Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS4148

Incident date

November 8, 2019

Location

جسر الشغور, Jisr al Shughur, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.81425, 36.319812 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Six civilians, including four children, were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Jisr Al Shughour on November 8th, 2019, according to local sources.

Smart News Agency reported that “activists said four civilians from the same family, including three children, were wounded in an airstrike by Russian planes on the town of Jisr Al Shughour”.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that a woman was injured, stating that Syrian regime planes fired four rockets on a residential community of the city, including Zakaria Akta school. @IdlibPlus put the number of injured at six and @brocarpress reported “four wounded, including three children.”

According to @ShahbaPress, a church was also targeted. @IdlibPlus furthermore reported damage to a charity sewing workshop.

Jisr Media Center reported the names of one male injured civilian and three children.

Human Rights Watch mentioned that the airstrike also targeted a church. “On November 8, 2019, at 2 p.m., an attack damaged St. George’s church, a Greek Orthodox church in Jisr al-Shughour. Human Rights Watch reviewed two photographs sent by local journalist Mustafa al-Ahmad and two videos posted on YouTube on November 10 and November 12 which show damage to the church’s walls. This damage is also visible in satellite imagery which shows two distinct impacts in the area surrounding the church. The explosion wounded six people, including four children, and partially destroyed at least one residential building in the area, according to another local journalist. Satellite imagery also confirmed the damage to the residential building.”

A tweet from @RaedAlSaleh3 also reported that regime forces launched “4 missiles at once on a residential compound for civilians that includes the Zakaria Aktaa school.”

Sources were conflicted as to whether Russia or the regime was responsible.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Age unknown male injured
Child female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @mohmad_rasheed).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @mohmad_rasheed).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @mohmad_rasheed).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @mohmad_rasheed).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @IdlibPlus).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @IdlibPlus).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @IdlibPlus).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via @IdlibPlus).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via JMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Jisr Al Shughur on November 8th 2019 (via JMC).
  • © 2019 Mustafa al-Ahmad. Satellite imagery from November 13, 2019 © 2020 Maxar Technologies. Source: EUSI. (Via HRW)
  • Caption translation: Russian and Nusayri occupation aviation. Destroys a church in the city of Jisr Al-Shughour in the free Idlib. (Image posted by @Olfmcw1gkRnbhoQ)
  • Caption translation:: Air strikes on the city of Jisr Al-Shughour in the western countryside of Idlib (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Caption translation:: Air strikes on the city of Jisr Al-Shughour in the western countryside of Idlib (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • On November 8, 2019, at 2 p.m., an attack damaged St. George’s church, a Greek Orthodox church in Jisr al-Shughour.[417] Human Rights Watch reviewed two photographs sent by local journalist Mustafa al-Ahmad and two videos posted on YouTube on November 10 and November 12 which show damage to the church’s walls.[418] This damage is also visible in satellite imagery which shows two distinct impacts in the area surrounding the church. The explosion wounded six people, including four children, and partially destroyed at least one residential building in the area, according to another local journalist.[419] Satellite imagery also confirmed the damage to the residential building. There were no signs of military weapons, equipment, or personnel in the imagery reviewed. (Image posted by Human Rights Watch)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4586

Incident date

October 6, 2023

Location

أريحا, city of Ariha, south of Idlib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

On the evening of Friday, October 6th, 2023, residential neighborhoods of the city of Ariha located south of Idlib, Syria, were subject to an artillery bombardment with contested responsibility— reportedly perpetrated by the Syrian regime forces and/or the Russian military— that injured two civilian men, one of whom later died of his wounds.

One of civilians, Ismail Saleh Qaddad, reportedly suffered a fatal serious head injury. The other individual, Ahmed Mustafa Baroudi, sustained a foot injury. The Syrian Civil Defense reported the casualties both as civilians. Journalist Ahmed Bakour shared images of the severely injured Ismail with blood covering his eyes being treated by doctors and of Ahmed where his leg injury can be seen.

Tariq Jama wrote a Facebook tribute to Ismail Qaddad who died of his injuries on October 7th, 2023, mentioning that “He moved to the mercy of God Almighty” and sharing an image of the middle-aged bearded man in a kufiya.

The Syrian Civil Defense, also known as the White Helmets, was involved in rescue operations, including the evacuation of a civilian who was injured and stranded on the roof of a residential building. According to the SCD, the intense and continuous bombing in the Idlib countryside has significantly heightened fear among residents, leading to such dangerous situations.

While the strike was attributed to the Syrian regime forces by most sources, some tweets attributed it to Russian military.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Ismail Qaddad اسماعيل قداد
Adult male killed
Ahmed Mustafa Baroudi أحمد مصطفى بارودي
Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Journalist Ahmed Bakour Home
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Journalist Ahmed Bakour Home
  • Source: Tariq Jama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC242

Incident date

November 13, 2019

Location

الدبلوماسي, Adduplomasi, Tarabulus, Libya

Geolocation

32.832547, 13.189110 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four to five civilians form one family were reportedly injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

According to the Libya Observer four civilians were injured by indiscriminate shelling.

Al Wasat said: “A family was injured when a shell hit a house in the Diplomasi neighborhood of Ain Zara.

The spokesman for the authorities, in a statement to Al Wasat, that it injured three children and their father, their condition between medium and light, while the mother’s condition is critical.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center (FMSC) provided details on the injuries: “Mother: Hoda Abu-Zeid injured by shrapnel in the head

Father: Moftah Hussein Al-Sayid: shrapnel wound in his hand

Rima Muftah Al-Sayid: shrapnel injury in the back area

Abdullah Muftah Al-Sayid: injury simple shrapnel

Abdulrahman Muftah Al-Sayid: Simple shrapnel injury”

Other sources also said five people were injured. Libya Alahrar TV and Tk Yahroug Kl shy said it was the result of an airstrike and not an artillery strike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Moftah Hussein Al-Sayid
Adult male Father injured
Hoda Abu-Zeid
Adult female Mother injured
Rima Muftah Al-Sayid
Child female Daughter injured
Abdullah Muftah Al-Sayid
Child male Son injured
Abdulrahman Muftah Al-Sayid
Child male Son injured

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Adduplomasi (الدبلوماسي), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.832547, 13.18911. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Adduplomasi (الدبلوماسي).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Ambulance at the site of the incident in Ain Zara on November 13, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Children allegedly injured in the strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Another child allegedly injured in the strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Child being treated after being injured in an airstrike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)
  • Child being treated after being injured in an airstrike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)
  • Child being treated after being injured in an airstrike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)
  • Child at a hospital after being injured in an airstrike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)
  • Child at a hospital after being injured in an airstrike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)
  • Impact of the strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Damaged building after a strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Damaged building after a strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Damaged tree and car after a strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Picture of a medical facility, possibly used after a strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)
  • Damaged fence after a strike on Ain Zara on November 13th, 2019 (via FMSC)

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0470

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

تل الهوى, Tal al Hawa, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.498611, 34.442500 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Sunday morning, October 22nd, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on Gaza City’s Tal al-Hawa neighbourhood hit the family home of municipal mayor of Gaza City Yahya al-Sarraj, killing his son, photo-journalist and a founder of Ain Media company Rushdi al-Sarraj (31), and injuring other members of the family, including women and children. Al Jazeera reported that the family home of Yahya al-Sarraj was severely damaged. Rushdi’s father Yahya al-Sarraj told Al Jazeera that the Israelis were bombing their area “with no let-up”.

On the morning of October 22nd, Rushdi al-Sarraj tried to shield his wife and his daughter when the alleged Israeli strike hit their home. According to local news agency WAFA, a number of Rushdi al-Sarraj family members were transferred to Al-Shifa Hospital for treatment, though there was no clear injury count given among sources.

The journalist was reportedly killed by shrapnel and was declared dead at the hospital. Ali Jadallah, a Palestinian photojournalist working for Turkey’s state-run Anadolu Agency, posted on Instagram the purported body bag of Sarraj, with his name on it, announcing his death.

Rushdi al-Sarraj was a photojournalist who dedicated his life to covering Israeli attacks on Gaza. According to Le Monde, the 31-year-old worked for the press and international NGOs for over ten years, including with Le Monde. The French media outlet wrote that Rushdi was passionate about his land, where he was born, and where his family came from. Rushdi in interviews before his death described his early passion for photography, obtaining digital cameras despite restrictions on goods in Gaza. Rusdhi described how he and his friend, Yasser Murtaja, posted their first shots on Facebook in 2010. “We were filming the sea, gardens, markets. When people saw our videos, they were astonished. They didn’t know that Gaza could also be such a beautiful place,” Rushdi said in an interview in 2018.

His father Yahya al-Sarraj told Al Jazeera that his son was a determined journalist and commented on his courage and bravery. His famous words were: “We will not leave. We will leave Gaza to heaven, and to heaven only.”

His wife Shurouq, who survived the attack alongside their one-year-old daughter Dania, has also highlighted the importance of her husband’s work. “His legacy will live on” she told TRT World,  “I’m honoured that he was my husband. I am very proud of him”.

On November 6th, on the day of their daughter’s first birthday, Shurouq wrote a letter addressed to her deceased husband. “I am devastated,” announced Shurouq, “of the idea that our daughter will remain ‘close’ to Daddy’s heart without remembering his face. She is far too young to be orphaned, and I am far too young to be a widow. You were too young to lose your life simply for being a journalist”.

An accompanying photograph to the letter showed Rushdi al-Sarraj and his daughter Dania smiling at one another in a comfortable home environment.

A post by TwitterX user @Dr.Yahya Al-Sarra shared an image of Rushdi al-Sarraj and five children smiling into the camera – the caption reads “To the eternal gardens of my beloved journalist Rushdie.”

Rushdi’s cousin Rajab al-Siraj wrote a Facebook post grieving his cousins death: “The martyrdom of the good cousin Rushdi Yahya Al-Sarraj. We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return. God is enough, and yes, the agent. Say hello to Yasser”

In the wake of his death, tributes on social media were shared widely across the world that praised him as a friend and professional.

Ain Media, the organisation cofounded by al-Sarraj alongside Yasser Murtaja, released a statement calling him a “brilliant photojournalist and film-maker”. “Rushdi and Yasser (photo-journalist who was also killed by the Israeli security forces in 2018) – are life” read the statement. “They gave voice to the people of Gaza, to their smiles, to the stories locked in fear, to hopes cherished secretly from the oppression of… Israel”.

Similarly, Amnesty International, who worked with Rushdi al-Sarraj earlier on a short documentary that sought to shed light on the human cost of the August 2022 offensive on Gaza (‘They Were Just Kids’), paid tribute to his legacy: “We are devastated by the news that Rushdi Sarraj was killed in an Israeli airstrike”. The purpose of Sarraj’s work as described by Amnesty was to share stories from Gaza, not just stories of war and sorrow, but also simple and inspiring stories that people in Gaza share every day. “Rushdi is survived by his wife, Shurouq, and his one-year-old daughter, Dania, and by countless friends and colleagues who will continue to be inspired by his example and commitment to truth, justice, and hope”.

Amnesty International Secretary General Agnes Callamard paid tribute to Rushdi al-Sarraj on her private Twitter/X account “We have lost a friend and colleague […] Rushdi was a talented filmmaker and a journalist – another victim of Israel bombing of Gaza”.

​UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay released a statement where he condemned the killing of Rushdi and emphasised the need to reiterate UN Security Council Resolution 2222/2015, which protects journalists, media professionals, and related personnel as civilians during conflict situations. He has called for an investigation into the circumstances surrounding his death.

Iran’s international news network – Press TV, Radio France International, Le Monde, TRT World, ABC Radio Melbourne also reported on Rushdi al-Sarraj’s death.

Rush’s name has been reconciled with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of victims released October 26, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed air strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Rushdi Al-Sarraj رشدي السراج
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804081271

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Tal al Hawa (تل الهوى) to the south of Gaza city (غزة). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tal al Hawa are: 31.498611, 34.4425.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hend Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hend Sayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Heart between two letters
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Heart between two letters
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rola Essam Abu Hashem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rola Essam Abu Hashem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rajab Al Siraj
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Turn. Yahya Al-Sarraj
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: what women want...magazine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Yasser_Gaza
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @amnesty
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @yaraeid_
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @yaraeid_
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @zellieimani
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al Jazeera News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AgnesCallamard
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AinMedia
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Le Monde News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: TRT World News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: TRT World News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4185

Incident date

November 20, 2019

Location

جبالا , Jabala, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian, a man, was killed and one to two civilians, including a man, were injured in a suspected airstrike by the Russian Armed Forces in Jabala, Idlib on November 20, 2019.

Jesrpress stated that reportedly a man was killed and another civilian injured as a result of airstrikes conducted by the Russian Armed forces, targeting the town of Jabala, south of Idlib.

Shaam News reported that Russian warplanes and helicopters conducted several airstrikes, in addition to alleged heavy artillery and rocket shelling. As a result of the Airstrikes, Shaam News reported the death of one civilian and the injury of another.

@ShahbaPress referenced wounded “civilians” but did not specify how many.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM422

Incident date

February 23, 2024

Location

Farah-Adan and Jawle in Harardhere district, Mudug, Somalia

Airwars assessment

On the 23rd of February, 2024, the Somali National Army (SNA), supported by international partners, reportedly conducted a night-time military operation against Al-Shabaab in the Farah-Adan and Jawle areas of Harardhere district in Mudug region, central Somalia. It was reported that several Al-Shabaab leaders were killed in the attack, however the exact number of Al-Shabaab members killed has not been confirmed, and their identities remain unknown. To date, there have been no reports of civilian harm as a result of the operation.

The military operation was reported by Shabelle Media on the 24th of February. The report stated the location of the attack and also referred to comments from Maslah Macalin, the General Secretary of Harar Dheere district who “told the government media that members of Al-Shabaab, including leaders and militias, were killed in the operation last night, but he did not say how many”.

Additionally, on the 24th of February, a brief statement containing the approximate time and location of the operation (Farah-Adan) was posted online by MENA FN, quoting a report on the attack by the Kuwait News Agency. Halbeeg News posted a similar statement on February 24th which referred to information released by the Government of Somalia, and noted that the operation had been conducted in cooperation with “allied forces”.

While no sources directly implicated the US in the operation, the Somali government’s reference to “international partners” has in the past indicated US involvement.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–4

Sources (4) [ collapse]

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Somali Military Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Somali Military Forces
  • Somali Military Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–4

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4196

Incident date

November 24, 2019

Location

بلدة حيش,, Heesh town, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

On November 24th, 2019, a man and a women were wounded in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Heesh town, Idlib. Local sources and social media reported on the airstrike.

HalabTodayTV reported “A man and a woman were injured in a Russian air strike targeting the town of Heish in the southern countryside of Idlib”. The White Helmets also reported “A man and woman were injured in the town of Heesh southern idlib after aerial bombing of Russian Warplanes targeting civilian homes on Sunday.”

Various other sources also referred to “civilians” as being injured but did not specify how many people were injured.

A tweet from @QasiounAr identified barrel bombs as being used in the attack and @ZaitunAgency pointed out that the strikes occurred in the vicinity of the Turkish point.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to Russia while @NEDAAPOST blamed the regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike in Heesh town, Nov 24th (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike in Heesh town, Nov 24th (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike in Heesh town, Nov 24th (via White Helmets)
  • Strikes on the town of Heesh on November 24, 2019. (Image posted by @QasiounAr)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0479

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

بئر النعجة, Bir Al Na’jah, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.541901, 34.488035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An alleged bombing by the Israeli military on the house of the Nabhan family located in Bir al-Naja on Sunday, October 22nd 2023, led to injuries among civilians. Safa News reported this incident coupled with three social media posts containing similar information.

Multiple reports describe injuries at the scene, but no other identifying factors have been made available, and the severity or number of injuries is presently unknown. It is unclear whether the injuries sustained were to members of the Nabhan family, or others.

Due to the lack of further information, Airwars has classified this incident as “weak”, and will update the assessment should more information come to light.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Bir Al Na’jah (بئر النعجة), west of Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bir Al Na’jah are: 31.541901, 34.488035.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]