Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS392 R3929C

Incident date

November 12, 2019

Location

عين العرب - كوباني, Ain Al Arab - Kobane , Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and four civilians were reported killed and up to eight others injured when a joint Turkish and Russian patrol allegedly opened fire on protesters in Jen-Harran village, southern Kobani, Aleppo in Syria on November 12th, 2019, according to local sources.

The sources also reported that the Turkish forces targeted journalists from Jin TV and Ronahi TV and consequently injuring the female journalist Zozan Remedan Berkel who was reporting for Jin TV, Welat Şhêkho a reporter for Ronaha TV and journalist Dliyar Jeziri.

NPA mentioned that “Turkish patrol opens fire at local civilians protesting against them in the village of Jen-Harran, southern Kobani, some civilians heavily wounded.” and ANF said that “Attack on Kobane people injures 8, including 2 journalists.”

Also @baxtiyarumut reported that “At least one woman was shot dead by Turkish troops in Kobani.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 4
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • KRC list of civilians killed and injured between 09 October and 14 November 2019.

  • "Occupying Turkish soldiers, the Russian military policemen opened fire on the people who reacted to them in the patrol: the invaders attack according to the first information, there are martyrs and wounded." (via @y_ozgurpolitika).
  • Turkish Patrol opened fire on protesters in Kobane on November 12th 2019 (via ANF)
  • Reporter of Ronahi TV was reported injured in Kobane on November 12th 2019 (via @PYD_Rojava)
  • Zozan Remezan Berkel, reporter of the all-female TV station Jin TV was reported injured in Kobane on November 12th 2019 (via @dersi4m and ANHA)
  • Civilians were injured when they were attacked by Turkish/Russian troops as they protested against them in Kobane, Aleppo on November 12th, 2019 (via @dersi4m)
  • A civilian showing bullets used in the attack on protesters by the Turkish/Russian troops in Kobane, Aleppo on November 12th, 2019 (via @dersi4m)
  • A civilians showing munitions used in the attack on protesters by the Turkish/Russian troops in Kobane, Aleppo on November 12th, 2019 (via @dersi4m)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 4
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS391

Incident date

November 10, 2019

Location

Shelgirat - Ain Issa, Raqqa , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured as a result of alleged Turkish forces shelling on  the villages of Sharqê and Sawama close to the M4 highway and the town of Shelgirat in Eyn Isa, Raqqa governorate in Syria on November 11th, 2019 according to local sources.

The strikes reportedly hit grain silos.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on a grain silo in Shelgirat, Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate, Syria , Nov 11th (via SO4HR)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on a grain silo in Shelgirat, Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate, Syria , Nov 11th (via SO4HR)
  • The aftermath of an alleged Turkish strike on a grain silo in Shelgirat, Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate, Syria , Nov 11th (via SO4HR)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS390a

Incident date

November 11, 2019

Location

شمال تل تمر, North of Tel Tamir, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to @DaveEubankFBR, two people were killed and three others injured in an alleged Turkish drone strike on north of Tal Tamr, Hasakah in Syria on November 11th, 2019.

Several other sources said three members of the “SDF” or “YPG” were killed in “a drone attack”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Aram Ehmed 22 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • A strike on Tal Tamr, Hasakah in Syria on November 11th, 2019.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS390

Incident date

November 10, 2019

Location

حلب, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One child – a six-year-old girl, Norshan Atri – was reported killed in an alleged Turkey-backed militants’ artillery attack on Sêf El-Dewle, Al-Ezemiye and Al-Hemdaniye areas in Aleppo city, Syria on November 10th, 2019 according to local sources.

Multiple shells reportedly hit civilian homes. The little girl was killed when one of the shells hit her house.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Norshan Atri 6 years old female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS389

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

أم الشعفة, Um Assha'fa, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three journalists were reported injured as a result of an alleged Turkish artillery attack on the village of Um al-Shuayfa of the city of Tal Tamr, on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

The journalist reported injured is Fadel Hammad, a reporter for the al-Akhbariya TV channel, and he was injured in the foot.

NPA added that there were also “four injuries among Syrian government forces”.

Snacksyria added that two other journalists – Walid Ibrahim and Muhammad Al-Khaled – were wounded by shrapnel.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Walid Ibrahim Age unknown male injured
  • Fadel Hammad Age unknown male injured
  • Muhammad Al-Khaled Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    4

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • KRC list of civilians killed and injured between 09 October and 14 November 2019.

  • The aftermath of the alleged Turkish strike (via SANA)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Turkish strike (via SANA)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Turkish strike (via SANA)
  • Translation: " Syrian news photographer was injured by a bullet in the leg during his coverage of the Syrian Arab Army's clashes with the Turkish occupation and his mercenaries in the village of Um Shuaifa in the countryside"

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    4

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS388

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

هيشة, Kisha, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and five others injured in an alleged Turkish forces drone strike on a group of civilians who worked in collecting cotton in Hishe/Kisha village, Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate in Syria on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

Hanî Ehmed Al-Rawî (25) was reported among the killed in the attack and Elî Hemîd al-Khilal (45), Tariq al-Ehmed (30), Mihemed al-Ehmed (29) and Hemûd al-Ehmed (20) were among the injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Civilians reported killed and injured by an alleged Turkish drone strike on workers collecting cotton in Ain Issa on November 9th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians reported killed and injured by an alleged Turkish drone strike on workers collecting cotton in Ain Issa on November 9th, 2019 (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS387

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

Tal Halef and Diwera, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

Many civilians were reported killed and injured when Turkish forces allegedly opened fire on protesters in Tal Halef and Diwera villages in Ras Al Ayn – Syria on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

SANA reported that “10 civilians were suffocated due to the release of tear gas by the Turkish patrols, accompanied by Russian patrols, on the people who went out in protest against their passage in Al Jawadiya area in Hasaka countryside, while they kidnapped three young men from the village of Tal Jemma in the countryside of Ras Al Ain, while a civilian was killed as a result of torture”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Civilians protesting against Turkey were reported attacked in Ras Al Ayn villages on November 9th, 2019 (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS386

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

Dildarê, Tal Temir, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

One medical worker and one journalist were reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces drone attack on a vehicle belonging to the Syrian regime forces in Dildarê village, Tal Tamr, Hasaka in Syria on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

The medical worker working with the Kurdish Red Crescent and the German NGO CADUS was named  as Aram Ehmed or Aram Hamidi (22 years old). He was quoted saying: “I was wounded by shrapnel, I still have a piece in my jaw. Here. And all my teeth are broken.” Local sources reported that the team of KRC was targeted while on their way to retrieve the injured in Dildara village.

The journalist injured is known to work for al-Ikhbariya Syrian television but no further details available.

The attack also killed between three and six Syrian regime forces’ soldiers and wounded between four and 35 others.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3–6
  • Belligerents reported injured
    4–35

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Aram Ahmed/Hamidi who works for the KRC and German NGO @cadus_org was injured in a drone attack allegedly by Turkey on Tal Tamr - Syria on 9 Nov 2019 (via @GforGilgo).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3–6
  • Belligerents reported injured
    4–35

Sources (19) [ collapse]