Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4044

Incident date

January 5, 2020

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In a major incident, 14 civilians including children and women were reported killed and between 23 and 30 injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the western neighborhood of Ariha city in Idlib, Syria on January 5th, 2020.

Macro Media Center (MMC) reported that airstrikes were launched by a  SU-24 warplane with a full load of vacuum missiles.

Local sources said the airstrikes targeted civilian areas in the city attacking six civilian facilities including Khaled Bashir al Halabiyah School- known as al Muhdatheh School, al Hadidi Mosque- known as al Imam Malek Mosque-, Woman Centre of Zayzafon Charity Organization, Baraem al Islam Kindergarten, al Muslim al Saghir Kindergarten and an institute of Muslim Care Organization.

The Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) reported that the airstrikes also targeted IDPs on the outskirts of the International Highway (Aleppo- Lattakia road) causing casualties. Ariha Facebook Page mentioned that two of the victims are students at the Technical Institute for Media at the University of Idlib, and they died while they were on their way to their homes in Jabal Al-Zawiya.

According to list of names documented by local sources, eight of those killed belong to the same family. Victims include at least three children, one woman and three unidentified bodies and those injured include at least eight women.

The death toll is expected to rise as many of those injured remain in critical conditions.

While Justice Organization blamed solely Russia for this incident, most of sources blamed the Syrian regime like @SyriaCoalition, Macro Media Center, Ariha Today, Syrian Network for Human Rights and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. From their side, Syrian Civil Defense, Step News, Shaam News and @SyrianCoaltion blamed Russia and the regime, with @SyrianCoaltion stating that the attack was done by the regime with Russian and Iranian support.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14
  • (3–8 children1–2 women5–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage made by a Syrian Civil Defence volunteer of the aftermath of the alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via @SyriaCivilDefe).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • Muhammad Al Madi and Mustafa Krom, students at the Technical Institute for Media at the University of Idlib, were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020, when they were on their way to their home in Jabal Al- Zawiya (via Ariha Today).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • SCD volunteer broke into tears as she carried body of a child killed in the airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib on January 5th 2020 (via SCD).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14
  • (3–8 children1–2 women5–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4043 IRS004

Incident date

January 1, 2020

Location

سرمين, Sarmin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Nine civilians including six children and two women were reported killed, and 16 others including three children and three women – one of whom was pregnant – were injured in an alleged Russian, Iranian forces or Syrian regime shelling with a cluster missile or a rocket carrying cluster bombs on ‘Martyr Abdou al Sheikh Salameh Primary School’ and the surrounding area in Sarmin, Idlib, Syria on January 1st, 2020 according to local sources.

The Smart News Agency said the shelling targeted the school, a nearby kindergarten and a market.

The victims included a teacher and four students, two of whom were IDPs originally from Ma’arat Al Nu’man, as some sources said the school housed IDPs.

Three children victims have been identified so far. Hoor Ismail Serjawi, Yahya Raed Sarmini and Abdelkader (family name not available yet). In addition, Muhammad Yahya Al-Bassas (age unknown) was also killed.

The Syrian Civil Defense (White Helmets) in Idlib described the attack as a “massacre”, and posted: “Abdelkader’s mother sent her child to school to learn, despite the inherent dangers because she wanted him to have an education. Today [Jan 1st] regime forces killed Abdelkader, four of his friends, and two of his teachers, after they targeted their school in Sarmin City in Idlib with cluster bombs.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) expected the death toll to rise since ten of the injured including the pregnant woman were left in a critical condition.

While some sources said the attack was launched from the Mediterranean, referring to the Russian forces, others said it was launched from Sinjar area in Idlib where the Syrian regime army operates.  However, Nors for Studies said it was likely initiated by the Iranian forces from Aleppo’s southern countryside.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 9
  • (4–6 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (38) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteer rescuing a civilian after the shelling on a school in Sermin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via Horrya Press).
  • SCD volunteers rescuing casualties of the shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SCD).
  • SCD volunteers rescuing casualties of the shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SCD).
  • A civilian injured in the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Translation: "8 civilians were killed including 4 children and 2 women and 16 others injured, on the morning of Wednesday, as a result of attacking a school in the center of Sarmin town east of Idlib with a rocket carrying cluster bombs. The shelling that hit the school which was full of students and teachers resulted in a massacre of children and women."
  • An image of the school that was targeted with the shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • A van affected by the shelling that took place on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Civilians reported injured and killed in the shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (MMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Images showing the school that was targeted with shelling in Sarmin (via MMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians reported injured and killed in the shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (MMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Hoor Serjawi was reported killed in the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via MMC)
  • The aftermath of the strike on Sarmin, Jan 1st 2020.
  • Mother of Abdelakder, a child killed in the attack, is paying farewell to her son (via SCD).
  • Aftermath of the shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via IdlibPlus)
  • Civilians including children reported killed and injured on the shelling on a school in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via IdlibPlus).
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via IdlibPlus)
  • Images of the missile allegedly used in shelling the school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via IdlibPlus)
  • Images of the school building allegedly targeted with a Russian or Iranian missile (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in the shelling on the school in Sarmin, Idlib (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. ( (via EMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020. (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the attack on the school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Van directly affected by the shelling of the school and its surrounding in Sarmin in Idli. (via EMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020. (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via EMC)
  • SCD Rescuing civilians including children killed and injured in the shelling on the school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via @ShahbaPress)
  • Abdulkader was reported killed in the attack on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via @abuhuzaifa)
  • AbdulQader's mother paying farewell to her child who got killed in the attack on the school (via @abuhuzaifa).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in the attack (copyright Smart, published in the public interest).
  • Civilians reported killed and injured in the shelling on the school. (copyright Smart, published in the public interest)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The school targeted in the shelling (copyright Smart, published in the public interest)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in the attack (copyright Smart, published in the public interest)
  • Victims of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school and its surrounding in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SN4HR)
  • Image of the targeted school (via SOHR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 9
  • (4–6 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4041

Incident date

December 30, 2019

Location

قرية الشيخ أحمد, Sheikh Ahmed village, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between four and five civilians, including an elderly woman and a child, were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Sheikh Ahmed, Aleppo countryside, on December 30th, 2019, according to local sources.

Step News Agency reported: “Today, Monday [Dec 30th], Russian warplanes launched a number of airstrikes on civilian homes in Sheikh Ahmed village, in the southern countryside of Aleppo, wounding four people, including a woman.”

The White Helmets and @ShahbaPress later reported that two women were injured.

The Smart News Agency reported that eyewitnesses told them that “the civil defence teams had treated two women, a child and a wounded youth to the city hospital of Saraqib in Idlib, as a result of the Sheikh Ahmed village, south of Aleppo city, being attacked by Russian warplanes”. The White Helmets furthermore reported major damage to civilian homes and property.

Macro Media Center reported five wounded.

All sources reported Russia as the belligerent, except for the White Helmets, who reported that the airstrikes were launched by the Syrian regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping a elderly woman who was injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping a elderly woman who was injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers helping a elderly woman who was injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Sheikh Ahmed village on December 30th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4039

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

كفروما, Kafrouma, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Kafrouma in Idlib, according to local media.

Sources reported that Russian strikes targeted  members of the Ahrar al-Sham movement.

According to the Step News Agency, “Russian aircraft targeted four-wheel drive cars, carrying the movement’s leader, Jaber Ali Pasha, and the two ‘Legitimists’ of the movement known by the names of Sheikh Abu al-Ghareeb and Sheikh Abu Iqbal. Jaber Ali Pasha survived the Russian raid, while the raid resulted in the death of the Sharia, Abu Iqbal, and a number of accompanying elements, and the Shari’a, Abu al-Gharib, was wounded, with varying injuries”.

However, the White Helmets said that civilian deaths occurred in Kafrouma, while the Shaam News Network noted “one martyr”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4042

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Maarat Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child and a volunteer with the Syrian Civil Defence (White Helmets) were reported killed and others injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrike with barrel bombs on Ma’arat Al Nu’man in Idlib on December 30th, 2019.

Muhanad Muhamad Al Sha’ar was reported killed while on duty of rescuing civilians injured and killed by the attacks on Ma’art Al Nu’man, and the child Muhamad Fateh Arafat was also killed when his family tried to take their belongings and flee to a safer area in North Syria, according to local sources.

A White Helmets post read: “Today [Dec 30th] we bid farewell to another of our White Helmet brothers, Muhannad al-Shaar, a hero killed in a direct hit via regime helicopters, along with a child from the family our team was evacuating in #MaaratalNuman City in #Idlib. The remaining family was rescued.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • Muhannad al-Shaar,, SCD volunteer was killed in Ma'art A NU'man on Dec 30th, 2019 (via SCD Idlib)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The child Muhamad Arafat was killed in Ma'arat Al Nu'man in Idlib on Dec 3th, 2019 (via MMC)
  • Damage caused by the airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Nu'man (via MMC)
  • The child Muhammad Fateh Arafat was killed while a number of his family were injured in an airstrike on Ma'arat Al Nu'man on December 30, 2019. (via SN4HR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4040a

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One woman was reportedly injured after alleged Russian or Syrian forces fired a missile on the village of Sarja, Idlib governorate, in the evening of December 28th, 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported on Twitter that “a woman was injured by shelling with a guided missile carrying cluster bombs this evening, Saturday [Dec 28th], by regime forces, targeting the outskirts of Sarja village.”

Our Syria reported that “a Russian Tochka missile landed on Sarja village”. It is unclear if this means if the missile itself was Russian-made or if Russian forces fired it.

Shaam News Network wrote that Russian forces launched violent airstrikes, accompanied by artillery and missile shelling on several cities and town in Idlib governorate on December 28th, including Sarja village.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • An alleged Russian Tochka missile landed in the village of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via Our Syria).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4040

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

سراقب, Saraqeb, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An elderly woman was reported injured along with at least one other civilian after an alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrike on Saraqeb in Idlib, Syria on December 24th 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported: “”An elderly woman was wounded in a bombing by the  Syrian regime on Saraqeb city in Idlib…warplanes carried out a strike using heavy machine guns on Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on December 24.”

According to Edlib Media Centre, “Civilians were wounded when the warplanes targeted the city of Saraqib, east of Idlib, with rockets.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4034

Incident date

December 22, 2019

Location

خان السبيل, Khan Al Sabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was injured after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on vehicles of displaced civilians on the international highway near the town of Khan al Sabil, Idlib governorate, on December 22nd, 2019, as reported by local sources.

Step News Agency reported that besides wounding a civilian, the Syrian and Russian airstrikes of cars caused the burning of a car, motorcycle and agricultural machinery.

Shaam News Network wrote that the airstrikes occurred “amid calls to stop the bombing and secure the exit of thousands of civilians in the area”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]