Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TI026a

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

بملة, Bole, Qandil, Iraq

Geolocation

36.43356, 44.96506 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three or four civilians were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bole village, according to sources.

ANF reported: “Two houses were greatly damaged by the bombardments in Bole village and four civilians were wounded. One of these, named Ehmed Ebdullah, is reported to be in a critical condition.”

Kurdistan 24 said three civilians were wounded in the strike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ehmed Ebdullah Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Ehmed Ebdullah, wounded in an alleged Turkish strike on Bole village, Aug 19th 2019 (via ANF)
  • An ambulance attends the scene of an alleged Turkish strike on Bole village, Aug 19th 2016 (via Rudaw)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Bole (بملة) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.43356, 44.96506. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI026

Incident date

July 19, 2019

Location

مخمور, Makhmour, Mosul, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Alleged Turkish forces shelled Martyr Rustam Joudi refugee camp in Makhmour and wounded two people around 3.15 am on July 19th, according to local sources.

Dwarozh News reported that Laila Arzou, the Joint Chief of Martyr Rostam Jodi camp, called on the United Nations and the federal government to protect civilians from Turkish shelling.

No other details are known at this time.

The incident occured at approximately 3:15 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Video of the incident

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI025

Incident date

July 18, 2019

Location

سبيتدار, Spindar, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

37.035278, 43.571111 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between three and five civilians were reported injured when Turkish airstrikes struck the village of Spindar in the evening of July 18th.

Bas News reported that Turkish warplanes shelled several positions in the village Spindar with rockets, while “chasing a car for the militants of the Kurdistan Workers, where the gunmen hid in the village”. The source added that the strikes injured a number of citizens and that the villagers detained the three PKK militants who were hiding in the village.

According to local source @VagerSaadulah however, the airstrike wounded the three PKK fighters who were in the car when it was struck and an additional three civilians on the side road. One civilian was a German citizen, according to the source.

Rudaw said five civilians were injured, five of them children.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    3

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Car allegedly hit by a Turkish airstrike on Spindar village in Dohuk on July 18th (via Roj News).
  • Car allegedly hit by a Turkish airstrike on Spindar village in Dohuk on July 18th (via Roj News).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Spindar (سبيندار) for which the generic coordinates are: 37.035278, 43.571111. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    3

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI024a IRI003

Incident date

July 10, 2019

Location

Balakati and Bradost, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

36.735469, 44.387908 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed in a Turkish or Iranian strike on Balakati and Bradost.

ANF wrote: “The attacks carried out on Balakati and Bradost by Iran and Turkey that began on July 10 and in which 2 civilians lost their lives and four were wounded, continued yesterday.

On Thursday morning after 9 am Iranian and Turkish army hit the Balakati and Bradost regions throughout the day with intense howitzers, mortars and katusha, following coordinates given by Iranian reconnaissance planes.

Although the villagers tried to extinguish the fire in the fields which had resulted from the bombardment, hundreds of hectares of land were burning and thousands of trees and live in the natural area burned to ashes.”

There is currently no other information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI024

Incident date

June 27, 2019

Location

سنكاسار, Sangasar, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

Geolocation

36.247996, 45.018967 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three or four civilians of the same family were reportedly killed by an alleged Turkish airstrike on a civilian car on Berker near Sangasar on June 27th, 2019, according to local sources.

According to ANF, “Three civilians, including children and women, lost their lives and 5 civilians were injured in the attack. Among those who lost their lives are a woman and a 4-year-old child.”

Rudaw said that “four people from one family were killed on Thursday, June 27, 2019, by fighting between Turkey and Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) guerrillas and shelling of two villages at the foot of Mount Qandil.”

Nasnews quoted Iraqi MP Kawa Mohammed saying: “Turkish planes again bombed populated areas of the province of Arbil and killed four citizens and injured five others, all of them unarmed citizens living in the area.”

Hathalyoum reported: “Turkish warplanes bombed two civilian vehicles in the village of Barker in Sangasar district, killing four people, including three from one family and wounding five others.”

Baxtiyar Goran tweeted that there were two children among the injured.

In September 2019, the Christian Peacemaker Teams Iraqi Kurdistan (CPTIK) reported that “on June 27, 2019, the Turkish military fired a rocket at the vehicle of Abdullah Aali Mina killing him along with his daughter, Kurdistan, and his 17-year-old son, Haryad. The blast also wounded five additional family members, including his wife. They were returning home after a day-trip to their family lands in Ashqolka village near Sangasar. Initial reports claim that there was a PKK vehicle in the area and the Turkish military fired upon both vehicles.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Two children reportedly injured in the strike
  • Dead bodies following an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar (via ANF)
  • Dead bodies following an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • A wounded child following an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Scenes from the aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on Sangasar, June 27th 2019 (via ANF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI023

Incident date

June 26, 2019

Location

زين خليل, Zain Khalil, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

36.737683, 44.388548 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed as the result of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Zain Khalil.

Rudaw said that 25-year-old Mansour Nafie lost his life in the attack, while his brother Bashiu Nafie was injured.

Hathalyoum published a similar report. Both sources stated that the brother were hit in their car.

ANF reported that one civilian was killed and three civilians injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mansour Nafie Adult male Brother os Bashiu killed
  • Bashiu Nafie Adult male Brother of Mansour injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Mansour Nafie (via Rudaw)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI022b

Incident date

June 12, 2019

Location

Kany Motel, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

37.086813, 43.527634 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

The Christian Peacemaker Teams in Iraqi Kurdistan reported that two workers of a plant shop were injured in Turkish airstrikes on the town of Amadiya on June 12th, 2019.

CPTIK reported: “On June 12, 2019, The Turkish Military dropped a bomb within Amadiya, just a few blocks from The Kany Motel and Tahini Factory. The bomb landed just in front of a gas station and a plant shop on the main road. Two workers at the plant shop were injured, the large cement roof of the gas station collapsed, and a huge hole made by the impact still blocks half of the road.”

Barzan Sadiq tweeted that “Turkish warplanes destroyed PKK-owned vehicles just metres away from civilian facilities in Amadiya” but made no mention of civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • The gas station in Amedi after being hit by an alleged Turkish airstrike on June 12th 2019. (via CPTIK)

Geolocation notes

Reports on the incident mention the Kany Motel, in the proximity of the village of Amadiya(العمدية), for which the generic coordinates are: 37.086813, 43.527634.  Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI022

Incident date

June 5, 2019

Location

سدكان, Sedkan, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

36.801389, 44.665 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three Peshmergas, potentially civilian combatants at the time, were injured by an alleged Turkish airstrike on Sedkan.

Rudaw said: “Three militants from the Peshmerga were wounded, one of them in a serious condition, as a result of Turkish shelling on Wednesday around the town of “Sedkan” of the city of Erbil in the Kurdistan Region.

According to the information received, the Turkish warplanes bombed sites of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) early Wednesday morning in the area of ​​Sheikh Zadeh near the village of Merkeh Rash in the vicinity of the town of Sidkan in Erbil.”

Nasnews reported: “The Peshmerga elements rushed to extinguish the fires left by the shelling,” adding that “one of the injured was seriously injured (one hand and one leg was amputated).”

Rojnews noted: “Three Peshmerga troops were wounded” – and published associated images of the casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Khoshoy Mikael Adult male Peshmerga killed
  • Muhajer Mikael Adult male Peshmerga killed
  • Aziz Jafir Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Accoridng to Rojnews, "Three Peshmerga troops were wounded in a Turkish air attack on the Bradost area in northern Holler." (via Rojnews)
  • Accoridng to Rojnews, "Three Peshmerga troops were wounded in a Turkish air attack on the Bradost area in northern Holler." (via Rojnews)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (3) [ collapse]