Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

TS542

Incident date

August 9, 2022

Location

السلماسة, Al Salmsaa, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.640463, 40.292959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed on August 9th 2022 in the village of Al-Salmsaa, southwest of Tal Tamr district in Syria, as a result of alleged Turkish military artillery.

The incident was reported to have taken place at approximately 3:30am in the morning, which allegedly resulted in the death of Ibrahim Mohammad Hashi, aged 55. He was reportedly displaced from the village of Al-Sebatiya, northwest of Tal Tamr district.

Hashi was severely injured in this attack and was taken to Hasaka Hospital where he was confirmed dead.

The incident occured at 03:30:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Ibrahim Muhammad Hashi
55 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Salmsaa (السلماسة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.640463, 40.292959. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2458

Incident date

September 16, 2017

Location

اللطامنة, Al Latamina, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3219885, 36.6234398 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were wounded in air and artillery strikes on Al Latamina, according to local media. Sources blamed both Russian warplanes and the Syrian regime for the raids.

Some sources reported that there were no casualties.

There were several strikes with shells, artillery and RPG’s.

One source reported that there was some material damage.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4465

Incident date

September 6, 2022

Location

شنان, Shanan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one to four civilians were reported wounded as a result of artillery shelling reported to be from either Syrian regime or Russian forces.  The shelling targeted Shanan village in Jabal al Saweya, south of Idlib on September 6th 2022.  Most sources reported that one civilian, a woman, was injured, but @HalabTodayTV was the only source to report that there were four injuries as a result of this incident.

Several shells were reported to hit residential buildings in the village and houses were damaged as a result. According to Syrian Network for Human Rights, the shells hit the main road near Omar bin al Khattab Mosque in the village, partially damaging the mosque.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • SNHR exclusive photo showing the damages to a house in the village (Image via SNHR)
  • SNHR exclusive photo showing the damages to a house in the village (Image via SNHR)
  • "Civilian casualties in artillery shelling by the regime forces on the village of "Shanan" in Idlib countryside" (Image via @HalabTodayTV / Twitter)

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM351-C

Incident date

September 9, 2022

Location

Mubarak, Lower Shabelle, Somalia

Geolocation

1.917140, 44.772843 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to 10 civilians, including a child, were killed and up to 20 others were injured in alleged Somali and/or US airstrikes or drone strikes on the village of Mubarak on September 9, 2022. Sources are conflicted as to whether one of the people, Abdullahi Sheikh Abukar known locally as ‘Arab” was a member of al-Shabaab or a civilian.

Voice of America quoted Somalia police spokesman Sadiq Adan Ali Doodishe who said that Somalia’s elite military unit had conducted an operation against al-Shabab, killing two senior commanders – a senior al-Shabab commander known by the name “Carab” (other sources refer to him as “Arab”), and Aw Maaye, who was in charge al-Shabab’s extortion operations in Mubarak – and wounding 10 others, in addition to freeing civilian hostages who may have been hurt during the operation. Voice of America also reported that according to local media and residents, an airstrike was part of the military operation and that al-Shabaab claimed that the airstrike killed 10 civilians and wounded 20 others, including “truckers and farmers” according to @HarunMaruf quoting al-Shabaab.

An investigation done by journalist Mohamed Gabobe for Mepa News details the incident: around sunset in Mubarak, “a meeting was underway at a bus station with local hawkers and drivers to settle a dispute amongst the group, that’s when I heard a loud bang” according to one of the drivers of the lorry transporting vegetables (pseudonym Abdullahi Mohamed). Abdullahi recalled seeing numerous corpses and wounded people, all civilians, and he himself sustained injuries from shrapnel. The chairman, Haji Gafow and deputy chairman Hassan Abukar that were tasked with presiding over the meeting for the drivers and hawkers where instantly killed in the (drone) strike. Locals in the town began helping the wounded into a vehicle to be taken to Mogadishu for treatment but as they approached the Arbiska locality near Mogadishu about four or five military style vehicles cut them off the road, forced them to pull over, and took all the victims by force to the government run Medina Hospital. “Upon arriving at the government run Madina hospital, Abdullahi said many of the wounded civilians brought in from Mubarak where profusely bleeding, some could barely even speak and where in a state of shock, while others where unconscious. As soon as they entered the hospital, the security personnel at the government run Madina hospital began taking pictures of the victims when they were brought in, with some of the security personnel even heckling the wounded victims and calling them “Al-Shabaab”, which Abdullahi felt was a form of humiliation. Later on officers from the specially trained Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of the Somali police force began interrogating the wounded civilians as they lay stretched out on the bed. Questioning them on whether they had any ties to Al-Shabaab, taking photos of them, while others where even finger printed, Abdullahi says.”

Another witness named Abdirashid Hassan (not real name), whose younger brother Mahad Hassan (not real name) was wounded in the same drone strike, told Mepa News that the wounded victims “were intercepted by security forces as they approached the Arbiska locality. The wounded victims were seized and transferred to the government run Madina hospital in Mogadishu. After arriving at the government run Madina hospital, security personnel began asking the victims all sorts of questions that pertained to their identities and any links to Al-Shabaab. They even had a list ready, Abdirashid says. The matters were made worse by the officers from the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) assigned to interrogate the wounded victims, he goes on to say.” His younger brother Mahad sustained serious shrapnel wounds that struck an area under his heart that caused him to lose consciousness and memory loss. When describing the incident, Abdirashid said “In the past, they would hear engines roaring in the distance, signaling a drone was in the area or a strike was imminent, forcing everyone to flee or take cover. However, Abdirashid said this time around it differed. In Mubarak, residents have fallen victim to numerous drone strikes over the years but the velocity of this air raid was never seen before.” Abdirashid named the killed civilians as “Osman Sidow, Aden Gajeelo, Madey Hassan Goobe, Hassan Figlow, Haji Gafow, Abukar Hassan, Hassan Haji Ibrahim and his young son, an individual from the nearby village of Darasulam named Abukar Abdimasud and Abdullahi Sheikh Abukar known locally as ‘Arab”, specifically refuted the government’s claim of ‘Arab’ as being a militant, adding that the closest Al-Shabaab base was two kilometers away.

A senior Somali government official speaking on the condition of anonymity told Mepa News that the meeting between drivers that transport people, crops and other goods from the Lower Shabelle region to Mogadishu included a high-profile al-Shabaab member who was the target, as well as confirming that there was intel about a high number of civilian casualties.

Radio Dalsan reported that a drone strike hit a bus station, killing eight people and seriously wounding nine people who were admitted to Medina Hospital, and that the families of the victims and the media have been denied access to the hospital wards by the Criminal Investigation Department (CID). A resident of Mubarak who rushed the victims to Mogadishu told Radio Dalsan “I want to tell the government that the problem that occurred in Mubarak Yesterday, massacred civilians, and the majority of the drivers who were gathering for a meeting when they were targeted with the bombs. 8 people have died. 9 people who got injured in the attack are receiving treatment. I have heard that the CID is saying these people are Al-shabaab. I want to confirm to the Somali government that these people are innocent civilians who have no links to Al-shabaab.”

Anadolu Agency reported that residents in Mubarak told them that “several civilians were killed and more than a dozen others were injured” during the strike, and that they were taken to hospitals in Mogadishu for treatment. A video by Dalsan TV reported that 10 civilians were injured and at least five were killed by an attack by a US drone while Kulmiye News reported that some of the airstrikes hit civilian homes in the Mubarak area, killing three civilians and injuring 10 others.

According to the Somali Guardian, the US air strike hit a meeting of local drivers that transport residents between the  agricultural town of Mubarak and Mogadishu, inflicting casualties on civilians, with some sources reporting up to seven killed and 20 wounded.

The Somali Ministry of Information, Culture, and Tourism released a statement that “Special Forces of the Somali National Army have destroyed al-Shabaab’s financial center in Mubarak area of Lower Shabelle region of South West State of Somali, killing the leader of al-Shabaab in the area and wounding nearly a dozen…..The wounded included Osman Daud who was the most senior al-Shabaab member in Mubarak and Aw May who was responsible for al-Shabaab’s extortion of money.” Somali police spokesman Sadiq Adan Ali Doodishe added that “at the time of the operation al-Shabab was holding civilians hostage for extortion but the army freed the hostages. Some of them were hurt during the operation.”

Sources are conflicted as to who was responsible for this incident. The Somali government initially released a statement taking credit for the raid, as well as acknowledge that civilians were injured. However, multiple sources have directly referred to US as being responsible for the civilian casualties, or have referred to the operation as being aided by drone, which only the US has the capabilities of.

This incident is the first allegation of civilian casualties resulting from US airstrikes since President Biden announced the redeployment of American special forces to Somalia.

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Haji Gafow
Age unknown killed
Hassan Abukar
Adult male killed
Osman Sidow
Age unknown killed
Aden Gajeelo
Age unknown killed
Madey Hassan Goobe
Age unknown killed
Hassan Figlow
Age unknown killed
Hassan Haji Ibrahim
Age unknown male killed
Son of Hassan Haji Ibrahim
Child male killed
Abukar Abdimasud
Age unknown from the nearby village of Darasulam killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 10
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–20
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–10

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Statement from Somali Ministry of Information, Culture, and Tourism
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of the alleged US or Somali airstrike on Mubarak on September 9, 2022. (Image posted by Mepa News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mubarak, for which the generic coordinates are: 1.917140, 44.772843. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 10
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–20
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–10

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

IRI004

Incident date

September 28, 2022

Location

كويسنجق, زرغوز, التون كوبري, Koya, Zargwez, Altun Kupri, Erbil/Sulaymaniyah/Kirkuk, Iraq

Geolocation

36.079082, 44.630527 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

35.387466, 45.480366 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map 35.754771, 44.142924 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On September 28th, 2022, at around 10:30 am, dozens of Iranian missiles and drone strikes reportedly killed between 13 to 14 people, according to official fatality estimates, though some local media estimated that it could be up to 18. Between 58 to 62 others were injured. The strikes were conducted in a number of areas including Koysanjaq/Koya/Koy Sanjaq district, Bardi area and Prde area (Erbil governorate), Zargwez area/ Zarkwezela/ Zargwezalla residential complex (Sulaymaniyah governorate), Sherawa area, and Altun Kupri/Altun Kubri district in Kirkuk governorate.

While the exact number of civilians harmed remains unclear, local sources indicated that at least 13 across all locations were killed, including a pregnant woman, her one-day old infant, alonside at least one child, while at least another 58 were injured – including three journalists and likely a number of children.

Airwars decided not to split out these incidents into several assessments as it was not possible to clearly distinguish the casualties between the areas targeted. It remains unclear whether some locations hit by Iranian strikes were military training camps or if only civilian buildings were struck. Moreover, at the time of the strikes, sources were conflicted as to whether or not members of the parties were actively engaging in military activities. 

Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) claimed responsibility for the strikes. The Washington Post said “the headquarters of three Iranian Kurdish opposition parties who support the ongoing demonstrations inside Iran” were targeted by Iranian strikes: the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) “in the Koya district, the Kurdish Komala Party in the village of Zarkwezela, in Sulaymaniyah province, and the Kurdistan Freedom Party (PAK) in Kirkuk province.” KDPI, PAK, and Komala were described by local sources as Iranian left-wing opposition parties with armed wings banned in Iran, and exiled in Northern Iraq. The New York Times, quoting the UN, added that the attacks hit “Iranian refugee settlements” and sources observed that a primary school inside a camp was also targeted. The Kurdish Ministry of Health recorded difficulties for the ambulances to reach remote mountainous areas hit.

A number of Komala militants were reportedly “lightly injured”. According to Human Rights Watch, IRGC said it targeted “the offices of Iranian opposition parties, referring to the targets as “terrorist bases.” However, “residents and witnesses told Human Rights Watch that some of the attacks struck towns and villages where the opposition parties were not conducting any military activity.” The NGO added that they “could not verify whether sites hit in mountainous regions that host military training activities by the opposition parties targeted, as Iranian authorities claimed.” Rudaw claimed that the sites targeted were “not military, but completely civilian”. The Washington Post reported that KDPI confirmed the deaths of two of its members”, while PAK also counted 2 of its members killed and a number of others injured. The UNHCR noted a “number of civilian casualties and injuries, including Iranian refugees – including women and children”, while ANF News stated that those injured were mostly civilians. “According to the South Kurdistan anti-terrorist services, 13 people, including a pregnant woman, were killed in the attacks, and 58 people, mostly civilians, were injured.” Local sources also recorded a number of militants killed or injured as well as soldiers injured.

At least 70 ballistic missiles and dozens of drones, launched from Iranian territory were reportedly used by IRGC according to Iraqi and Kurdish official sources. France 24, quoting Iraqi officials, said that Iran “carried out “twenty drones carrying explosive materials”. Rudaw added that “Iranian state media reported the use of Fath 360 missiles in the attack” as well as “Shahed-136 suicide drones”

KOYA – (ERBIL)

In Koya, KPDI headquarters were reportedly targeted. Tariq Haidari, mayor of the Iraqi Kurdish city of Koya, told Reuters that “two people including a pregnant woman were killed and 12 wounded. Some of the wounded were rushed in critical condition to hospital in Erbil” .  He added that Iranian drones targeted “a military camp, homes, offices and other areas around Koya”. UNHCR Iraq noted that strikes also hit an Iranian Kurdish refugee camp located in Koya district. According to a UNHCR official, “The attack caused damage to an elementary school where refugee students were present”.According to HRW quoting UNICEF, “the attacks in Koya struck a school in a refugee settlement, injuring two children and killing a pregnant woman.

-The pregnant woman was either identified as “Reyhane (Shima) Kanaani” “Rehana Kanaani”, “Shema”, “Jenin Rehan Kanaani “, “Reyhaneh Kanaani” or “Rihana Kan’ani”. She was said to be from Mariwan city. Sources reported that she was severely injured in front of a house by a rocket in Koya district and later died in a local hospital. @ShukriyaBradost Twitter account identified her as “Iranian Kurd”. Rudaw said she was 31 years old and engaged when she was killed. She was a KDPI member, as well as her husband, identified as Zanyar Rahmani, who was working as a peshmerga / KDPI militant. He told Rudaw :”the Revolutionary Guards sent me a message two minutes before the bombing, they said if you do not leave these parties, we will not leave your family”, and that following the bombing, he could not hear well. Rudaw reported that “after Rehana was transferred to the hospital in Koysanjak, the doctors were forced, as a result of her unstable health, to subject her to an early delivery operation to save her fetus. Rihana’s son was born and was named, at her request, as (Wanyar/Waniar ). Rihana died as a result of her severe injury, while Wanyar remained under intensive care, fighting a life-and-death struggle for a day and a half.” Rudaw reported that the infant died at 7 pm the next day. Rehana Kanaani’s death was acknowledged by the Mayor of Koya. A local source reported that the doctor supervising Wanyar’s health explained that the child suffers from lung problems that prevent the oxygen from reaching his brain sufficiently. Similar details were recorded by HRW, who explained that the victim “suffered injuries to the back of her hand and internal bleeding”, and also interviewed the victim’s husband : “Our home is one and half kilometers away from the party headquarters,” said Zanyar Rahmani, Kanaani’s husband, who works at the KDPI offices that were attacked. “[We live] in a camp for refugees, mostly women and children live there. The area where my wife and I live is not a military place, it is residential for civilians. Waniar suffered brain damage and also died. “My son was healthy [before the attack], until that moment all the sonograms showed he was healthy,” Rahmani said.” An alleged picture of Wanyar’s body carried by his father was published on social media, with the comment “The hardest moment in life is to carry your son’s body without a soul 😔-  Wanyar Rahini, who was martyred in an Iranian raid on his father’s arms”. 

HRW also interviewed a police officer without political affiliation, who stated that he saw children and security guards injured by the attacks. According to HRW, “the police officer said that the party offices are in a residential area where many Iranian refugees live. “We have never seen them doing any military activities in the headquarters because it’s located in a residential area,” the police officer said. “I am aware they have some military activities, but in the mountains, not in the cities.” Another resident of Koya who has no affiliation with the political parties targeted told Human Rights Watch the offices targeted are political offices only and do not host military activities.””

-@KhaderTai claimed that an American civilian was also killed during Iranian strikes on Koya, and shared an alleged screenshot of his American passport, describing him as Omer Mahmoudzadeh (Omar Mahmoudzadeh), 59 years old. @ElizHagedorn claimed that Omar Mahmoudzadeh, was “Iran-born” and “left the United States for Iraq in 2019 to join KDPI. Mahmoudzadeh’s wife and daughter in Virginia learned about his death via social media, and received a call from the State Department confirming early this morning. Khalid Azizi, a spokesman for the KDPI, described Mahmoudzadeh as a well-known party member and retired peshmerga fighter.” CNN said an American was killed by an Iranian rocket attack – the death was acknowledged by Washington.

-A woman, identified by sources as Hajar Karimi or as Hajer Zarka or Hajer Zrkar, in Al-Zanani, was reportedly killed during the Iranian shellings of the KDPI headquarters in Koya.

-A young girl was allegedly killed in Koya area after being wounded during the attacks. @layan_h8 twitted that she was in first grade of primary school. Other sources said that Iranian shellings on a primary school led to several kids injured.

-near Koya, PDKI officials recorded a number of journalists wounded.

According to Rudaw and the New York Times, around 700 families were displaced by these attacks, many of them Iranian refugees living in  a camp in the city of Koya. Another source said that “footage circulating on social media showed children screaming and running for shelter behind rocky outcroppings.“It was a quiet morning until the sound of bombing shook our house,” said Salar Ali, a 47-year-old farmer from Koysanjak. He immediately rushed to the school, where he was reunited with his 10-year-old son.”  A UNHCR official added “We are extremely shocked and concerned that the attack has impacted refugee families. It also impacted a school where refugee students were present.”

SULAYMANIYAH

A number of people suffered from “minor injuries” in Zargwez area according to France 24. They were identified as Komala party members by Rudaw. A Komala member interviewed by HRW said that “Our office is in a residential area (…) We don’t have any military activities. The residents of the complex are all refugees from Iran who escaped.” He said that the party does not conduct military activities out of the office that was hit.“I was in the Komala office in Zargwezalla when a drone hit just behind us,” said Anwar Qobadi, another Komala member. Qobadi is also a refugee who told Human Rights Watch he left Iran in 2010 after suffering human rights abuses by Iranian authorities. He said that everyone in the Zargwezalla resident complex is a refugee.After the first drone hit behind their office, Qobadi and two colleagues fled the building. “One minute later a missile and another drone hit the office, and shrapnel hit my back,” he said. “My colleagues were injured too and the building was destroyed. Nobody was killed.”
Reuters, quoting local sources, added that “drone strikes targeted at least 10 bases of Iranian Kurds near Sulaymaniyah”, without further precisions regarding potential civilian casualties. Komala oppositon Party militant said that 10 drones landed in Zargwez area. an Agence France-Presse reporter in Zargwez, quoted by France 24, observed “white smoke rising from the bombed site and ambulances heading to the place, while residents were leaving their homes. He added that a female doctor from the party was treating the wounded with minor injuries at the site.” Sources reported damaged and destroyed buildings.

KIRKUK

In Altun Kupri district of Kirkuk governorate, headquarters of the Kurdistan Freedom Party were similarly bombed.

-Iraqi-Kurdish channel “K24” reported that 3 of its journalists were “seriously injured.” Another source said that a correspondent and a cameraman for the channel Kurdistan 24 were reportedly injured. The reporter was identified as “Soran Kamran”, and one source added that he was seriously injured while he was covering “the Iranian bombing of Kurdish party headquarters in Altun Kupri district”.

LOCATION UNKNOWN

-Rudaw on Twitter counted 7 people killed by Iranian strikes, and posted pictures of them including their names, without specifying where the incidents occurred. One of the alleged victims, pictured not wearing a military uniform, was identified as Zakrous Mouhsen.

The incident occured at approximately 10:30 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Reyhane (Shima) Kanaani or Rehana Kanaani, or "Shema" or "Jenin Rehan Kanaani ",or "Reyhaneh Kanaani"
31 years old female pregnant killed
Waniar or Wanyar Kanaani
1 day years old male killed

The victims were named as:

Soran Kamran سوران كامران
Adult male Kurdistan 24 Correspondent injured
Omer Mahmoudzadeh
Adult male American KDPI militant killed
Hajar Karimi or as Hajer Zarka or Hajer Zrkar
Adult female KDPI militant killed
Anyar Rahimi
Child male killed
Zakrous Mouhsen
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 18
  • (2 children2 women1 man2 other civilian non-combatants)
  • Civilians reported injured
    58–62
  • Causes of injury / death
    Accidents related to conflict, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (64) [ collapse]

  • On September 28th, 2022, a pregnant woman identified as Rehan Kanaani reportedly died of her injuries following an Iranian airstrike. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling reportedly led to the destruction of the Komala Party headquarters in Zarghwiz village, on September 28th 2022. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling reportedly led to the destruction of the Komala Party headquarters in Zarghwiz village, on September 28th 2022. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling reportedly led to the destruction of the Komala Party headquarters in Zarghwiz village, on September 28th 2022. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling on September 28th 2022 in Koya district reportedly led to the displacement of a number of children and refugees. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling on September 28th 2022 in Koya district reportedly led to the displacement of a number of children and refugees. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • "Martyrs and wounded..Iranian bombing targets a number of areas inside Kurdistan Region Video..the moment of Iranian bombardment on sites belonging to the Democratic Party of the opposition to Iran near Koysinjak district, Erbil governorate "
  • A militant of the Kurdistan Freedom Party was reportedly killed by Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • Iranian Kurdistan in Arabic reported that militant Jenin Rehan Kanani was killed during the Iranian shelling in Iraqi Kurdistan on September 28th 2022.
  • Iranian bombing in the border areas of Iraqi Kurdistan
  • A picture including 3 militants and one woman - the source indicated that all of them were killed by Iranian shelling, on September 28th 2022, without further precisions. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • Students taking shelter from Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022 in Koya district. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • Students taking shelter from Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022 in Koya district. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • "The Iranian bombing of Koya in the Kurdistan region has caused 9 martyrs and 32 wounded so far "
  • Soran Karim, reporter, was reportedly seriously injured during Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022. Source: Al Sulaminia
  • Iranian bombing of Koya district on September 28th, 2022. Source: Al Sulaminia
  • Abdulwahab talabani reported a number of people killed and injured by Iranian shelling on September 28th 2022 in Koya district. Source: Abdulwahab talabani
  • A young boy identified as Anyar Rahimi, reportedly killed by Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022, carried by his father. Source: Penus
  • Alleged Iranian shelling targeting Koysinjak areas on September 28th 2022. Photo: @NEWSDailyArabic
  • Alleged Iranian shelling targeting Koysinjak areas on September 28th 2022. Photo: @NEWSDailyArabic
  • Alleged Iranian shelling targeting Koysinjak areas on September 28th 2022. Photo: @NEWSDailyArabic
  • On September 28th 2022, an Americain civilian was allegedly killed by Iranian shellings in various areas in Koya district. Photo:@KhaderTai
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • A woman identified as Hajar Karimi was reportedly killed during Iranian strikes on Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran headquarters in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: @HengawO
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A young girl was allegedly killed during Iranian airstrikes on a primary school on September 28th 2022. Photo: @HengawO
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated by doctors following reported Iranian strikes on a primary school in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: @chawshin_83
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Pictures of 7 victims of reported Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022, according to Rudaw Arabic. Names from names from top-left to down-right Milad Bour Saheb Rihana Kan'ani Hajer Zrkar Zakrous Mouhsen Mohammed Khalili Mam Zana Shirko Bartni. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • The father of a child identified as Wanyar, reportedly killed during Iranian strikes, carrying his son's body. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • Smoke from the Iraqi Kurdistan headquarters of the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran, after reported Iranian strikes on the outskirts of Kirkuk, Iraq September 28, 2022. Photo: REUTERS/Ako Rasheed
  • Komala Party Fighters in Zargwez also reported 10 Iranian drones hitting their buildings. Photo: AOAV/EPA
  • Komala Party Fighters in Zargwez also reported 10 Iranian drones hitting their buildings. Photo: AOAV/EPA
  • An alleged Iranian plane following reported Iranian bombings in Iraqi Kurdistan on September 28th 2022 . Photo: Buhar news
  • "A wounded man is transported to a hospital following an attack on the village of Altun Kupri, south of the regional capital of Erbil in Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdistan region, September 28, 2022." Photo: SAFIN HAMED/AFP/GETTY /CBS News
  • "Kurdish fighters walk to inspect the damage following an Iranian cross-border attack in the area of Zargwez, where several exiled left-wing Iranian Kurdish parties maintain offices, near the Iraqi city of Sulaimaniyeh, September 28, 2022." Photo:AFP VIA GETTY/ CBS News
  • Picture of the pregnant woman reportedly killed during Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022 in Erbil. Photo: @ShukriyaBradost
  • Locations of the reported Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022. Photo: Seth Frantzman
  • "Iran drone footage of the attack in Koya". Photo: Seth Frantzman
  • Destruction following reported Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022 in Iraqi Kurdistan. Photo: ANF News
  • Smokes following reported Iranian shellings in Iraqi Kurdistan on Sept 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw
  • Pictures of the infant and the pregnant woman reportedly killed following Iranian strikes in Koya area on September 28th 2022. Photo:Kareem Botane
  • Tombs of the pregnant woman and her infant killed by reported Iranian strikes in Koya. Photo: Kareem Botane

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Koya (كويسنجق), the village of Zargwez (زرغوز), and the town of Altun Kupri (التون كوبري). The generic coordinates for Koya are: 36.079082, 44.630527. The generic coordinates for Zargwez are: 35.387466, 45.480366. The generic coordinates for Altun Kupri are: 35.754771, 44.142924. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the locations further.

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 18
  • (2 children2 women1 man2 other civilian non-combatants)
  • Civilians reported injured
    58–62
  • Causes of injury / death
    Accidents related to conflict, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ041

Incident date

April 19, 2017

Location

بنغازي‎, Sabri, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.136111, 20.078889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to local sources UAE planes carried out between 13 and 20 fresh airstrikes near the fish market and Sabri areas of Benghazi.

There were no public reports of civilian harm at the time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

United Arab Emirates Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Military
  • United Arab Emirates Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USYEMBi007

Incident date

November 30, 2022

Location

حدبا العوشان, Hadba Al Awshan, Marib, Yemen

Geolocation

15.540801, 45.461054 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between one to three civilians, including a woman and two children, were reported killed and up to five others, including a woman, a child and two paramedics, were injured in alleged US drone strikes on a home in the Al-Hadba area of Al-Wadi, Marib on November 30, 2022. A member of Ansar al-Sharia (AQAP) who was renting the home may also have been killed or injured.

Khabar Agency stated that the house was believed to belong to a member of Ansar al-Sharia (AQAP) and that one person was killed and five were wounded, including citizens who tried to rescue survivors of the airstrikes but were injured/killed by shells that exploded. Al-Mawqea Post specified that two civilian paramedics who were trying to rescue the survivors were injured by explosions.

Al-Mawqea Post quoted medics who reported that “two women and two children were rescued from inside the targeted house, while the paramedics rescued a child after one of his feet was amputated in the airstrike, and he was taken with his mother to a nearby hospital in the area” while @KthMuZeaSdcqCgY tweeted that “a woman and her children were killed” as a result of the bombing.

According to @kh89saleh22, the home was a weapons store and the weapons detonated from the airstrike, killing “leaders of the terrorist…organization” as well as women and children. Al Mawqea Post quoted a local source who said that explosive devices, belts, and shells were found stored in the home, causing the explosions.

While Khabar Agency referred to the strike as occurring at dawn, @AlghbaryAtf tweeted that local sources put the drone strike at midnight.

Yemen Press Agency reported that the drone strike hit the house of Hamoud Al-Duwail in Al-Hadba area, Al-Wadi. Al Mawqea Post referred to the home as being inhabited by a displaced person from Al-Bayda governorate, who had rented the home from Hamoud Al-Duwail two years ago, with Yemen Days identifying him as “a prominent leader of the Islah party”. Multiple local sources referred to the location of the home as being in Hadba Al-Awshan market area.

The majority of the sources attributed the strikes to American drones to varying degrees of certainty, with only Yemen Days referring to the “high precision” drone strikes as being with American or Emirati. According to Yemen Days, the strike occurred days after the governor of the province, Sultan al-Arada, concluded an agreement with the UAE that included disengaging him from the Islah party.

The incident occured around dawn.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–1

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Fire and explosions caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by Yemen Press Agency)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by Al Mawqea post)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by Al Mawqea post)
  • Fire and explosions caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @VG7FzHXGNBa2LwY)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @bdallhbnbwdals1)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @bdallhbnbwdals1)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @bdallhbnbwdals1)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @bdallhbnbwdals1)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @bdallhbnbwdals1)
  • Damage caused by caused by alleged US drone strikes on a home east of Marib on November 30, 2022. (Image posted by @bdallhbnbwdals1)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a market, allegedly located with the village of Hadba Al Awshan (حدبا العوشان), east of Marib (مأرب) city. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Habda Al Awshan are: 15.540801, 45.461054.

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–1

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ036

Incident date

October 6, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The LNA self-reported what it said was “an air strike targeting a field hospital belonging to terrorist militias in the Qanfouda area.”

Casualties among patients and health workers are not presently known.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (1) [ collapse]