Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC210

Incident date

October 3, 2019

Location

كلية الشرطة, Police College, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.798504, 13.221171 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reportedly killed by shelling in the south of Tripoli.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies reported: “Shells falling in front of the Police College in Al Khalla, killing a Pakistani hired worker named Rehan and the outbreak of fire in the house.”

Local reports of fighting point at GNA or LNA as perpetrators of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Rehan Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Police College ( كلية الشرطة) within Khela Ben Oun (خلة بن عون) for which the generic coordinates are: 32.798504, 13.221171. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC088

Incident date

September 11, 2018

Location

أبو سليم, Abu Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.842957, 13.171578 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Around four civilians were reported injured because of indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Abu Salim neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Municipal Council of Abu Salim posted on Facebook about the events: “Shelling on one of the safe houses behind the health complex in the municipality of Abu Salim, causing panic among the residents and some damage to the building. Some civilians walking nearby were injured, three teenagers suffered minor injuries and a driver was seriously injured.

The injured people are at Abu Salim Hospital.”

Ean Libya published a similar report referring to the Council’s statement.

Libya 24 reported: “At dawn, a shell landed on a house behind the health complex in the municipality of Abu Salim. A number of civilians were injured, including a serious injury, in addition to damage to the building.”

Clashes in the previous week between the 7th Brigade and GNA-affiliated militias point at one of them as the perpetrators.

UN envoy Ghassan Salame claimed to know who is behind the shelling in a press conference and said he would disclose it if the shelling continues.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the people injured in the attack (via Abu Salim Municipal Council)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.842957, 13.171578. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC296

Incident date

February 13, 2020

Location

مدرسة ميمونة بنت الحارث, Maimouna Bint Al Hareth School, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.865489, 13.201558 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One woman was killed and up to four more civilians injured by indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli.

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation blamed the LNA: “The indiscriminate shelling of the rebel war criminal militia, Haftar, targeted today:

Damascus neighborhood: the death of a woman named (Laila Munji Abu Khurais) and the injury of three civilians in the same neighborhood (Hadaba al-Batatah)”

The LNA accused the GNA: “Militias and mercenaries in Tripoli are still tampering with the property and lives of our people, and after the university shells in Tripoli, another shell falls on Al Batata neighborhood in Tripoli, and reports of material damage and death of a woman.”

Libya Alahrar TV and the Libya Observer quoted the GNA on the incident and also accused the LNA.

Moftah Mosbah said one woman was killed and four civilians injured.

Tk Yahroug Kl shy said the incident took place near the Maimouna Bint Al-Hareth School and the Forno restaurant.

Libya Observer said it was an LNA rocket attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Video of the aftermath
  • Abother video of the aftermath
  • Another video showing damage caused by the shelling
  • Smoke rises after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Smoke rises after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged window after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged window after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged care after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Maimouna Bint Al Hareth School (مدرسة ميمونة بنت الحارث),  for which the generic coordinates are: 32.865489, 13.201558. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-086

Incident date

May 3, 2011

Location

الرويسات, Al Ruwaisat, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

32.366517, 15.110012 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

On May 3rd, 2011, Gaddafi forces reportedly bombed Misurata after NATO planes had left the area.

Al Jazeera said: “Fighting broke out between the rebels and the Gaddafi Brigades in the southern and eastern suburbs of Misrata, and the rebels said they repelled an attack by tanks belonging to the brigades.

Sources reported that 55 civilians were killed and wounded in battles since last night, and the sporadic shelling of the Ruwaisat area continued, in which warehouses of goods were burned.”

Another local source, Resistance Misurata, suggested that no civilians may in fact have been killed: “Thankfully, no news has been received so far about cases of wounded or martyrs among civilians as a result of the intermittent shelling of the terrorist forces on the city.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    55
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighborhood of Al Ruwaisat (الرويسات) in the city of Misurata (مصراتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.366517, 15.110012. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    55
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC098

Incident date

November 14, 2018

Location

طريق يربط السواني بقصر بن جشير, Road connecting Al Swani and Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.697466, 13.126259 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured as a result of indiscriminate artillery shelling in Qasr bin Ghashir south of Tripoli.

A single source, United Libyan, posted on Facebook that “citizen Abdul Basit Bouziane was injured by shrapnel as a result of indiscriminate missiles near Jiha road between the Suwani and the palace.”

Azzawiyah News 24 published a carbon copy of the post.

The source did not name the culprit of the attack. According to local media, clashes between the 7th Brigade and GNA-affiliated militias occurred on that day south of Tripoli.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of the man allegedly injured by shrapnel

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the road connecting the towns of Al Swani (السواني) and Qasr Bin Gashir (قصر بن غشير), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.697466, 13.126259. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the road connecting the towns of Al Swani (السواني) and Qasr Bin Gashir (قصر بن غشير).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC231

Incident date

October 30, 2019

Location

Hamza Military Camp, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.787222, 13.174722 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Between one and three civilians were reportedly injured by indiscriminate shelling on Khela Ben Oun.

Al Mashhad wrote: “Witnesses said that Al Matabat street near the camp Hamza witnessed the fall of a random shell, injuring a Sudanese worker and damaging a number of civilian cars.”

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy initially reported two injured but later updated the number to three in a different post.

Local reports of fighting point at GNA or LNA as the perpetrator.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Car damaged by shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Another car damaged by shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Debris from shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Car damaged by shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building material damaged by shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Car damaged by shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Car damaged by shelling on Khela Ben Oun on October 30th, 2019 (Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Hamza Military Camp,  for which the generic coordinates are: 32.787222, 13.174722. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC298

Incident date

February 14, 2020

Location

البوعيشي , Al Bueshi, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.841231, 13.097334 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed and one injured by indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Albueshi area of Tripoli.

The Field Medicine and Support Centre said: “A team from the center made a field tour to find out the size of the injuries left by the fall of a shell on Friday evening, 14/02/2020, on the farm of Mr. Mukhtar Salem Hadiya, who is fifty years old, in the Al-Ba’ish area, which happened to be inside His farm to irrigate the trees, causing his death and injuring a person with him, and they were taken immediately to Tripoli Medical Center.”

Other sources published similar reports.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the perpetrator.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mukhtar Salem Hadiya, allegedly killed by shelling on Tripoli on February 14th, 2020 (via FMSC)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Bueshi (البوعيشي), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.841231, 13.097334. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Bueshi (البوعيشي).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-100

Incident date

May 30, 2011

Location

زليتن, Zliten, Libya

Geolocation

32.466659, 14.566591 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

On May 30th, 2011, multiple sources reported NATO airstrikes on Zliten, which were said to have killed 11 people – although their status was unclear.

RT said: “Libyan television announced on Monday, May 30th, that NATO launched air strikes on the town of Zliten on the coastal road linking Tripoli and Misrata, killing 11 people.”

The state-run Libyan News Agency reported “many injured”, but no number was provided and this was not confirmed by any other source.

The airstrikes were reported by France 24 to have been on the Wadi Kaam region of Zliten. It noterd that “The official Libyan News Agency reported that ‘civilian and military sites’ in the Wadi Kaam area in Zliten were subjected to raids on Monday by ‘the colonial Crusader aggression,’ pointing to ‘the fall of 11 martyrs’ and wounding many others.”

NATO itself did not report strikes near Zliten on that day, and some independent monitors after the war said that some claims by Gaddafi regime-affiliated media had been found to be exaggerated or fabricated

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 11
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    nato_forces
  • Suspected targets
    Gaddafi forces, Other

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Zliten (زليتن), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.466659, 14.566591. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

nato_forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    nato_forces
  • nato_forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 11
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    nato_forces
  • Suspected targets
    Gaddafi forces, Other

Sources (7) [ collapse]