مصطفى أبو العيش
male killed Matched to MoH ID 902241090
Ahmad Abu Al Eish أحمد أبو العيش
21 years old male Son of Mustafa killed Matched to MoH ID 408523876
Abdullah Abu Al Eish عبدالله أبو العيش
14 years old male Son of Mustafa killed Matched to MoH ID 427437363

Family members (7)

Adham Amin Muhammad Al-Zwaidi دهم امين محمد الزويدي
55 years old male killed
Hussein Al-Zwaidi جملات حسين الزويدي
51 years old female killed
Muhammad Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi محمد ادهم امين الزويدي
33 years old killed
Mr. Imad Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi عماد ادهم امين الزويدي
28 years old male killed
Amin Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi امين ادهم امين الزويدي
17 years old killed
Hussein Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi حسين ادهم امين الزويدي
13 years old killed
Ghadeer Adham Amin Al-Zwaidi غدير ادهم امين الزويدي
years old killed

Family members (2)

Muhammad Nabil Saadat محمد نبيل سعدات
30 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 804344802
Ismail Nabil Saadat اسماعيل نبيل سعدات
killed

Family members (3)

Yahya Murshid Adwan يحي مرشد عدوان
killed
Imad Murshid ماد مرشد عدوان
29 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 400247151
Muhammad Waked Adwan محمد واكد عدوان
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803391580

The victims were named as:

Doctor Saed Darabeya الطبيب سائد درابية
Adult male killed
Tariq Hajjaj طارق حجاج
38 years old male Employee of Google Market International Trade Company killed Matched to MoH ID 800532095
Mahmoud Al-Sidawi محمود الصيداوي
41 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 931531834
Mohammed Khalid محمد خالد
Age unknown killed
Ahmed Moein Wahdan أحمد معين وهدان
26 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 403116544
Mr. Ibrahim Al-Tatri Abu Muhammad ابراهيم التتري
Age unknown male killed
Daoud Sami Wahdan داود سامي وهدان
22 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 406124693
Khaled Musleh خالد مصلح
Age unknown killed
Diab Mohammad Diab Abu Baid دباب محمد دياب ابو البيض
6 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 438300147
Ahmed Musa Daraj أحمد موسى درج
Age unknown killed
Moaz Abdel Qader Daraj معاذ عبد القادر درج
Age unknown killed
Yousef Sameer Ramadan Al-Athamneh يوسف سمير رمضان
10 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 433993904
Mohammad Imad Ebrek Al-Amouri محمد عماد العموري
9 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 435032669
Mohammad Bajes Hassan Al-Khaldi
11 years old killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    50 – 69
  • (15–17 children6 women14 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–200
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education,Food,Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (84) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (111) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @EekadFacts
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mmt90_
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mmt90_
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    Source: @Mmt90_
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Mmt90_
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: HedeebRadwan91
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Naeem Karama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Naeem Karama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Naeem Karama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Naeem Karama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Naeem Karama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Kurdi family in Gaza
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    Source: Al Kurdi family in Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kamal Abo Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hasan louqa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Khaled Al Lino
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaymaa Abo Shkyan
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    Source: Shaymaa Abo Shkyan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaymaa Abo Shkyan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shaymaa Abo Shkyan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Idris Aouda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muahammed ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amani Rayan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Khaled Al Lenoi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Wasem Musleh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ansam Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Asil Qadourah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Abo Ismail
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Abo Ismail
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ِAbo Odah family in Beit Hanoun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ِAbo Odah family in Beit Hanoun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ِAbo Odah family in Beit Hanoun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ِAbo Odah family in Beit Hanoun
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Sadat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Sadat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Adwan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Adwan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Adwan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Abo Salman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: North Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Google market
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Google market
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Google market
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @KhaderA7med
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Shouqfa family
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gaza police facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Walaa ALsheikh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Walaa ALsheikh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Walaa ALsheikh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Walaa ALsheikh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MoH Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MoH Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MoH Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amnesty International Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OsaidesserMD
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OsaidesserMD
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OsaidesserMD
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @OsaidesserMD
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: BBC News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The New York Times News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Amnesty International reported: According to the Israeli military, they were targeting “a mosque in which Hamas members had been present”

IDF Live Summary for the corresponding day and time mentioning a mosque, though without location:

12:34

The IDF is continuing to strike terrorist targets in Gaza; A number of significant strategic centers were struck earlier this morning, including a weapons compound and an entry point to an underground attack tunnel, an Islamic Jihad command center located inside a mosque and a Hamas command center.

IDF video footage released for that day and time:

https://x.com/IDF/status/1711389912996384989?s=20

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    50 – 69
  • (15–17 children6 women14 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–200
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education,Food,Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (84) [ collapse]