US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CI222

Incident date

April 9, 2016

Location

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.35311, 43.15221 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

The Coalition conducted several night raids on telephone exchanges and reportedly the Babylon Bank in Mosul, which resulted in the deaths of at least two and as many as 67 civilians. In November 2016 the US later admitted to killing one civilian in the attack, noting that “during a strike against an ISIL tactical unit, it is assessed that one civilian was killed after entering the target area after the aircraft released its weapon”.

The Coalition appear to have reassessed this incident and in May 2019 confirmed the deaths of five civilians and the injuries of nine others. Their monthly civilian casualty report noted “Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike on a Daesh
communication center in Mosul, Iraq. Regrettably, five civilians were unintentionally killed and nine others unintentionally wounded due to their proximity to the strike. (Not previously reported)”

Other casualty counts varied wildly. According to NINA “children, women and the elderly” were among many civilian fatalities after five telephone exchanges were hit: “The bombing also caused the martyrdom of 67 civilians, mostly women and children and wounded 38 other civilians, as well as causing significant damage to homes near the PBX exchange sites and shops. Our sources said that ambulances were operating from last night until today, transporting bombing victims.”

Yaqen put the death toll at six and said phone exchanges on both sides of the city were hit in what appeared to be a coordinated effort to cut internal Dash communications.

NRN News reported no civilian deaths from the telephone exchange strikes, saying Daesh had instructed locals to leave a week earlier because of the risk of possible strikes.

However NRN said two non-combatants did die when a branch of the bank of Babylon was bombed in eastern Mosul: “Our correspondent said that the bombing killed three gunmen organizing from Daash and two civilians guards of the Bank, as well as serious material damage to the building, which also includes the Office of the Chamber of Commerce.”

In May 2019, the Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 67
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–38
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A photo reveals a destroyed telephone exchange building that was hit in coordinated strikes on Mosul on April 9th (via NRN News)

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest city at 36.34585235, 43.09857692

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Entered target area just prior to or after munition released, Other
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    5
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    9
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SLF342247
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2019
  • Nov 9, 2016
  • April 9, 2016, near Mosul, Iraq, during a strike against an ISIL tactical unit, it is assessed that one civilian was killed after entering the target area after the aircraft released its weapon.

  • Apr. 9, 2016, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike on a Daesh communication center in Mosul, Iraq. Regrettably, five civilians were unintentionally killed and nine others unintentionally wounded due to their proximity to the strike. (Not previously reported)

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Coalition reports that for April 9th-10th 2016 “Near Mosul, eight strikes struck three separate ISIL tactical units and five ISIL communication facilities and destroyed two ISIL vehicles and an ISIL boat.“

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 67
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–38
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1398

Incident date

August 22, 2017

Location

السخاني, Sukhani neighbourhood, near Hani mosque, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9522, 39.0164 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

In a major casualty incident, as many as between 33 and 60 civilians, including many women and children, died following US-led Coalition airstrikes on Al-Sakhani, Raqqa. Almost a year later the US-led alliance accepted responsibility for 33 deaths.

According to Baladi, the strike was near the Al-Hani mosque, while Qasioun reported that one of the strikes hit a building in which civilians were sheltering.

Local media reported that the airstrike occurred on the 20th August, however recent up to date Amnesty field research conducted has reported the strike to have occurred on the 22nd at 7pm.

Local media reported that the majority of those killed were from the same family. A Tweet by @AhmadShblii identified eight of the victims as displaced persons from Palmyra.

All sources obtained held the US-led Coalition responsible for the alleged massacre. In addition to the civilians that died, “dozens” were suspected injured.

Albosleh and @LaSyrianNews put the death toll as high as 60.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which also blamed the Coalition, the 42 civilians it said were killed in the strikes included 19 children. This report may have conflated another, however.

A June 2018 report by Amnesty stated that on 20 August 2017 at 7pm, “Coalition forces simultaneously bombed the two neighbouring houses in which the family were staying.” These air strikes reportedly killed 33 Badran family members and other civilians, mostly women and children. A large number of civilians killed in the airstrike were identified in the report.

In its July 2018 civilian casualty report, the Coalition accepted responsibility for the event: “August 20, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report. During a strike on a reported Daesh position near a residential area allegedly caused civilian casualties. Thirty three civilians were unintentionally killed.”

The Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

In the Amnesty and Airwars’s joint April 2019 report “War in Raqqa: Rhetoric versus Reality” it was reported that “Thirty-three members of the Badran Family and neighbours, most of them women and children, were killed in the third and most devastating set of four separate air strikes which killed a total of 39 family members and 10 neighbours as they fled from neighbourhood to neighbourhood in search of safety.”

In addition to this, Rasha, a survivor of the strike told Amnesty in a testimony that “Only I, my husband and his brother and cousin survived. In the morning we found Tulip’s body; our baby was dead. We buried her near there, by a tree. I don’t understand why they bombed us. Didn’t the surveillance planes see that we were civilian families?”

The incident occured at 7:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (33)

  • Shamsa al Badran Bint Mustafa 40 years old female killed
  • Sahar Mohammad Ahmad al Badran 17 years old female Mohammad's daughter killed
  • Saja Mohammad Ahmad al Badran 15 years old male Mohammad's daughter killed
  • Ahmad Mohammad Ahmad al Badran 13 years old male Mohammad's son killed
  • Hamza Mohammad Ahmad al Badran 11 years old male Mohammad's son killed
  • Daham Mohammad Ahmad al Badran 4 years old male Mohammad's son killed
  • Saddiqa al Badran Bint Mustafa 38 years old female Shamsa’s sister, Ismael's wife killed
  • Mundher Ismail al Saaid 12 years old male Ismael's and Shamsa's son, twin of Sidra killed
  • Sidra Ismail al Saaid 12 years old female twin of Mundher killed
  • Aseel Ismail al Saaid 6 years old female Ismael's and Shamsa's daughter
  • Sumaya al Badran bint Mustafa 45 years old female widow, no children killed
  • Abta al Badran bint Mustafa 50 years old female widow killed
  • Qays Mohammad al Sahu 24 years old male Abta's son killed
  • Mays Mohammad al Sahu 18 years old female Abta's daughter killed
  • Khud al Badran bint Mustafa 48 years old female divorced killed
  • Rana Hsein al-Shammari 18 years old female Khud's daughter killed
  • Thuraya al Badran bint Mustafa 55 years old female killed
  • Ibrahim early 30s years old male Thuraya's son killed
  • Madonna mid-late 20s years old female Ibrahim's wife killed
  • Thuraya's nephew 1 Child male killed
  • Thuraya's nephew 2 Child male killed
  • Thuraya's niece Child female killed
  • Mohammad Khalil 30 years old male killed
  • Ali al Badran ibn Mustafa 44 years old male no children killed
  • Ibrahim Fahd Ibn Wahab al-Khadr 70 years old male killed
  • Khadija al Sahu 60 years old female Ibrahim's wife killed
  • Tulip Fahd bint AbdulWahab Abbude 1 years old female Rasha's and Abbude's daughter killed
  • Osama Ibrahim Fahd 32 years old male Abbude's brother killed
  • Mohamed Imbrahim Fahd 28 years old male Abbude's brother killed
  • Souad 50 years old female Iraqi national, wife of local man killed
  • Abu Riad 60s years old male Souad's husband killed
  • Maha mid 20s years old female daughter of Souad and Abu Riad killed
  • Amina al Raqim 60s years old female unmarried, was with Souad and Abu Riad killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    33 – 60
  • (12–19 children12–13 women3–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (31) [ collapse]

  • Khalil Ibrahim Albadran, killed in an alleged Coalition strike near Al-Hini Mosque, (via RBSS)
  • ' Türkçe · Kurdî (Kurmancî) · العربية · English (UK) · Español Gizlilik · Koşullar · Reklamlar · Ad Choices · Çerezler · Diğer Facebook © 2017 Syrian Network for Human Rights - الشبكة السورية لحقوق الإنسان 6 saat · The women Thuraya, Sumayya, Abtta, Khood, Seddiqa, and Shamsa Mustafa al Daham, killed along with 11 members of their family in International Coalition warplanes missiles fired on al Sakhani alley north of Raqqa city, Aug 20.' (via SN4HR)
  • Shahid Abu Aboudabrahim Al Wahab, killed in an alleged Coalition strike on Raqqa (via Sharqiya Voice)
  • Mustafa Al-Badran (via RBSS)
  • Ibrahim Khalil Al-Badran (via RBSS)
  • Qais Mohammed Al-Khader (via RBSS)
  • Sama Ibrahim Al-Badran (via RBSS)
  • Mohammed Ibrahim Abdulwahab Al-Fahed (via RBSS)
  • Ali Ibrahim Al-Badran (via RBSS)
  • Photo of the aftermath of the air strike (via RWB)
  • Tulip Badran (via Amnesty)
  • Aftermath of the air strike (via Amnesty)
  • Members of Al-Badran family killed in the air strike (via Amnesty)
  • Satellite images of the destroyed house in the air strike (via Amnesty)
  • Abta, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Ahmad, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Ali al Badran ibn Mustapha, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Daham, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Hamza, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Khadja, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Madonna Daham, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Mays, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Osama, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Qays, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Saddiqa, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Sahar, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Saja, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Shamsa, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Sidra, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Thuraya, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)
  • Tulip Tuteh, killed in a mass civilian casualty airstrike by alleged Coalition planes on August 22nd 2017. (via Amnesty)

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Al Sakhani (السخاني) neighbourhood of Raqqah, near the Al Hani (الحني) mosque, for which the coordinates are: 35.951373, 39.016984. Following field research by Amnesty International, the incident was found credible by the US-led Coalition, who provided the following MGRS coordinate (accurate to 100m): 37SEV014786.

  • Before strike. (via Amnesty)

  • After strike. (via Amnesty)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    No reason given
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    33
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV014786
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jul 26, 2018
  • August 20, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report. During a strike on a reported Daesh position near a residential area allegedly caused civilian casualties. Thirty three civilians were unintentionally killed.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For August 19th-20th: “Near Raqqah, five strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units and destroyed three fighting positions.” It additionally added that “On Aug. 19, near Raqqah, Syria, 36 strikes engaged 22 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 29 fighting positions and seven command and control nodes.” That “On Aug. 19, near Raqqah, Syria, six strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed five fighting positions, an IED, and a command and control node.” And that “On Aug. 19, near Raqqah, Syria, one strike suppressed an ISIS tactical unit.”

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For Aug 16-22, France report 5 strikes in Iraq and 2 in Syria. Task Force Wagram conducted 60 artillery missions.

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Sunday 20 August – Tornados and Typhoons hit a target in Raqqa, a group of terrorists and vehicles in eastern Syria, and five Daesh positions around Tal Afar…On Sunday 20 August, Typhoons bombed a further Daesh position in Raqqa. In eastern Syria, Tornados targeted a group of terrorists deployed near the border with Iraq – two Paveways hit their trucks and killed several of the extremists.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    33 – 60
  • (12–19 children12–13 women3–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS609

Incident date

March 22, 2017

Location

الثورة‎, Tabaqah, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.84633, 38.54376 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

In a major casualty incident, between 44 and 56 named civilians reportedly died and up to 55 others were wounded in a Coalition airstrike on an automated bakery in the Al Thani neighbourhood of Tabaqa, according to local sources.

The US-led alliance later conceded seven deaths in the event. Their September 2018 civilian casualty report noted: “During a strike on an ISIS fighting position, seven civilians were unintentionally killed.”

Step News reported that the Coalition carried out more than 25 airstrikes in Tabaqa since dawn, targeting “the first neighborhood and the second neighborhood and the automated oven and the city market”. Radio Akul, also blaming the Coalition, put the death toll at 27.

However, according to Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, 37 civilians died with 52 more wounded.

Other sources said that a local market was hit as well as the bakery. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 13 were killed but that the number was likely to rise. According to Syrian News Desk, “The raids focused on the main market behind the bakery building, causing heavy damage to four residential buildings and the burning of cars and shops.”

A local source told the Smart news agency that the Coalition carried out “four raids on an automatic bakery in the city, killing the owner of the bakery, the employees and dozens of civilians who were nearby.” Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently – also attributing the event to the Coalition – produced a number of reports naming victims as well as publishing graphic images of the strike’s aftermath. According to Euphrates Post, in addition to targeting the bakery, the Coalition “also targeted one of Daesh’s HQ near the Assyrian church in the city.”

Human Rights Watch published a major field investigation into the event in September, which concluded that a 5pm strike on GPS co-ordinates 35.845879, 38.540913 had killed at least 44 civilians. Multiple witnesses and survivors spoke with HRW, with some indicating that the aircraft responsible may have been a B-52 bomber. The international NGO published a casualty list featuring 44 victims.

The Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ez al-Deen Sahari Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Abd al-Jabbar Sahari Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed

Family members (6)

  • Wael Ahmad al-Qobos Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Maher Ahmad al-Qobos Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Abd al-Kareem Ahmad al-Qobos Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Daughter of Ismaeil Ahmad al-Qobos Child female named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Wife of Ismaeil Ahmad al-Qobos Adult female named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Ismaeil Ahmad al-Qobos Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed

Family members (2)

  • Abdulla Mohammad al-Mdakhar 14 years old male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Eisa Mohammad al-Madkher 13 years old male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed

Family members (2)

  • Ali Hamid al-Bakri Child male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Hamid al-Bakri Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed

Family members (2)

  • Aboudi Dibo Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Ammar Dibo Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed

Family members (2)

  • Shahade Al-Abed Child killed
  • Ibrahim Al-Abed Child male killed

Family members (3)

  • Salah Ahmad al Omar Age unknown killed
  • Walid Ahmad al Omar Age unknown killed
  • Hussein Ahmad al Omar Age unknown male killed
  • Daed Mansour 42 years old female named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Khadijeh al-Ibraheem al-Btoushi 40 years old female named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Mohannad Barko Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Mohammad Elaiwi Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Khaled Ahmad al-Salal Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Fatima al-Hendi Adult female named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Mahmoud Ahmad Mostafa or Ahmad Ali Al-Mustafa Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Mahmoud Dahham al-Abdullah Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Hamoud Staif Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Hasan Kassab Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Yosra Fattah Adult female named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Mostafa Mansour Adult male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Haytham Khalouf 32 years old male named by VDC, as victims at Al Tabaqa of international Coalition actions, from Palmyra killed
  • Ibrahim AleiwiIssa Age unknown male killed
  • Mariam – the mother of Mohammad al Masri 50 years old female killed
  • Raed A’beid Age unknown killed
  • Ahmad Al Abed Age unknown male killed
  • Udai Hasan Khleif 10 years old killed
  • Fayez Mohammed Al-Abdullah Age unknown killed
  • Ammar Kahat Age unknown killed
  • Mayada Kashash Age unknown female killed
  • Ahmad Abdul-Hay Al-juneidi Age unknown male killed
  • Ismaeil Hussein Haj A’ref Age unknown killed
  • Lina Hasan Hajja Age unknown female killed
  • Mustafa Rajab Abdo 13 years old male killed
  • Peipers Al-Hasan Child killed
  • Mohammed Alewi Age unknown male killed
  • Khadija Ibrahim Age unknown female killed
  • Faryal Dibo Age unknown female killed
  • Mansour Al-Haji Age unknown killed
  • Mohammed Jamil Asad Age unknown male killed
  • Manar al-Hussein Age unknown killed
  • Ahmad Faraj al Nazal Age unknown killed
  • Abu Hamdo al Hajji Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmad Mahmoud Zahhab Age unknown male killed
  • Su'ad Taje 12 years old female killed
  • Hadeel Rabih 16 years old female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    44 – 56
  • (14 children9–10 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–55
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (83) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (48) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via Alhiwarchannel)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via Syrian newsdesk)
  • Q-Alenzy documenting 20 initial names of civilian casualties. (via Q-Alenzy)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments before the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments before the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via Asharqiya voice)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian casualty found in the rubble after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via Asharqiya voice)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via Asharqiya voice)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via Asharqiya voice)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via Asharqiya voice)
  • Moments after the alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via Asharqiya voice)
  • Peipers Al-Hasan, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • The child Udday Hasan Khalif, 10 years old, killed in an alleged coalition raid yesterday on al Thani neighbourhood bakery in al tabaqa.
  • Mohammad Aleiwi, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Muhannad Barko, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Ez al-Deen Sahari, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Ez al-Deen Sahari, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Abd al-Jabbar Sahari, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Ali Hamid al-Bakri, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Hamid al-Bakri, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Hasan Kassab, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Haytham Khalouf, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd march 2017. (via VDC)
  • Ahmad al Abd, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Ahmad Mahmoud Zahhab, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Abu Hamdo al Hajji, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • Ahmad Faraj al Nazal, killed in a Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Tabaqah, 22nd March 2017. (via RBSS)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    No reason given
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    7
  • Stated location
    near al-Thani, Tabaqa, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SDV588670
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 27, 2018
  • March 22, 2017, near al-Thani, Tabaqa, Syria, via Airwars report. During a strike on an ISIS fighting position, seven civilians were unintentionally killed.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 22nd-23rd: “Near Ar Raqqah, eight strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units; destroyed two tactical vehicles, a fighting position, and a heavy transport equipment piece; and damaged four supply routes.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    44 – 56
  • (14 children9–10 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–55
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (83) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI874

Incident date

November 1, 2017

Location

القائم, Al Qaim, Central, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

34.39539, 40.99403 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

It was reported that raids carried out on Al Qaim had resulted in the deaths of at least 45 civilians and had left dozens of people injured. The US-led Coalition later conceded one civilian death in the event.

Both Omar Al Halbusi and the Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq blamed the Coalition, with the latter citing a press source indicating the death of 45 civilians and dozens injured.

Yaqein also reported on aircraft and artillery bombing, indicating that indiscriminate shelling of residential areas took place in the centre of Al Qaim. The news agency put the death toll at between 45 and 50 civilians but did not identify the culprit.

In its November 2018 monthly casualty report the Coalition accepted responsibility for one death during the event, noting that “Coalition aircraft struck a known ISIS headquarters. Unfortunately, one civilian was unintentionally killed in the blast. The headquarters was destroyed.”

The Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The incident was first reported on November 1, 2017 at 4:00 pm by .

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    45 – 50
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Al-Qaim (القائم) for which the coordinates are: 34.3957715, 40.9943684

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Killed by strike blast
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    1
  • Stated location
    near Al Qaim, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU833078
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 29, 2018
  • On Nov. 1, 2017, near Al Qaim, Iraq, via Airwars report. Coalition aircraft struck a known ISIS headquarters. Unfortunately, one civilian was unintentionally killed in the blast. The headquarters was destroyed.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 31st-November 1st, the Coalition reported at the time that “Near Al Qaim, four strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units and damaged an ISIS supply route and destroyed a command and control node, a weapons cache, an ISIS headquarters and a vehicle.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    45 – 50
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS285

Incident date

July 28, 2016

Location

الغندورة, Al Ghandoura, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67554, 37.75664 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

At least 22 civilians were killed in a Coalition airstrike on the village of al Ghandourra. According to Syria Newsdesk, the noon strikes hit the main market and the elementary school in the town, which was occupied by so-called ISIL.

The US later admitted to inadvertently killing 15 civilians in the incident, claiming that “the munition struck the vehicle after it slowed in a populated area after the munition was released.”

Extremely graphic footage later released by ISIL’s media wing showed much of the market destroyed, with significant civilian casualties. One unnamed eyewitness states: “Today the crusader coalition planes bombed this market, a market full of civilians, so that pieces of bodies were flying around, men, women and children. There are bodies that have turned to charcoal that can’t be identified, and others are in pieces that their families can’t identify them. Is this place a place of the mujahedin? We ask God almighty to destroy America and all those who support it, we ask God to destroy the coalition and all its allies and all those who are fighting Muslims, all those who are aggressing against Muslims. Where are you Muslim ummah where are you?”

According to the Syrian Observatory, 28 civilians “were killed when warplanes of the international coalition committed a massacre in the town of al-Ghandour in the northwestern countryside of Manbij city east of Aleppo province. The town is more than 23 kilometres away from Manbij city, and the death toll is expected to rise because there are some people in a critical situation. Also, SOHR received information that 13 other people were killed in the same bombing, but they were not identified yet, and it is unknown whether they were civilian citizens or members from the ‘Islamic State’.“

The Pentagon announced later that day it was conducting an investigation into al Ghandourra: “U.S. Central Command initiated an assessment following internal operational reporting that a strike today near Manbij, Syria may have resulted in civilian casualties. We can confirm the Coalition conducted airstrikes in the area in the last 24 hours.” A senior US military official told Airwars that the Coalition’s internal monitoring had already raised concerns relating to the al Ghandourra strike – and that the decision to proceed almost immediately to an investigation represented a more pro-active approach to civilian casualty allegations.

An Amnesty case study published in October 2016 used satellite and photograph analysis to determine the likelihood of civilians having been killed: “The strikes reportedly hit the public market, as shown in a video clip which Amnesty International was able to geolocate in al-Ghandoura’s central main street and other images of the immediate aftermath of the attack in which dead bodies and significant destruction is clearly visible. One child victim shown in several on-line images of the attack’s aftermath is also clearly visible at the start of the video clip. Amnesty International was unable to find any of the images on-line before the date of the incident,” the NGO noted. “Amnesty International is concerned that the loss of civilian life in the strike resulted from a failure by the Coalition forces to take necessary precautions and the attack may have been disproportionate or otherwise indiscriminate.”

The Coalition conceded that it had killed 15 civilians in a statement issued on December 1st 2016: “Near Arghanndorh, Syria: During a strike on a moving ISIL vehicle, 15 civilians were inadvertently killed when the munition struck the vehicle after it slowed in a populated area after the munition was released.”

The Syrian Network eventually concluded that 22 civilians had died in the attack. It quoted local eyewitness Mr. Safi Al Sayed: “I saw two warplanes for the international coalition forces soaring in the sky. They were supporting the Kurdish forces in their clashes with ISIS near our town. The warplanes fired a missile that targeted shops near the town mosque. In just moments, the shops were reduced to ruins and everyone was inside were turned into burned dead bodies. I smelled the burned dead bodies. It was a tough thing to see.”

In July 2019 the Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22 – 41
  • (3–10 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • An apparent image of the July 28th strike on al Ghandoura (via Tokhar )
  • Amnesty satellite analysis of a Coalition airstrike at al Ghandour in July 2016, which likely killed 28 or more civilians
  • An apparent image of the July 28th strike on al Ghandoura (via Tokhar )
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims in the airstrike in Al Ghandoura (via Lens young manbij).
  • Photos showing the signs of destruction in al Ghandoura (via Al Tokhar al Kabir).
  • Photos showing the signs of destruction in al Ghandoura (via Al Tokhar al Kabir).
  • Photos showing the signs of destruction in al Ghandoura (via Al Tokhar al Kabir).
  • Photos showing the signs of destruction in al Ghandoura (via Al Tokhar al Kabir).
  • Photos showing the signs of destruction in al Ghandoura (via Al Tokhar al Kabir).
  • Photos showing the signs of destruction in al Ghandoura (via Al Tokhar al Kabir).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Some of the victims killed in the air strike (via SNHR)

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest village at 36.677467, 37.7545406

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Entered target area just prior to or after munition released
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    15
  • Stated location
    near Arghanndorh, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCA889596
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Dec 1, 2016
  • July 28, 2016, near Arghanndorh, Syria: During a strike on a moving ISIL vehicle, 15 civilians were inadvertently killed when the munition struck the vehicle after it slowed in a populated area after the munition was released.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th the Coalition stated: “Near Manbij, 19 strikes struck 19 separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed 17 ISIL fighting positions, an ISIL heavy machine gun, and two ISIL vehicles.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    22 – 41
  • (3–10 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    25–40
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS863

Incident date

May 25, 2017

Location

ميادين, Al Mayadin, Deir Ezzor, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.01979, 40.45123 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

Between 15 and 40 civilians including two to five children and one to three women died, and up to 15 more were injured, in airstrikes on multiple locations in Al Mayadeen. Local sources were initially conflicted as to whether this was the work of the Coalition, Iraqi warplanes or Russia.

However, in April 2018 the Coalition claimed responsibility for the event:  “It was assessed that during a strike on an ISIS media center and headquarters 15 civilians were unintentionally killed.”

In an interview with ITV News in summer 2019, British ISIS fighter Alexanda Kotey claimed that up to 40 people died when a single apartment block [presumably the al-Dahmoush building, see below] was bombed that day – including a notorious British ISIS supporter Sally Jones, known as the ‘White Widow’, and her 12-year-old son Jojo.

Many sources, including Euphrates Post, the Syrian Network for Human Rights and the Smart News Network, initially reported the death of four non-combatants on May 25th. Other sources, however, put the death toll higher, with the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reporting that up to 35 civilians died, including many family members of IS.

According to the Syrian Observatory, “Reliable sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that the strikes on the Dahmoush building have killed 26 other people at least, most of them are from the families of the organization’s members, others were injured and went missing due to these airstrikes. The Syrian Observatory learned that those who were killed, injured and missing belonged to 7 families of members of the ‘Islamic State’ organization”.

On May 30th Euphrates Post also reported “The death of the mother of Saddam, the wife of Hussein al-Hamad al-Arrouk, who was injured by the raids that targeted the city of Al-Mayadeen a few days ago. She joins her husband, her sons, her daughter and her grandson.”

The Observatory documented a number of strikes by Coalition jets: “At 7:25 pm two warplanes accompanied by two drones hovered in the sky of Al-Mayadin city, coinciding with citizens’ entry to the city’s mosques. Both warplanes carried out 4 strikes using 4 consecutive rockets, the first two rockets targeted the 4-storey al-Dahmoush building, which housed family members of the ‘Islamic State’ organization of Syrian and Moroccan nationalities. It was destroyed completely, and the raid killed a man and 2 women and a baby from Al-Mayadin. A second raid targeted the market of the city, which killed a woman, her 2 children and 2 other children. The number of Syrian people who were killed has become 9, including 5 children and 3 citizen women.”

Arabic.rt also put the death toll at 35 and blamed the Coalition.

However, Zamanalwsl pointed towards Iraqi warplanes.

Two other sources – Alaraby and @abojannarawi201 said that Russia was responsible.

According to Alaraby, Russian warplanes carried out three strikes, and “one of the raids targeted the market of the Office of the vicar in the city centre, and civilian homes resulted in the deaths and injuries.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights later reported: “The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights received information from reliable sources about the presence of Ryan Meshaal in al-Dahmoush building 3 hours before it was targeted by the International Coalition; at 7:25 in the evening of Thursday the 25th of May 2017, while the Syrian Observatory can’t confirm whether Ryan Meshaal [one of the founders of IS media agency A’amaq] is among those who were killed by the airstrikes that targeted the building and killed 26 persons of the organization’s families, also the airstrikes caused injuries and some people gone missing, where the Syrian Observatory learned that those who were killed, injured and lost belong to 7 families of the Islamic State organization’s members.”

The Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100-metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mohammed Abdul-Wahab Al-Aziz Adult male killed
  • Wife of Martyr Mohammed Abdul Aziz Adult female killed

Family members (2)

  • Wife of Muhannad Rahbi Adult female killed
  • Mohamad Muhanad Waka’ al Rahbi Child male Baby son of Muhannad Rahbi killed
  • the mother of Saddam Adult female wife of Hussein al-Hamad al-Arrouk killed
  • Jojo Jones 12 years old male Son of Sally Jones, aka the 'White Widow' killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 40
  • (2–5 children2–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • The child Mohamad Muhanad Waka’ al Rahbi alleged killed with his mother in shelling by the Coalition forces on al Mayadeen city in Deir Ez-Zour, May 25, 2017 (via SN4HR May 25th 2017).
  • The child Mohammad Muhannad al Rahbi who was killed with his mother in shelling by the Coalition forces on al Mayadeen city in Deir Ez-Zour, May 25, 2017 (via Euphrates post on November 26th 2018).

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

  • 37SFU324762

    Imagery:
    © 2018 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    No reason given
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    15
  • Stated location
    near Al Mayadin, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU324762
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Apr 26, 2018
  • May 25, 2017 near Al Mayadin, Syria via Airwars report. It was assessed that during a strike on an ISIS media center and headquarters 15 civilians were unintentionally killed.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For May 24th-25th, the Coalition reported: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, one strike destroyed an ISIS barge.“
For May 25th-26th, the Coalition reported: "Near Dayr Az Zawr, five strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit; destroyed seven ISIS oil trucks, four ISIS barges, an ISIS well head, a command and control node, and an ISIS headquarters."

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 40
  • (2–5 children2–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS432

Incident date

January 7, 2017

Location

السوا, Sawa, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.61079, 40.06216 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

Between five and 40 civilians reportedly died following a Coalition airstrike at al Sa’wa, according to local sources. The Coalition later confirmed killing just two civilians.

According to Step News, “international coalition planes targeted last night oil terminal wells near the town of Al Sa’awa in the western countryside with dozens of air strikes, killing forty civilians -oil traders from the region – and the burning of more than sixty tankers to transport oil.” Shaam News instead reported that Coalition strikes “led to the death of five people who were civilians, one of whom has been identified as Sami Ahmad al Bala’at who is from Hatla village.”

Euphrates Post reported: “Coalition warplanes targeted oil refineries in Al-Sa’wa, killing five civilians and wounding more. One of them is identified as Sami Ahmad Al-Bal’at from Hatla.”

According to Qasioun, six non-combatants died and a further 15 were wounded when oil refineries were targeted in Al Sa’wa.

On March 4th the Coalition reported the following: “Jan. 7, 2017, near As Sawa, Syria, via self-report: During a strike on ISIS oil tanker trucks it is assessed that two civilians were killed. After warning shots were fired to dislodge drivers from the vehicles a number of the trucks scattered. Two of the trucks were subsequently engaged, destroyed, and their drivers presumed killed. The other vehicles in the area were abandoned after the warning shots were fired and subsequently destroyed with no assessed civilian casualties.”

In July 2019, the Coalition provided Airwars with coordinates for the event, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Sami Ahmad al Bala’at Age unknown male From Hatla killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 40
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest village at 35.53226, 39.96322

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Inside target vehicle
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    2
  • Stated location
    near As Sawa, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV962413
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Mar 4, 2017
  • Jan. 7, 2017, near As Sawa, Syria, via self-report: During a strike on ISIS oil tanker trucks it is assessed that two civilians were killed. After warning shots were fired to dislodge drivers from the vehicles a number of the trucks scattered. Two of the trucks were subsequently engaged, destroyed, and their drivers presumed killed. The other vehicles in the area were abandoned after the warning shots were fired and subsequently destroyed with no assessed civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For January 6th-7th the Coalition publicly reported that “Near Dayr Az Zawr, nine strikes destroyed 18 oil refinement stills, 15 oil pump jacks, and an oil well head.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 40
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS237 RS926

Incident date

June 21, 2016

Location

الرقة‎, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.94727, 39.00887 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

Up to 38 civilians including six children and three women were killed and up to 150 injured in airstrikes on Raqqa, according to multiple sources.

While most alleged that Russia carried out the attack, the United States later admitted responsibility – though admitted only three civilians deaths: “June 21, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, Syria, during a strike targeting an ISIL headquarters building, it is assessed that three individuals were killed after entering the target area after the aircraft released its weapon.”

This was revised on April 30th 2017 with the Coalition noting that “June 21, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, Syria: Number 12 and 13 on Nov. 9, 2016, U.S. Central Command press release were both based on the same report. The actual assessment was that on June 21, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, during a strike on an ISIS headquarters four civilians were unintentionally killed.”

An initial report by Shaam News blamed Russia, but it then changed its position: “Coalition planes launched raids on al Dalla roundabout and the area of the electricity company in Raqqa which led to civilians deaths and wounded.”

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently named 27 or more victims.

However, according to the total number of identified victims across other sources, the death toll reached no less than 38, including at least six children and several women.

Syrian Press Center – who blamed Russia – said that the following locations were targeted:

“one raid near al Rahman laundry

one raid near the electricity HQ

one raid near Shukri Bozan gas station.”

In July 2019 the Coalition provided Airwars with the location for this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Abd al Sattar Rashid al Zoro 10 years old killed
  • Mohammad Rashid al Zoro 15 years old male injured

Family members (2)

  • Ibrahim Matar al Wakka male killed
  • Musha’al Ibrahim al Wakka Child injured

Family members (6)

  • Saleh al Jamal Al Nayef Age unknown killed
  • The wife of Jamal Al Nayef female killed
  • Child of Jamal Al Nayef Child killed
  • Abdallah Jamal al Nayef Adult male killed
  • The wife Abdallah Jamal al Nayef Adult female killed
  • Child of Abdallah Jamal al Nayef Age unknown killed

Family members (6)

  • Yasser al Satouf Age unknown male killed
  • Khaled al Satouf Age unknown male killed
  • Fadi al Satouf Age unknown killed
  • Wafaa al Satouf Age unknown killed
  • Fadia al Satouf Age unknown killed
  • Wafaa al Satouf Child killed

Family members (3)

  • Dr. Mohammad Ali al Heito Adult male killed
  • Wife of Dr. Mohammad Ali al Heitoand Adult female killed
  • Son of Dr. Mohammad Ali al Heito Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmad Al Sheikh Khalil Al Yaseen Age unknown male killed
  • Ammar Abdullah Al Hasan Age unknown killed
  • Mouhammad al-Ahmad Age unknown male killed
  • Mouhannad Abu Heif Age unknown male killed
  • Tawfeeq Al A’nizan Age unknown male killed
  • Jamal Al Batran Age unknown killed
  • Mohammad al Sheikh Khalil al Yasin Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammad Al Ahmad al A’zzami Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim Juma’a al A’far Age unknown male killed
  • Ammar Abdallah Al Hassan al Satouf Age unknown killed
  • Jomaa al A’bo Al Fannash Age unknown male killed
  • Daughter of Jomaa al A’bo Al Fannash Age unknown female killed
  • Khalif Al Ibbo al Fanash Age unknown killed
  • Na’el al Fayyad Age unknown killed
  • Khashab al Khashab Age unknown killed
  • Tahseen al Hamoud Age unknown killed
  • Jamila Hussein al Jazra Age unknown killed
  • Hani al Hafez Age unknown killed
  • Hussein Issa al Noaimi Child killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 38
  • (6–7 children4 women11 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    150
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (46) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

  • A photo of the young man Muhannad Ismail Abu Haif killed following alleged Russian raids on the city. (via RBSS)
  • Riyad Khudar al Said (via RBSS)
  • Mohammad Al Ahmad al A’zzami (via RBSS).
  • Ammar al Sattouf (via RBSS)
  • Jma’a al Ibbo al Fanash (via RBSS)
  • Khalif Al Ibbo al Fanash (via RBSS)
  • Na’el al Fayyad (via RBSS)
  • Khashab al Khashab (via RBSS)
  • Ibrahim Matar al Wakka, was killed with his two children in the air strike (via RBSS)
  • Musha’al Ibrahim al Wakka’ was killed and his brother Hafez Ibrahim al Waka’a was injured seriously leading the his feet being amputated (via RBSS)
  • Hani al Hafez (via RBSS)
  • Jamal Saleh al Batran (via RBSS)
  • Video showing regime shelling of Ar Raqqah (Youtube via RT Report)
  • Material destruction in Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Material destruction in Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Material destruction in Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Material destruction in Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Material destruction in Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Hani al Hafez died following alleged Russian action near the electricity station in Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Abdallah Fayyad al Saleh al Hussein, a victim of alleged Russian action on Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • Jamal Saleh al Batran died following alleged attacks by Russian aviation (via RBSS)
  • Hussein Issa al Noaimi died in alleged Russia aerial bombardment on Ar Raqqah (via RBSS)
  • "the shelling also resulted in the destruction of five houses completely, in addition to three other combustion, as well as physical damage to seven shops and damage to its contents almost entirely" (via Syrian News Desk)
  • The aftermath of aerial bombardment on Ar Raqqah (via Erem)
  • Names of sixteen of alleged deceased (via @syria1@news1)
  • Smoke from alleged Russian attacks on Ar Raqqah (via @shaamnews)

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest city at 35.9505639, 39.0094148

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Entered target area just prior to or after munition released
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    4
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV008781
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Apr 30, 2017
  • Nov 9, 2016
  • during a strike targeting an ISIL headquarters building, it is assessed that three individuals were killed after entering the target area after the aircraft released its weapon.

  • “June 21, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, Syria: Number 12 and 13 on the Nov. 9, 2016, U.S. Central Command press release were both based on the same report. The actual assessment was that on June 21, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, during a strike on an ISIS headquarters four civilians were unintentionally killed.”

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For June 20th-21st, the Coalition reported: “ Near Ar Raqqah, two strikes struck an ISIL-used bridge and destroyed five ISIL oil pump jacks.”

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between June 1st – 31st 2016.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 38
  • (6–7 children4 women11 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    150
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (46) [ collapse]