Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS1812

Incident date

December 30, 2016

Location

تادف, Tedef, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.34857, 37.531501 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between nine and 12 civilians – the majority from one family – were killed and up to 24 were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on Tefef, Aleppo, according to source son the ground.

Graphic images published showed four child victims.

According to one source nine civilians came from the same family.

Dawaalhaq reported: “in support of the army of Erdogan… Russian aircraft crush children’s skulls in the town of # Tadef near Al Bab city in Aleppo countryside”.

The highest death toll was given by Ara at 12 civilians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 1 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 2 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 3 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 4 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 5 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 6 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 7 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 8 Age unknown killed
  • Member of the Al-Shahoud family 9 Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a dead child killed in an alleged Russian raid on Tedef, 30th December 2016. (via @PrimoAhmad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a dead child killed in an alleged Russian raid on Tedef, 30th December 2016. (via @PrimoAhmad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of dead children killed in an alleged Russian raid on Tedef, 30th December 2016. (via @PrimoAhmad)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Additionally, Russia reported that its air forces have carried out strikes in Aleppo during November and December 2016.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1810

Incident date

December 29, 2016

Location

حرستا, Harasta, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.55869, 36.36515 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were killed – including a man and a woman and a child – and many more were wounded, in alleged air and artillery strikes on Harasta. All sources blamed the Syrian regime for the raids, except LCCSY who blamed Russian warplanes. 

According to sources, the artillery and air bombardment targeted a school and residential neighbourhood.

No specific number of wounded civilians were reported, however one source claimed that “many” were injured. One video showed a child seriously wounded in the aftermath of the raid from the strike which hit his school.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Al - Ghorani (Abu Al - Fawz) Adult male football player of Harasta Sports Club killed
  • Hala Al - Qaseer Child female killed
  • Ayman Haidar Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian is taken to a medical facility in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Harasta, 29th December 2016. (via Syrian Civil Defense Center Damascus countryside)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A seriously wounded young boy in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Harasta, 29th December 2016. (via Unified Media Office in Arbeen)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded young boy in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Harasta, 29th December 2016. (via @SN4HR)
  • Mohammed Fayez al - Ghorani., killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Harasta, 29th December 2016. (via Saqaba sports club)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1809

Incident date

December 29, 2016

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

As many as 15 civilians were killed – including six children, two women and four adult males – and dozens were wounded, in alleged air and artillery strikes on Douma. Sources were conflicted as to who was to blame. Some sources attributed blame to Russian warplanes, while others blamed the Syrian regime.

Reportedly, the raids struck a residential area including a school and the city square. Photographic evidence shows the extensive destruction to the buildings, civilian homes and the inside of the school.

One sources reported that the heavy shelling, which began in the morning and reoccurred throughout the day, included the use of both ground artillery and missiles.

Video evidence shows an ambulance taking wounded civilians to a medical facility in the immediate aftermath of the raid.

The incident occured around dawn.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 15
  • (6 children2 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A dead child pulled from the rubble in the aftermath of alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Douma, 29th December 2016. (via @ousamamedia)
  • A news bulletin documenting the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Douma, 29th December 2016. (via yaser alfawwal)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian is put into an ambulance before being carried to a medical facility in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Douma, 29th December 2016. (via Syrian Civil Defense center Damascus countryside)
  • The exact moment an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid targeted Douma, 29th December 2016. (via @islamnedaa3)
  • The exact moment an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid targeted Douma, 29th December 2016. (via @islamnedaa3)
  • The outside of the school which was targeted in alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Douma, 29th December 2016. (via Rasd-sy)
  • Saeed Emad Abdul Azeez, killed in alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Douma, 29th December 2016. (via VDC)
  • Yassen Anees, killed in alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Douma, 29th December 2016. (via VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 15
  • (6 children2 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1808

Incident date

December 29, 2016

Location

جسر الشغور, Jisr Al Shoghour, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One adult male was killed, and two or more were injured, in alleged Russian airstrikes which struck the residential neighbourhood of Jisr Al Shoghour. All sources attributed blame to Russian aviation, which it is reported to have carried out four raids on the vicinity.

According to one source the attack consisted of three cluster bombs raids, whereas another source said rocket propelled grenades were used. There are additional reports which suggest missiles were launched on the vicinity.

Smart News confirmed that the wounded were taken to a nearby medical facility where they received treatment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Hani Al Sheikh Adult male killed
  • Abd al-Nasir Haj Musa Age unknown male injured
  • Mohamed Mostafa Hajj Khader Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1807

Incident date

December 29, 2016

Location

عربين, Arbeen, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.538143, 36.364331 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

As many as four civilians were killed – including three children and one woman reportedly from the same family – and up to 19 were wounded in an airstrike on a primary school in Arbeen, local media said.

Three belligerents were reportedly sighted, meaning there is confusion among sources as to who is responsible. Two sources blamed Russian warplanes, others the Syrian regime. Some sources did not attribute any blame.

Upsetting footage showed tens of children running, screaming from the school through the rubble in a chaotic fashion. The footage also showed partial damage to the school building.

More video evidence showed the White Helmets pulling an injured child from the rubble who was buried alive due to the raids.

According to @almasaronline, as many as “19 were killed and wounded in the bombing of a primary school in the countryside of Damascus”. This was the highest casualty figure from the event.

A source published footage of the burial of the victims in the aftermath of the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–19
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Children run screaming from their school which was bombed by alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Arbeen, 29th December 2016. (via Unified Media Office in Arbeen City)
  • Chaos as children run screaming from their school which was bombed by alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Arbeen, 29th December 2016. White Helmets run into the scene to look for trapped civilians. (via SDC)
  • The aftermath of a attack on a primary school which was bombed by alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Arbeen, 29th December 2016. White Helmets run into the scene to look for trapped civilians. (via braa abo yhea)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child who was burred alive is pulled from the rubble and transported to hospital in an ambulance in the aftermath of a attack on a primary school which was bombed by alleged Russian and Syrian regime raids on Arbeen, 29th December 2016. (via SCD)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–19
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1806

Incident date

December 28, 2016

Location

زملكا, Zamalaka, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

As many as two civilians were killed – including an unidentified adult male – and more than 20 were injured in airstrikes on the residential neighbourhood of Zamalaka, according to local media.

Sources remain unclear as to who was to blame for the airstrikes. Some sources, including LCCSY, have reported Russian warplanes were to blame for the raids, whereas others pointed to the Syrian regime.

@AJA_Syria reported that the regime forces fired rockets on the residential vinicty. @ousamamedia specified there were four rocket attacks. 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Unidentified male Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1805

Incident date

December 28, 2016

Location

سرحا, Sarha, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

An unspecified number of civilians were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on Sarha, according to sources on the ground, There was no mention of civilian deaths.

@abomohammad441, @HalabNewsN and LCCSY all pointed to Russia as the culprit.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1804

Incident date

December 28, 2016

Location

عقيربات, Okayrabat, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Some civilians were wounded in alleged Russian raids which struck Okayrabat, Hama. All sources have attributed blame to Russia. There are no mentions of civilian deaths. 

Reports suggested the use of machine guns and rockets. 

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any specific strikes between December 1st – 31st 2016.

On 6 January 2017, Russia, however, reported: “Since November 8, 2016, the aircraft carrier group of the Northern Fleet consisting of the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Severomorsk, as well as auxiliary vessels of the Black Sea Fleet, has been fulfilling counterterrorist missions on the territory of Syria”, adding that ”in the course of two months of their participation in the combat actions, naval aviation pilots have carried out 420 combat sorties, 117 of them were night ones.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]