Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS090

Incident date

October 29, 2015

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least 70 people died and as many as 550 were injured in what was initially reported as a Russian airstrike on the marketplace in Douma. However subsequent reports indicated the specific attack was most likely the work of Assad regime aircraft. Part of the confusion lay in the fact that Russian Air Force aircraft had also reportedly carried out strikes on the city that day.

As AP noted: “There were conflicting reports about the attack in Douma. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and the Local Co-ordination Committees said government forces fired more than 11 missiles at a market. The Observatory said the attack killed 57 people, while the LCC said at least 40 died… The Syrian National Council, the main Western-backed opposition group in exile, blamed Russian air strikes for the “massacre” in Douma, saying 55 civilians were killed. It said it was the second deadly attack in the past 24 hours after Russian air strikes hit the main Douma hospital.

According to Medecins Sans Frontiers, “At least 70 people have been killed and 550 injured in an air strike on a marketplace in the Douma neighbourhood near Damascus, Syria. As the nearest makeshift hospital had been bombed the previous day, medical workers struggled to cope with the influx of injured people. MSF fears the intensification of bombing that has been seen in northern and central Syria over the course of October could become even more horrific if it spreads to besieged areas around Damascus, where almost a million people are trapped with no way to escape, few medical facilities, and no options for medical evacuations of seriously wounded. The devastation caused by the initial air strike on the market was exacerbated by further shelling on the rescue teams who were attending to the wounded. Two hundred and fifty patients required surgery, and a further 300 patients have been treated for non-surgical wounds. The multi-trauma wounds are described by medics as being worse than anything they have seen before.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    70
  • Civilians reported injured
    550
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Russia also carried out airstrikes at Douma on October 28th, leading to initial confusion on who was respobnisble for the reported deaths of 70 civilians {Shaam News Network)
  • Photos showing Russian warplanes that are still roaming the skies of the besieged Eastern Ghouta and carrying out raids on its cities and towns. (via SNN)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian MoD issued no report for the period October 28th-30th 2015.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    70
  • Civilians reported injured
    550
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS087

Incident date

October 28, 2015

Location

تل هادية, Tal Hadya, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

35.99595, 36.93908 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

As many as 11 civilians were reported killed in the second alleged Russian airstrike in as many days on Tal Hadya. A large number of civilians were also reportedly injured in the nighttime attack.

According to the Syrian Observatory, “nine people [six women, one child and two men] were killed in bombing by warplanes believed to be Russian, on the village of Tal Hadya in the southern Aleppo countryside.” Local news placed the civilian toll at 11.

VDC named two civilians killed as Alae Nahhas and Abo Enoud – a 14-year old boy.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Alae Nahhas Adult male killed
  • Abo Enoud Child male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–11
  • (1–7 children0–6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Abo Enoud, killed in a reported Russian strike October 27th (via VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    photo of Alae Nahhas (via VDC)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian MoD issued no report for the period October 28th-30th 2015.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–11
  • (1–7 children0–6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS088

Incident date

October 28, 2015

Location

بانص, Banis, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

35.97697, 36.9748 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least one and as many as seven civilians were reported killed in an alleged Russian strike on Bansh. Violations Documentation Center reported that an unnamed woman was killed “Due to the Russian army air forces’ shelling.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–7
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian MoD issued no report for the period October 28th-30th 2015.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–7
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS089

Incident date

October 28, 2015

Location

عندان, Anadan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.29353, 37.04466 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

At least three named civilians, including a child, were killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Anadan and nearby Kafr Hamra.

There was some confusion about the incident, with Zaitonmag reporting that seven anti-government fighters were killed along with three civilians: “A Brigade commander working for Ahrar Syria in Aleppo said that seven of his fighters were martyred Tuesday evening as a result of bombing by Russian warplanes targeting a headquarters of the brigade near the city of Anadan in the Aleppo countryside. Zaitoun’s correspondent in Aleppo reported that Russian warplanes launched four raids on the perimeter of Anadan city.

One of the raids raids targeted a mosque, killing a child and two men – one of whom is a media activist. The mosque was nearly totally destroyed. Members of the civil defence were also injured after being targeted by the Russian aviation during the rescue mission that followed the first raid.”

Violations Documentation Center has listed the following as civilians killed in the attack.

Other reports instead listed three civilians (a man, his child and his mother) killed at nearby Kafr Hamra. According to the White Helmets, “Members of the civil defence pulled out this morning the body of the martyr Haytham Garisha who was martyred with his child and mother following the targeting of his house by warplanes in the town of Kafr Hamra on Tuesday evening October 27th.” Mr Garisha [probably Haytham Ismail Qoraifi n VDC’s list] was described by the Syrian Observatory as a media activist.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

  • Kheder Ali Hamsho Adult male killed
  • Mohammad al-Shaelan Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3–9
  • (1 child8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian MoD issued no report for the period October 28th-30th 2015.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3–9
  • (1 child8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS085

Incident date

October 27, 2015

Location

أم ميال, Um Mayyal, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.39415, 37.40038 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a contested event, four named women and men were reported killed in an airstrike at Um Mayyal. While Violations Documentation Center, the Syrian Network and others blamed Russia, the opposition Syria News Desk – which said three homes were destroyed in the incident – said the attack was the work of Assad regime aircraft.

The Syrian Network later published eyewitness testimony from Hassan Al Ahmad, manager of the Child Care Organization, who visited the site: “I was 1.5 km away from the shelling location and went directly to see what happened. I saw a group of young men from the civil defense trying to tell the crowds to leave the shelling site out of fear from being shelled again. The council was shelled previously and the schools suffered from great damage, and four young men were injured Our city is run by local civilian committees and is free of any military presence for any group as all headquarters were evacuated according to the residents’ demands. However, the Russian warplanes launched their airstrikes on civilians.”

The dead were later named.

The Syrian Network said four young men were injured in the attack – but made no mention of fatalities.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Khlaif Shahoud al-Hekari Adult male killed
  • Shahoud Khlaif al-Hekari Adult male killed
  • Fatima Khlaif al-Hekari Adult female killed
  • Dahlia Adult female 52 year old killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 women2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian Defence Ministry has confirmed carrying out airstrikes in Hama governorate on October 27th-28th 2015: “For 24 hours, aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 71 combat sorties engaging 118 terrorist objects in the Idlib, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Damascus and Lattakia provinces.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 women2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS086

Incident date

October 27, 2015

Location

قبر الأنكليزي, Kabr al Inglizi, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.2613693, 37.0926118 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four civilians were reported killed in Kabr al Inglizi (‘Tomb of the English’) in an alleged strike by Russia. According to the White Helmets “Civil defence removed the bodies of four martyrs and several wounded following Russian bombing with vacuum missiles.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Rescuers retrieve casyualties of an alleged Russian airstrike at Kadr al Inglizi, Oct 27th (via White Helmets)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian Defence Ministry has confirmed carrying out airstrikes in Aleppo governorate on October 27th-28th 2015: “For 24 hours, aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 71 combat sorties engaging 118 terrorist objects in the Idlib, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Damascus and Lattakia provinces.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS084

Incident date

October 27, 2015

Location

اللطامنة, Ltamenah, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3219885, 36.6234398 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A civilian neighbourhood was targeted in Ltamenah – allegedly by Russia – which killed approximately 10 civilians.

According to Shaam “10 civilians (three of them from one family) were killed, and five wounded, as a result of Russian aircraft targeting civilian homes with vacuum missiles.”

Violations Documentation Center later named Khaled Abdulhameed al-Jahem as having died from injuries sustained in the attack.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Khaled Abdulhameed al-Jahem Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • (2 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Title: “countryside of Hama - Russian warplanes carry out massacre against civilians 27/10/2015 - terrible scenes.” (via SNN)
  • Khaled Abdulhameed al-Jahem (via VDC)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian Defence Ministry has confirmed carrying out airstrikes in Hama governorate on October 27th-28th 2015: “For 24 hours, aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 71 combat sorties engaging 118 terrorist objects in the Idlib, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Damascus and Lattakia provinces.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • (2 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS082

Incident date

October 27, 2015

Location

تل هادية, Tal Hadya, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

35.99595, 36.93908 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least nine civilians were reported killed – including five children and two women – in an alleged Russian strike on the town of Tal Hayda. Early reports claimed the strike involved cluster munitions.

Aleppo White Helmets noted at the time “Civil defence teams pulled out… 11 martyrs from Tal Hadya and dozens of injured.” And according to All4Syria “Field sources also reported that Russian aircraft launched several air strikes on the village of Tal Hadya in the southern countryside of Aleppo, killing eleven civilians, including four children and three women, in addition to more than twenty wounded.

Violations Documentation Center later named nine victims.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Daughter of Firas Abd al-Raheem al-Khashouf 1 Child female killed
  • Wife of Firas Abd al-Raheem al-Khashouf Adult female killed
  • Daughter of Firas Abd al-Raheem al-Khashouf 2 Child female killed

Family members (2)

  • Wife of Ramzi al-Zaeim Adult female killed
  • Son of Ramzi al-Zaeim Child male killed
  • Mohammad Mustafa Bakkour Child male killed
  • Daughter of Hosain al-Dasher Child female killed
  • Naji al-Naji Adult male killed
  • Daughter of Haytham Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–11
  • (4–5 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

The Russian Defence Ministry has confirmed carrying out airstrikes in Aleppo governorate on October 27th-28th 2015: “For 24 hours, aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 71 combat sorties engaging 118 terrorist objects in the Idlib, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Damascus and Lattakia provinces…

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9–11
  • (4–5 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]