Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0392a

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

الشيخ ناصر, Sheikh Nasser, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.340473, 34.312282 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In the early hours of Friday, October 20th, 2023, alleged Israeli airstrikes hit the al-Farra and Hadayed’s family homes in the Sheikh Nasser neighbourhood of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, reportedly killing 11 civilians spanning three generations. The victims of the attack included three children, five women, and three men.

Among those killed were grandfather 70 year old Abdul Raouf Saleh Ali al-Farra and his wife 60 year old Samira Muhammad Harzallah, alongside their two daughters, 21 year old Ghadeer Abdel Raouf Saleh al-Farra and 25 year old Hala Abdel Raouf Saleh al-Farra, their son, 32 year old Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Saleh al-Farra, and their daughter-in-law, Heba Salim Abu Nimah. The incident, reported by The Palestine Post (@PalpostN) and Twitter/X user @ehabomar21 to have occurred in the early morning hours of Friday, also claimed the lives of Abdul and Samira’s grandson (Heba and Ibrahim’s children), less than a year old Abdel Raouf Ibrahim Abdel Raouf al-Farra, and granddaughter, 1 year old Siwar Ibrahim Abdel Raouf al-Farra, as well as the Hadayed family’s young member Raed Abu Hadayed and his wife, whose name is still unknown. @ehabomar21’s tweet mentioned that “there were no survivors under the rubble” and a post from Yaser Mouaye Alfarra mentioned that at the time, the child Samira Ibrahim al-Farra’s body was still under rubble, indicating that young Samira was among those killed.

Condolences messages, along with several pictures honoring the victims, were posted on Facebook by various relatives and acquaintances, including Samira’s cousin, Asmaa Alfarra, and her nephew, Yehia Alagha; Abrahim’s cousin, Mohammed Shoaib Farra; a close friend who referred to him as his “beloved brother”, Hasan Ouda; and his classmate, Abod Elregeb, who stated that his “wise friend” Ibrahim was “one of the best of His creations in morals and upbringing”. Tarek Alfarra and Yaser Mouaye Alfarra also documented the aftermath of the bombardment and shared photos taken during the al-Farra’s family members’ funeral on Facebook.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. According to testimonies posted on Twitter/X and Facebook by @DrWhotreatsman and Jomaa Alfarra, respectively, the al-Farra’s residence was destroyed “without warning”.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Samira Ibrahim Al-Farra سميرة ابراهيم الفرا
Child female killed
Abdul Raouf Saleh Ali Al-Farra عبد الرؤوف صالح علي الفرا
70 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 955312046
Samira Muhammad Harzalla سميرة محمد حرز الله
60 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 955255435
Ghadeer Abdel Raouf Saleh Al-Farra غدير عبد الرؤوف صالح الفرا
21 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407958982
Hala Abdel Raouf Saleh Al-Farra هالة عبد الرؤوف صالح الفرا
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 403804388
Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Saleh Al-Farra إبراهيم عبد الرؤوف صالح الفرا
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803469477
Heba Salim Abu Nimah هبة سليم أبو نعمة
Adult female killed
Abdel Raouf Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Al-Farra عبد الرؤوف إبراهيم عبد الرؤوف الفرا
0.6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444265904
Siwar Ibrahim Abdel Raouf Al-Farra سوار إبراهيم عبد الرؤوف الفرا
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 444434328

Family members (2)

Raed Abu Hadayed رائد ابو حدايد
male killed
Wife of Raed Abu Hadayed زوجة رائد ابو حدايد
female killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Sheikh Nasser (الشيخ ناصر) to the east of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to find boundaries for the neighbourhood and to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Sheikh Nasser are: 31.340473, 34.312282.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (3 children5 women3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hasan Ouda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawthar A Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yaser Mouaye Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tarek Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tarek Alfarra
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abod Elregeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (3 children5 women3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS348

Incident date

October 16, 2019

Location

رفح, Rafha, Al Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.671052, 39.143708 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

“Many” civilians died and “more than 50” were wounded in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on Rafha village, local media said.

According to @ HiwaDilan_71, “Groups of gangs affiliated with the occupying Turkish state bombed a village inhabited by Arab citizens in Girê Spî. Many civilians have died, including more than 50 people hospitalized, including women, children and the elderly.”

@nazimodas posted footage of “a father whose son died in the bombing.”

Politika noted howitzer fire.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Rafha (رفح), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.671052, 39.143708. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 10
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "A father whose son died in the bombing."
  • Wounded civilians in Rafha village, Tal Abyad, Oct 16th (via Politika)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 10
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4558

Incident date

September 24, 2023

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was seriously injured in the village of Kansafra as a result of artillery shelling allegedly by the Russian Military and/or Syrian regime forces on September 24, 2023.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, a farmer was seriously injured by the strikes while he was working in the fig harvest. Additionally, the Civil Defense team mobilized him in an ambulance to the nearest hospital.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the shelling, with some sources attributing the bombardment to the Syrian regime forces while others blamed the Russian military forces. @syr_television added that both heavy artillery and missiles were part of the attack on Kansafra.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Agriculture
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Source: @SyriaCivilDefe

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Agriculture
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS362

Incident date

October 22, 2019

Location

رأس العين, Ras Al Ain, Al Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.848579, 40.073576 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were wounded in alleged Turkish sniper fire in Ras Al Ain.

Rojava Information Center tweeted: “Last night two refugee civilians in Til Temir tried to travel back into Sere Kaniye to check on their shop, now in the hands of Turkish-backed jihadi forces. A sniper opened fire on them and they came off their motorbike, suffering injuries”.

ANFEnglish added: “According to reports from the ground, residents of Serekaniye, who returned to the city to check their homes, were targeted by snipers of the occupation forces.” The report said that two civilians were injured in the attacks.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

35 years old injured
36 years old male injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras Al Ain (رأس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.848579, 40.073576. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian receives treatment following an alleged Turkish sniper fire in Ras al Ain, October 22nd (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian receives treatment following an alleged Turkish sniper fire in Ras al Ain, October 22nd (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian receives treatment following an alleged Turkish sniper fire in Ras al Ain, October 22nd (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian receives treatment following an alleged Turkish sniper fire in Ras al Ain, October 22nd (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian receives treatment following an alleged Turkish sniper fire in Ras al Ain, October 22nd (via ANHA)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0303

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

مخيم خانيونس, Khan Younis camp, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.348588, 34.293221 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the night of Tuesday, October 17th 2023, at least 21 civilians were killed and a number of others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the home of the al-Jabri family in the Emirat neighborhood, Khan Yunis camp.

CNN News and Safa quoted the Ministry of Interior in Gaza, which said that the bodies of 21 civilians killed in the bombing had arrived at the Nasser Hospital, with a number of injuries that weren’t specified. CNN approached the IDF for a response, and the IDF international spokesperson, Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus, said he was “not aware of any strikes specifically in those areas but they could have happened.”

A source on social media, Sufyan Akkad, shared images of the severely damaged building, rescue efforts, the injured trapped beneath the rubble, and bodies of those killed in shrouds. Shehab Agency shared the images of “explosive barrels dropped […] on the al Lamdani and al Jabri families in Khan Yunis camp.” Misbar News “learned from eyewitnesses that some of the targeted people were displaced from the northern Gaza Strip and Gaza City.” Sources did not provide any names or details of the victims, or the number of injuries.

Where sources identified the belligerents, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured during the night.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Khan Younis camp (مخيم خانيونس) to the west of Khan Younis (خانيونس). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Shujaiya are: 31.348588, 34.293221.

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Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sofyan al akaad

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4116

Incident date

October 24, 2019

Location

الجانودية, Al Janoudia, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.8839, 36.291466 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Seven or eight civilians died and 15 to 18 others were wounded in alleged regime or Russian strikes on Al Janoudia the afternoon of October 24, 2019, local media reported.

Edlib Media Centre reported: “Artillery and rocket shelling by regime forces targeted the town of al-Janodiya in the Jisr al-Shughour area of ​​western Idlib countryside on Thursday October 24th, killing six people and wounding seventeen others.”

According to @ShahbaPress, there were “up to 7 martyrs and at least 15 wounded due to the targeting of al-Assad forces in al-Janoudia town west of Idlib with artillery and rockets.” However, @abuhuzaifa_ blamed “Russian militia shelling”.

@SyrianCoalition reported that “six civilians were martyred by rocket shelling of the Assad regime, on Thursday evening, on the vegetable market in the town of Al Janoudia in Idlib, which was packed with civilians and farmers”. Many sources identified the market that was struck as Al-Hal Market.

A tweet from @HadiAlabdallah reported “at least 7 civilian martyrs and dozens of wounded.”

A Facebook post by Marekoo.salh.9 put the number of civilians injured up to 18.

One of the victims, Ammar Alikou, died of his injuries on October 27th, 2019, according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights.

@la1mea named five other civilians that were killed: Sherif Mohamed Sharif, Firas Yassin Boustany, Muhammad Anzawi, Muhammad Ayoub Giro, and Thaer Gharibi.

Abd al-Qadir Najib Razo was also identified as being killed and while the majority of sources identify them as a civilian, the Violations Documentation Center reported that they were a non-civilian member of Faylaq al-Sham.

A video posted by @W2VwmFMCVowAhEb shows the body of a victim being placed in a white van, where another body had already been placed. Another video posted by @aboalhodaalhoms shows three other bodies being removed from the market and placed in white vans.

Various sources identified artillery and missile strikes as being part of the attack and they were conflicted as to whether Russia or the regime were responsible.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Adult male died of his injuries on October 27th, 2019 killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 8
  • (3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–18
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The aftermath of an alleged Russian strike on Al Janoudia, Oct 24th.
  • Photo of the alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime artillery and rocket strikes on the town of Al Janodia, Idlib province, on October 24th 2019 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Caption translation: Civilian homes and markets are still a target for the Assad regime and its allies, as artillery shelling hit the town of al-Janudiyah, killing 6 civilians and wounding 17 others. (Image posted by @RaedAlSaleh3)
  • Image of The martyr, God willing, Firas Yassin Boustani, from Jisr Al-Shughour, the village of Al-Janudiyah - killed in strikes on October 24, 2019 (Image posted by Shohada`a & Mafqudeen Jisr alshoghour via Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 8
  • (3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–18
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0434b

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

النصيرات, Nuseirat Camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450065, 34.392934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Saturday, October 21st, 2023, an alleged Israeli bombardment hit the Abu Jabr family home in Nuseirat camp, Gaza Strip, killing the wife of a commander of “the Central Brigade”, Nabil Abu Jabr, alongside their four children, including a son and a daughter under the age of 18.

The 45-year old wife of Nabil Abu Jabr, Ghada Abdul Azim Hamad Al-Qatshan Abu Jabr (Umm Bakr), was killed alongside her four children: her eldest son, 22-year-old Bakr Nabil Abu Jabr, a 21-year old son Muhammad Nabil Abu Jabr, a 12-year old son Baraa Ashraf Abu Jabr, and a 17-year old daughter Shahad Ashraf Abu Jabr. Nabil Abu Jabr was not reported to have been killed in this incident, and at least one source referred to the home as belonging to the “martyr” Nabil Abu Jabr, indicating that he was likely killed previously. This information will be updated if and when further details emerge.

Posts shared on social media by relatives and friends expressed deep sorrow and condolences for the family. They described the Abu Jabr family members as generous and esteemed individuals and highlighted their impact on the community. The posts also referenced Islamic teachings about patience and the belief that those who die in the cause of God are alive with Him.

Israa Fayez wrote on Facebook that the late Ghada was her aunt, while Safoa Said Sh mourned the death of her uncle’s wife. Both relatives expressed their grief and devastation over the loss of Ghada and her children. Eslam M. Tawil remembered the young boy Baraa as “his polite student” and attached an image of a boy in a yellow hoodie. Samer Qashlan and the Nuseirat camp account on Facebook also paid tributes to the young boy.

The sources did not identify the belligerent, but the Airwars has matched all of the names of some of the civilians killed with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, which explicitly mentions that names on the list are “victims of the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip”. Therefore this incident has been graded as a Single Source Claim, and civilian harm status as Fair.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Ghada al-Qatshan Abu Jabr غادة القطشان أبو جبر
45 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 901600411
Muhammad Nabil Abu Jabr محمد نبيل أبو جبر
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408516185
Bakr Nabil Abu Jabr بكر نبيل أبو جبر
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 406132506
Shahad Ashraf Abu Jabr شهد أشرف أبو جبر
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422615161
Baraa Ashraf Abu Jabr براء أشرف أبو جبر
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 432364529

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Nuseirat (النصيرات) camp, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450065, 34.392934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children1 woman2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rahma
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoood3
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nuseiratcity
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children1 woman2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS599

Incident date

March 20, 2017

Location

السبخة, Sabka, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

35.810278, 39.263889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to fourteen civilians were wounded in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Sabka village, according to multiple local sources.

The Shaam News Network was among sources reporting the injury of 10 civilians in a Coalition strike, while Syria News Desk put the number of wounded at 14.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–14
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (8) [ collapse]

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is a provisional reconciliation of the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, based on matching date and locational information.

The declassified documents were obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, and are included alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Sabkah Syria,
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 30, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 20th-21st the Coalition stated: “Near Ar Raqqah, 19 strikes engaged eight ISIS tactical units; destroyed four petroleum oil lubricant equipment pieces, three barges, three fighting positions, three ISIS headquarters, two VBIED facilities, two VBIEDs, a VBIED factory, a tunnel, a vehicle, a weapons storage facility, and a command and control node; and damaged two supply routes.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–14
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (8) [ collapse]