All Belligerents in Libya, 2011

Mourners in Majer, Libya in 2011 following a NATO airstrike which killed at least 34 civilians, according to multiple reports. Image courtesy of Sidney Kwiram/ Human Rights Watch

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

LC350

Incident date

April 17, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: الفرناج, Tripoli: Al Fornaj, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.850793, 13.239605 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed and two policemen injured by LNA shelling on the Al Fornaj area of Tripoli.

Ambulance Services Libya only reported one injury.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies reported: “5 rockets land on the university dormitory where the displaced people live, wounding 2 members of the police, and the killing of the citizen Hamza Abdel-Rahman in an outrageous way as a result of the shelling

The pictures we received from the hospital for the young man’s body.”

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation said: “Grad rockets fired by the terrorist Haftar militia fell a short while ago in the vicinity of the IDPs’ residence in the Al-Farnaj area, died as a result of Hamza Abdul-Rahman Al-Tawil, son of the former chief of staff, Major General Abdul-Rahman al-Tawil, and wounded 2 policemen.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Hamza Abdul-Rahman Al-Tawil, allegedly killed by LNA shelling on Al Fornaj on April 17, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Hamza Abdul-Rahman Al-Tawil, allegedly killed by LNA shelling on Al Fornaj on April 17, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of Hamza Abdul-Rahman Al-Tawil, allegedy killed by LNA shelling on Tripoli on April 17, 2020 (via Hmmam.benawid)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Fornaj (الفرناج) area of Tripoli (طرابلس‎). The coordinates for Al Fornaj are: 32.850793, 13.239605. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC380

Incident date

May 6, 2020

Location

أبو سليم, Abu Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.842957, 13.171578 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to six civilians were allegedly killed and up to 27 more injured by allegedly LNA shelling on the Abu Salim neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy reported two deaths.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies repored two dead and eight injured.

The Field Medicine and Support Center said one person was killed and 27 more civilians injured.

The GNA-led Burkan Al-Ghadab operation posted: “6 dead, dozens wounded, and extensive damage to private and public property, from the destruction of homes and cars in the bombing of the Haftar terrorist militia on citizens’ homes in the densely populated Abu Salim municipality.”

The LNA itself declared the shelling without mentioning civilian harm: “The artillery was able to target the ammunition of the criminal militia Ghanwa inside its headquarters in the heart of Abu Salim in a process that is surprising, accurate and painful.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 6
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–27
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army
  • Known target
    GNA

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq kl shy).
  • Smoke above Abu Salim after alleged LNA shelling on May 6th 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq kl shy).
  • Photo of the aftermath of alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq kl shy).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Civilian allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Civilian allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Road allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Car allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Blood stain on the ground after alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Car allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Cars allegedly destroyed by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Car allegedly destroyed by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Car allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on May 6th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (ابوسليم),  for which the generic coordinates are: 32.842957, 13.171578. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 6
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–27
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army
  • Known target
    GNA

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC410

Incident date

May 31, 2020

Location

حي الاندلس, Hay Al Andalus, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.874009, 13.135207 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians were allegedly killed and up to twelve injured by indiscrimiante shelling on the Souq Al Talata area of Tripoli.

The Field Medicine and Support Center said three were killed and 11 injured.

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation posted that five were killed and eight injured, one of which a child whose leg had to be amputated.

Reuters reported: “Sunday’s shelling hit an expanse of grass that residents often use to relax on the edge of the Hay al-Andalus neighbourhood, west of central Tripoli.

Ameen al-Hashimi, a press officer for the Tripoli government’s health ministry, told Reuters five people, two of them unidentified, had been killed, and 12 wounded.

Osama Ali, a spokesman for local ambulance services, said four of the casualties had been killed at the grassy area and one other at a second, nearby location.”

Al Wasat said: “A spokesman for the ambulance and emergency services, Osama Ali, said that 5 citizens were killed by shells falling on Souq Al Talata and Al Gharbi Street in Tripoli.

Ali added, in a press statement, that four citizens were killed in Souq Al Talata, one man was seriously injured, a woman had minor injuries and is receiving first aid at her relatives home.”

The Libya Observer initially reported seven killed but later corrected to number to five.

Libya Alahrar TV and the Libya Observer accused the GNA of conducting the shelling. Tarhuna 24 blamed the GNA.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdel Fattah Akk 24 years old male killed
  • Zahia Faraj 65 years old female killed
  • Abdul Hakim Al-Matani 23 years old male killed
  • Muhammad Abu Guarara Nasr 30 years old male injured
  • Khalifa Muhammad Masoud 60 years old male injured
  • Mohsen Daw Mohamed 29 years old male injured
  • Ezzeldin Mohammed Al-Jilani 51 years old male injured
  • Abdul Latif Al-Jursi 31 years old male injured
  • Miral Mustafa 7 years old female injured
  • Tariq Mustafa Homs 16 years old male injured
  • Mona Ismail Saleh 35 years old female injured
  • Haji Mustafa Omar 26 years old male injured
  • Al-Mandhar Hisham Al-Mabrouk 39 years old male injured
  • Osama Kaddour 25 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • (1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord, Libyan National Army
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (25) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly killed by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly killed by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly injured by shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Smoke rising after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • Cars and buildings damaged after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Al Wasat)
  • Cars and buildings damaged after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Al Wasat)
  • Smoke rising after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Child who allegedly lost his leg after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child who allegedly lost his leg after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child who allegedly lost his leg after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child who allegedly lost his leg after shelling on Tripoli on May 31st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Hay Al Andalus (حي الاندلس), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.874009, 13.135207. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Hay Al Andalus (حي الاندلس).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord
  • Government of National Accord position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 5
  • (1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord, Libyan National Army
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-159

Incident date

September 7, 2011

Location

ابالحنيوة, Al Haniyah, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.018033, 16.919868 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One child was reported killed by a NATO or Rebel forces airstrike on the Al Haniyeh neighbourhood of Sirte.

Nour Al Din Nasser Al Zanki said that “he suffered full body and face burns, cut wounds to the right leg, and amputation of a toe on the right foot. He died several days later.”

Sirte martyrs reported: “The martyr Abu Nawf and his father, the martyr Abu Ajila Al-Jayer Abu Nawf Al-Tarshani Al-Gaddafi, Abu Nawf was martyred on 07/09 2011 as a result of his injury in the Al-Haniyeh area and died of surgery in Ibn Sina Hospital”. It is unclear whether his father also deceased in the attack.

NATO on that day reported hitting “5 Armoured Fighting Vehicles, 2 Armed Vehicles” in the vicinity of Sirte.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    NATO forces, Libyan rebel forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Abushnaf Abu Ajila, allegedly killed in NATO or Rebel forces airstrike on Sirte on September 7th, 2011 (via Surt Son)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village Al Haniyah (ابالحنيوة) named after the valley stretching to the north, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.018033, 16.919868. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan rebel forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan rebel forces
  • Libyan rebel forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    NATO forces, Libyan rebel forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-183

Incident date

September 26, 2011

Location

الحي رقم 2 في مدينة سرت, neighborhood number 2, Sirte, Libya

Airwars assessment

One source reported that two children were killed by a NATO strike in neighbourhood two in Sirte, in September 26th 2011.

NATO on that day reported hitting “1 ammunition/vehicle storage facility” in the vicinity of Sirte.

There is currently no further information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Known target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

NATO forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    NATO forces
  • NATO forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

NATO forces

In the vicinity of Sirte: 1 ammunition /vehicle storage facility.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Known attacker
    NATO forces
  • Known target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-108

Incident date

June 12, 2011

Location

الزنتان, Al Zintan, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

31.996513, 12.003225 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Nine civilians were allegedly killed by Gaddafi forces artillery shelling of Zintan.

Al Jazeera noted at the time: “On his part, a spokesman for the rebels said on Monday that nine people were killed and more than forty others were wounded on Sunday when forces loyal to Gaddafi bombed the town of Zintan, held by the rebels, in the west of the country.”

17 Feb Revolution wrote: “Libyan opposition spokesman said on Monday that nine people were killed on Sunday when forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi bombed the opposition-held Zintan town with artillery and missiles.

‘Nine were killed because of the bombing… yesterday, and more than 40 others were wounded, the spokesman, Abdul Rahman, told Reuters by phone from Zintan. ‘It was the heaviest bombardment in several weeks.'”

Other sources reported the same death toll.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • Civilians reported injured
    40
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected targets
    Libyan rebel forces, Other, Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Funeral of victims allegedly killed in the incident

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Al Zintan (الزنتان) being struck, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.996513, 12.003225. Due to limited information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • Civilians reported injured
    40
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected targets
    Libyan rebel forces, Other, Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-001

Incident date

February 15, 2011

Location

بنغازي‎, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.112582, 20.082151 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In one of the first mass casualty events of the 2011 Libya uprising,  Amnesty International reported 59 civilians injured on February 15th as a result of demonstrations in Benghazi against Gaddafi forces. The demonstrations lasted until the end of February 16th.

Amnesty International stated that “protesters [were] reportedly assaulted by members of the police, riot police (Central Security), the People’s Leadership and Revolutionary Committees. According to al-Jala’a Hospital records and testimonies of victims and witnesses, in the two days 59 protesters were treated for injuries not caused by firearms.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    59
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Benghazi (بنغازي‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.112582, 20.082151. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    59
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-143

Incident date

August 21, 2011

Location

كوبرى الهضبة الشرقية , Eastern Hill Bridge, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.857472, 13.209339 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 60 and 72 people were killed near the Eastern Hill Bridge on a highway in Tripoli by Gaddafi forces on August 21, 2011 according to multiple posts and videos, including Gharyan Radio and Libyan People Youtube.

A video posted by Wasat Al Bilad shows multiple men with guns blocking a road and interacting with cars as they drive by. Gharyan Radio posted images of the suspected killers and describes them as making a fake gate in the road and stopping everyone and killing some. A video posted by Libyan People shows two men beating two other men in the street and you can hear men screaming, as well as gunshots.

Names of those killed:

Muhammad Yunus al-Muhajir

Issam Muhammad al-Taher

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    60 – 72
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    August 22, 2011

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Eastern Hill Bridge (  كوبرى الهضبة الشرقية ) in the city of Tripoli, for which the generic coordinates are: 32.857472, 13.209339. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    60 – 72
  • (2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Gaddafi forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]