Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS1246

Incident date

September 10, 2016

Location

إدلب, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.93062, 36.63393 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

In a major civilian casualty incident, up to 65 civilians (of which 52 were named) including at least 10 children and 11 women from multiple families died and as many as 100 more were injured in airstrikes on Idlib city, which reportedly centred on a popular vegetable market in the city. The majority of reports blamed Russia, though there were allegations against the Syrian regime – with other sources stating that it was unclear whether the Syrian regime or Moscow were responsible.

Sources published disturbing images of the aftermath of the attack, which led to widespread destruction. There were numerous reports of body parts having been dispersed in the location of the strike, along with references to multiple “body bags”.

The lowest death count was given at 48 civilians by Insaan Rights Watch. According to Sky News Arabic “Russian warplanes shelled in a market in Idlib killing dozens and wounding dozens more. Medical sources say they have counted 25 bodies including women and children ”

Enab Baladi at some more details, reporting that “nine teams of the civil defense were called to Idlib, in addition to the Red Cross. They were able to count 65 bodies along with12 bags of body parts. The teams continued to attempt to rescue people trapped under the rubble.”

Syrian Press Center was among sources that said people had limbs amputated and were “severely burned” in the fire caused by the warplanes.

Other sources blaming Russia included Orient, Jisrtv, Islam Memo and LCCSY.

According to the Shaam News Network, “Russian warplanes targeted the vegetable market during peak hours when hundreds of civilians had gathered to make their purchases ahead of Eid. Missiles targeted civilian homes and shops, resulting in massive destruction to buildings and shops and cars in the market.”

According to the source, the death toll from the massacre reached 63 martyrs, including 16 children and 14 women, plus 12 missing people, including eight children who are considered dead. Additionally, some 70 civilians were wounded, filling hospitals in the city and its countryside”.

However, the source KWdeirwaza – who put the death toll at 60 including 22 children – attributed the event to regime jets. A number of other sources didn’t apportion blame.

Omar_madaniah, citing the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “Rami Abdur-Rahman, the director of the Syrian observatory, says the warplanes could not be identified in order to keep Russia away from being accused.”

Jabal ALzaweya listed the following civilian fatalities and names of some of the missing. In addition the source reported six other unidentified bodies found, including three children, twelve body bags of body-parts and 100 wounded.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Amer Naf’e Ghafir Age unknown killed
  • Noor Aldeen Abdul-Kader Ghafir Age unknown killed

Family members (2)

  • Hisham Ali Wahob Age unknown killed
  • Adnan Mohammed Wahob Age unknown killed

Family members (4)

  • Sidra A’afara Child female killed
  • Abdulkarim A’afara Child killed
  • Mohammed A’afara Child male killed
  • Sahar Wahid A’afara Adult female killed

Family members (4)

  • Hasan Mish’hel Hawwa Age unknown male killed
  • Su’ad Hawwa (wife of Hasan Mish’hel Hawwa) Age unknown female killed
  • Mish’hel Hawwa Age unknown female killed
  • Musa Hawwa Age unknown killed

Family members (2)

  • Samer Hamdoon Age unknown From Binnish killed
  • Mother of Samer Hamdoon Adult female From Binnish killed

Family members (2)

  • Ahmad Mahmood Aswad (Shikh Yousef) Age unknown male killed
  • Hamdi Reyad Aswad Age unknown killed

Family members (2)

  • Samer Subhi Hamdoun Child killed
  • Sabhi Hamdoun killed

Family members (2)

  • Khaled Bitar Age unknown missing
  • Mahmood Bitar Age unknown male missing

Family members (3)

  • Shaza Abid Child female missing
  • Mohammed Kadro Abid Child missing
  • Zizik Abid Child missing
  • Ahmad Malnadi Age unknown male killed
  • Raed Ahmad Ghassan Abed Age unknown killed
  • Thuraya Ibrahim Aswad Child female killed
  • Hussam Khaled Shikhouni Age unknown killed
  • Kamal Mohammed Shameya Age unknown male killed
  • Mustafa Abdul-Kader Hijazi Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammed Khaled Haser Child male killed
  • Ali Mo’adal Age unknown male killed
  • Mufid Sawwan Age unknown killed
  • Abdul-Karim Zidani Age unknown male killed
  • Sana’a Malani Child female killed
  • Ahmad Ali Men Age unknown male killed
  • Huda Salim Child female killed
  • Mustafa Mukahal Age unknown male killed
  • U’la Jbara Age unknown female killed
  • Khulud Haj Sattuf Age unknown female killed
  • Samar Al-Basha Age unknown female killed
  • Ghalya Zidani Age unknown killed
  • Alya’a Saleem Age unknown female killed
  • Abdullah Shamiya Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim Saleem Age unknown male killed
  • Qamar Abdullah Hamrosh Age unknown female killed
  • Bassam Ghumeid Child killed
  • Hayfa’a Malandi Age unknown female killed
  • Fatin Hallak Age unknown female killed
  • Mayada Hallak Age unknown killed
  • Hala Akdah, daughter of Fatin Age unknown female killed
  • Ibrahim Khasara Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim Raji Zidani Age unknown male killed
  • Rajaa Najjar Age unknown killed
  • Abdo Mukahal Child missing
  • Noor Hajjar Child missing
  • Wasim Ghafir Child missing
  • Zahra Zahra Child female missing
  • Mohammed Ayman Aswad Age unknown male missing
  • Mohammed Fawzi Bzara Age unknown male missing
  • Raghda Mohammed Salim Child missing

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    52 – 65
  • (10–22 children11–14 women14–16 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • 'The children Seydra, Mohammad, & Abdul Karim Afara died in alleged Russian warplanes missiles fired on Vegetables market in Idlib city, September 10, 2016.' (via SN4HR)
  • A man runs down a street in Idlib with a civilian child in his arms - the aftermath of suspected Russian shelling on the city (via Enab Baladi)
  • Local people survey the scene whilst a digger works through the rubble in Idlib city - the impact of suspected warplane shelling (via KWdeirwaza)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A little girl wounded in Idlib city following suspected Russian strikes (Tweet via @1963Mhmd) [Page no longer available accessed via Airwars archive]
  • A dismembered human hand is held up to signify the human cost of alleged Russian strikes on Idlib city (Tweet via @Gulfshield1)
  • Local people prepare for Eid al-Adha amongst the rubble in Idlib city (Tweet via @ AnmedAlrihawi)
  • Footage of Idlib city following the mass civilian casualty incident allegedly caused by Russian warplane shelling (Youtube via Jisirtv)
  • An elderly woman is carried down the street by a member of The White Helmets whilst a blaze rages behind - the aftermath of suspected Russian strikes on Idlib city (via Jisirtv news)
  • The White Helmets rescue civilians from the rubble in Idlib city following suspected Russian warplane shelling (via Islam Memo)
  • A close up of debris and destruction on the streets of Idlib city following suspected Russian warplane shelling (Tweet via @QabiQalel)
  • Local people stand around a burnt out vehicle in Idlib city - the results of alleged Russian warplane shelling (Tweet via @Almogaz)
  • The baby Samer Subhi Hamdoun allegedly died in Russian warplane shelling at the vegetable market in Idlib city (via SN4HR)
  • Body parts of the victims of suspected Russian warplane shelling on Idlib city (via SN4HR)
  • The vicitms of alleged Russian massacre line the streets of Idlib city (via SN4HR)
  • The impact of a mass civilian casualty event - body bags line the streets of Idlib, the source alleged Russia culprit (via SN4HR)
  • SN4HR report entitled: ‘no less than 49 massacres in September 2016 including 46 at the hands of the russian and Syrian regimes’ - details the events in Idlib on Saturday September 10th (PDF via SN4HR) [Arabic]

  • SN4HR report entitled: ‘no less than 49 massacres in September 2016 including 46 at the hands of the russian and Syrian regimes’ - details the events in Idlib on Saturday September 10th (PDF via SN4HR) [English]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between September 1st – 30th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    52 – 65
  • (10–22 children11–14 women14–16 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2764

Incident date

November 26, 2017

Location

الشعغة, Al-Sha'fa, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.57888, 40.93441 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between 15 and 65 civilians were killed, in what has been described by local media as a massacre on the residential neighbourhood in Al-Sha’fa. Sources attributed blame to both Russia and the Syrian regime.

Sources were conflicted as to how many casualties there were. The highest toll being 65, however many sources also reported 15 – 18, 37 and 51, as some examples.Ten people from one family were included in the death toll, as well as 21 children and nine women.

Dozens of civilians were reportedly wounded, according to local media.

The extensive destruction of civilian homes and shops were reported, including the house of Antar Alsamal, the house of Zubair and the Al-Fandi Commercial Complex.

Thirteen refugees from the family of Aldbs and Bnt Khadir Al’antar  were amongst those killed.

BBC News published a report saying that Russia denied the raids.

The incident occured around dawn.

  • Alaa Ahmed Al-Zubair Age unknown killed
  • The daughter of Alaa Khalid Al - Zubair Age unknown killed
  • The mother of Alaa Khalid Al Zubair Age unknown killed
  • Ahmed Khaled Al-Zubair Age unknown killed
  • daughter of Khader Al-A’ntar Age unknown killed
  • Maouloud Abdul Razzaq al-Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Bashir Maouloud Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Bara’aa Nader al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Jarir Maouloud al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Nour Adel Al Sahab Age unknown killed
  • Ismail Jareer Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Maouloud Jarir Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Ammar Maouloud Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Abdul Razzaq Maouloud Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Muntaha Maouloud al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • daughter of Nadir Nasser al-Jubeir Age unknown killed
  • The second daughter of Nader Nasser Al-Jubeir Age unknown killed
  • Nader Abdul Razzaq Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Nusra A’nan al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Mohamed Nader Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Kafaa Maouloud al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Anas Mohammed Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Nader Mohammed Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Yousef Nader Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Hana Rachid Aldibs Age unknown killed
  • daughter of Joseph Nader Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Abdullah Nader Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • The wife of Abdullah Nader Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • the son of Abdullah Nader Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Ibrahim Nader Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Hussein Nader Al Shaaban Age unknown killed
  • Bashir Fakhri Al-Issa Age unknown killed
  • Ammar Fakhri Bashir Al-Issa Age unknown killed
  • Omar Fakhri Bashir Al-Issa Age unknown killed
  • Bakr Fakhri Bashir Al-Issa Age unknown killed
  • Osman Fakhri Bashir Al-Issa Age unknown killed
  • Nader Nasser Al-Jubeir Age unknown killed
  • Ahmed Nawar Marwah Al-Issa Age unknown killed
  • Khaled Matloub Al-Zaher Age unknown killed
  • Khaled Matloub al Zaher’s wife Age unknown killed
  • Khaled Matloub al Zaher’s daughter Age unknown killed
  • Khaled Matloub al Zaher’s son Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 65
  • (21 children9 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via @7UFCmSxd0IUBffH)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via Euphrates)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via Ahemd Orabi)
  • Victims of the airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via asharqasouri)
  • Victims of the airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via asharqasouri)
  • Victims of the airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via Euphrates)
  • Victims of the airstrikes on Al-Sha'fa, 26th November 2017. (via Euphrates)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15 – 65
  • (21 children9 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3191

Incident date

March 7, 2018

Location

حمورية, Hamouriya, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.528464, 36.389472 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between seven and 60 civilians were killed and dozens more were wounded in a suspected chemical weapon attack followed by bombing on Hamouriya, local media reported. Sources blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime.

The initial bombing from the air was blamed on Russia; however, sources said that this was followed by a chemical attack with “chlorine gas” by the regime. According to the Smart News Agency, “After the bombing by warplanes [believed to be Russia], the town was bombed by the Syrian regime forces with missiles with internationally banned phosphorus, which led to the burning of dozens of fires, according to the civil defense. This came in conjunction with the helicopter flying two barrels of explosives in residential neighbourhoods.”

The lowest death count was given as seven by Local Coordination Committees of Syria. Only one source, @MOAZALSHAMY, reported that as many as 60 civilians were killed, adding that “30 bodies were stuck under the rubble”. @Damaskiagency reported that 124 civilians were injured, while the Violations Documentation Centre, who blamed the “Syrian government and affiliated militias” listed 27 unidentified civilian males as killed. Other sources also out the death toll at 27.

@SiegeWatch tweeted that “the doctor has treated 29 people so far, more than half children.”

There were dozens of fires on the residential vicinity and full families were trapped in the cellars of destroyed homes.

The strikes reportedly occurred during the evening.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Malek Rashed Adult male killed
  • Maimouna Rashed, sister of Malek Rashed Child female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 60
  • (1 child27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–124
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Burning bodies of victims in the aftermath of the chemical gas attack on Hamouriya, 7th March 2018. (via Euphrates)
  • Malik Rashid was killed and his sister (Maimouna Rashed) was seriously injured in the chemical gas attack on Hamouriya, 7th March 2018. (via Suzan Hajjar)
  • The aftermath of a chemical gas attack on Hamouriya, 7th March 2018. (via @Omar_Madaniah)
  • The aftermath of a chemical gas attack on Hamouriya, 7th March 2018. (via @apdalrhmah)
  • The aftermath of a chemical gas attack on Hamouriya, 7th March 2018. (via @SiegeWatch)
  • The aftermath of a chemical gas attack on Hamouriya, 7th March 2018. (via @SiegeWatch)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 60
  • (1 child27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–124
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1118 RS2311

Incident date

June 28, 2017

Location

دبلان, Dablan, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.855, 40.568611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to 60 civilians died and dozens more were wounded in airstrikes on Dablan, according to local media – though sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the event, with allegations against the Coalition, Russia and the Syrian regime.

The pro-regime source, Damas Press, put the death toll at 40 and blamed the US-led Coalition. However, Syria News Desk was among several sources attributing the event to Moscow, putting the death toll at 40 non-combatants with 60 more injured. It reported that four houses were completely destroyed amid extensive damage to residential buildings and shops. Additionally, the report said that “that dozens of families fled towards the Badia, fearing renewed targeting of the town as planes continued to fly overhead”.

Euphrates Post also pointed towards Russia: “According to the correspondent of the network Furat Post media, unknown aircraft – though thought to belong to the Russian air force – targeted residential sites in the center of the town of Dablan with cluster bombs

“The source added that the mosques in the town used loud speakers to tell people to go to medical points to donate blood due to the large number of injuries caused by the bombing”.

But a later report by Euphrates Post referred to “the air force” [regime] launching several strikes with “with internationally banned cluster bombs”. It said that eye witnesses saw one raid targeting “an internet cafe belonging to al Siki family in the al Kaws neighbourhood in the city centre. This damaged seven nearby houses killing 17 martyrs. Another raid targeted agricultural land in the town. Most of the martyrs were children and women who slept on rooftops and outside due to heat. The weather and power outages had led to an increase in the number of martyrs. There is no final figure for the number of victims, but 20 have been buried so far”.

Some other sources referred to “unknown warplanes with cluster bombs”.

But according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights – which put the death toll at at least 13 – jets belonging to the regime were to blame. Sharqiya Voice – one of the sources blaming Russia – reported that the death toll had risen to 60.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Son of Yassin al Alawi 1 Age unknown male killed
  • Son of Yassin al Alawi 2 Age unknown male killed
  • Yassin’s wife Adult female killed
  • "and her son" male killed

Family members (3)

  • Khaled Al – Hussein Al – Saleh Adult male killed
  • Son of Khaled Al – Hussein Al – Saleh Age unknown male killed
  • Saleh Al – Hussein Al – Saleh killed

Family members (3)

  • Ibrahim Al-Siki Age unknown male killed
  • Khaled Alsiki Age unknown male killed
  • Saleh Alsiki Age unknown killed

Family members (2)

  • Son of Abu Halash 1 Age unknown male killed
  • Son of Abu Halash 2 Age unknown male killed

Family members (2)

  • Son of Jassem Al Turki 1 Age unknown male killed
  • Son of Jassem Al Turki 2 Age unknown male killed

Family members (2)

  • Daughter of Hassan al-Ghannam 1 Age unknown female killed
  • Daughter of Hassan al-Ghannam 2 Age unknown female killed

Family members (2)

  • The daughter of Khamis al-Khalifa Age unknown female killed
  • The mother of Khamis al-Khalifa Adult female killed
  • Mousa Al Ismail Age unknown killed
  • Issa Al-Hamoud Age unknown killed
  • Muhsin al Oussour Age unknown killed
  • Abu Yusuf Al-Deiri Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21 – 60
  • (5 children2–5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of a raid on a civilian home in Dablan, June 28th 2017. (via Sharqiya Voice)
  • The remnants of a cluster bomb which was used on Dablan by alleged Coalition or Russian airstrikes, 28th June 2017. (via Sharqiya voice)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike on Dablan by alleged Coalition or Russian airstrikes, 28th June 2017. (via Sharqiya voice)
  • Aftermath of the airstrike on Dablan by alleged Coalition or Russian airstrikes, 28th June 2017. (via Sharqiya voice)
  • The remnants of a missile which was used on Dablan by alleged Coalition or Russian airstrikes, 28th June 2017. (via Sharqiya voice)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    1 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU1714192076
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 1, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For June 28th-29th: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, five strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed 10 oil storage tanks, six oil trucks, two fuel trailers, an well head, a piece of oil processing equipment and an ISIS headquarters.”

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21 – 60
  • (5 children2–5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–60
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS769

Incident date

April 27, 2016

Location

حي السكري, Sukkari (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.17594, 37.14111 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

In a major incident, multiple local sources reported that up to 58 civilians died and between 40 and 90 were injured in airstrikes on the MSF Al Quds hospital in Sukkari. Medical staff were among the casualties. Most reports alleged that Russia was responsible, though the White Helmets pointed towards the regime.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights initially blamed the regime and said that eight civilians died. However, a subsequent SN4HR brief said that “suspected” Russian warplanes were responsible, and put the death toll higher at 25, including eight children and one woman. A further report said that Russia launched two missiles on “on Al Qudus Field Hospital in Al Sukari neighborhood in Aleppo city, causing a massacre and damaging the hospital rendering it inoperable.”

Eyewitness Mujahed Abu Al Joud, a local media activist, told SN4HR: “I headed to the site of the bombing of a AlQuds hospital after approximately 10 minutes of bombardment. The front façade of the hospital is totally destroyed as well as the entrance of the ambulances. Up on this bombardment, I lost my friend doctor Abu Abdul Rahman. There was a targeting of the street located behind the building of the hospital after 5 minutes of being bombed. I saw two completely destroyed buildings, and 6 partially destroyed ones. The Civil Defense teams prevent us from straying in place due to the fear of the repetition of the bombardment because the warplanes had not left the place. The corpse was found under the rubble and the rescue teams tried to save what can be saved, I heard a girl yelling and crying as the corpse of her family are under the rubble.” In total, SN4HR documented 36 deaths including 14 children and eight women, two doctors, a nurse, and two of the medical cadres.

According to Shaam News Network, “At least ten civilians and members of the medical staff, including the only pediatrician in Aleppo were killed by Russian aerial bombing on al Quds hospital in the neighborhood of al Sukkari in Aleppo. Russian aircraft carried out several raids targeting areas in the neighborhood as well as AlQuds hospital where many of the wounded fell along with the martyrs.” A later report by SNN put the death toll still higher, at 30, adding that the whole hospital was destroyed.

The White Helmets said that three consecutive raids on the hospital had left “dozens of dead and injured including doctors and medical staff“, though they did not say who was to blame.

A later statement said that as many as 50 had died with more than 80 injured – most of them women and children. They published a distressing video showing a living baby being removed from the rubble after 24 hours of constant work. In a further report, the White Helmets suggested that strikes on this day were conducted by the regime, adding that the death toll had now spiraled to 53 with more than 90 wounded.

A report by ABC News included a video of a statement by The White House condemning the attack. It said: “At least three children and six medical staff were among the 27 killed after overnight airstrikes hit a hospital supported by Doctors Without Borders in the Syrian city of Aleppo, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The city’s last pediatrician was among the dead, the group said.” It continued: “The Syrian military said it did not target the hospital, but the building was destroyed by at least one strike, according to hospital staff on the ground with the humanitarian group Doctors Without Borders”.

On April 28th, the Russian Ministry of Defence refuted claims that it had carried out the strikes: “Within last days, Russian Aerospace Forces have performed no flights near Aleppo.” The Violations Documentation Center named 19 victims, including three children, killed in “regime shelling”. Besides from the identified victims, the VDC also reported about another three unidentified adult male victims (here, here and here)

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Family members (2)

  • Maha Raja Adult female killed
  • Son of Maha Raja Child male killed

Family members (5)

  • Raghad Yousef Ahmad Saeed Al Sheikh Child female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Alaa Yousef Ahmad Saeed Al Sheikh Child female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Shahed Yousef Ahmad Saeed Al Sheikh Child female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Sedra Yousef Ahmad Saeed Al Sheikh Child female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Islam Yousef Ahmad Saeed Al Sheikh Child female From Darat Azza city killed

Family members (12)

  • Amal Salim Adult female Wife of Mohammad Tayseer Rajab killed
  • Abdullah Tayseer Rajab Child male From Darat Azza city killed
  • Mulham Mohammad Rajab Child male From Darat Azza city killed
  • Jana Mohammad Rajab Child female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Anas Mohammad Rajab Child male From Darat Azza city killed
  • Maryam Ahmad Rajab Age unknown female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Ghada Mohammad Eid Rajab Age unknown female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Mohammad Tayseer Rajab Adult male Husband of Amal Salim, From Darat Azza city killed
  • Raheeb Rajab Age unknown female killed
  • Fat'tum Rajab Age unknown female killed
  • Child of Yussef Rajab Child killed
  • Child of Yussef Rajab Child killed

Family members (3)

  • Wife of Tayseer Saleem’ Adult female killed
  • Child of Tayseer Saleem’ Child killed
  • Child of Tayseer Saleem’ Child killed

Family members (3)

  • Wife of Mohammed Za’rour Saleem Adult female killed
  • Child of Mohammed Za’rour Saleem Child killed
  • Child of Mohammed Za’rour Saleem Child killed
  • Abu Abdul Rahman Adult male Doctor killed
  • Bashar Mohammed Khojeh Adult male killed
  • Bashar Mohammed Khojeh Adult male killed
  • Mustafa Karoush Adult male killed
  • Abo Mohammed Haras Adult male killed
  • Ismael Seaneh Adult male killed
  • Abdelkader Kartal Adult male killed
  • Ismael Ahmad al-Housien 21 years old male killed
  • Ahmad Mohammed Tabshou 30 years old male killed
  • Mohammed Waseem Khaled Moaz 36 years old male killed
  • Yaser Mohammed Karim 11 years old male killed
  • Abo al-Yaman Adult male killed
  • Abdullah Gamal Aqel 4 years old male killed
  • Nadem Hussam Zamar 17 years old male killed
  • Ahmad al-Mohammed Adult male killed
  • Maha Ahmad Saeed Al Sheikh Age unknown female from Darat Azza city killed
  • Ahmad Salmo Fares 30 years old male killed
  • Yasser Aref Ajouz 35 years old male killed
  •  Waed Qasem Masto 33 years old male killed
  • Khaled Ahmad Qadah 25 years old male killed
  • Amira Ahmad Rajab Age unknown female from Darat Azza city killed
  • Abo Yazan Al Shami Age unknown male killed
  • Mervat Darwish Age unknown male killed
  • Abdo Khuder Falaha 16 years old male killed
  • Hala Jalal Al Homsi Age unknown female From Darat Azza city killed
  • Fadya Sa’eed Age unknown female killed
  • Sawsan Majid Kheyro Age unknown female killed
  • Dr. Ahmad Al-Mohammed Adult male Dentist killed
  • Dr. Hasan Al-A’arj Adult male heart disease doctor killed
  • Dr. Wasim Mo’az Adult male children pediatrician killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    58
  • (18 children4–10 women24–26 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–90
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (34) [ collapse]

  • The remains of the MSF hospital in Sukkari following a strike on April 27th (via White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video shows a baby who was rescued after after being buried under the rubble for 24 hours (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • Mohammad Waseem Mouaz, pediatrician and victim of the massacre in al Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via SN4HR)
  • Ahmad Al Mohammad, dentist and victim of the massacre in al Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video showing the rescuing mission of survivors of the massive aerial bombardement at al Quds Hospital, al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • Dr. Ahmad Al-Mohammed, dentist, Dr. Hasan Al-A’arj, heart disease doctors and Dr. Wasim Mo’az, children's doctor, all reportedly victims of the massive shelling at al-Quds Hospital (via Koannews)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Allegedly child victim of the massive aerial shelling at al-Quds
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Allegedly child victim of the massive aerial shelling at al-Quds
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of the massive aerial shelling at al-Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Almo3tasem Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Allegedly a child victim of the aerial strikes at al-Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Allegedly a victim of the aerial strikes at al-Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo
  • Civilians in the aftermath of the aerial strikes at al-Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo
  • Civilians mourning in the aftermath of the aerial strikes at al-Quds Hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo
  • Medical crew of al-Quds Hospital. Most of them were killed or injured due to the aerial shelling (via Dalaaaalmoufti Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Baby Ahmad Al Rajab recovered from under the rubble after intense warplanes shelling on Al Sukkari neighborhood, Aleppo (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Baby Ahmad Al Rajab recovered from under the rubble after intense warplanes shelling on Al Sukkari neighborhood, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Baby Ahmad Al Rajab recovered from under the rubble after intense warplanes shelling on Al Sukkari neighborhood, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • The civil defence working to rescue people from under the rubble after the aerial shelling of Al Quds hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • The civil defence working to rescue people from under the rubble after the aerial shelling of Al Quds hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • Aftermath of the aerial shelling of Al Quds hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • Aftermath of the aerial shelling of Al Quds hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • Remnants of Al Quds hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo after intense aerial shelling.
  • The White Helmet released a statement saying the regime was behind the strikes and that death toll has risen to 50 and more than 80 injuries (via White Helmets)
  • The civil defence teams trying to rescue victims that are still under the rubble three days after the strikes in al Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • The civil defence teams trying to rescue victims that are still under the rubble after the strikes in al Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • Aftermath of the aerial shelling of Al Quds hospital in al-Sukkari, Aleppo (via Aleppo White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child victims as a consequence of the the intense shelling of alQuds hospital in al-Sakkari Aleppo (via majdi_aboryan Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victims of the intense shelling of al Quds hospital in al-Sakkari Aleppo (via SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of the intense shelling of al Quds hospital in al-Sakkari Aleppo (via Majid Aboryan Twitter)
  • Aftermath of the intense shelling of al Quds hospital in al-Sakkari Aleppo (via Zama al-Wasl)
  • Aftermath of the intense shelling of al Quds hospital in al-Sakkari Aleppo (via Baladi News)
  • Aftermath of the intense shelling of al Quds hospital in al-Sakkari Aleppo (via Baladi News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Doctor Mohammed Wasim Mo'az, victim of the strikes of al-Quds hospital, al- Sukkari, Aleppo (via ahraralsham7 Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Pictures showing the destructions following the strikes of al-Quds Hospital and doctor Mohammed Wasim Mo'az, victim of the strikes (via hasanalzaher4 Twitter)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Kremlin makes no public mention of carrying out strikes in Syria from April 1st – 30th. However Russia later refuted claims they had carried out the strikes: “Russian Ministry of Defence refutes report of Western media about strike against a ‘hospital’ in Aleppo carried out by Russian Aerospace Forces. Within last days, Russian Aerospace Forces have performed no flights near Aleppo.According to our data, an aircraft of so-called anti-ISIS coalition member-state was performing tasks in the air space over Aleppo in the evening of April 27 for the first time after a long interval. Leading Western media had spread information with reference to representatives of ‘Médecins Sans Frontières’ about alleged strike against a ‘hospital’ in Aleppo carried out by Russian Aerospace Forces, which had caused death of civilians.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    58
  • (18 children4–10 women24–26 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–90
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3041

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

بيت سوى , Beat Sawa, Damascusus , Syria

Geolocation

33.537531, 36.399937 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In what was described as a “massacre”, up to 55 civilians, including 40 children and women were killed and “dozens” wounded as Russian and/or the Syrian regime continued its heavy shelling of eastern Ghouta, this time in Beat Sawa, local media reported.

While many towns of eastern Ghouta were subject to lethal air raids and artillery shelling around February 19th, the shelling of Beat Sawa was one of the most intense. While the initial reports counted 17 fatalities, the final update, provided on February 21st by Marshad al-Hassaka and Euphrates Post reported 55 fatalities, hereof 40 women and children. The report added that many were still left under the rubble.

Ghouta Media Center (GMC) posted an image of some of the dead bodies noting that “entire families were martyred” by the shelling.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) identified one male civilian by name and photo,  a member of the civil defence who reportedly was struck as he was helping the already wounded locals.

According to Baladi News, who blamed Assad-launched explosive barrels and artillery shells, additionally  “dozens” were likewise left injured.

Several sources, including above-mentioned Baladi News, attributed blame to the Syrian regime. However, Russian culpability cannot be ruled out as Marsad Al Hasaka and Euphrates Post blamed Russian forces and SN4HR pointed to shared Russian/Assad responsibility.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Firas Jum’a Adult male Civil Defence member killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    17 – 55
  • (2–20 children2–20 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Firas Jum’a, member of the civil defence, was reportedly among the victims by the contested shelling of Beat Sawa, February 19th, 2018 (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Both children and women were among the victims of the contested shelling of Beat Sawa, February 19th, 2018 (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Entire families were reportedly among the fatalities of the contested shelling of Beat Sawa, February 19th, 2018 (via GMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    17 – 55
  • (2–20 children2–20 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1475

Incident date

October 17, 2016

Location

عويجل, Oweijal, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.179537, 36.952987 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In what multiple sources described as a “massacre”, between 40 and 55 civilians – many of them reportedly children and women – died and up to 70 more were wounded in airstrikes on the village of Oweijal. The strikes resulted in widespread destruction to civilian homes – and, according to several reports – the destruction of an entire neighbourhood. @ALAMWI, for example, reported that “ten houses were completely destroyed”.

The majority of sources blamed Russia for the event, though there were two allegations against the Assad regime.

Most sources put the death toll between 25 and 30 civilians. Several said that this was a double-tip strike, with warplanes returning a second time to target those involved in the rescue operation. Orient News reported that victims included ” members of the civil defence, paramedics and media personnel”.

According to the Shaam News Network, “activists said that the Russian warplane targeted a residential area in the town of Oweijal with several missiles, which resulted in deaths and injuries of civilians. The area was targeted for a second time as ambulance teams gathered to aid the victims of the first strike”.

The highest death count was given by @watannews2015 at 55 civilians, “half of them women and children”.

Alsouria pointed directly to “the planes of Bashar al-Assad’s regime”, while the Syrian Network for Human Rights – who put the initial death toll at 14 – blamed “government warplanes and its allies”.

Halab News reported that Russia hit the village with “four bunker-busting missiles” and listed the following civilians as killed “following Russian raids” on the town. 14 named and 26 were left unidentified. Al Jazeera also put the death toll at 40.

@spm_syria reported the “disappearance of the young media Zain Ali” and published his photo.

According to Defence_arab, “A Russian warplane fired a concussion at the village of Oweijal, killing 32 people and injuring sixty others. A residential area of ​​about 10 buildings was destroyed.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Taha al Hamdo Adult male killed
  • Wife of Taha al Hamdo Adult female killed

Family members (2)

  • Taha Ahmad al Hussein Age unknown killed
  • Hassoun Hussein Age unknown killed
  • Hussein abd al Razzaq Age unknown male killed
  • Nouri Mohammad al Nouriyawi Age unknown killed
  • Abdo Ahmad al Nouri Age unknown killed
  • Abd al Salam al Moun Age unknown killed
  • Abdel Qader al Hadidi Age unknown killed
  • Mahmoud al Kibish Age unknown killed
  • Mahmoud Abdo al Nouri Age unknown killed
  • Mahmoud Hussein al Taha Age unknown killed
  • Abd al Hamid Mohammad Hamdo Age unknown killed
  • Hanaa Ahmad Mahmoud Child killed
  • Abdallah al Milhem Age unknown male media reporters injured
  • Abdul Razzaq Shakurdi Age unknown male media reporters injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    40 – 55
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Civilians dig through the rubble find what is left of their posesions following an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Oweijal, Oct 17th (via Qasioun)
  • Media colleague Abdallah al Milhem, injured in the raid. (via HNN)
  • Media colleague Abdul Razzaq Shakurdi, injured in the raid. (via HNN)
  • Interviews with local civilians about the raids which allegedly hit Oweijal on 17th October 2016. (via AjisirTV)
  • Disappearance of the media activist "Zain Ali" in the raid on Owejial. (via spm_syria)
  • Houses entirely destroyed in the raid. (via Alamawi)
  • Houses entirely destroyed in the raid. (via SyrianCoalitoin)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Oweijal, 17th October 2016. (via watannews2015)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Oweijal, 17th October 2016. (via watannews2015)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Oweijal, 17th October 2016. (via watannews2015)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Oweijal, 17th October 2016. (via watannews2015)
  • A crater from the alleged airstrike on 17th October 2016. (via plespost)
  • A woman grieves in the aftermath of the alleged airstrike. (via plespost)
  • A man sits amongst the rubble in the aftermath of the alleged airstrike. (via plespost)
  • A woman grieves in the aftermath of the alleged airstrike. (via plespost)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between October 1st – 19th 2016.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    40 – 55
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1583 RS2590

Incident date

October 4, 2017

Location

البوكمال الباغوز , Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, Deir Ezzor, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.467345, 40.932505 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

In what has been described as a “massacre” between seven and 55 civilians died, and “dozens” were left injured, following suspected airstrikes on the Al Bagouz water crossing, between Bagouz village and Abu Kamal city, on the northern bank of the Euphrates river. Local sources were conflicted as to who was to blame for the strikes, with some alleging the US-led Coalition were to blame, others blamed Russia and SN4HR even blamed the Syrian regime.

Despite this, nearly all sources blamed Russia. Activists told Smart “Russian-made warplanes” conducted the attacks, Jisr TV referred to “Russian occupation aircraft”. Baqras did not apportion blame, though provided a list of three of the victims.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights attributed blame to the Syrian Regime, and documented “at least 7” killed following “warplane missiles”. Baladi totalled nine killed, as did Smart, which both cited Russia as responsible. Most other sources put the death toll between 17 and 35, Euphrates Post however put the death toll as high as 55.

Sources estimated that between 100 and 150 civilians were killed over the series of strikes on river crossings in that vicinity.

Many of the bodies were unidentified according to VDC, due to burns and decapitation.

Local media reported that it was difficult to rescue civilians trapped in the rubble due to the intensity of the fire.

It is unclear from the sources who was responsible, however the Coalition did confirm strikes in the vicinity of Abu Kamal that day.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 55
  • (7 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (63) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Barakat Abdul Hamid Ibrahim, killed in Russian and Coalition airstrikes on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Euphrates)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via@kmal961)
  • Rivers run with blood in aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via@MGhorab3)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Muhaned al Weka’a)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Haijin al Maheba)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Haijin al Maheba)
  • The exact moment an airstrike hit Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via @wassilaoulmi)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Syria direct News)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Syria direct News)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Sound and picture)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Huweija al Khanafer, water crossing between البوكمال al Bukamal الباغوز al Baghouz, 4th October 2017. (via Sound and picture)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Huweija al Khanafer water crossing (حویجة الخنافر) between the villages Al Bukamal (البوكمال) and Al Baghouz (الباغوز). The coordinates for this crossing are: 34.467345, 40.932505.

  • The Huweija al Khanafer water crossing (حویجة الخنافر) between Al Bukamal (البوكمال) and Al Baghouz (الباغوز)

    Imagery:
    © 2018 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Haweij al Khanafer, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 4th – 5th the Coalition reported No strikes near Al Bukamal.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 55
  • (7 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (63) [ collapse]