Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

YEMYEM004

Incident date

September 2, 2011

Location

الكود, Al Kud, Abyan, Yemen

Geolocation

13.086120, 45.361937 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least four people, three women and a man, were killed in alleged Yemeni strikes on Al-Kud on September 2, 2011.

On the second of September, a tweet from @YemenLatestNews reported that four people from the same family were killed as part of a Yemeni airstrike against suspected Al Qaeda operatives. Barakish.net also reported that four individuals were killed, describing the victims as three women and one man. It was reported that a shell struck the civilian home “by mistake”. Witnesses to the bombing as well as a reporter from Barakish.net noted that Al Qaeda operatives have been hiding in civilian homes for cover and have planted mines around the roads and bridges in the Al-Kud region as they fled that area.

Amnesty International gave a more complete report of the event, noting that three women and one man were killed, and the civilians were among the last families left still living in the battered Al-Kud region. The victims were named as Mariam Ahmed Ibrahim Ali al-Sobeihi, her sister Ansa Ahmed Ibrahim Ali al-Sobeihi, their mother So’oud Ali Hassan, and stepfather Abdullah Ali bin Ali. The family, who according to the report, remained in the village to tend to their lambs, were discovered under the remnants of their home by Mariam’s son.

Mariam’s son told Amnesty International: “I took a donkey to a farm that has a well not far from our home. I fetched water for the lambs and then heard loud explosions. I hurried back home and I saw that the ceiling had fallen almost in one piece to the ground. There was so much dust that I couldn’t see well… There was no movement, no sound… so I thought my family had gone somewhere else. I went to nearby homes that belong to my grandfather and my grandmother and I was shouting like a madman: ‘Mum! Auntie!…’ There was no answer. I returned home and the dust had settled by then… My eyes caught an orange cloth with red roses on it from under the rubble; it was my mother’s dress… she was wearing it that day… I couldn’t handle it. I froze to the spot.”

“Then my two cousins, including one whose mother was under the rubble, came from Aden to force us to go with them because they could hear the intense shelling from there. I told them they were all under the rubble… We were all shocked… We started removing the rubble until we reached them. They were covered in dust mixed with blood. They were all dead. We wrapped them in long cloths… we couldn’t bury them in al-Kawd because Ansar al-Shari’a were based in the cemetery… my cousin called his friend from Ja’ar who came with his car and helped us take them to Ja’ar… we buried them in its cemetery.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Mariam Ahmed Ibrahim Ali al-Sobeihi
female killed
Ansa Ahmed Ibrahim Ali alSobeihi
female Mariam's sister killed
So’oud Ali Hassan
female Mother to Mariam and Ansa killed
Abdullah Ali bin Ali
male Stepfather to Mariam and Ansa killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 women1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Yemeni Air Force
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Kud (الكود), for which the generic coordinates are: 13.086120, 45.361937. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Yemeni Air Force Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Yemeni Air Force
  • Yemeni Air Force position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 women1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Yemeni Air Force
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-156

Incident date

September 2, 2011

Location

وادي الأحمر, Wadi Al Ahmar, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

30.907725, 17.518703 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least 45 people, including men and women, were found dead in September in a mass grave in the Red Valley near Sirte after being tortured and killed by Gaddafi’s forces. One person survived and was left with the dead in the grave.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    45
  • (2 women2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Wadi Al Ahmar (وادي الأحمر) area, for which the generic coordinates are: 30.907725, 17.518703. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Wadi Al Ahmar (وادي الأحمر) area.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    45
  • (2 women2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USYEM030-B

Incident date

August 31–September 1, 2011

Location

أبين, Abyan, Yemen

Geolocation

13.766164, 46.112811 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Province/governorate level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

US airstrikes killed up to 33 militants, with no civilian harm reported in Abyan province between August 31 2011 to September 1 2011. Multiple sources claimed the militants killed in the alleged airstrike were Al Qaeda militants. Some sources reported the alleged strike was carried out by Yemeni air force warplanes, however others claim it was by US drones.

The alleged airstrikes took place on a Yemeni brigade under siege from AQAP fighters. The Long War Journal posited that the Yemeni military unit involved was the 25th Yemeni Mechanized Brigade.‘The airstrikes freed a Yemeni military unit besieged in southeast Abyan for several weeks,’ Yemeni military officials told The Associated Press.

Reuters Aden reported that the “government forces backed by air force planes killed 17 militants on Wednesday”. It is therefore unclear whether the militants were killed by airstrikes or clashes with Government forces.

However the The Long War journal reported a different account claiming “Yemeni officials claimed that more than 30 Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula fighters were killed during a US airstrike”. Multiple sources corroborated that the number of militants killed in the alleged strike was as high as 30.

Although the US have not claimed responsibility for the strike, the US military provided aerial resupply drops to the encircled forces using US aircraft, reported the Washington Institute.

Reuters reported initially that the Yemeni military suffered no casualties. However, a later report by Reuters stated that three government soldiers died. Seattle Times reported as many as four military officers have been killed as a result of the clashes.

US military officials contacted by The Long War Journal would not comment on airstrikes, but said: ‘We continue to provide counter-terrorism aid, intelligence, and logistical support to Yemeni forces’.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Yemeni Air Force
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    20–33

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the governorate of Abyan (أبين), for which the generic coordinates are: 13.766164, 46.112811. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Yemeni Air Force Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Yemeni Air Force
  • Yemeni Air Force position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Yemeni Air Force
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    20–33

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-154

Incident date

August 29, 2011

Location

بني وليد, Bani Walid, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

31.771461, 14.047162 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to 19 civilians were allegedly killed by a NATO airstrike on Bani Walid.

Riyad Jaber said: “The martyr Salah Saad Barnous was martyred on the 29th of Ramadan by the NATO bombing.”

Mustafa Al Fitouri wrote in his book: “On the night of 29th-30th August Salah Sa’ed Barnous 23 years old, an university student and the only son to his mother, was killed while an airstrike targeted a building near a military building inside a residential neighborhood.”

He added: “The fifth airstrike targeted Bani Wali 180 km southwest of Tripoli – before midnight on August 29th 2011 hitting a site called Al Qate in the midtown killed 19.
Al Qate’ is a military site according two witness testimonies collected by the Libyan organisation for Human rights bin Wali branch – the site was empty during the first airstrike and the people gathered to help and all the killed are civilians.”

NATO on that day declared striking “2 Command and Control Node, 1 Military Ammo Storage Facility” near Bani Walid.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

23 years old male killed
Muhammad Al-Fitouri Hassan
15 years old male killed
Sharaf al-Din Taher Muhammad
16 years old male killed
Abdel Hamid Belkacem Al Mahdi
20 years old male killed
Mustafa Ibrahim Faraj
23 years old male killed
Gaddafi Moftah Abdul Salam
15 years old male killed
Saad Abdullah Muhammad
11 years old male killed
Hassan Mohamed Faraj
18 years old male killed
Fathi Abdel Qader Bashir
23 years old male killed
Essam Saleh Muhammad
21 years old male killed
Hussein Ahmed Miftah
21 years old male killed
Ahmed Ibrahim Mohamed
34 years old male killed
Osama Saeed Imal
22 years old male killed
Ramadan Abed Ahadi Abdullah
40 years old male killed
Hussein Abdullah Sultan
40 years old male killed
Saad Abdullah Muhammad
Age unknown male killed
Ali Al-Osta ِAhdada
Age unknown male killed
Ayman Dhawal-Shandouli
18 years old male Born 1989 killed
Abdul Karim Sam Abdul Karim
Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    19
  • (4 children12 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Known target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • Salah Saad Barnous, allegedly killed by NATO bombing on Bani Walid on August 29th, 2011 (via Riyad Jaber)
  • Salah Saad Barnous, allegedly killed by NATO bombing on Bani Walid on August 29th, 2011 (via Mu’aer Awhida)
  • Salah Saad Barnous, allegedly killed by NATO bombing on Bani Walid on August 29th, 2011 (via Al Awhidat)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Military camp near Bani Walid allegedly hit by NATO airstrike on August 29th, 2011 (via Bani Walid Blogspot)
  • Ayman Dhawal-Shandouli, allegedly killed by NATO airstrike on Bani Walid on August 29th, 2011 (via Taha Al Shandouli)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of a military camp within the town of Bani Walid (بني وليد). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bani Walid are: 31.771461, 14.047162.

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

NATO forces

In the vicinity of Bani Walid: 2 Command and Control Node, 1 Military Ammo Storage Facility.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    19
  • (4 children12 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Known target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-153

Incident date

August 28, 2011

Location

ابوكماش, Abu Kammash, Nuqat al Khums, Libya

Geolocation

33.074325, 11.733057 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one man was killed by Zowara rebels after he was apprehended on August 28, 2011 in Abu Kammash according to the UN Report Source Page 80.

An unarmed man was apprehended from Riqdalin and was then forced to face a wall and was then shot.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Abu Kammash (أبو كماش), for which the generic coordinates are: 33.074325, 11.733057. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-152

Incident date

August 26, 2011

Location

مشفى أبو سليم, Abu Salim Hospital, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.854058, 13.174511 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 39 and 200 civilians died in Abu Salim hospital in Tripoli on August 26, 2011 according to multiple news sources, including Al Jazeera and BBC News.

A video by Al Jazeera shows Abu Salim hospital in Tripoli full over more than 100 dead bodies in the intensive care unit after the majority of the staff fled from violence. The reporters saw 39 bodies but is estimated that up to 150 died, with some being shot according to a witness. They describe the victims in the hospital as being both rebels and Gaddafi loyalists.

According to BBC News, about 200 people died in the hospital, including men, women, and children and pro-Gaddafi forces were responsible for killing them.

Videos posted by AFP Arabic, Popular Front for the Liberation of Libya, Ali Bob and Al Aan TV show countless dead bodies in the hospital and patients, including children, being evacuated by the International Red Cross.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    39 – 200
  • (2 children2 women2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Abu Salim hospital (باب العزيزية) in Tripoli (طرابلس‎), the generic coordinates for which are: 32.854058, 13.174511. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    39 – 200
  • (2 children2 women2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-151

Incident date

August 25, 2011

Location

باب العزيزية, Bab Al Aziziyah, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.872127, 13.173331 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least 29 people were killed at a camp site outside the Bab Al Aziziyah compound in Tripoli on August 25, 2011 that may have housed a makeshift medical clinic and was alleged to be supervised by Gaddafi supporters.

According to BBC News, two of those killed had strips of green cloth, indicating that they were Gaddafi supports, but it is unclear whether they were killed by rebels or Gaddafi loyalists. Human Rights Watch says that four of the bodies were on hospital beds and the others were lying on mines.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    29
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Bab Al Aziziya (باب العزيزية) complex in Tripoli (طرابلس‎), the generic coordinates for which are: 32.872127, 13.173331. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Bab Al Aziziya (باب العزيزية) complex in Tripoli (طرابلس‎).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    29
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USYEM029-B

Incident date

August 25, 2011

Location

وادي حسان, Wadi Hassan, Abyan, Yemen

Geolocation

13.128141, 45.448983 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An alleged US drone strike that took place on Wadi Hassan, south Zinjibar was reported to kill up to eight militants, with no civilian harm reported, on August 25th 2011.

Eight suspected Al Qaeda-linked militants were killed in the airstrike. Multiple sources named a local Al Qaeda leader Abu Jaber al Sanaai as killed in the strike.

Critical threats also named three other militants – Ahmed Saleh Farhan bin Jalal, Hamza Saleh Hamza bin Jarullah, and Mohamed bin Mubarak Mohamed bin Jarullah – from the Ma’rib governorate as also being killed in the alleged strike.

The militants were reportedly members of Ansar al-Sharia, or ‘supporters of Islamic Sharia’, a group linked to al Qaeda.

France24 reported that up to 14 militants had been alleged to be killed in airstrikes over the 24th and 25th of August in South Zinjibar, which includes USYEM027-B and USYEM028-B.

Local residents claimed that the strike had been carried out by US drones. France24 added that the CIA director Leon Panetta “said his country was carrying out anti-terrorism operations in Yemen.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    8

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the are of Wadi Hassan (وادي حسان), south-east of Zinjibar (زنجبار), for which the generic coordinates are: 13.128141, 45.448983. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    8

Sources (4) [ collapse]