Russian Military in Ukraine

A member of the Ukrainian Emergency Service looks at the City Hall building in the central square following shelling in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on March 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Pavel Dorogoy)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Ukraine
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure
School

Incident Code

RUK085

Incident date

March 28, 2022

Location

Національний аерокосмічний університет, National Aerospace University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.043860, 36.282897 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A man was injured while walking around the National Aerospace University in Kharkiv on March 28, 2022.

Khai news posted on Telegram that during a shelling of the National Aerospace University, the arena building and DMS-3 were damaged (glass was damaged in some rooms) and a man who was walking near the buildings was injured.

A Telegram post from TrukhaUkraine added that passersby provided first-aid to the victim and images show the victim covered in blood.

The head of the Kharkiv Alp Club posted on Facebook that the shelling occurred where one of the first rock climbing walls in Kharkiv is located.

The majority of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to Russian forces.

This incident has reference to ACLED’s code: UKR68076.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • The head of the Kharkiv Alpine Club, Gennady Kopeika discusses the damage to the University caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 28, 2022. (Via Facebook)
  • Telegram post by TrukhaUkraine
  • Telegram post by TrukhaUkraine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Telegram post by TrukhaUkraine (Graphic)
  • Telegram post by TrukhaUkraine
  • Damage to the National Aerospace University caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 28, 2022. (Image posted by TrukhaUkraine)
  • Damage to the National Aerospace University caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 28, 2022. (Image posted by TrukhaUkraine)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Gennadii Kopeika
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Valery Shabanov
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Yan Dobronosov
  • The National Aerospace University named after Zhukovsky "KHAI", which houses one of the first rock climbing walls in Kharkiv, reports the head of the Kharkiv Alpine Club, Gennady Kopeika. As reported in the press service of Khai, a man who was passing by was injured as a result of the shelling. The arena building and the DMS-3 building were damaged (glass was damaged in some rooms).
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Sergey Petrov
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Sergey Petrov

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the National Aerospace University (Національний аерокосмічний університет) in the city of Kharkiv (Харків). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, Airwars has narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 50.043860, 36.282897.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    TPXA

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK078

Incident date

March 22, 2022

Location

Лозова, Lozova, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

48.888770, 36.309767 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Tuesday March 22nd 2022, one civilian was reportedly killed and up to nine others injured by an alleged Russian missile strike in the city of Lozova, in the region of Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine.

Suspilne Kharkiv telegram channel monitored the accounts of injuries to civilians from two, to four, to finally eight. Most sources, such as Truexa news telegram channel, and Espreso.tv reported eight wounded civilians, while AOAV, the Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, and Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union accounted for nine. Suspilne Kharkiv telegram channel, AOAV, and Ukrinform account also for one civilian fatality in the attack. Atn.ua confirmed that all the victims are civilians and Suspilne Kharkiv telegram channel reported that there were no children among them.

As a result of the four missiles accounted by Truexa news ua telegram channel and Slovoidilo, more than 20 residential buildings were hit and destroyed at around 15:30, including schools and kindergartens according to the Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group report, in addition to several boiler rooms causing boiler plants in the city to be switched off according to the Kharkiv Times. The Mayor of Lozova, Serhii Zelenskyi, published a video on Facebook confirming the attack and the head of the Kharkiv State Administration Oleg Sinegubov announced that the equipment of the boiler plants was not damaged, the workers were safe and the city was working to restore heat and gas supplies, as reported by Ukrinform, Espreso.tv, and Kharkiv Times.

The suspected attacker is alleged to be Russia, as reported by most of the sources including Kharkiv Times, Ukrinform, and Espreso.tv, although responsibility has been contested by Perviy Kharkovsky telegram channel, a Ukrainian Telegram channel with a clear pro-Russian stance, which challenging Sinegubov’s declarations that Russia was responsible for the shelling.

This incident has ACLED’s reference code: UKR53879

The incident occured at approximately 4:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–9
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (28) [ collapse]

  • Arrival of shells in Lozova on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa news ua via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Residents of Lozova fix damage caused by alleged Russian shelling on March 22, 2022. (Image posted by ХС_Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • "Russian Peace"...
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Sergey.zelensky
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by konkretnoPRO
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Pervomaisky INFOclub
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Hromadske
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by LozovaCity
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Zakarpattya24
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by UAReads
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Ukraine knows

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Lozova (Лозова), for which the generic coordinates are: 48.888770, 36.309767. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–9
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK082

Incident date

March 26, 2022

Location

Барвінкове, Barvinkove, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

48.903505, 37.022460 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At approximately 11am on March 26th 2022, Russian forces reportedly shelled the town of Barvinkove in the Izyum district of Kharkiv, resulting in the deaths of at least four Ukrainian soldiers and one civilian, as well as causing a fire in a secondary school. Multiple Ukrainian news sources, and a number of posts on Telegram reported the attack and the deaths of the four personnel members and one civilian. All the reports stated that the number of civilian injuries was to be determined, with no source giving a figure. The fire in the secondary school, also referred to as a lyceum, was subsequently extinguished.

Investigators for the State Security Service of Ukraine, under the procedural leadership of the Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor’s Office have launched a pre-trial investigation into the alleged attack for violating the laws and customs of war, combined with intentional murder as per Part 2 of Article 438 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.

Perviy Kharkovskyi, a presumably Ukrainian Telegram channel with a clear pro-Russian stance and Kharkov Nash Telegram channel, a Ukrainian channel based in Kharkiv with local correspondents in the city, both claimed that the school was being used by Ukrainian forces to create a ‘human shield’ for the Ukrainian soldiers, therefore attempting to shift the blame onto Ukrainian forces by suggesting they had broken the laws of war themselves. One of the sources, Kharkov Nash, identified five soldiers as being killed in the attack, without directly contesting that the civilian killed was actually a soldier.

This incident has ACLED’s reference code: UKR54576.

The incident occured at approximately 11:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Ukrainian Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4–5

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Barvinkove on March 26, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Barvinkove on March 26, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Barvinkove on March 26, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Barvinkove on March 26, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office via Facebook)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Barvinkove (Барвінкове), for which the generic coordinates are: 48.903505, 37.022460. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Ukrainian Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4–5

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK097

Incident date

April 4, 2022

Location

Кулиничі, Kulinichi, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

49.986288, 36.387795 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In the early morning hours of April 4th, 2022, suspected Russian shells fell upon the village of Kulinichi in Kharkiv, injuring three civilians.

XC_Kharkiv reported that “a kindergarten, a hospital and about five houses were destroyed.” Additionally, the three wounded were removed from the rubble left behind by the shells.

Telegram accounts Huyovy_Kharkiv and XC_Kharkiv attributed shelling of the village of Kulinichi to Russian forces. Huyovy_Kharkiv pointed out Russian claims that they are “demilitarizing” alongside images of damage to buildings.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of the village of Kulinichi on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Huyovy_Kharkiv)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of the village of Kulinichi on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Huyovy_Kharkiv)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of the village of Kulinichi on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Huyovy_Kharkiv)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of the village of Kulinichi on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Huyovy_Kharkiv)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of the village of Kulinichi on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Huyovy_Kharkiv)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Kulinichi (Кулиничі), for which the generic coordinates are: 49.986288, 36.387795. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK167

Incident date

May 1, 2022

Location

Уди, Udy, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.39053562460109, 36.06794838616318 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On 1st May 2022, at 11:30 am, the Russian armed forces reportedly shelled villages including Udy in the Bohodukhiv district of the Kharkiv region. Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group reported that the artillery shelling hit amongst other infrastructure a car, killing one women immediately and wounding the two other passengers, a man and another woman. Luidmilla Denisova, in a Facebook post, noted that the shelling also damaged two residential buildings and an educational institution.

The Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor announced that investigators of the Bogodukhiv district police department of the GUNP in the Kharkiv region examined the shelling site. The State Security Service of the Kharkiv region will handle the pretrial investigation.

This assessment has reference to ACLED codes UKR56931, UKR56995, UKR56948 and UKR71254.

The incident occured at 11:30:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Investigators examining shelling site
  • Liudmila Denisova's facebook post

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Udy (Уди), for which the generic coordinates are: 50.39053562460109, 36.06794838616318. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]