Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

TS513

Incident date

June 2, 2022

Location

زركان, Zarghan District, Hassakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including a child, were injured in alleged Turkish strikes on the village of Dada Abdel in Zarkan district on June 2, 2022.

Hawar News reported that two people were injured when Turkish forces bombed the center of Zarghan district, its hospital, and villages, destroying a number of houses.

Xeber24 added that a child was injured in the bombing, providing the child’s name: (Murtaza Al-Mustaif), who was injured in the foot and taken to a hospital in the city of Ad-Darbasiyah. The source also specified that the bombing occurred in the village of Dada Abdel in Zarkan district.

Alarm News identified the injured child as being from the the village of Um Mahramleh and Hawar News reported that the child that was injured, Murtaza, is 14 years old.

All of the sources attributed the strikes to Turkish forces, and Xeber24 added that since the morning of June 1st the Turkish army had launched more than 80 shells at the Zarkan district.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Murtaza Al-Mustaif 14 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A 14 year old child named Murtaza was injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Zarghan district on June 2, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A 14 year old child named Murtaza was injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Zarghan district on June 2, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS514

Incident date

June 2, 2022

Location

قرية طنب, Tanab village, Shirawa, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was injured in Tanab village, Shirawa district in the northern countryside of Afrin, Syria on June 2nd 2022 from “heavy gunfire”  and “shelling” attributed to Turkish forces and the SNA by local sources.

The civilian injured was reported to be Hassan Mustafa, aged between 12 and 13, according to different local sources.

At least ten of his sheep also died in this attack and it was reported that Mustafa was grazing the sheep at the time of attack, and that the shell exploded near him in the field.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkish forces, and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights specified that the strikes and gunfire was carried out by “Turkish forces and their proxy stationed in Jalbal and Maryamin in northern Aleppo”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hassan Mustafa 13 or 14 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • NPA Syria reports an alleged Turkish shelling on Tanab village in Afrin where one boy was reported injured whilst tending to his sheep on June 2nd 2022.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS512

Incident date

June 1, 2022

Location

قرية شيشة, village of Shisha, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least three civilians, including a child and a woman from the same family, were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the villages of Gorik and Sheshi in western Gire Spi on June 1, 2022.

According to Hawar News, Mohamed Ismail, known as Abu Umar was injured in Turkish shelling of the village of Gorik in western Gire Spi Canton. Abu Umar was taken to Manbij hospital but there was no further information on his condition.

Hawar News also reported that a woman and a child were injured in Turkish shelling of Sheshi village in the western countryside of Girê Spi. The source also provided the names of those injured: Kawthar Hajj Khalil, 45, was seriously injured, and Mizgin Hajj Khalil, 11, was seriously injured and subsequently transferred to the Kobani city hospital.

North Press Agency spoke with Muhammad Hajj Khalil, the father of the injured girl, who said that “a shell exploded near his house in the village, wounding his daughter, Nadia Hajj Khalil, 13, with shrapnel in the hand.” Khalil said that his cousin’s wife was also seriously injured in the face by the explosion of the shell. She was taken directly to a hospital in Raqqa for treatment. “About ten shells landed in the other villages,” he said.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also documented the injury of two civilians due to “Turkish forces and their proxies in “Peace Spring” areas fired rocket launchers on the village”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mohamed Ismail Age unknown male known as Abu Umar injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Mohamed Ismail, known as Abu Umar, who was injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Gorik in western Gire Spi Canton on June 1, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish shelling on a house near Kobani city on June 1, 2022. (Image posted by North Press Agency)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS511

Incident date

May 29, 2022

Location

عين عيسى, معلق, village of Mu’allaq, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a young man, was injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Mu’allaq on the morning of May 29, 2022.

According to North Press Agency, a civilian was injured in shelling carried out by Turkish forces and their affiliated Syrian National Army (SNA) faction on a village west of Ain Issa. The name of the young man that was injured is Fadi Khallawi and he was taken to Omar Alloush hospital in the town to receive treatment, and his condition is stable.

An Xeber24 correspondent from inside Ain Issa added that the shelling occurring in the morning in the village of Muallaq, resulting in the injury of one civilian.

All of the sources that reported on the incident blamed Turkish forces and identified one civilian as being wounded.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Fadi Khalawi, a civilian injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Muallaq, west of Ain Issa on May 29, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS510

Incident date

May 22, 2022

Location

المشيرفة , Al-Masherfa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a young man, was seriously wounded by alleged Turkish drone strikes near the village of Al-Masherfa on May 22, 2022.

According to Hawar News, a Turkish drone attack injured 25 year old Reda Ali Hussein, who was transferred to Martyr Omar Alloush Hospital in Ain Issa district. The medical staff at Martyr Omar Alloush Hospital told Hawar News that Reda Ali Husseins condition is stable after he was “hit by shrapnel in several parts of his body”, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights referred to his wounds as “serious”.

Xeber News identified the incident as occurring on the outskirts of the village of Al-Masherfa three km south of the M4 International road. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the location was a Syrian Democratic Forces military post.

All of the sources that reported on this incident attributed the strikes to Turkish forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of civilian injured by a drone strike on the village of Al-Mushairfa on May 22, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS509

Incident date

May 22, 2022

Location

تل تمر, Tel Tamr, Hassakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least three civilians, farmers, were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the town of Tel Tamr on May 22, 2022.

North Press Agency reported that three civilians were wounded in Turkish shelling in the vicinity of the town of Tel Tamr. “A military source of Tel Tamr Military Council of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said that the Turkish shelling on the two villages of al-Gheibish and Tawila led to the injury of three civilians.” North Press Agency also provided the names of the victims: Ayman Ali Al-Ahmad, 25, Luay Khalil Hammad, 20, and Redwan Turki Al-Tukhaimi, 30, who were all hospitalized in the city of Hassakah.

One of the wounded, Luay, told Hawar News that “we returned again to harvest, and when we arrived at the field, shells rained down on us in the field, and we were hit by shrapnel, and other citizens were injured.” Luay also told Gire Sri that they were “heading on board a combine harvester to harvest wheat in a field”. Gire Sri News identified those injured as “3 farmers who were working in harvesting the wheat crop in a field”.

Haval Sedo reported that the three injured farmers were transferred to the Martyr Lykeren Hospital in Tel Tamer district.

Xeber24 added that the shelling occurred in the village of Tawila, Tal Tamr district, adjacent to the M4 international road in Rojava. Haval Sedo added that the artillery shelling caused a fire in the fields of the people in the village of Abush. According to @Rojava_Media, electric distribution centers that supply electricity to Tel Tamer were also bombed, with @SteeleSyAA added that the electricity transfer station was heavily damaged.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to Turkey. Kurdistan24 added that Turkish drones were flying overhead during the bombardment and a tweet from @war_watch_world reported that both artillery and mortar shells were used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ayman Ali Al-Ahmad 25 years old injured
  • Luay Khalil Hammad 20 years old injured
  • Redwan Turki Al-Tukhaimi 30 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by shelling on Tel Tamr on May 22, 2022. (Image posted by North Press Agency)
  • Civilians injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Tel Tamr on May 22, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • Alleged Turkish strikes on Tel Tamar on May 22, 2022. (Image posted by @SteeleSyAA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS508

Incident date

May 17, 2022

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians, four children and a woman, were injured in alleged Turkish artillery shelling of the village of Qartage in Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022.

Hawar News documented the names of the woman and the four children that were injured in the Turkish artillery shelling on Qartage farm south of Ain Issa. The woman’s name is Na’aima al-Mudhi and her children are Katala Ali al-Hamoud (6 years old), Manhal Ali al-Hamoud (9 years old), A’azra Ali Al-Hamoud (10 years old) and Hayel Ali al-Hamoud (12 years old).

A medical source from the National Hospital in Raqqa told North Press Agency that “one of the children was diagnosed with Hemiplegia, a condition caused by brain damage or spinal cord injury that leads to paralysis on one side of the body”. Muhammad al-Ayed, a neurosurgeon at the Raqqa National Hospital, said that the 13-year-old child, Hayel Muhammad, was hit by a shrapnel that entered his back and ended in his abdomen, causing him to lose the ability to walk. Although it has been removed by surgery, it caused significant damage to the child’s spine. The other civilians injured, the children and their mother, are in stable condition.

Hawar News’ correspondent added that “the mother and her children were nomads, and they were in their tent near a Russian base”. All of the injured members of the family “were transferred to the dispensary of the town of Tal al-Samn, south of the district, and as a result of the severe and critical injuries, they were transferred again to National Hospital in the city of Raqqa”.

Arna Hammoud, 50, the aunt of the injured children, told North Press Agency that the Turkish shelling hit the tents that they had taken as homes and that the family had been working as shepherds and had been living in the tent that was shelled for a week. “The Turkish shelling directly targeted our tents; we tried to escape but my brother’s family was injured anyway” she said.

North Press Agency reported that in addition to the bombing that resulted in wounded civilians, Turkish forces bombed several villages,  Al-Shirkarak, Mulaq, Jabal, Fatsa, Skairo, Ain Issa camp and the international road “M4”, in the countryside of Ain Issa with heavy weapons, mortar and artillery shells. The bombings also caused material damage to the property of residents.

The village that housed the injured family, Qartage, is located 5km away from Ain Issa and hosts dozens of IDPs from Tel Abyad, according to North Press Agency.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey and North Press Agency specifically identified the source of the bombing to be the Turkish bases in the adjacent villages, inside Syrian territory.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • “#SOHR camera” captures artillery fire by Turkish forces on areas in #Ain_Issa district, the capital of the Autonomous Administration in the northern countryside of #Al_Raqqah
  • Family in Raqqa National Hospital after they were hit by a Turkish shelling on Ain Issa – North Press
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the Ain Issa countryside on May 17, 2022. (Image posted by SDF Press Center)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS507

Incident date

May 13, 2022

Location

نبل و الزهراء, Nubl & Zahra districts, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and another civilian, a child, was injured in alleged Turkish strikes on a funeral procession in the towns of of Nubl and Al-Zahra on May 13, 2022.

According to Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), a child was killed and another child was injured in the shelling of funerals for regime-backed militias in Nubl town. The militia members were killed when “a guided missile hit their vehicle in Ain Jarra and Al-Jabal Qabtan frontlines in the western section of Al-Halaby countryside,” killing ten fighters.

Journalist @LindseySnell and Violations Documentation Center put the casualty count at “two children killed, one child injured” in the Turkish shelling.

SOHR added that “three missiles hit the outskirts of Nubl town from the side of Al-Haj Saeed Sharbo Mosque in northern Aleppo countryside”.

Hawar News also documented the death of a child and the injury of a child, caused by Turkish strikes on a funeral processions for members of the “People’s Committees” in the towns of Nubl and Al-Zahra – 12 members of the “People’s Committees” were killed and 14 others were wounded in previous strikes by Turkish forces. Hawar News provided the names of the child killed and the child wounded: Ali Hussein Hajj Issa was killed and Mahdi Elba was injured.

The majority of sources that reported on the incident, including Hawar News and Al Mayadeen, attributed the strikes to Turkish forces. Al Mayadeen added that “rocket-propelled grenades” were used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ali Hussein Hajj Issa Child killed
  • Mahdi Elba Child injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic images of two children, one killed and one wounded, in alleged Turkish strikes on the towns of Nubl and Al-Zahra on May 13, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of one of the victims of alleged Turkish strikes on the towns of Nubl and Al-Zahra on May 13, 2022. (Image posted by Shamra News)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]