Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3705

Incident date

July 20, 2019

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Syrian and Russian forces carried out airstrikes on several locations in Idlib with high-impact rockets. According to Syrian Civil Defense who were at the scene reported that “eight civilians, including a child and a woman, were injured by the targeting of the towns of Kansafra, Balyoun and Jabal al-Arba’een in the countryside of Idlib”.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–8
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–8
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R2880

Incident date

February 23, 2018

Location

عين ترما, Ain Tarma, Damascus , Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to six civilians, including up to four children and one woman, were killed and dozens were left wounded as Ain Tarma, eastern Ghouta, Damascus, was struck by Assad and/or Russian-waged warplanes, local media reported.

As the intense shelling of several parts of eastern Ghouta continued, Ain Tarma was also struck, resulting in great civilian harm and destruction.

The death toll spanned from two to six, the lowest reported by HalabTodayTV and Step News Agency, and the highest reported by the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) and SYR_REV_NEWS.

According to SYR_REV_NEWS and SN4HR’s initial reporting, two of the fatalities were children. However, SN4HR later amended its figures, reporting how four of the six victims were children and from the same family. The children were killed along with their mother, and were all identified by name.

Additionally, HalabTodayTV reported that “dozens” of civilians were left wounded, while Step News Agency merely reported about “others” as wounded.

Sources were not clear in terms of culpability, as blame was appointed to either the Syrian regime, Russia, or both across the reports. For example, SY-24 pointed to Assad-waged helicopters, while HalabTodayTV, Step News Agency blamed Russian warplanes.

Several reports, including SN4HR, blamed both belligerents.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–6
  • (2–4 children1 woman)
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising from buildings hit by the contested shelling, Ain Tarma, Damascus February 23rd, 2018 (via HalabTodayTV)
  • The children Sedra, Samer, Ahmad and Jana Salam were killed along with their mother as Syrian and/or Russian warplanes struck Ein Tarma in Eastern Ghouta, Damascus, February 23, 2018 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–6
  • (2–4 children1 woman)
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3704

Incident date

July 19, 2019

Location

حاس, Hass, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in airstrikes on an IDP camp in Hass, Idlib, on July 19th.

An additional one to two civilians were reported injured in the attack, along with substantial damage to residential structures.

Syrian Network for Human Rights named the victim of the airstrikes as “Abdul Rahim Ahmad al Saghir, a displaced person from Kafr Zita city in Hama governorate northern suburbs”, who was “killed as Syrian regime forces helicopters dropped barrel bombs on Rahma residential village for IDPs, located in east of Hass village.”

Smart News reported that “Syrian helicopter gunships bombarded residential buildings inhabited by displaced persons near the town of Hass, south of Idlib, north of Syria – killing an elderly man and injuring a civilian, as well as damaging residential buildings and property.”

According to this same source, “on Saturday, July 20, 2019, the head of Al Wafaa Charitable Society, Mohammad Ata, said that the helicopters of the regime bombed an explosive barrel containing about 11 residential buildings, inhabited by nearly 200 displaced families, killing one civilian and injuring another.”

Five sources attributed the attack to the Syrian regime, while one named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reporting the incident. A further source did not positively attribute blame.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdul Rahim Ahmad al Saghir Adult male Elderly IDP killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image Caption: "Syrian regime bombed a residential village for IDPs in Hass village in Idlib: SNHR: Syrian regime forces helicopters dropped barrel bombs on al Rahma residential village for IDPs located in east of Hass village in Idlib governorate southern suburbs, resulted in casualties and partial damages to a number of residential buildings in the area, on July 19." (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3701

Incident date

July 17, 2019

Location

Several towns in Idlib, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam News reported airstrikes and artillery shelling on a number of locations in Idlib on July 17th.

According to this source, “Russian military aircraft carried out heavy air raids on the cities and towns of Khan Sheikhun, Jisr al-Shughur, Habayt, Tirmala, Kafrain, Kefersgana, Rakaya, Wadi Arenabah, Baarba and Hazarin areas, causing a number of civilian casualties. The towns of Baddama and al-Najia in the western countryside were shelled by the Assad forces.”

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3702

Incident date

July 17–18, 2019

Location

جسر الشغور, Jsir Al Shoughour, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to five civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Jsir Al Shoughour, Idlib, after midnight on July 18th. A further five to seven, including children, were allegedly injured in the attack.

Smart News cited “five dead and five wounded by night raids of Russian warplanes on the city of Jisr al-Shoughour in Idlib”, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claimed that the airstrikes “killed one person and injured at least seven others, including children.”

IdlibPlus tweeted that “five civilians were injured, including two children, in Jisr al-Shoughour, as a result of eight Russian airstrikes on the city after midnight”.

Syria Civil Defense reported that “a civilian was killed and five others were injured by airstrikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women’s center for civil defense […] damaging some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center.”

Jisr Media Center named Ayman Qadour as a fatality after he succumbed from his wounds.

According to Etilaf News, “three warplanes belonging to the Assad regime and Russia targeted the city with eight air raids, with one hitting the women’s point of civil defense in the city. The Civil Defense […] helped the wounded and extinguished the fires. In addition, they helped evacuate the civilians from the bombardments until dawn. The body of a martyr and a number of wounded were recovered.”

Fifteen sources attributed the attack to Russian Forces, two sources named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reporting the incident, and one source did not positively attribute blame. A further source attributed the attack to the Syrian regime.

 

 

The incident occured after midnight.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Video Caption Translation: "The Russian occupation planes are aggressively targeting the city at this late hour of the night." (via @abuhuzaifa_)
  • Image Caption Translation: "A civilian was killed and five others were injured by air strikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, in the village of Idlib early today, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women's center for civil defense." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "A civilian was killed and five others were injured by air strikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, in the village of Idlib early today, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women's center for civil defense." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "A civilian was killed and five others were injured by air strikes on the town of Jisr al-Shoughour, in the village of Idlib early today, targeting residential neighborhoods and a women's center for civil defense." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "An air raid of the Syrian military aircraft, targeted at dawn today, the civil defense center for women located in a residential neighborhood in the city of Jisr al-Shoughour, to damage some of the equipment and medical supplies inside the center." (via Syria Civil Defense)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–5
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3694

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

اللطامنة, Al Latamina, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

One man was reported killed in airstrikes on Al Latamina, Hama, on July 16th.

Kafr Zeta TV documented “the martyrdom of “Badr Haitham Al-Mahmoud” nick name (Al Kateb), 25, as a result of Russian air strikes of the city of Latamina in the northern suburbs of Hama.”

Two other sources reported the attack, but did not cite civilian harm.

One source named both Russia and the Syrian regime in reporting the incident, while another cited Russia as the belligerent responsible for the attack. Meanwhile, another source stated that the Syrian regime was responsible for the airstrike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Badr Haitham Al-Mahmoud 25 years old male nick name (Al Kateb) killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3693

Incident date

Location

أطراف جرجناز, Jarjanaz outskirt, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Airstrikes were reported on the outskirts of Jarjanaz on July 16th by two sources.

No civilian harm was cited in these sources.

One source named the Syrian regime as the belligerent responsible for the attack, while another named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reporting this incident among others.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    No civilian harm reported
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    No civilian harm reported
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3692

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

عين الباردة, Ain Al Barde, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reported injured in airstrikes on Ain Al Barde, Idlib, on July 16th.

Jisr Media Centre stated that “five civilians were injured in four air raids by more than 12 missiles targeting the city of Jisr al-Shoughour and its environs in the village of Ain al-Barde and’ Ashbark’.”

Two other sources reported the airstrike, but did not cite civilian harm.

One source named the Syrian regime as the belligerent responsible for the attack, while another named both the Syrian regime and Russian forces in reporting the incident. One other source did not positively attribute blame for the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]