Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

LC166

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Three civilians reportedly sustained indirect injuries from an LNA airstrike on Ain Zara.

Libya Alahrar TV wrote: “According to the Field Medicine and Support Center, a doctor, a paramedic and an ambulance driver were seriously injured on Tuesday in the course of their humanitarian duties in Ain Zara.

The FMSC said on Facebook that the injury of the medical staff was caused by a traffic accident, where the ambulance collided with another vehicle when they it to avoid night bombardment, which also resulted in the ambulance being damaged.”

Burkanly published a similar report and posted pictures of the damaged vehicle.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the damaged ambulance

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Zara (عين زارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.816556, 13.267525. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ059

Incident date

October 23, 2017

Location

الحدود الليبية المصرية, Libyan-Egyptian border, Libya

Geolocation

29.3223255, 24.7302246 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Egyptian planes destroyed a convoy of eight cars before it crossed the border from Libya. Reportedly the cars were loaded with weapons and belonged to an unknown extremist militia.

Al Hayat reported the following: “Army spokesman Colonel Tamer al-Rifai said that  Egyptian forces are conducting sweeps and raiding to the mountains and mountainous areas to track the terrorist elements executing attacks in the oases area, in conjunction with continuing efforts to protect the state borders in all strategic directions. He explained that the air force thwarted a new attempt to penetrate the western border, and resulted in the destruction of eight SUVs loaded with quantities of weapons and ammunition and high explosives, and the elimination of terrorist elements inside.”

There were no known public reports of civilian harm during the event.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Egyptian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Military
  • Egyptian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ020

Incident date

December 10, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, Leithi, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.094722, 20.1275 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Twitter sources reported airstrikes in the Benghazi neighbourhoods of Leithi, Al-Halis, Al-Nahr, Tika and Bouatni.

According to @LibyasChannel, “the Air Force continued to target the sites of terrorists in Al-Leithi and Alnahr road and Hawari and the western axis in the vicinity of the region of Alhalis”.

There were no known public reports of civilian harm at the time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2744

Incident date

November 20, 2017

Location

زملكازملكا, Zamalka, eastern Ghouta, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5261, 36.35385 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Possible Russian airstrikes hit Zamalka, eastern Ghouta, Damascus, local media reported, resulting in three civilian injuries.

Several media reported that Zamalka was subject to aerial shelling. According to @Hamza42129319, the town was hit by four raids.

However, only Smart News Agency reported that the strikes had caused civilian harm: “Three wounded [civilians] by warplanes likely to be Russian raid on the city of Zamaleka in rural Damascus”.

Also, Smart News Agency was the only available source that attributed blame.

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between November 4th - 20th 2017.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ006

Incident date

January 14, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, port, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.110556, 20.043889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Various sources reported that the LNA warplane attacked a trawler allegedly loaded with gasoline outside Benghazi. There were no reports of civilian harm.

According to Sky News, a military official said that a Libyan aircraft belonging to the internationally recognised government (HoR) attacked a fishing boat carrying a shipment of gasoline to the port of Benghazi this week after suspected of carrying supplies to militants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USYEMTr200

Incident date

June 24, 2019–June 25, 2020

Location

الجماجم, Al Jamajem, Al Bayda, Yemen

Geolocation

14.161298, 45.471865 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least five alleged AQAP militants were reportedly killed by a US drone strike in Al-Jamajem area, Tayab, in the Dhi Naseem district of Bayda governorate, overnight from June 24th-25th 2019. In an email to Airwars, US Central Command later confirmed that a strike had taken place on June 24th. Since there were no other reports of a strike on that day, this event is treated as declared.

Those killed were named by multiple local sources, including Al-Masdar Online, Al-Arabiya, and Sputnik, as ‘[prominent’ AQAP leader Al-Khadhir Al-Tayyabi; Abdul Rahman Al-Tayyabi; Salem Al-Wahaishi; and Ali Abdo Al-Wahaishi; as well as an additional person partially named as Al-Mallahi.

Local sources told Al-Masdar Online that a US drone had launched three missiles on an area of a nearby hill, killing five. Security sources told Xinhua that those killed were mid-level commanders.

While almost all sources reported that the strike took place late on June 24th, several such as Middle East Online and 7adramout, instead reported the strike as having taken place early on the next day. The earliest tweet identified by Airwars for this event was at 01.26am local time on June 25th. Accounting for this, we have assessed that the strike took place overnight.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Known attacker
    US Forces
  • Known target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    5

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Al Jamajem (الجماجم) area, allegedly located in the Tayab (طياب) subdistrict, within the north of the Dhi Nhim (ذي ناعم) district. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tayab district are: 14.161298, 45.471865.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Al Jamajem (الجماجم) area, allegedly located in the Tayab (طياب) subdistrict, within the north of the Dhi Nhim (ذي ناعم) district.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

US Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US Forces

LTC Earl Brown, CENTCOM spokesman, 4th July 2019: Only one strike in Al Bayda on 24 June. No collateral damage or CIVCAS
assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Known attacker
    US Forces
  • Known target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    5

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4006

Incident date

August 11, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabl, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians from the same family were reported injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian airstrike or artillery shelling on Kafar Nabl, Idlib, on August 11th which was the first day of Eid Al-Adha.

While an initial report stated that one woman was injured in the airstrike, all later sources indicated that the figure had risen to five as an understanding of the event unfolded.

Blame by local sources was attributed to both Russia and the Syrian regime. For example, SMART News Agency stated that “the city of Kafar Nabl south of Idlib was raided by Russian warplanes targeting houses, wounding five civilians from one family, including two women and a child, who were taken to a nearby hospital.”

However, SY24 correspondent said that the Syrian regime forces stationed in Braideej camp in the northwestern countryside of Hama rained down the city of Kafr Nabl in the southern countryside of Idlib with mortar missiles and artillery shells, which led to severe material damage to citizens’ properties, without information about injuries.

According to @jisrtv, “Regime forces bombard with rocket launchers, the city of Kafr Nabl, south of Idlib”. The airstrike is also reported to have caused fires and destruction in the attacked location.

Most sources attributed blame to Russia for the airstrike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Tweet translation: Aerial photos show the extent of destruction in Kafar Nabil city of southern Idlib countryside due to being targeted by Russian warplanes by an airstrike.
  • Aerial photos show the extent of destruction in Kafar Nabil city of southern Idlib countryside due to being targeted by Russian warplanes by air strike" (via IdlibPlus)
  • Aerial photos show the extent of destruction in Kafar Nabil city of southern Idlib countryside due to being targeted by Russian warplanes by air strike" (via IdlibPlus)
  • An image showing the destruction in Kafar Nabil city of southern Idlib countryside due to being targeted by Russian warplanes by air strike" (via IdlibPlus)
  • The extent of destruction in Kafar Nabil city of southern Idlib countryside due to being targeted by Russian warplanes by air strike" (via IdlibPlus)
  • Caption translation: "Regime forces used cluster missiles to bomb the city of Kafr Nabl in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via @abdalazezketaz)
  • Caption translation: The shelling of the rocket launchers targets the city of Kafr Nabl, south of Idlib, while the town of Maarzita was subjected to air strikes by the warplanes.
  • An image capturing the bombing of Kafr Nabl by Russian or Syrian regime on August the 8th 2011 (via @NagiNajjar)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC183

Incident date

August 16, 2019

Location

مطار معيتيقة, Mitiga International Airport, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.895041, 13.2785 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly injured by LNA shelling on Mitiga Airport in Tripoli.

The Facebook page of the Burkan Al Ghadab operation by the rival GNA said: “During the last few hours, the militia of the war criminal Hifter targeted the employees of the Libyan Company for Handling and Ground Services at Mitiga International Airport with Grad rockets, wounding two of them with shrapnel and damaging the buses of passengers.”

Other sources only reported artillery shelling but no civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Video of the shelling
  • Another video of the shelling
  • Pictures of the aftermath

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Mitiga International Airport (مطار معيتيقة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.895041, 13.2785. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (6) [ collapse]