US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident date

March 20, 2017

Incident Code

CS596

LOCATION

Tabaqah, Raqqa, Syria

In an incident not previously tracked by Airwars, the Coalition later confirmed the deaths of ten civilians near Al Tabqah, Syria. Their October 2017 report noted: “During a Coalition strike that engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed an ISIS-held building, it was assessed that 10 civilians were unintentionally killed.” This confirmed strike might relate

Summary

First published
March 20, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
View Incident

Incident date

October 12, 2017

Incident Code

CS1621a

LOCATION

البدو, Baidou, Raqqa, Syria

Local media reported that between 25 and 35 or more civilians died in US-led Coalition airstrikes carried out at midday which struck two residential buildings in Al Badou neighbourhood, Raqqa. Despite this, Amnesty field research has since been conducted which only reported the deaths of 16 civilians, spread over two strikes. The Coalition initially confirmed

Summary

First published
October 12, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10
(1 child2 women5 men)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Suspected belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
8 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

February 19, 2017

Incident Code

CI467

LOCATION

الشفاء, Mosul, Al-Shafaa, Nineveh, Iraq

Local sources said that up to 130 civilians were killed and 78 injured after Coalition airstrikes and/ or Iraqi artillery had struck many residential buildings in Al-Shafaa (Shifa) in West Mosul. The Coalition has confirmed causing 10 deaths. Press sources had told Yaqein that “the retaliatory shelling by aircraft and artillery by government forces had,

Summary

First published
February 19, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
30 – 130
(7 children3 men)
Civilians reported injured
78
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Suspected belligerent
Iraq Government Forces
Named victims
3 named
View Incident

Incident date

March 5, 2016

Incident Code

CI197

LOCATION

شركة البناء الجاهز, Mosul, Industrial area in Arabi, Nineveh, Iraq

At least 21 civilians including 13 children reportedly died after an alleged night time Coalition strike on an abandoned factory in Mosul, which was being used by Daesh. The Coalition later said it had targeted an ‘ISIL weapons production facility’ in the city. This may also have been linked to the terror group’s chemical weapons

Summary

First published
March 5, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
21 – 24
(13 children4 women4 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
Named victims
21 named, 4 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

March 21, 2017

Incident Code

CS603

LOCATION

الثورة‎, Tabaqah, Raqqa, Syria

Between 10 and 20 civilians were reported killed and dozens more injured in Coalition airstrikes on multiple locations in Tabaqa, according to local sources. Some reports confused this incident with a reported nearby mass casualty event at al Mansour. The Coalition later said it had killed ten civilians in the town that day. According to

Summary

First published
March 21, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 20
(1 child)
Civilians reported injured
2–36
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Suspected belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
7 named, 2 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

May 12, 2017

Incident Code

CS808

LOCATION

مزرعة الأسدية, Al Asadeya farm, Raqqa, Syria

Between 10 and 20 civilians – including “entire families” – died and dozens more were wounded in a casualty event at Al-Asadeya farm. Most sources attributed the incident to Kurdish artillery, and only one blamed the US-led Coalition. The alliance later admitted responsibility for ten deaths. It was later revealed that the strike was either

Summary

First published
May 12, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 20
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
Named victims
13 named, 3 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

March 3, 2017

Incident Code

CI505

LOCATION

Mosul, Al Mahatta, Nineveh, Iraq

Local residents said a number of civilians were killed after an alleged airstrike struck the Abu Huraira School in the station area. The school was reportedly being used by displaced families fleeing the violence in other neighbourhoods. Mosul Ateka (Facebook) reported Fawad Ali Abu Abdullah as having been killed in the raids on March 3rd,

Summary

First published
March 3, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 21
(6 children8 women1 man)
Civilians reported injured
2–15
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

July 14, 2017

Incident Code

CI811

LOCATION

Mosul, Nabi Jarjis, Nineveh, Iraq

In an incident not previously tracked by Airwars, the Coalition later confirmed the deaths of ten civilians in an event in the Nabi Jaris neighbourhood of Old Mosul. Their September 2017 civilian casualty report noted: “During a strike on an ISIS tunnel system, it was assessed that 10 civilians were unintentionally killed.” Coordinates supplied by

Summary

First published
July 14, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
View Incident

Incident date

October 2, 2016

Incident Code

CI292

LOCATION

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Local sources reported the deaths of up to 23 civilians – including 17 children and 1 woman – following an alleged Coalition airstrike on Mosul’s Najjar neighbourhood. Officials later confirmed the deaths of 10 civilians in the event. Iraqi Spring reported at the time that The coalition air force has targeted a home in which

Summary

First published
October 2, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
19 – 23
(17 children1 woman)
Civilians reported injured
11
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Suspected belligerent
US-led Coalition
View Incident

Incident date

January 3, 2019

Incident Code

CS1881

LOCATION

الكشكية, Al Khishkiya or Kashma, Deir Ezzor, Syria

During an exchange of small arms fire, an alleged Coalition helicopter strike hit a civilian home in the town of Al-Kashkiya, east of Deir Al-Zour. Between six and ten civilians from the same family were reported killed, including women and children. In January 2020, the Coalition accepted responsibility for the deaths of nine civilians in

Summary

First published
January 3, 2019
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
9 – 10
(1–4 children2 women2–5 men)
Civilians reported injured
2
Causes of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
Named victims
13 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

August 20, 2017

Incident Code

CS1394

LOCATION

المرور, Ar Raqqah: Mouroor neighbourhood, Raqqa, Syria

Coalition air raids on Raqqa resulted in the deaths of 9 civilians, including 4 children. The US-led alliance later admitted responsibility for the deaths, following an Amnesty International field investigation. Amnesty researchers interviewed Munira Hashish who lost 18 members of her family, nine of whom were killed in a Coalition air strike. She stated: “It

Summary

First published
August 20, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
9
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
21 named, 3 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

May 21, 2017

Incident Code

CS842

LOCATION

كديران, Kdeiran, Raqqa, Syria

Up to 15 civilians died and dozens more were injured in alleged Coalition airstrike on Kdeiran village, local media reported. In January 2019, the Coalition accepted responsibility for the event, noting: “Coalition aircraft engaged with what was positively identified as an ISIS Headquarters. Coalition munitions destroyed the building. Regrettably, nine civilian bystanders in the streets

Summary

First published
May 21, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
10 – 15
(2–4 children)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
10 named
View Incident

Incident date

January 13, 2017

Incident Code

CI418

LOCATION

الفيصلية, Mosul, Al-Faisiliyah, Nineveh, Iraq

Local sources said Coalition airstrikes bombed a school inhabited by displaced people in Faisaliyah neighborhood in East Mosul, leaving up to 12 civilians dead or wounded. The Coalition subsequently confirmed responsibility. News of Iraq reported that the raids on Friday evening had killed and wounded “12 people, mostly women and children.” All sources said the

Summary

First published
January 13, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian infrastructure
School
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8 – 12
(2 children1 woman)
Civilians reported injured
1–12
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
5 named
View Incident

Incident date

June 26, 2017

Incident Code

CS1094

LOCATION

الميادين, Al Mayadin, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Between 42 and 100 civilians who were being detained in an ISIL prison were reportedly killed in alleged Coalition airstrikes on an ISIL base in Al Mayadeen, local sources reported. The Coalition later conceded having killed eight civilians. According to a number of reports, the strikes also allegedly killed between 15 to 20 ISIL members,

Summary

First published
June 26, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
42 – 70
(5 women)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
1 named
View Incident

Incident date

June 6, 2017

Incident Code

CS965

LOCATION

Ar Raqqah: near Omar Bin Al Khattab mosque, Raqqa, Syria

A man was killed, and his son was injured in Coalition airstrikes which struck the street near his home. The Coalition later conceded a total of eight deaths and 24 injuries clustered across this event and CS965a and CS965b. To avoid triple counting, the official OIR tally is only counted here. This civilian was initially

Summary

First published
June 6, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
1
(1 man)
Civilians reported injured
12–24
Airwars civilian harm grading
Fair
Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Suspected target
ISIS
Named victims
2 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

November 17, 2016

Incident Code

CI342

LOCATION

حي عدن, Mosul, Aden, Nineveh, Iraq

Local reports and an eyewitness inside east Mosul said up to 24 civilians from four families who had been gathered in one room within a three-story house, were killed in Aden Quarter by an alleged Coalition airstrike at 2.30pm during the main offensive by Iraqi security forces. Iraqi reporter Majid Sharif noted on the day

Summary

First published
November 17, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
9 – 24
(6–7 children1 woman1 man)
Civilians reported injured
12
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
Named victims
12 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

October 5, 2015

Incident Code

CI118

LOCATION

الحويجة, Hawijah, Kirkuk, Iraq

Eight civilians were killed from one family after US aircraft bombed their home in Atshana Village, in eastern Hawijah district. In a January 2016 report the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq appeared to confirm the report, noting: “On 5 October, an airstrike mistakenly targeted a civilian house in Atshana village, east of Hawija and

Summary

First published
October 5, 2015
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8 – 9
(2–3 children2–3 women1–2 men)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
5 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

December 11, 2016

Incident Code

CI368

LOCATION

حي الفلاح, Mosul, Falah, Nineveh, Iraq

Eight to eleven civilians – including five children and 8 members of the same family – were killed by Coalition strikes in Mosul, according to local sources. According to Iraqi Spring, eight civilians from one family, including four children and two women were killed in Coalition airstrikes in the Al-Falah neighbourhood of eastern Mosul. Several

Summary

First published
December 11, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8 – 12
(5 children3 women4 men)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
12 named, 3 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

May 31, 2016

Incident Code

CS220 RS824

LOCATION

منبج, Manbij, Aleppo, Syria

As many as 15 civilians including at least three children reportedly died in Coalition airstrikes in support of a major Kurdish ground offensive against Daesh near Manbij. Citing the Syrian Observatory, Reuters noted that “U.S.-led air strikes in support of the ground operation [reportedly] killed 15 civilians including three children near Manbij in the past

Summary

First published
May 31, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8 – 15
(1–3 children)
Civilians reported injured
3
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Suspected belligerent
Russian Military
Named victims
3 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

June 9, 2017

Incident Code

CS952

LOCATION

الصناعة, Ar Raqqah: Sina'a neighbourhood (Mukhtalata, unknown location), Raqqa, Syria

Eight civilians including four children and two women died in a declared Coalition airstrike on the al Mukhtalata area in Raqqa’a al Sina’a neighbourhood, local media reported. According to the Syrian Press Center, “Coalition forces continue to commit the worst massacres against civilians in the city of Raqqa, under the pretext of eliminating terrorism. A

Summary

First published
June 9, 2017
Last updated
March 17, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8
(4 children2 women2 men)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Suspected belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
Named victims
9 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

April 19, 2016

Incident Code

CI229

LOCATION

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

According to local sources, up to eight civilians were killed and others injured after Coalition jets struck the Al Hadbah apartment complex in western Mosul. “Many” Daesh fighters were also reported killed. NRN said it was a nighttime attack: “Our correspondent says the bombing killed and wounded a number of civilians, noting that foreign elements

Summary

First published
April 19, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8
(4 children1–2 women2–3 men)
Civilians reported injured
20
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
2 named
View Incident

Incident date

June 28, 2017

Incident Code

CS1110

LOCATION

الرقة‎, Ar Raqqah, Raqqa, Syria

An August 2017 Amnesty International report initially stated that a civilian casualty incident occurred in Raqqa on June 8th, killing 6 to 9 civilians – including 1 or 2 women and 3 to 5 children. This was later corrected to June 28th – with the Coalition accepting responsibility for eight deaths 13 months later. Amnesty

Summary

First published
June 28, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8 – 9
(5 children1–2 women)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
8 named, 2 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

October 22, 2016

Incident Code

CI303

LOCATION

فايده, Fadhiliya, Nineveh, Iraq

A family of eight was killed in a Coalition airstrike on the ISIL-occupied village of Fadhiliya. CENTCOM later confirmed it had carried out the airstrikes and had killed all eight civilians. Iraq based reporter Fazel Hawramy spoke by phone with family members in the village shortly after the event, who confirmed that eight people had

Summary

First published
October 22, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8
(3 children2 women1 man)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
8 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

June 21, 2017

Incident Code

CI778

LOCATION

المدينة القديمة, Mosul, Old City, Nineveh, Iraq

In an incident not previously tracked by Airwars, the Coalition later confirmed the deaths of seven civilians in an event in Mosul. Their September 2017 civilian casualty report noted: “During a strike on ISIS fighters engaging partner forces from a fighting position, it was assessed that seven civilians, not observed near the target before the

Summary

First published
June 21, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
7
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
View Incident

Incident date

March 22, 2017

Incident Code

CS609

LOCATION

الثورة‎, Tabaqah, Raqqa, Syria

In a major casualty incident, between 44 and 56 named civilians reportedly died and up to 55 others were wounded in a Coalition airstrike on an automated bakery in the Al Thani neighbourhood of Tabaqa, according to local sources. The US-led alliance later conceded seven deaths in the event. Their September 2018 civilian casualty report

Summary

First published
March 22, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
44 – 56
(14 children9–10 women)
Civilians reported injured
30–55
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
56 named, 7 families identified
View Incident

Incident date

March 30, 2017

Incident Code

CI594

LOCATION

حي التنك, Mosul, Tanak, Nineveh, Iraq

In an incident not previously tracked by Airwars, the Coalition later confirmed the deaths of seven civilians in an event on the western outskirts of Mosul. The action was later revealed to be a US strike. Their September 2017 civilian casualty report noted: “During a strike against an ISIS formation, it was assessed that seven

Summary

First published
March 30, 2017
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
7
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
View Incident

Incident date

August 7, 2016

Incident Code

CS289

LOCATION

التنك, Al Tanak oil field, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Seven civilian fuel truck drivers were killed and two more injured following what appeared to have been multiple Coalition strikes in the vicinity of Al Tanak. The Coalition confirmed destroying 83 oil tankers that day – though it would be five years before it publicly admitted civilian harm resulting from the event. Deir Ezzor 24

Summary

First published
August 7, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
7
(7 men)
Civilians reported injured
2
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
View Incident

Incident date

December 7, 2016

Incident Code

CS407a

LOCATION

near Raqqa, Raqqa, Syria

In an incident previously unknown to Airwars, the Coalition later confirmed the deaths of seven civilians near Raqqa. Their February 2017 civilian casualty report noted: “Dec. 7, 2016, near Ar Raqqah, Syria, via social media report: During a strike on a compound occupied by ISIL fighters, it is assessed that seven civilians in the buildings

Summary

First published
December 7, 2016
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
7
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
View Incident

Incident date

June 7, 2015

Incident Code

CS074

LOCATION

دالي حسن, Dali Hasan, Aleppo, Syria

The Syrian Network for Human Rights posted a video which it said showed “the destruction caused by an international Coalition air strike on a house in Dali Hasan killing seven civilians from one family, including 5 children and a woman.” In February 2019, the Coalition accepted responsibility for the event, noting: “Coalition aircraft engaged ISIS fighters

Summary

First published
June 7, 2015
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
8
(6 children1 woman1 man)
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Named victims
8 named, 1 familiy identified
View Incident

Incident date

September 27, 2015

Incident Code

CI114

LOCATION

داقوق, Duquq, Kirkuk, Iraq

A strike by what at the time was an unknown aircraft killed eight civilians in Yurgon (or Alarkon) village near Duquq, according to local reports. The US led Coalition admitted responsibility for seven deaths in March 2020. Waradana at the time cited one anonymous source: “The bombing led to the destruction of a number houses…

Summary

First published
September 27, 2015
Last updated
January 18, 2022
Strike status
Declared strike
Strike type
Airstrike
Civilian harm reported
Yes
Civilians reported killed
7 – 8
(1 child1 woman)
Cause of injury / death
Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
Airwars civilian harm grading
Confirmed
A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
Known belligerent
US-led Coalition
Known target
ISIS
View Incident