Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS3963

Incident date

July 27, 2019

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 13 civilians were reported killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib, on July 27th, 2019 according to local sources. The airstrikes targeted the western neighborhood and a popular market, and France 24 reported that the airstrikes targeted two residential buildings.

Members of two IDP families from Sinjar and Ma’aret Al-Nu’man were reported killed in the airstrikes. @abdalwhab761 said that the father of one of the families said that he lost 11 members from his family, when asked by a journalist. It is unclear whether they all belong to this incident.

One of the children, Adham badawi, died on July 28th of his injuries sustained as a result of this airstrike.

Zaman Al-Wasl said that the airstrike led to demolishing some houses on the heads of its residents. Syrian Civil Defence said their volunteers pulled bodies of civilians out of the rubble. Local sources expected the real number of victims to be higher as many residents were trapped under the rubble.

Although initial sources cited much lower figures (three), the numbers of those killed rose to nine then thirteen as understanding of the events unfolded – with nine fatalities named by Ariha Today. Of those killed, four to seven were children. A further 22 to 40 were injured in the incident, 22 of whom were named by Ariha Today.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “at least 11 civilians, including seven children and a woman, were killed as Syrian regime warplanes fired several missiles on al Gharbi neighborhood in Ariha city in Idlib governorate southern suburbs, on July 27.”

Ariha Today documented “11 martyrs and more than 30 injuries, mostly children and women, as a result of the airstrike targeting the residential neighborhoods of the city, among the martyrs were displaced people from the area of Sinjar.”

SY-24 raised the death toll to 13, while NPA Syria said that more than 40 others were injured.

Sources accused the Russian forces and/or  the Syrian regime in reporting the incident.

Zaman Al-Wasl  quoted Walid Aslan, the commander of the civil defense sector in the city of Ariha as saying that ” a warplane belonging to the Assad forces carried out a surprise raid with high explosive missiles this afternoon in the center of Ariha in an area that is considered the most densely populated, which led to the destruction of many homes above the heads of its residents.”

@aboalhodaalhoms tweeted a video commenting “Horrific and cruel scenes from the Ariha massacre today in Idlib countryside, which was committed by the Russian warplanes as if it were a resurrection. New war crimes added to Russia’s criminal record.”

@SyrianCoalition wrote that “there is no justification for international non-action to stop this genocide except the moral fall of the international community.”

The time of the incident is unclear as some sources reported it in the morning, and others in the afternoon.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (7)

45 years old male Lost his whole family and then died in a hospital in Turkey killed
14 years old female Minor injuries injured
13 years old male killed
50 years old female killed

Family members (4)

45 years old male killed
2 years old female 2 or 4 years old killed
1.5 years old female Her leg was amputated injured
Adult female Minor injuries injured

Family members (4)

7 years old female Injury in the limbs injured
35 years old female Injury in the limbs injured
8 years old male Injury in the limbs injured
50 years old male injured

Family members (3)

9 years old Injury in the limbs injured
10 years old Injury in the limbs injured
7 years old Injury in the limbs injured

Family members (4)

35 years old male Head injury injured
3 years old female Multiple shrapnel injured
5 years old male He died on July 28th of his injuries killed

The victims were named as:

40 years old male killed
24 years old male killed
8 years old female Injury in the face injured
10 years old female Injury in the limbs injured
6 years old female Injury in the limbs injured
40 years old male Hand injury injured
35 years old male Limbs injury injured
13 years old female Hand injury injured
30 years old female injured
20 years old male Limbs injuries injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 13
  • (5–7 children1 woman4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    22–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (45) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (72) [ collapse]

  • Image Caption Translation: "Two casualties and dozens of injuries in the initial toll of an air strike on Jericho in rural Idlib, and Civil Defense tries to rescue those trapped under the rubble." (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Two casualties and dozens of injuries in the initial toll of an air strike on Jericho in rural Idlib, and Civil Defense tries to rescue those trapped under the rubble." (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Two casualties and dozens of injuries in the initial toll of an air strike on Jericho in rural Idlib, and Civil Defense tries to rescue those trapped under the rubble." (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image Caption Translation: "international terrorism over our children # Jericho # Idleb led by # Russia and the # Assad terrorist regime. There is no justification for international non-action to stop this genocide except the moral fall of the international community." (via @SyianCoalition)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption Translation: "international terrorism over our children # Jericho # Idleb led by # Russia and the # Assad terrorist regime. There is no justification for international non-action to stop this genocide except the moral fall of the international community." (via @SyianCoalition)
  • Image Caption Translation: "international terrorism over our children # Jericho # Idleb led by # Russia and the # Assad terrorist regime. There is no justification for international non-action to stop this genocide except the moral fall of the international community." (via @SyianCoalition)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption Translation: "international terrorism over our children # Jericho # Idleb led by # Russia and the # Assad terrorist regime. There is no justification for international non-action to stop this genocide except the moral fall of the international community." (via @SyianCoalition)
  • Image Caption: "at least 11 civilians, including seven children and a woman, killed as fixed-wing Syrian regime warplanes fired several missiles on al Gharbi neighborhood in Ariha city in Idlib governorate southern suburbs, on July 27." (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption: "A body of a victim of the massacre in Ariha city in Idlib caused by Syrian regime bombing: Image showing a civil defense member carrying a child who was killed in fixed-wing Syrian regime warplanes bombing on al Gharbi neighborhood in Ariha city in Idlib governorate southern suburbs, causing a massacre, on July 27." (via Syrian Network for Huamn Rights)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image caption translation: "URGENT: Rise of the martyrs to 11 martyrs in the city of Jericho # in the countryside of Idlib." (via @abuhuzaifa_)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Displaced from the town of Sinjar to Ariha # Today he lost five members of his family ... his wife and four children as a result of air raids on his house in the city of Jericho # Prev # Idlib" (via @abuhuzaifa_)
  • Image Caption: " More than 25 injured as a result of the air strike that targeted the city of Ariha" (via Ariha Today)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption translation: "Three civilians were killed and 20 others were injured as a result of an air strike on civilian houses in the city of Jericho in the village of Idlib this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption translation: "Three civilians were killed and 20 others were injured as a result of an air strike on civilian houses in the city of Jericho in the village of Idlib this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption translation: "Three civilians were killed and 20 others were injured as a result of an air strike on civilian houses in the city of Jericho in the village of Idlib this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image Caption translation: "Three civilians were killed and 20 others were injured as a result of an air strike on civilian houses in the city of Jericho in the village of Idlib this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "11 civilians, including five children, were killed and 22 others were injured in a horrific massacre carried out by the regime's aircraft against the residents of Jericho City in Idlib countryside this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "11 civilians, including five children, were killed and 22 others were injured in a horrific massacre carried out by the regime's aircraft against the residents of Jericho City in Idlib countryside this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "11 civilians, including five children, were killed and 22 others were injured in a horrific massacre carried out by the regime's aircraft against the residents of Jericho City in Idlib countryside this morning." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: Ariha Today
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: Horrific and cruel scenes from the Ariha massacre today in Idlib countryside, which was committed by the Russian warplanes as if it were a resurrection! New war crimes added to Russia's criminal record.
  • Caption translation: "You are all partners in killing our children." A message from a civilian after the Russian warplanes bombed Ariha this morning. # Idlib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: He fled with his family from Ma`rat al-Nu`man to the city of Ariha to escape the bombing, so the Russian air force came to kill his five sons with their mother.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    This man and his family fled Ma'aret Al-Nu'man (or Sinjar as other sources said), only to lose his family including his wife and five children in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via @abdalwhab761).
  • Caption translation: The first moments of the warplanes targeting a popular market in the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, with an air strike.
  • Caption translation: Eleven martyrs in Ariha today. Renewed massacre led by Russia on the bodies of people and their homes in revenge for its military defeat in Idlib and Hama This man in the picture lost all of his family today Peace be upon you, O great Syria .. Wounded Syria.
  • Caption translation: Aerial photos of the aerial bombardment on the city of Ariha in the Idlib countryside, and these raids killed nine civilians and a number of wounded.
  • Caption translation: This man is from Maarat al-Nu`man. He fled to Ariha to save his family from the bombing in his city. Russia and Assad planes killed his family: his wife and 5 children, in Ariha 7/27-2019.
  • Caption translation: The journalist asked him: Why are you crying, do you have someone under the rubble !? He said: My whole family, 11 members. The interview is over. Idlib - Ariha 07-27-2019
  • SCD volunteers on the ground after alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019 that led to deaths and injuries among civilians. (via @abazeid89).
  • SCD volunteers on the ground after alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019 that led to deaths and injuries among civilians. (via @abazeid89).
  • A father who lost his whole family in airstrikes on Ariha is crying his loss. (via @abazeid89).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019 that led to deaths and injuries among civilians. (via @abazeid89).
  • Scenes of destruction caused by alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib on July 27th, 2019. (via @Sy24ria).
  • Scenes of destruction caused by alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib on July 27th, 2019. (via @Sy24ria).
  • Scenes of destruction caused by alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib on July 27th, 2019. (via @Sy24ria).
  • Scenes of destruction caused by alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib on July 27th, 2019. (via @Sy24ria).
  • Aerial photos of the aerial bombardment on the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside, which led to killing and injuring a number of civilians on July 27th, 2019. (via @khalidaboalmjed).
  • Caption translation: Three martyrs and 20 wounded in a preliminary result, as a result of an airstrike by warplanes on civilian homes in the city of Ariha. Civil defense teams worked to aid the injured and recover the martyrs, and the search is still ongoing for survivors under the rubble.
  • Rubble removal after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • Civilians on the rubble caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A Syrian Civil Defence holds the body of a child that was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SCD volunteers pulling a civilian out of the rubble caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SCD volunteers and civilians carrying the body of a civilian in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Shaam).
  • Aftermath of Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Eldorar).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A body of what looks like a child pulled out of the rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Eldorar).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A body of what looks like a child pulled out of the rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Eldorar).
  • Aftermath of Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Eldorar).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of Fares Qaddah who was killed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Abo Anis Al Homsi).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of Fares Qaddah who was killed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via Abo Anis Al Homsi).
  • Airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • Airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • Airstrikes on Ariha on July 27th, 2019. (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a young man under the rubble of a destroyed house in the city of Ariha, near Idlib, in the north of the country, where nine civilians were killed and more than 28 were wounded, Saturday, July 27, 2019, with raids by Syrian regime warplanes on residential neighborhoods in the city. (Caption and image copyright SMART, published in the public interest).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man stands near the body of a young man among the rubble of a destroyed building in the city of Jericho, near Idlib, in the north of the country, where nine civilians were killed and more than 28 others were wounded, Saturday, July 27, 2019, as a result of raids by Syrian regime warplanes on residential neighborhoods in the city, coinciding with the flight of 12 warplanes Affiliated to Russia and the regime over Idlib Governorate. (Caption and image copyright SMART, published in the public interest).
  • A man carries the body of a civilian among the rubble of a destroyed apartment building in the city of Ariha, near Idlib as a result of Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • A man carries the body of a civilian among the rubble of a destroyed apartment building in the city of Ariha, near Idlib as a result of Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • Men and members of the Syrian Civil Defense carry the body of a man on a stretcher in the city of Ariha near Idlib after alleged Syrian regime or Russian forces airstrikes on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • Members of the Syrian Civil Defense near the body of a civilianو searching for victims among the rubble of a demolished apartment building in the city of Ariha in the aftermath of Syrian regime or Russian forces airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • Civilians and members of the Syrian Civil Defense wrapped the corpse of a civilian in a cloth cover amid the rubble of a demolished apartment building in the city of Ariha, near Idlib ,as a result of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest.)
  • Civilians and members of the Syrian Civil Defense wrapped the corpse of a civilian in a cloth cover amid the rubble of a demolished apartment building in the city of Ariha, near Idlib ,as a result of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest.)
  • Members of the Syrian Civil Defense on top of the rubble of a residential building in the middle of a destroyed neighborhood in the city of Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest.)
  • Members of the Syrian Civil Defense on top of the rubble of a residential building in the middle of a destroyed neighborhood in the city of Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest.)
  • Members of the Syrian Civil Defense on top of the rubble of a residential building in the middle of a destroyed neighborhood in the city of Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest.)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense on top of the rubble of a destroyed residential building near a number of officers and an ambulance in the city of Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • Members of the Syrian Civil Defense try to climb over the rubble of a destroyed apartment building in the city of Ariha near Idlib, after Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • A group of people stand on the balcony of a demolished apartment building near a man standing on the rubble of a destroyed building in the city of Ariha near Idlib on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).
  • A number of residents and civil defense personnel gathered with an ambulance in a destroyed residential neighborhood in the city of Ariha, near Idlib on July 27th, 2019. (Copyright SMART. Published in the public interest).

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 13
  • (5–7 children1 woman4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    22–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (45) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI412

Incident date

January 11, 2017

Location

حي الحدباء, Mosul, Al-Hadba, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.3951712, 43.1503487 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A local sources claimed Coalition airstrikes and artillery shelling targeted the Hadbah neighbourhood northeast of Mosul had killed “dozens of civilians.” This took place after ISIL reportedly targeted Iraqi forces with three bombed cars during the afternoon.

Ajel Al Mosul spoke of “heavy” and “indiscriminate” airstrikes. It also reported that an “air strike targeted a civilian home in Hadbah neighborhood near the Hassan markets causing the destruction of the house.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is a provisional reconciliation of the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, based on matching date and locational information.

The declassified documents were obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, and are included alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    1 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SLF3419029369
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 29, 2017
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For January 10th-11th the Coalition publicly noted: “Near Mosul, three strikes engaged three ISIL tactical units; destroyed four fighting positions, two vehicles, an ISIL-held building, and a rocket-propelled grenade launcher; and damaged 39 supply

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1826

Incident date

January 12, 2017

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.8141415, 36.6017972 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between seven and 12 civilians died – including four children and three women – following an airstrike which struck a five story building in Ariha, Idlib. Sources were conflicted as to who was to blame for the raid, with some blaming Russia and others blaming the Syrian regime. 

No specific numbers of civilians were reported wounded.

Zaitonmag reported that “a five-story building collapsed in the city of Areeha in the village of Idlib, over the head of its residents, as a result of Russian air strikes targeting the city”.

According to sources, many civilians, including children, remained trapped under the rubble for a long period of time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 12
  • (4 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Members of the civil defence dig through the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Ariha, Idlib, 12th January 2017. (via @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Members of the civil defence dig through the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Ariha, Idlib, 12th January 2017. (via @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Members of the civil defence dig through the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Ariha, Idlib, 12th January 2017. (via @SyriaCivilDefe)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between January 1st – 31st 2017.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 12
  • (4 children3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1409

Incident date

August 23, 2017

Location

Mulla Zaid near Tal Jayer, Al Hasakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.033926, 41.0987592

Airwars assessment

Twelve civilians were reported killed in an alleged US-led Coalition airstrike near the village of Mulla Zaid, close to Tal Jayer town.

The dozen people who died were travelling in a vehicle, described as a “closed car” or “van”, when they were hit.

Zamanalwasl referred to the victims as displaced people though did not mention from where they had fled. The strike also reportedly hit an old mill. All sources blamed the US-led Coalition.

While the alliance itself did report striking three targets in the governorate on this date, in its assessment of this claim it asserted that “After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Tal al Jayer, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFV890897
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For August 23rd-24th the Coalition reported “On Aug. 22, near Al Shadaddi, Syria, two strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed two fighting positions.

Media
from belligerent (1) [ collapse]

  • For Aug 23rd-29th, France report 8 strikes in Iraq and 11 strikes in Syria, plus 46 artillery missions in Tal Afar, Iraq.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS638

Incident date

February 19, 2016

Location

العرضي, Al A'ardi (Deir ez-Zor), Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.3352757, 40.1499438 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Twelve civilians died, including seven from the same family, in alleged Russian airstrikes on the Al A’ardi neighbourhood according to local sources.

Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently reported 12 deaths in two Russian raids, while Shaam News Network said Russian warplanes “targeted civilians’ homes directly“.

Both Al Jazeera and Alsory__Alhor also reported Russian strikes, but didn’t provide specific casualty numbers, while Euphrates Post noted there had been raids on Al A’ardi, but didn’t identify the “warplanes” responsible.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2944

Incident date

January 29, 2018

Location

معصران, Ma'saran, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.70683, 36.802053 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

As many as 12 civilians were killed, including a family of five, and dozens more were injured, in airstrikes on Ma’saran, according to local media. Sources either blamed Moscow for the strikes or “warplanes”.

In raids which struck civilian housing, a mother and her four children were killed, in the middle of the night.

Euphrates Post however, reported up to as many as 12 civilian deaths.

According to local media, members of the Syrian Civil Defence worked until the following day, rescuing bodies from the rubble in the aftermath of the strikes.

Victims were taken to local medical points to receive treatment.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Nour Omer Abo Kersh
Adult female killed
Aysha Ajini
Child female killed
Khadija Ajini
Child female killed
Kawthar Ajini
Child female killed
Mariam Ajini
killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 12
  • (4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via @apdalrhmah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Four children killed in airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via @aboalhodaalhoms)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via @SyriaCivilDef)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via @SyriaCivilDef)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via @SyriaCivilDef)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via @SyriaCivilDef)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via Edlib Media Centre)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via Edlib Media Centre)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via Edlib Media Centre)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Ma'saran, 29th Jan 2018. (via Edlib Media Centre)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 12
  • (4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1326

Incident date

September 23, 2016

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between six and 12 civilians died and dozens more were wounded in airstrikes on Al Bab city, according to local media – though sources were conflicted as to who was responsible. There were allegations against Russia, the Syrian regime and one against the US-led Coalition. A number of sources noted that they had been unable to identify the warplanes that carried out the strikes.

The lowest death count was give as six civilians by Enabbaladi, who, like many other sources, noted that “dozens more” civilians were wounded. This sources blamed the Syrian regime, as did Radio Alkul and Aletihad Press. @24Aleppo also attributed the event to Assad, reporting that warplanes fired four vacuum missiles on the city.

However, the Smart News Agency – who put the death toll at 11 – was among a number of sources attributing the incident to Moscow.

One source, Ara News, pointed towards the US-led Coalition, and gave the highest death count of 22 civilians. It said that “fighter jets belonging to the international coalition targeted a number of residential sites in the city and killed 22 people, injuring dozens more”.

@albab_city noted “the martyrdom of one of the heroes of the civil defense in the city Al Bab”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

Khaled Ahmed Al Naama
Adult male Member of The White Helmets killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 12
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, US-led Coalition

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Burnt out vehicles on a street in Al Bab, allegedly struck by Russian warplanes, Sept 23rd (via Aletihadpress)
  • Halab Today reports the death of 12 civilians following "air raids" on al Bab. 23rd September 2016
  • Shahed Ayan reports that casualties resulting from the "air raids on al bab" had risen to 20. 23rd September 2016
  • Syrian Reporter reports 20 dead as a result of "air raids" on al Bab, including a member of the civil defence. 23rd September 2016
  • Aleppo 24 reports 12 dead and dozens under the rubble following alleged regime strikes on al Bab. 23rd September 2016
  • Masar Press reports that 12 were killed and dozens injured as a result of warplane shelling on the city of al Bab. 23rd September 2016
  • ElEtihad press reports raids on al Bab. 23rd September 2016
  • Aleppo Media Centre reports ten killed including women and children in warplane shelling on al Bab. 23rd September 2016
  • Step news reports 12 killed in air raids on al Bab. 23rd September 2016
  • Radio Al Kul reports 12 killed 'most of them women and children' in alleged Regime raids on al Bab. 23rd September 2016

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Coalition reported no strikes near Al Bab city for September 22nd, 23rd or 24th.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 12
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, US-led Coalition

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3171

Incident date

March 5, 2018

Location

جسرين, Jisreen, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5112138, 36.3881891 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Twelve named civilians including women and children were killed, and dozens were injured, in air and artillery strikes which hit the residential neighbourhoods in Jisreen. Sources blamed both the Syrian regime and Russia for the airstrikes.

One source reported that there were dozens of airstrikes on the vicinity.

As many as four children and six women were killed, sources said.

Syrian Civil Defence reported that “dozen [were] trapped under the rubble” in the aftermath of the raids. Footage and images show members of the Civil Defence pulling victims from the rubble.

The White Helmets added that “the number of martyrs in the city of Jisreen had risen to 11, including 4 children and 6 women as a result of renewed targeting of residential neighborhoods by air strikes and artillery shells.”

Radio Amal FM said that there had been “more than ten air strikes”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Adult female killed
Child female killed
Adult female killed
Adult female killed
Adult female killed
Adult male killed
Adult female killed
Child male killed
Child female killed
Adult female killed
Adult male killed
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 12
  • (4 children6 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Jisreen, 5th March 2018. (via @SaadEddin_souma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A victim is pulled rom the rubble in the aftermath of airstrikes on Jisreen, 5th March 2018. (via @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Victims are pulled rom the rubble in the aftermath of airstrikes on Jisreen, 5th March 2018. (via @MOAZALSHAMY)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 12
  • (4 children6 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (15) [ collapse]