Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

TS114

Incident date

January 23, 2018

Location

شيا عفرين, Shya, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.496944, 36.598333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported that four civilians including two children were injured in the vicinity of Shya in Afrin canton.

YPG news reported Turkish bombing, but made no mention of civilian casualties.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Hesen Hemkalino
16 years old male named through a report shared with Airwars injured
Rojhat Ahmad
3 years old named through a report shared with Airwars injured
Asya Shekh Murad
70 years old female named through a report shared with Airwars injured
Fareda Kolen
56 years old female named through a report shared with Airwars injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Shya (شيا عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.496944, 36.598333. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM072

Incident date

June 3, 2017

Location

Welmarow, Lower Juba, Somalia

Geolocation

0.57652, 42.40677 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

AFRICOM denied conducting any recent airstrikes in Somalia, a VOA journalist reported – following recent claims of US activities in the Lower Juba region.

According to SomNews, US forces had conducted a helicopter assault on the village of Welmarow on the evening of June 3rd: “Helicopters thought to be from United States military have launched  a raid against Al Shabaab militants at a camp in Southern Somalia on Saturday night, residents said. The helicopters dropped foreign forces in Welmarow where Al -Shabaab has a base. The village is located about 65km away from Jilib district in Middle Juba region.

The America troops is said to have briefly engaged with militants. The sides have unchanged heavy and small weaponry during the confrontation. There was no immediate confirmation of any casualties.”

Horn Afrik, which also reported an attack on the village, said it had instead come from unidentified warplanes: “Unidentified warplanes hit Al-Shabab training base in Welmarow village, about 68KM from Jilib town in southern Somalia, locals said on Saturday Night.  According to a resident in Jilib, who sought anonymity due to safety concerns, several loud explosions were heard at the base, where the Al-Qaeda-linked militant group used as recruiting and training facility.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention that the strike targeted an Al Shabaab military base in or near the village Welmarow, according to media located around 65 kilometers away from the town Jilib. The coordinates for Jilib are: 0.494527, 42.777868. There is a village called Welmarow near Jilib at these coordinates: 0.57652, 42.40677. This is closer to Jilib, at a distance of 42 kilometers, but there doesn’t seem to be any other settlement with the same name, therefore we have geolocated this incident to this location. Due to limited information and satellite imagery available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • The village Welmarow at 42 kilometers distance to Jilib (65 km radius around Jilib marked in red)

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS403

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

زونار, Zunnar, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.534167, 38.726944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured in alleged Turkish or Turkish-backed shelling on Zunnar village of Ain Issa, Raqqa on December 24th, 2019 according to local sources. ANHA reported that the Turkish attack directly targeted civilian areas. Other sources blamed Turkish backed mercenaries.

@Karl_hakon reported that “Turkish-backed mercenaries targeted civilian areas in the Ain Issa countryside with artillery and heavy weapons. One civilian was injured due to an attack on Bir Zinar village when he was cultivating his land.”

@Jamal_Bali7 wrote on Twitter that “Turkish backed jihadists targeted civilian areas in the Ain Issa countryside with artillery and heavy weapons.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports on the incident mention the village of Zunnar (زونار) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.534167, 38.726944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3599

Incident date

March 11, 2019

Location

كفرنبودة, Kafar Nbouda, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.429388, 36.49078 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One or two civilians were injured in alleged artillery strikes on Kafar Nbouda, local media reported. The majority of sources said that the Assad regime was responsible, though Russian actions were also reported within the vicinity.

According to the Step News Agency, “an artillery bombardment by regime forces stationed at Camp of Bredig hit the town of Kfara Nbuda, slightly wounding a civilian.”

In a later report, Step said “a civilian was injured as a result of the mortar shelling on the town of Kafr Nbouda from the regime forces stationed at the Karim checkpoint north of Hama.”

Other sources mentioned wounded “civilians”.

Most reports blamed the regime, though the Smart News Agency pointed to “artillery shelling by Russia and the regime.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • 'the bombing of Kfar Nbouda'
  • Photo of artillery strikes on Kafar Nbouda on March 11th, 2019 (via @NorsForStudies).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC271

Incident date

January 2, 2020

Location

بن عاشور, Ben Ashour, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.877441, 13.206124 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, three random mortar shells landed on Ben Ashour area in Tripoli, Libya on January 2nd, 2020. One of the mortars fell on the house of Quraira Ammar family causing injuries among civilians, while the other two fell on Al Sikka road.

According to Africa Gate, civilians were warned not to gather in the areas that were shelled fearing any shelling renewal or un-exploded mortar shells.

Local reports of clashes point at the GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army, Government of National Accord
  • Suspected target
    LNA

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • The house that was hit with a mortar in Bin Ashour, Tripoli on January 2nd, 2020 (via Tripoli 219).
  • Damage to the house that was hit by an alleged Haftar forces random mortar in Bin Ashour, Tripoli on January 2nd, 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Ben Ashour (بن عاشور), for which the possible coordinates are: 32.877441, 13.206124. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Government of National Accord Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord
  • Government of National Accord position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army, Government of National Accord
  • Suspected target
    LNA

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI712

Incident date

May 14, 2017

Location

near Mosul, Iraq, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is a provisional reconciliation of the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, based on matching date and locational information.

The declassified documents were obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, and are included alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.

Incident Code

RS3598

Incident date

March 11, 2019

Location

كفرزيتا,, Kafr Zeita, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3747033, 36.5923691 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were wounded in an alleged regime or Russian artillery or rocket strike on Kafr Zeita, according to sources on the ground.

The Local Coordination Committees of Syria reported that “two civilians were wounded as a result of artillery shelling targeting the town of Kfar Zeita in the northern suburbs of Hama.” Facebook page Kafar Zeita identified the injured as Abdul Karim Salloum and Mohammed Al Karim.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights was among many sources blaming the regime. However, Kafar Zeita pointed to Russia, reporting that “about 70 shells from the Russian camps in Kubaybat, Al Kabriya and Al Trabayah hit the city [Kafar Zeita] since the middle of last night [March 10th]. The shelling has so far wounded two people.”

Mahmoud Al Hamwi posted a video of shelling on Youtube, reporting it as “shelling of the checkpoints  by the regime ‘s militia on the town of Kafr Zeita, in the countryside of Hama.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Adult male 'lightly wounded' injured
Adult male 'lightly wounded' injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Abdul Karim Salloum, wounded in an alleged regime or Russian strike on Kafr Zeita, March 11th (via Kafar Zeita)
  • TranslatioN: 'Scenes of the rocket attack on the city of Kafar Zeita, north of Hama'
  • Video posted on Youtube of alleged "Israeli shelling of the checkpoints of the regime 's militia on the town of Kafr Zeita, in the countryside of Hama" (via Mahmoud Al Hamwi).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS209

Incident date

February 17, 2018

Location

قرية قوتا, ريف عفرين , Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.7737831, 36.8417072 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to multiple local sources: two civilians were wounded following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages.

Claudia, a Kurdish activist reported on Twitter, one civilian was wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Quta villages. Furthermore, Afrin Now and Hawar news named an additional civilian who got fragments and breaking in his thigh, which is later named by the Kurdish Red Crescent also named the victim and reported that he was 17-years-old.

The source PYD Rojava also reported the injury of a civilian. According to Hawar news, dozens of shells fell on the villages.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

17 years old shrapnel fragments in his thigh injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Footage shows the destruction of the buildings after being shelled by allegedly Turkish on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source pyd rojava)
  • A picture shows some destruction in the buildings following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows smoke rising from the scene following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: @ClaudiaAlMinah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured civilian, being treated following alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows destruction in the building following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows destruction in the building following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows a destroyed motorbike, being targeted following alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (قرية قوتا, ريف عفرين ), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.7737831, 36.8417072. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]