US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CI584

Incident date

March 28, 2017

Location

17 تموز, Mosul, July 17th, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.3667014, 43.0854607 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources said that four family houses were destroyed on top of their residents when airstrikes targeted an ‘ISIL headquarters’ in Hawi Al Kaneesa (Church) at west of Mosul.

Ninawa said that the houses fell on the heads of the four families living there. Nawar Nathim Ali said on Facebook there was news about civilian casualties but “now we are waiting for the details.”

Shafaaq reported that “the sources could not confirm the identity of the aircraft that carried out the air raid.” Only the Baghdad Press explicitly blamed the Coalition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 16
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Hawi Al Kanissa, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Dec 28, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties. (1072)

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 27th-28th: “Near Mosul, six strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units; destroyed six fighting positions, three mortar systems, two VBIEDs, a tactical vehicle, an artillery system, a VBIED facility, and a vehicle; damaged 11 supply routes; and suppressed four ISIS tactical units and two ISIS mortar teams.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 16
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI617

Incident date

April 7, 2017

Location

الموصل: غرب/الجانب الأيمن, Mosul, Farouk, Zinjili, Islah Zerae, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.336843, 43.117979 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Local sources, in what was possibly based on an Al Amaq [ISIL press agency] statement, reported that 22 civilians were killed and 42 injured in Coalition and Iraqi government airstrikes on Farouk, Zinjili and Isilah Zeraei (Agricultural Reforrm) neighbourhoods in West Mosul.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22
  • Civilians reported injured
    42
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Farouk, Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jan 25, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For April 6th-7th the Coalition publicly stated: “Near Mosul, six strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units; destroyed four mortar systems, three fighting positions, two VBIED factories, two command and control nodes, a rocket system, and a tactical vehicle; and suppressed six mortar teams and two ISIS tactical units.”

Iraq government forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iraq government forces
  • Iraq government forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22
  • Civilians reported injured
    42
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI650

Incident date

April 18, 2017

Location

المستشفى الجمهوري, Mosul, Republican hospital, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.355729, 43.117639 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that ‘US airstrikes’ hit the entrance of the emergency department of the Republican Hospital at the Medical Complex of West Mosul killing seven people. Some sources referred to a statement made by the ISIL press agency.

No additional details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (8) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Dec 28, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties. (1343)

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For April 17th-18th the Coalition reported that “Near Mosul, six strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units; these destroyed five fighting positions, three VBIEDs, one mortar system, and one front-end loader; damaged three fighting positions and two supply routes; and suppressed one ISIS tactical unit, one mortar team and one artillery system.”

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI682

Incident date

May 2, 2017

Location

Mosul, Al Hermat, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.323338, 43.112861 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Twenty five or more civilians were reported killed following a battle in the Hermat area of West Mosul. It was unclear whether Iraqi forces and/or the Coalition were responsible.

Amnesty International provided the following field report to Airwars citing an eyewitness: “On 2 May, in the early morning, there was a big attack on my street. The attack hit a house that was seven houses away from us. As a car bomb moved down the street, the tank targeted the car bomb, and then the ‘elephant bomb’ targeted the house. I don’t know how many people were killed, but we could hear the screams from the house. They were crying out “they killed our family”, “they killed my mother.”

Later, around 9 or 10am, there was an airstrike on our street. Seven houses were destroyed as a result. I didn’t see the attack, but as we were fleeing the next day, we saw all of the houses destroyed. That attack shock the ground. It felt like there was an earthquake. We could feel the whole earth move. I think it was a “bareena” missile – these go very deep – 3 meters into the ground. At least 23 people were killed from this attack, and one fighter. Most of the 23 were women and children. There were only two men among those killed. I didn’t see the bodies myself, but these are our neighbours, so we know who was killed. Only 13 survived who were living in those houses.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    25
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Al Hermat, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SLF270259
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jan 25, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For May 1st-2nd 2017 the Coalition reported: “Near Mosul; two strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units and destroyed two mortar systems, a front-end loader, an artillery system, a fighting position, a VBIED factory, and a medium machine gun.” It additionally stated that “Near Mosul, May 1st, three strikes destroyed three VBIEDs and three ISIS fuel tankers, and suppressed three mortar teams.”

Iraq government forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iraq government forces
  • Iraq government forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    25
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI718

Incident date

May 16, 2017

Location

17 تموز, Mosul, July 17th, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.3667014, 43.0854607 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that one civilian died and up to 30 civilians were still under the rubble in July 17 neighbourhood. Most sources do not say who was responsible – but one said it was the work of the Coalition.

Omar Al Halbusi reported on Facebook that Al-Mutasim Abdelmohsen Al-Bagari is still under the rubble, and that he and thirty other members of his family are in the neighborhood of July 17, after Coalition forces hit his house.

Ninawa Media Center reported (a call shared by Riad Al Samare and Sawlf Ateka on Facebook):”The family of Professor Moatasem (Professor at the University of Mosul, College of Computer Science and Mathematics) and other families with him are in the house, estimated 30 persons under the rubble and still alive, they are crying out to get out of the rubble as soon as possible. Location: July 17 neighborhood near the Mufti Mosque, the street in front of the clinic.”

In a later post, Sawlf Ateka Facebook group said that the security forces had rescued the family from under the rubble and “everyone was safe.”

However, two days after the alleged airstrikes in July 17 neighbourhood, the group reported the death of retired Brigadier General Muayad Yousef Hamid Al-Fahadi who was allegedly killed in shelling on his home in the neighbourhood.

The same was reported by his brother, Mohammed Yousef, who said that Muayad was killed in an airstrike. A nephew also reported the news: “With profound sadness I received the news of the death of my uncle, the retired Brigadier General Moayyed Yousef Al-Fahadi, whose house was bombed in Mosul on July 17, and I ask you to pray for him in his first night (..).”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Muayad Yousef Hamid Al-Fahadi Adult male Retired Brigadier General killed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    31
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Retired Brigadier General Muayad Yousef Hamid Al-Fahadi
  • Another photo of the alleged victim

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For May 15th-16th the Coalition publicly reported: “Near Mosul, five strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units; destroyed nine fighting positions, two mortar systems, to medium machine guns, two VBIEDs, two ISIS-held buildings, two VBIED facilities, and a supply cache; damaged 13 ISIS supply routes and nine fighting positions; and suppressed three ISIS tactical units and two mortar teams.”

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    31
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI787

Incident date

June 27, 2017

Location

الموصل القديمة, Mosul, Old City, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34075, 43.126911 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources said that at least 90 civilians were killed and injured as a result of ongoing fighting and shelling in Old Mosul, especially in the vicinity of the Al-Nouri Mosque and the destroyed Hadba Minaret. It is presently unclear which parties were responsible.

Yaqein agency reported that 71 civilians died, and others were wounded. It said the Joint Forces were responsible for the shelling – yet the precise role of the Coalition and/or Iraqi forces remains unclear.

Local Facebook page Sawlf Ateka later said that Rafa Abd al-Ahmad al-Lahibi, known as Abu Hassan died in the raids. A mortar allegedly hit his house in al-Makkawi area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Rafa Abd al-Ahmad al-Lahibi Adult male also known as Abu Hassan killed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    71
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    19
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • One of the victims of heavy shelling in Old Mosul on June 27th: Rafa 'Abd al-Ahmad al-Lahibi, known as Abu Hassan (via Sawlf Ateka)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For June 26th-27th the Coalition publicly reported: “On June 26, near Mosul, Iraq, one strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed a fighting position, a medium machine gun, a rocket-propelled grenade system and an ISIS headquarters.” It additionally reported that “On June 26, near Mosul, Iraq, one strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed a fighting position, a medium machine gun, a rocket-propelled grenade system and an ISIS headquarters.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient evidence of civilian harm
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Old Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • MGRS coordinate
    385SLF318236
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

Unknown
  • Nov 29, 2018
  • After a review of available information and the strike video, it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find civilians were harmed in this strike.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    71
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    19
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI820

Incident date

August 1, 2017

Location

تل عفر, Tal Afar, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.375659, 42.451536 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

According to local sources said that civilians were killed or injured in alleged Coalition and Iraqi force airstrikes on Tal Afar city, west of Mosul.

Tal Afar news agency reported that the aerial bombardment has continued in Tal Afar for the third day in a row. Civilians were confirmed dead, and the source said that Coalition aircraft bombed IS sites and the streets of the city intensively. Madar Al Arab reported that the commander of Nineveh operations confirmed the continued bombing of Tal Afar by the government and international Coalition aircraft.

Ali Alazawi added that the bombing led to the killing of the so-called training camp officials of IS.

The incident was first reported on August 1, 2017 at 12:13 am by وكالة انباء تلعفر Tal afar.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a number of locations within the city of Al-Tal Afar (تلعفر): Al-Sadiq al-Ameen Preparatory (إعدادية الصادق الأمين), which Airwars was unable to locate, however the location for Al-Tal Afar Preparatory School (إعدادية تلعفر) can be seen below; Al-Nada neighbourhood (حي النداء); the Al-Adli mill (طاحونة العدلي), which Airwars was unable to locate, for a possible location see below, and the village of Al-Alu (قرية العلو). Satellite imagery available to Airwars of July 27, 2017 and August 4, 2017 (a 13 day window) shows structural damage at the location of the Al-Tal Afar Preparatory school (إعدادية تلعفر), for which the coordinates are: 36.378889, 42.462778

  • Possible location for the Al-Adli mill (طاحونة العدلي), the Al-Tal Afar Preparatory School (إعدادية تلعفر) and the Tal Afar Middle School for Boys and Secondary Dhi Qar Evening (متوسطة تلعفر للبنين وثانوية ذي قار المسائية)

    Imagery:
    © 2018 Google

  • Locations of structural damage seen on satellite imagery available to Airwars of August 4, 2017

    Imagery:
    © 2018 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Tel Afar, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SKF711280
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 31st – August 1st , the Coalition reported: “Near Tal Afar, one strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed four fighting positions and two supply caches.”

Iraq government forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iraq government forces
  • Iraq government forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI852

Incident date

September 20, 2017

Location

Karabla, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

34.37695, 41.05442 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Local press said a number of civilians were killed following airstrikes on Karabla in Qaem district, west of Anbar province.

It was alleged by sources that the strikes killed a number of owners of car maintenance shops after they targeted the industrial district. The US-led Coalition was not blamed for the attack, however, nor were any other faction.

Qaim.City9 identified one civilian casualty by name.

No additional details are presently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the industrial neighbourhood in the town of Karabla (القائم). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location of this neighbourhood, however, the generic coordinates for the town of Karabla (القائم) are: 34.37695, 41.05442.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Karablah, al Qaiem, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 19th – 20th the Coalition reported “Near Al Qaim, two strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters and a weapons storage area.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]