Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS3809

Incident date

June 15, 2019

Location

كفرزيتا, Kafar Zeita, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source reported “victims” in an airstrike on Kafar Zeita, Hama, on June 15th.

Another source, Shaam News, also alleges the attack, but does not make reference to any civilian casualties.

Although victims are reported by Smart News in the “aerial bombardment”, no other information is known at this time with regard to how many civilians were harmed in the incident, or to what extent.

Airwars has set a possible injury range of 1 to 2 for this event – and is conducting ongoing research.

Shaam News names both Russia and the Syrian regime in the reporting of the event, while Smart News does not positively attribute blame for the airstrike.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Russia continues violating its "ceasefire" in northern Syria, and launches 14 air strikes on the towns of Kafr Zita and Al-Lataminah in the northern Hama countryside.
  • Translation: Russian occupation warplanes target with vacuum missiles the town of Kafr Zaita in Hama countryside.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

M21ISPT109

Incident date

May 18, 2021

Location

بيت حانون, غزة, Beit Hanoun, Gaza, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.536116, 34.537239 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

There were reports of civilian injuries, including one woman, following an alleged Israeli airstrike on a house in Beit Hanoun, northern Gaza on May 18th 2021, according to local reports.

Mezan reported: “At approximately 11:00 a.m. on Tuesday, May 18, 2021, the occupation warplanes bombed a group of citizens on Al-Qarman Street in the center of Beit Hanoun in the North Gaza Governorate, injuring one woman, who was transferred to Beit Hanoun Hospital for treatment, a medical source at the hospital described the injury as minor.”

Local journalist, Diaa Mahmoud, reported that there had been injuries following the strike but did not give any further details as to their identities or how many people were injured.

An eyewitness told Al Ayyam that two artillery shells landed close to an ambulance crew as they were transporting wounded people from the area.

According to The Palestinian Information Center the strike took place at 12:07pm local time.

The incident occured at approximately 11:00 am local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Al Qarmani Street (شارع القرماني), allegedly located within the town of Beit Hanoun (بيت حانون). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Beit Hanoun are: 31.536116, 34.537239.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

M21ISPT089

Incident date

May 17, 2021

Location

قرب مسجد سليم, بيت لاهيا, Vicinity of Salim Mosque, Biet Lahia, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.548385, 34.499603 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Adult male Muhammad Al-Masry, a journalist, and four children were reported injured in their family home in an alleged Israeli airstrike near the Salim Moaquein in Beit Lahiya on May 17th, 2021.

Alshabab news reported that warplanes hit the family home of Muhammad Al-Masry and local sources added that three missiles were fired at the house. Gaza Strip Palestine also named Muhammad Al-Masry and noted that he was a journalist.

Nbad stated that the five civilians were transferred to the Indonesian Hospital. It was reported that all injuries were moderate to minor but RT news reported serious injuries.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Salim Mosque (مسجد سليم), within the town of Beit Lahia (بيت لاهيا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.548385, 34.499603. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Reconnaissance planes target with 3 missiles a house for the Al-Masry family near the Salim Mosque in Beit Lahiya in the northern Gaza Strip. (Image posted by @PalinfoAr)
  • Reconnaissance planes target with 3 missiles a house for the Al-Masry family near the Salim Mosque in Beit Lahiya in the northern Gaza Strip. (Image posted by Al Shabab News)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3304

Incident date

March 19, 2018

Location

زملكا, Zamalka, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5261, 36.35385 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An unknown number of civilians was reportedly killed or wounded in alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on the city of Zamalka on March 19th, 2018, according to local sources.

@SYR_REV_NEWS reported “martyrs and wounded civilians as a result of warplanes raids with vacuum missiles on the cities and towns of Zamalka, Arbeen and Hazza.”

@SyriaTwitte wrote that the Russians carried out dozens of airstrikes on civilians. @hamadaalhr reported “dozens of fierce rocket strikes targeting residential neighbourhoods in Zamalka, Irbeen and Hazza in conjunction with fierce artillery shelling and fierce clashes.”

Shaam News Network reported that both Russia and the Syrian regime had been responsible and that in addition to wounded civilians, material damage was caused.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

M21ISPT046

Incident date

May 13, 2021

Location

مزارع بالقرب من بيت لاهيا, Farmlands near Beit Lahiya, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.551195, 34.509152 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Israeli military forces shelled farmland in Beit Lahia in the Northern Gaza Strip, killing one civilian and one combatant according to multiple sources.

The civilian killed during the shelling was named as 25 year old farmer Suhaib Abd Al Raheem Awad Ghanem by several sources. He was allegedly a member of Fatah.

The other victim was named as Yahya Mansour Ghaben by several sources. He was seriously injured in the shelling and was transferred to Shifa Hospital where he died from his injuries four days later. The majority of sources reported his age to be 24, however one source claimed he was 25.

Whilst several reports claimed that at the time of the shelling the two victims were farmers working on the land, several photos posted subsequently show Yahya Mansour Ghaben in military uniform and a subsequent post by Al Qassam Brigades reported him as a combatant, calling him a “Mujahid Qassami”.

Two sources reported that the incident occurred at approximately 5.30pm, whilst another source put the time of incident at approximately 5.50pm.The majority of sources attributed the strikes to Israel.

The incident occured at approximately 5:30 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Suhaib Abd Al Raheem Awad Ghanem صهيب عبد الرحيم عوض غانم
25 years old male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention farmland being struck in the vicinity of Beit Lahiya (بيت لاهيا‎). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Beit Lahiya are: 31.551195, 34.509152.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via Al Qassam Brigades)
  • 25 year old Suhaib Abd Al Raheem Awad Ghanem who was killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via The Palestinian National Liberation Movement)
  • 25 year old Suhaib Abd Al Raheem Awad Ghanem who was killed by Israeli military shelling in Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via Bilal Mohammed Ghanem)
  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via Alaa Aziz)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via Alaa Aziz)
  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via Abdel Rahim Mohamed Ghadn)
  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via @baselabuhassan)
  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via @Sohaibhbill)
  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via @Sohaibhbill)
  • Yahya Mansour Ghaben an Al Qassam Brigades Combatant killed in an Israeli shelling of Beit Lahia on May 13th 2021 (image via @Sohaibhbill)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1965

Incident date

October 2, 2021

Location

مزرعة تشرين, Mazra'a Tishreen, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.132398, 38.869372 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian, a “young” man, Abboud Al-Akeeb, was allegedly killed by US-led Coalition and Syrian Democratic Forces’ raid on Tishreen Farm, north of Raqqa in Syria on 2nd October 2021, according to multiple sources. The attack was reported to have happened at dawn.

Athar Press reported that “American forces and “SDF” carried out raids in the Tishreen farm in the north of Raqqa governate, where the sounds of clashes and strong explosions were heard in the vicinity of the farm.”

Dostor, Al Araby News, and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the campaign was “to search for ISIS cells.” According to the the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the US-led Coalition “carried out an airdrop operation” which resulted in the “arrest of two of ISIS leaders and several women, where a civilian was killed near the site coinciding with the airdrop operation.” Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (RBSS) reported that after raiding Mr. Al-Akeeb’s house, the military forces had “his parents tied up, and then the body was transferred to an unknown location. It later became clear that the operation was carried out by mistake and that the targeted persons are a family from the town of Sfira who lives next to the house of the slain “Abboud Al-Akeeb.”” RBSS also put the date of the strike on 1st October, although all other sources indicate this happened on 2nd October.

Local sources indicated that this operation coincided with another operation in Shanina. Watan reported that this raid shows an example of how the “US army and its affiliated militias have significantly increased the pace of raids and incursions into eastern Syria, targeting a large number of Syrian Arab tribesmen.”

It has been more than two years since Airwars has documented any alleged civilian casualties in Raqqa attributed to US-led Coalition and the SDF.

In a civilian casualty assessment released April 16th 2021, the Coalition classed this event as ‘non credible’, claiming that “After a thorough review of all CJTF-OIR’s strike and operation history, no strike or operation was identified +/-24 hours, in the vicinity of the allegation.”

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Abboud Al-Akeeb
Age unknown male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mazra’a Tishreen (مزرعة تشرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.132398, 38.869372. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Abboud Al-Akeeb, allegedly killed by US-led Coalition and SDF raid on Tishreen Farm, Raqqa on 26th September 2021. (Image via @SOHEB2019 / Facebook)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 3, 2023
  • October 02, 2021, near Mazra’a Tishreen, Syria, via Airwars report. After a thorough review of all CJTF-OIR’s strike and operation history, no strike or operation was identified +/-24 hours, in the vicinity of the allegation. 3310/CS1965 37SDV8824698641

Syrian Democratic Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces
  • Syrian Democratic Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3340

Incident date

March 26, 2018

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.81374, 36.60964 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Civilians were possibly wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on March 26th, 2018, according to Shaam News Network.

Shaam News Network reported the following: “Russian aircraft launched fierce air raids on the cities and towns of Ariha, Al Taman’a, Harsh Abidin, Al Naqir, Harsh Al Habit in the southern countryside, and Jisir Al Shugur, Al Safyat and Zarzour in the western countryside, which led to the fall of a number of wounded civilians.”

It is unclear in which specific incidents civilian harm occured.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS478

Incident date

November 9, 2021

Location

الهلالية, al-Hilaliya, Al Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.051495, 41.198363 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least three civilian men, including a 70 year old man, were killed in alleged Turkish drone strikes on a vehicle in the al-Hilaliya neighborhood in the city of Qamishli on November 9, 2021.

The North Press Agency reported that three people were killed in a Turkish drone strike in the al-Hilaliya neighborhood in the city of Qamishli. Furat News Agency referred to the three people killed as being civilians.

According to the sources of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the person who was targeted in the explosion is a member of the Syrian Democratic Forces’ leadership’s advisory, but he was not in the targeted car at the time of the strikes. Instead, the explosion resulted in the death of his grandfather, his brother and a third of their relatives. At the time of reporting, they believed that the explosion could’ve been caused by a Turkish drone or an explosive device planted in the car.

Rudaw News also reported that the vehicle that was destroyed was an armored vehicle that belonged to the SDF and that the strike killed his brother Mazloum Gilo, and two of their relatives Yousef Gilo and Mohammed Gilo.

A tweet from @slmhktn refers to “PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party) members” being in the car but does not specify who among the victims was a PKK member.

Images provided by local sources show a white SUV on fire in the middle of a residential neighborhood in the city of Qamishli, with residents and rescue teams trying to put out the fire. Tasrebat quoted a source that reported that ambulances transported the bodies of the victims, which were charred as a result of the fire, to the Khabat Military Hospital in the city.

Nalia Media Corporation added that the strike occurred at 3pm local time and that the drone belonged to Turkish forces.

The incident occured at approximately 3:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Yousef Gilo
70 years old male
Mazloum Gilo
male
Mohammed Gilo
male

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a car struck in the Al Hilaliya (الهلالية) neighbourhood of the city of Qamishli (قامشلي). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 37.051495, 41.198363.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @LaqsLaqs16

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2–3 men)
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by North Press Agency)
  • Flames engulf a car following alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by Furat News Agency)
  • Alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by BasNews)
  • Crowds gather around a burning car, with the fires caused by alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Crowds gather around a burning car, with the fires caused by alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by @LaqsLaqs16)
  • Crowds gather around a burning car, with the fires caused by alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by @LaqsLaqs16)
  • Flames engulf a car following alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by @LaqsLaqs16)
  • Flames engulf a car following alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by @LaqsLaqs16)
  • Victims of the drone strike and resulting fire caused by alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by @wrongname46)
  • Damage to the vehicle from the drone strike and resulting fire caused by alleged Turkish drone strike on a civilian car in Qamishli on November 9, 2021. (Image posted by @wrongname46)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2–3 men)
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (16) [ collapse]