Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS2167

Incident date

April 25, 2017

Location

عقيربات, Akeirbat, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.0412099, 37.464692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were wounded in an airstrike in Akeirbat, Hama, according to local sources – though it was not clear who was responsible for the strikes.

Smart News Agency reported that “Russian planes launched several raids targeting Akeirbat and the surrounding area in Hama, leading to several civilian wounded.”

However, the only other two known sources for this incident did not positively identify a belligerent.

All of the sources noted that “several” civilians were wounded, but there was no further detail provided.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between April 1st - 31st 2017.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4264

Incident date

December 18, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma'arat Al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four men were killed in allegedly Russian and Syrian regime air- and artillery strikes on the city of Ma’arat Al Numan, Idlib governorate, on December 18th, 2019, according to local sources.

The four male victims were identified as Muhammad Ziyad Al Abd, Abd Al Razzaq, Yaman Serjawi and Fares Ahmad Al Salloum. The Syrian Civil Defence reported five wounded, including two children.

The MMC reported “intense Russian military raids with vacuum missiles, targeting residential neighbourhoods in Ma’arat Al Numan city”. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported artillery shelling by the Syrian regime, in addition to Syrian regime airstrikes by helicopters. The shelling targeted Al Bezr market in the middle of the city, partially destroying several shops and damaging the market’s facilities.

The Syrian Civil Defence also reported that the Syrian regime shelled a building of SCD in the city.

Human Rights Watch said “In December 18, 2019, at about 11 a.m., the Maarat al-Nu`man Center for Primary Emergencies, a 24-hour ambulance deployment facility with additional emergency and child protection services, run by Violet, was hit. The center served about 600 people in the community. A Violet employee said that artillery shells struck the center’s ambulance garage and reception rooms, collapsing the building. The 10 people inside the office at the time were not wounded, but it took them five days to reopen the center. Human Rights Watch reviewed two photographs posted on Violet’s Facebook page that day that show damage to the office interior. These photographs also show damage to the windows and doors.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Muhammad Ziyad Al Abd was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Abd Al Razzaq was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Damage in a medical facility affiliated with Violet Organization by alleged Syrian regime shelling, according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (via SN4HR).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Abd Al Razzaq was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via Oula Al Assad).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC258

Incident date

December 22–23, 2019

Location

الباعيش, Al Baaysh, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.786735, 13.375550 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Grad missiles reportedly fired by LNA forces struck civilian neighbourhoods in Al Baaysh, Tajoura, injuring three civilians.

Libya Akbar News reported that “Local sources confirmed that missile shells landed in the Tajoura region, amid reports of civilian casualties.”

Burkan Al Ghadab said that “Indiscriminate Grad missile shells fired by the war criminal militia militia Haftar have fallen on the residential neighborhoods of Al Baaysh, Tajoura, and 3 civilians have been wounded with shrapnel.” It also published photos of the aftermath.

The Libya Observer said one of those injured was seriously hurt: “The three wounded have been admitted to hospital; one of them is in a critical condition, in addition to the severe damage caused to private property, according to the information office.”

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of a reported Grad strike on Al Ba`aysh, Tajoura’ on December 22nd-23rd 2019 which injured three civilians (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Aftermath of a reported Grad strike on Al Ba`aysh, Tajoura’ on December 22nd-23rd 2019 which injured three civilians (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Baaysh (الباعيش), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.786735, 13.37555. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Baaysh (الباعيش).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4296

Incident date

January 5, 2020

Location

سراقب, Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and three civilians, including a woman, were reported as killed and up to seven others, including two children and a woman, were wounded by Russian or regime forces in Saraqib on January 5th, 2020.

Alarby News and the Idlib Civil Defense Media Center reported that seven civilians, including two children, were wounded in the village of Saraqib and one civilian was killed. Local sources noted that five civilians were wounded, but Turkey Pos News supported earlier reports that the total of wounded civilians was seven. The name of the deceased woman was released as Suhaibah Ibrahim Al-Khaled.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR), “Suhaibah Ibrahim Sattouf al Khaled was killed as Syrian regime fixed- wing warplanes carried out strikes using machine guns and small- size missiles on Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate on January 5th”.

Edlib Media Center reported that five airstrikes hit the Saraqeb, while the Syrian Civil Defense in Idlib posted on Facebook that “A woman was killed and two children, a woman and four men were injured after a violent attack on #Saraqeb After 12 airstrikes by Assad’s warplanes, today .”

The Local Coordination Committees of Syria identified that at 13:51, regime “machine guns” struck the city of Saraqib, resulting in one death and five injuries.

A tweet from @thawrat111 provided information that three people were killed and many others were injured in raids on Saraqib. @jisrtv also identified two people, “a man and a woman”, killed.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said also the strikes also targeted the main market in the city damaging several shops and market’s facilities.

While the Syrian Network for Human Rights, Edlib Media Center and Syrian Civil Defense blamed the Syrian regime for the attack, @abuhuzaifa pointed to the Russian forces.

The incident occured at 13:51:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • "Warplanes of the Russian occupiers attacks Saraqib city"
  • Images of alleged Russian airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center)
  • Images of location of alleged Russian airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center)
  • Images of location attacked by an alleged Russian airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center)
  • Images of alleged Russian airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center)
  • Images of alleged Russian airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Macro Media Center).
  • Aftermath of the airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Macro Media Center).
  • Aftermath of the airstrike on Saraqib in Idlib on January 5th, 2020 (via Macro Media Center).
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Saraqib on January 5, 2020. (Image posted by @shaamnews)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Saraqib on January 5, 2020. (Image posted by @shaamnews)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Saraqib on January 5, 2020. (Image posted by @shaamnews)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Saraqib on January 5, 2020. (Image posted by @shaamnews)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM267

Incident date

January 16, 2020

Location

Wanlaweyn, Lower Shabelle, Somalia

Geolocation

2.61945, 44.89357 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Somali officials reported the death of a senior al Shabaab commander during a gun battle at Wanlaweyn. It was not clear whether US forces had also participated in the raid.

According to the Horn Observer, “The special forces known as DANAB raided the house of Mohamed Osman Hussein Buluush, a mlitant bomb expert in the town of Wanlawein 90 south of the capital, where he was killed in a fight, according to the state run Somali National News Agency (SONNA). According to Ismail Abdi Malik, Somali miltary commander this militant is said to have replaced Mohamed Siidow another militant bomb expert who was killed in a strike at Caliyow Barrow village.

Garowe Online reported similarly: “Osman Hussein Bulush, SONNA said, was killed by government forces in Wanlaweyn, following fierce gunfight between the militants and SNA. Bulush replaced Siidow SONNA said: ‘Government forces managed to kill Osman Hussein Bulush, the head of Mutafajiraad after fierce gunfight.'”

The incident occured around midnight.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Known attacker
    Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1–3

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Wanlaweyn, for which the coordinates are: 2.61945, 44.89357

Somali Military Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Somali Military Forces
  • Somali Military Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Known attacker
    Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1–3

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI684

Incident date

May 3, 2017

Location

Mosul, Al Hermat, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.323338, 43.112861 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was injured in a mortar strike by an unknown party on al Hermat in West Mosul, according to an eyewitness.

Amnesty International provided the following field report to Airwars citing an eyewitness: “At the time of the explosions and the bombings, the windows would shatter, and shrapnel would fly everywhere. Because of this, all of my family was staying under the stairway. At 2.30pm on 3 May, I crept out to take a peak out the window, to see what was going on, and just as I was going back to them, the mortar exploded in the street outside our house. I was so afraid when I heard the sound of it. Out of all of the family, I was the one who got to really experience the mortar – only I was injured. I got a piece of shrapnel in my side.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient evidence of civilian harm
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Mar 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find civilians were harmed in this strike.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For May 2nd-3rd the Coalition stated: “Near Mosul, four strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units and a sniper team; destroyed two fighting positions, two artillery systems, a heavy machine gun, a medium machine gun, and an ISIS staging area; and suppressed nine mortar teams.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4323

Incident date

January 20, 2020

Location

بلدات متعددة, Several towns, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam Network reported that Russian warplanes’ airstrikes that targeted cities, towns and villages in the western and southern countryside of Aleppo on January 20th, 2020 resulted in “injuries in the Atarib, Kafarna, Anjarah, al-Bawabiyyah, Orum al-Sughra, al-Qasimiyya, al-Kamari, Mernaz, al-Saloom, Kafr al-Nuran, rural al-Mohandessin, al-Bawabiya farms and the al-Shamiko area.

“While the towns of al-Mansoura, Kafr Fadel, and Khan al-Asal were hit by artillery and missile strikes.”

No further details are available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS159

Incident date

February 6, 2018

Location

كوتانة، عفرين, Kotana, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.770899, 36.818318 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to local media, one woman was wounded followed an alleged Turkish shelling of Kotana, Syria.

According to Cahida Dersim, a 70-year-old woman was wounded as result of the Turkish shelling on the village Kotan of district Bilbil. Her house has been destroyed.

The weapon type is unknown.

In a private report, KRC confirmed the injury of the civilian.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Amina Khalil Horo 70 years old injury to the head injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • A picture shows the house that was destroyed following the alleged Turkish shelling on Kotana, Afrin, 6th February 2018. (via, Cahida Dersim)
  • A picture shows the house that was destroyed following the alleged Turkish shelling on Kotana, Afrin, 6th February 2018. (via, Cahida Dersim)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Kotana, Afrin (كوتانة، عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.770899, 36.818318. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]