Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0248

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

مخيم النصيرات, Nuseirat camp, Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450065, 34.392934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The morning of Monday, October 16th 2023, at least four civilians were killed – all members from the same family, an elderly woman and three children. At least three others were injured in the alleged Israeli airstrike on the home of Asaad Faraj Allah in Nuseirat camp, Gaza Strip.

Shehab Agency, FactjoTV, al Nour Radio and Palestine Today TV stated that there were injuries in the bombing, while Safa reported on the statement by the Ministry of the Interior which stated “4 martyrs, including 3 children, preliminary toll of occupation aircraft targeting the home of the Faraj Allah family in the Nuseirat camp in the central Gaza Strip.” Dhia Qadoura Qwaider added that a “number of injuries arrived at Al Awda Hospital.” Muhammad Abu al-Adnan, a relative of the family, mourned the deaths of the elderly Fatima Abdel Muti Farajallah, and her grandchildren, the children of her daughter Muselh al-Farajat, adding that the home was destroyed completely in the bombing, “demolishing the houses next to it.” He also stated that Fatima and her family had been displaced from another area. Mohamed Abo Safra listed the names of the three children killed – Laila Saeed Atta Abu Safra (4), her older sister Juri Saeed Atta Abu Safra (5), and her younger brother Amir Saeed Abu Safra (3), with sources on social media including images of the young children shrouded in white cloth, and adding that three injured people arrived at the al-Aqsa Hospital.

All names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Fatema Abdel Moati Faraj Allah فاطمة عبد المعطي فرج الله
58 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 962166773
Layla Said Ata Abo Safra ليلى سعيد عطا أبو صفرة
4 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 443120241
Jouri Said Ata Abo Safra جوري سعيد عطا أبو صفرة
5 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 440416337
Amir Said Ata Abo Safra جوري سعيد عطا أبو صفرة
3 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 445191588

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abu Al-Adnan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abu Al-Adnan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abu Al-Adnan

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Nuseirat (النصيرات), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450065, 34.392934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0266

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

منزل عائلة العرير على طريق الخلايل, al Khalayel Road, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.497167, 34.471646 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 16, 2023, 20 civilians were killed, including at least five children and three women, and a large number were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike that hit the al-Arair family home on Al Khalayel road, in the Al Shujaya neigborhood, Gaza City.

Asma Mohammed, Beit Dajan Today, News Najah, Nabd and al-Haya reported on social media that there were “martyrs and injuries in the bombing of the Al-Arair family’s house”, with Asma noting that people were transporting the casualties “in civilian cars”, sharing images of corpses and injured civilians being carried by other civilians. Mahmoud Harara shared a video of the injured being carried on stretchers and into ambulances, with others attempting to search the rubble of the destroyed building for survivors. He stated that there were “a large number of casualties”, and that “some were taken out and the rest were under the rubble.”

Abeer Aljna posted that “a house inhabited by dozens was bombed”, terming it a “massacre”, while the Gaza News Networks said the house, which belonged to Imad al-Arair, was allegedly bombed “without warning, with about 25 people in it.” Twitter/X user PSLK1154 noted that the alleged bombing took place in the afternoon and that there were “a large number of victims.” Solomon L Reer posted that there were 20 killed in the “al-Arair family massacre”, while Mossad al-Arair posted that two female civilians killed and a child were “still missing under the rubble.”

According to relatives on social media, among those killed are 58-year-old Imad al-Arair (Abu Umar), his wife Umm Umar, their sons 30-year-old Khaled al-Arair, 16-year-old Abd al-Qadir al-Arair and 31-year-old Umar al-Arair, Umar’s wife, and their daughter. Also killed were Imad’s daughter, her husband, her three children, as well as 37-year-old Deep al-Arair and Iyad al-Arair

Photos of the injured and deceased circulate social media and family and friends posted heartfelt and devastating messages. Esraa Aree wrote “a massacre against my family, the al-Arait family. Deep, my cousin, is a martyr, and a number of child martyrs. Some are still under the rubble.”

Muhammad Nabil wrote “My brother, my lover, and my lifelong companion, Umar al-Arair, is a martyr. Your separation is painful, my love.. May God give me patience over your separation, accept you, and grant you the highest paradise in heaven”, sharing an image of himself with Umar, a smiling bearded young man.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerents all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

According to sources, the incident occurred in the afternoon and without warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Imad Al Arair عماد العرعير
58 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 907835706
Wife of Imad زوجة عماد
female killed
Khalid Al Arair خالد العرعير
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804669000
Abdulqadir Al Arair عبدالقادر العرعير
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424686491
Omar Al Arair عمر العرعير
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803759562
Wife of Omar زوجة عمر
female killed
Daughter of Omar ابنة عمر
female killed
Daughter of Imad ابنة عماد
female killed
Husband of Imad's daughter زوجها
male killed
Imad's grandchild حفيد
killed
Imad's grandchild حفيد
killed
Imad's grandchild حفيد
killed
Deeb Al Arair ديب العرعير
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801517137
Iyad Al Arair أيدا العرعير
killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (5 children3 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Nabil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Also Solomon L. Reer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention an alleged strike on a residential building on the al Khalayel Road (طريق الخلايل), east of Gaza city (غزة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.497167, 34.471646.

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  • Imagery:
    Mahmoud Harara

  • Imagery:
    Mahmoud Harara

  • Imagery:
    Mahmoud Harara

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (5 children3 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0253

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

طلال السلطان, Tal al Sultan, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.310318, 34.241843 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Monday, October 16 2023, between 10 to 11 civilians, including at least four women and at least three children, were killed and between 24 and 30 were wounded in an alleged Israeli airstrike on the homes of the Okal, Hijazi and al-Shaer families, in northwest Rafah.

Safah news reported on “dozens of martyrs and wounded” as a result of the bombing, while a source on social media described it as a “very large massacre.” Sources on social media including Waleed and Yabark Rafah shared powerful images and videos of the wounded, which included pictures of at least three heavily wounded children and a video of doctors desperate attempts to revive a wounded child. Ayyam News detailed that the bombing was “sudden”, causing “the death of eight martyrs, about 30 wounded, and the loss of a number of others.” Al Mayadeen news cited a statement by the Ministry of Interior in Gaza where they noted the bombing of the Okal and al-Shaer family homes in the Tal al-Sultan neighborhood, attributing the strikes to Israeli forces.

Manal Hijazi, a possible relative, detailed the names of the victims who were killed in the bombing – “the freed prisoner” Akram Muhammad Hamdan Hijazi (Abu Hajar) whom other sources called the “great Fatah leader”. His wife Reem Muhammad Abdel Razzaq Hijazi, three of their children Muhammad Akram Muhammad Hijazi, Imad Akram Muhammad Hijazi, and Nour Akram Muhammad Hijazi, Reem’s mother Fatima Hamdan Hussein Okal, Mona Mahmoud Okal (wife of Adila), their neighbor Abdul Karim Ali Muhammad al-Shaer, and his wife Ruwayda Ibrahim Salem al-Shaer. Feras al-Shaer mourned the death of Abdul, who was a Professor, and Ruwayda, as well the death of Ammar Muhammad Ali al-Shaer, whom another source refers to as “the poet”. Sources also mention the death of an unnamed cousin of Akram Hijazi, with Ahmad Adam adding that the “number of wounded is 24.” Pictures of two of the killed children in their athletic uniforms, Imad and Muhammad, were shared by their sports academy, saying “the stars of Score Academy in Rafah.”A possible relative of the family penned a prayer and tribute for their loved ones killed in the bombing, saying “May God have mercy on you and make your abode paradise/You broke me and broke my heart/I swear it’s early, my brother-in-law/It’s early, my heart, Umm Hajar, I swear it’s early/My beloved ones are gone.”

A tweet from @Hamzaalnamla1 referred to the location of the strike as occurring “near Al-Massa Hall, northwest of Rafah” and mentioned that the victims of the strike were “among the displaced”. Another source stated that the bombing was “inside the Tal Al-Sultan neighborhood in Rafah”.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Abdulkarim Ali Mohmmad Al Shaer عبدالكريم محمد الشاعر
58 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 903376861
Ruwayda Ibrahim Salem Al Shaer رويدة ابراهيم سالم الشاعر
44 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 903082972
Ammar Al Shaer عمار الشاعر
male killed

Family members (7)

Akram Mohammad Hamdan Hijazi أكرم محمد حمدان حجازي
51 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 980188668
Reem Abdulrazaq Hijazi ريم عبدالرزاق حجازي
45 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900550682
Mohammad Akram Hijazi محمد أكرم حجازي
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 436934558
Nour Akram Hijazi نور أكرم حجازي
11 years old female Matched to MoH ID 433343183
Imad Akram Mohammad Hijazi عماد أكرم محمد حجازي
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429565609
Fatema Hamdan Hussein Okal فاطمة حمدان حسين عوكل
79 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 905540829
Mona Mahmoud Okal منى محمود عوكل
37 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 412300220

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (3 children4 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–30
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (38) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Hamzaalnamla1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yabark Rafah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yabark Rafah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yabark Rafah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yabark Rafah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yabark Rafah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Zoroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Zoroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Zoroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mäħmoúḑ Abo Nisreen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mäħmoúḑ Abo Nisreen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mäħmoúḑ Abo Nisreen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mäħmoúḑ Abo Nisreen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Manal Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Manal Hegazy
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Zoroub
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hasan Ouka'l
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Adam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Tabasi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Tabasi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adel Tabasi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kamel Gharib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kamel Gharib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Shaer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mosa Ryan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mosa Ryan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al shaar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Al-Shaer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Feras Al Shaer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Feras Al Shaer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Feras Al Shaer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Tal al Sultan (طلال السلطان) to the west of Rafah (رفح). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tal al Sultan are: 31.310318, 34.241843.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 11
  • (3 children4 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–30
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0244

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

الزيتون, Al Zeitoun, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.485479, 34.444885 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 16th 2023 at least three people – 37 year old journalist Abdulhadi Habib, his mother-in-law, 54 year old Buthina Al Tatar, and her grandchild, three year old Amer Bilal Al-Tatar, were killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike on a residential apartment in the Zaytoun neighborhood in eastern Gaza. Multiple sources agree that family members of Abdulhadi Habib were also injured during the airstrike, with injuries ranging from moderate to severe. The exact details of those injured is unknown.

Palestinians of Iraq’s Facebook post reported that on October 16, 2023 the neighbourhoods of Zaytoun and Al-Shujaiya were subject to a sustained, eight hour aerial bombardment. Most sources agree that it was during this time that Abdulhadi Habib’s residential apartment was hit – allegedly by an Israeli airstrike.

Abdulhadi Habib was a journalist for the UNRWA Education Television. The Director General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay, has made a statement on the incident. She described the death of the UNRWA journalist as deplorable, and renewed calls for parties to respect the UN Security Council Resolution 2222/2015 which protects journalists during conflict. Audrey Azoulay called for a “full independent investigation” into the death of Abdulhadi Habib.

Muhammad Abu Sharka, a colleague of Abdulhadi, described their time working together: “We covered dozens of events together. We shared the difficult moments, the pressure of work, staying up for long hours, tears, and food. His smile was always present, and his comments alleviated the hardship of work.” Another of his former colleagues, journalist Israa Al-Mudalallal, added that Abdulhadi’s wife had just given birth to a baby girl on the first day of the conflict.

Friends and family members of the victims posted condolence messages, including Yahya Z. Tatars who memorialized their aunt “mother of Mustafa Sarsour”, her daughter (which may indicate that Abdulhadi’s wife was also killed), and their cousin Amer Bilal Al-Tatar.

Airwars has matched all of the names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. A post by Mohamed Yousif specified that the bombing occurred without warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Abdulhadi Habib عبدالهادي حبيب
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801512716
Buthina Al Tatar (Sarsour) بثينة تتر
54 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 922861372
Amer Bilal Al Tatar عامر بلال تتر
3 years old male 444896674 killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women1 man1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestinians of Iraq website
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestinians of Iraq website
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestinians of Iraq website
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Habib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Ameeraljid1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Abu Sharka
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salam al hak Tarik's mother

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Zeitoun (الزيتون) neighbourhood of Gaza city (غزة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.485479, 34.444885. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women1 man1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0240

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

محيط دوار درابيه, Vicinity of the Darabiyah roundabout, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.536337, 34.455786 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 22:30 on Monday, October 16th, 2023, at least four people were reportedly killed, including a pregnant woman and her child, and at least one other injured as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on the house belonging to the Siam family near the Darabiyah roundabout in the Al-Nasr neighborhood, west of Gaza City.

Many local sources including @ShehabAgency and a Facebook post by Donia Alwatan Facebook reported that a number of civilians were killed and injured as a result of the bombing, but none provided a specific figure. Twitter/X users @abunabil96 and @paltoday_tv reported about calls for an ambulance to go to the house in the vicinity of Darabiyah roundabout.

A Facebook post from Salloum Huwaiti wished condolences to their nephew Karam Darwish on the death of his pregnant wife (from the Siam family) and their daughter, and her family relatives who were killed. References to ‘relatives’ in the plural means Airwars has estimated a death toll of at least two additional civilians killed alongside Karam Darwish’s wife and child.

The Siam family-Al-Zaytoun neighborhood Facebook account wrote that Ahmed Jamil Siam was injured after being hit by shrapnel from a missile. The post also included an image of Ahmed with his head wrapped in a bandage and stated that he is now safe.

Where sources identified a belligerent, they attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:30 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Wife of Karam Darwish
Adult female pregnant killed
Daughter of Karam Darwish
female killed

The victims were named as:

Ahmed Jamil Siam أحمد جميل صيام
Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Abu Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Abu Anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Siam family - Al-Zaytoun neighborhood

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Darabiyah roundabout (دوار درابيه) in the west of Gaza city (غزة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.536337, 34.455786. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0267

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

برج الياسمين, Jasmine Tower, Gaza City, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.513807, 34.429204 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the night of Monday, On October 16, 2023, at least one civilian, a woman, was killed and between two to four civilians were injured, including children, after an Israeli aircraft reportedly bombed an apartment building in the Jasmine Tower located west of Abu Mazen roundabout in the Rimal neighborhood of Gaza city.

The Arabic-language Facebook page New World Reserve shared a photograph of a high-rise building burning on its upper floors. While further publicly available details are scarce, numerous social media users shared similar accounts of this event. In its reporting, the news aggregator Nabd stated that Israeli forces “bombed an apartment in the Jasmine Tower, west of Abu Mazen roundabout in Gaza City.”

Posting on Facebook, a neighbor of the deceased named Bassel Aklouk stated that this alleged incident “led to the martyrdom of our neighbor, Umm Yusuf al-Aklouk, may God have mercy on her, and the wounding of her husband and our beloved neighbor, Abu Yusuf, and his children”, sharing a video of the rubble and heavily damaged building.

Bahaa-Udin Asmar, who claimed he was also a resident of the building and witnessed the strike, posted on Facebook: “An unforgettable night. Death was right in front of me when I was in the Jasmine Tower while it was being bombed,” adding that he was injured in the foot during the bombing.

Airwars was not able to match the victim’s name with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, potentially because none of the sources provided Umm Yusuf’s first name.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Um Yousef Al Aqlouq أم يوسف العكلوك
Adult female killed
Abu Yousef Al Aqlouq أبو يوسف العكلوك
Adult male injured
Child of Abu Yousef Al Aqlouq طفل أبو يوسف العكلوك
Child injured
Child of Abu Yousef Al Aqlouq طفل أبو يوسف العكلوك
Child injured

The victims were named as:

Bahaa Al Din Asmr بهاد الدين أسمر
Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: New World' Reserve
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Jasmine Tower (برج الياسمين) in Gaza city (مدينة غزة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.513807, 34.429204.

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  • Imagery:
    Mohammed A.H

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0242

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

جباليا, Jabalia, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.538711, 34.495107 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Monday, October 16th 2023, an alleged airstrike by Israeli forces on the home of the Zaher (Dhaher) family located east of Jabalia camp in the Gaza Strip reportedly killed at least eight family members, including two women and five children, and injured a number of others.

Facebook testimonies by Fatima Jaber and Amir Tariq Daher helped to ascertain the identities of the victims. Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher was killed alongside his wife Umm Muhammad Hassan Zaher (Mansour) and their six children: a 22-year old daughter Dr. Maysaa Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher, a 13-year old daughter Malak Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher, an 11-year old daughter Mennat Allah Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher, a 4-year old son Mahmoud Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher, a 10-year old son Hassan Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher, and a 1-year old son Anas Abdulaziz Muhammad Zaher.

Shehab agency, Jalazone Media Center and local social media users posted photographs of the heavy destruction and rubble left from the Zaher family house. A family relative Mustafa Zahir shared images of a funeral prayer for the family where dead bodies wrapped in white cloth stained with blood can be seen. A post by Facebook user Amir Tariq Daher contained a graphic image of a dead infant.

A tweet from @EekadFacts reported that a number of wounded resulted from the strike without specifying how many.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Abdulaziz Muhammad Dhaher عبد العزيز محمد ظاهر
52 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 912903705
Umm Muhammad Hassan Dhaher (Mansour) أم محمد حسن ضاهر
female killed
Dr. Maysaa Abdulaziz Dhaher ميساء عبد العزيز ظاهر
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408376101
Malak Abdulaziz Dhaher ملاك عبد العزيز ظاهر
13 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 429688740
Mennat Allah Abdulaziz Dhaher منة الله عبد العزيز ظاهر
11 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 432340628
Mahmoud Abdulaziz Dhaher محمود عبد العزيز ظاهر
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 441141413
Hassan Abdulaziz Dhaher حسن عبد العزيز ظاهر
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434020962
Anas Abdulaziz Dhaher أنس عبد العزيز ظاهر
1 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444361927

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (5 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mustafa Zahir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mustafa Zahir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Oday Rafiq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aljazeera Mubasher Channel
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jalazone Media Center
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jalazone Media Center
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jalazone Media Center
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jalazone Media Center
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amir Tariq Daher
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amir Tariq Daher
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alshareef Dr-Naim Thaher
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alshareef Dr-Naim Thaher
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Jabalia (جباليا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.538711, 34.495107. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (5 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0245

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

Hamad Town, Khan Yunis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.375589, 34.317638 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At approximately midnight on October 16th, 2023, at least one civilian, a young man, was killed, and four others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on a residential apartment in Hamad town, Khan Yunis, the Gaza strip.

Initial reportage from Shehab Agency stated a ‘number of casualties’ as a result of the bombing, with a later update from Shehab specifying that there were at least ‘one martyr and a number of injuries.’ The Palestine Information Center noted that the building bombed belonged to the Abu Shawish family, and that a ‘young man was martyred and several injuries have been recovered until this moment’ while Al-Sharq News reported that the strike resulted in the death of a Palestinian and the injury of four others.

One of the images showed a specific apartment in a particular block in Hamad town had been struck. A tweet from @aboodka_04 identified the names of those killed and injured. 18-year-old Ahmed Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish was killed and 14-year-old Muhammad Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish, 24-year-old Rami Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish, 17-year-old Bahaa Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish, and 44-year-old Ibtisam Ibrahim Abu Shawish were injured. There was no publicly available information to indicate any of them were militants.

A post from Khaled Ali Goevel included a condolence message for Ahmed Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish, who was a former student, and included an image of them both from an honours ceremony. Ahmed’s father Anwar and brother Mahmoud both posted condolence messages as well, with Anwar describing his son as “you were always smiling in your life, never leave your smile.”

Hamad Housing specified the location of the strike as a high floor in tower E5 in Hamad residential city. According to Arab Events, the body of the young man who was killed arrived at Nasser Medical Complex.

Airwars has matched Ahmed’s name with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces. According to Anwar Abu Shawish, whose son Ahmed was killed, the strike occurred without warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 12:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Muhammad Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish محمد انور احمد ابو شاويش
14 years old male injured
Rami Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish ورامى انور احمد ابو شاويش
24 years old male injured
Bahaa Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish بهاء انور احمد ابو شاويش
17 years old male injured
Ibtisam Ibrahim Abu Shawish ابتسام ابراهيم ابو شاويش
44 years old male injured
Ahmed Anwar Ahmed Abu Shawish احمد انور احمد ابو شاويش
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422492850

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @hassaneslayeh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @az_za98
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Ali Goevel
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamad Housing
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alwatanvoice
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa Abu Shawish
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa Abu Shawish
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadeem Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Abu Shawish
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Abu Shawish
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aljarmaqnet
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aljarmaqnet
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aljarmaqnet
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aljarmaqnet
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Anwer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anwar Abu Shawish
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Hamad Town (الشجاعي) to the north of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Hamad Town are: 31.375589, 34.317638.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (36) [ collapse]