Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0046

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

قشطة, Qishta, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.275278, 34.250278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In the morning of October 9th 2023, an Israeli airstrike allegedly hit the Qishta family home, south of Rafah in the Gaza Strip, reportedly killing two civilians, 45 year old Faisal Mohsen Muhammad Qishta and his 25 year old daughter Nour Al-Huda Qishta.

Sources additionally reported a further 12 to 14 civilians were injured. Multiple sources, including the Palestinian Center for Human Rights and Al Mezan, reported that the strike took place without prior warning and resulted in the complete destruction of the home.

Several social media posts from family members confirmed the death of Faisal and Nour, offering words of grief for their lost loved ones. “Make your abode in paradise,” reads a post from Iman Qishta. “Oh heartache.” Several family members shared photos of Faisal. In one he is wearing a blue shirt that says “positive”, and another he is shown posing in front of a ferris wheel. “May God have mercy on you, my uncle Abu Muhammad,” reads a social media post from Mohsen Qishta. “May God have mercy on you, my cousin. Oh God, replace them with a better home than their home.”

Other photos shared by family members and the Qishta family Facebook page appear to show the aftermath of the strike, with rescue workers looking through the wreckage of the heavily damaged home and taking what appear to be bodies covered in blankets or sheets to an ambulance.

Early accounts of the strike from PBC News and a social media post from the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that 12 people were injured in the strike, and the Shehab Agency posted an image of a young girl being treated by medical professionals, with a caption stating that she was injured in the bombing of the Qishta family home in Rafah.

Later accounts from the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) and Al Mezan both stated that 14 people were injured.

The names of both Nour Qishta and Faisal have been found in the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

The location was described by sources as the Qishta neighbourhood of Rafah, likely because the family was known in the area.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 7:10 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Faisal Mohsen Muhammad Qishta فيصل محسن محمد قشطة
46 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 900773086
Nour Al-Huda Qishta نورالهدى قشطة
25 years old female Daughter of Faisal killed Matched to MoH ID 403296221

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–14
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hisham Qishta facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PBC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PBC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PBC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: PBC news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MFA
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MFA
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MFA
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MFA
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qishta family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qishta family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qishta family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohsen Qishta facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohsen Qishta facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Qishta (قشطة) in Rafah (رفح). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to find boundaries for the neighbourhood and to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Qishta are: 31.275278, 34.250278.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–14
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0050

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

بير النعجة, Bir Al Najah, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.541901, 34.488035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Monday, October 9th 2023, 18 civilians, all members of the Abu Obaid family, including at least seven children and seven women, were reported killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike on their home in the Bir al-Naja area west of the Jabalia refugee camp, northern Gaza Strip. Two combatants were also reported killed, also members of the Abu Obaid family.

Initial reportage from the Jordan News Agency and Shehab Agency reported the death of two women and a girl, whose bodies were received at the Indonesian Hospital, while adding that “others were injured.” Defence for Children International noted that the bombing was without warning, and reported the death of seven civilians, including three children – Ismail Mohammad Ismail Salah (7) and his cousins Malak Mohammad Nasser Abu Obaid (15 or 16), and Karam Yousef Nasser Abu Obaid (17 or 18), further stating that the neighbors said “there were approximately 15 to 20 people inside the building, including some who were seeking refuge.” A possible neighbor of the family posted on social media that “the martyrs were more than 10”, and other sources including Refugee SPS and WAFA News mentioned “a number of” casualties”, the latter stating the victims’ house was “behind the communications headquarters west of the city.”

Posts by the family’s relatives on twitter, revealed the names of 18 civilians killed in the incident: Muhammad Youssef Abu Obaid (20), Karam Youssef Abu Obaid (17 or 18), Hamza Rami Abu Obaid (20), his mother Sanaa Abu Obaid (46), Nasr Rami Abu Obaid (19), Moatasem Rami Abu Obaid (16), Hajja Fatima Abu Obaid Umm Rami (72), Safaa Nasr Abu Obaid, Islam Abu Obaid (22 years old), Malak Muhammad Nasser Abu Obaid (15 or 16), Fatima Rami Abu Obaid (22), Asmaa Rami Abu Obaid, Hanan Abu Obaid (Umm Najd) and her five children: Hassan, Ismail (7), Salah, and Najd – the fifth child was not named.

Along with the civilians killed, the Abo Obaid family Facebook page referred to two people killed as “mujahid”, understood by Airwars to indicate militant status: Nasr Youssef Abu Obaid Abu Rami (different to 19-year-old Nasr Rami Abu Obaid according to local sources) and Youssef Nasr Abu Obaid Abu Muhammad.

Relatives of the family mourned the loss on online platforms, sharing posts such as “As we, the Abu Obaid clan in the homeland and the diaspora, mourn with all pride, and majesty a constellation of martyrs of the Abu Obaid family and all the martyrs in Gaza”, and “A massacre against my family/Abu Obaid family in Bir al-Naja/There is no power but from God”. Others on social media also grieved the deaths, alleging that the entire family had been killed, with one source sharing “an entire family was erased from the civil registry due to the Abu Obaid massacre”.

Where possible, names of civilians have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

The incident occurred at approximately 6:45pm local time.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 6:45 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (18)

Muhammad Youssef Abu Obaid محمد يوسف ابو عبيد
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408662492
Karam Youssef Abu Obaid كرم يوسف ابو عبيد
17-18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422564930
Hamza Rami Abu Obaid حمزة رامي ابو عبيد
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408662492
Sanaa Abu Obaid سناء ابوعبيد ام حمزة
46 years old female Hamza's mother killed Matched to MoH ID 900608548
Nasr Rami Abu Obaid ناصر رامي ابوعبيد
19 years old male killed
Moatasem Rami Abu Obaid معتصم رامي ابوعبيد
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422841080
Hajja Fatima Abu Obaid Umm Rami الحاجة فاطمة ابو عبيد ام رامي
72 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 964805741
Safaa Nasr Abu Obaid صفاء ناصر ابوعبيد
Adult female killed
Islam Abu Obaid اسلام ابوعبيد
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407746361
Malak Muhammad Nasser Abu Obaid ملاك محمد ابوعبيد
15-16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 422841080
Fatima Rami Abu Obaid فاطمة رامي ابوعبيد
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407667260
Asmaa Rami Abu Obaid اسماء رامي ابوعبيد
Adult female killed
Hanan Abu Obaid (Umm Najd) حنان ابوعبيد
Adult female killed
Hassan حسان
Child male Hanan's son killed
Ismail اسماعيل
7 years old male Hanan's son killed
Salah صلاح
Child male Hanan's son killed
Najd نجد
Child Hanan's child killed
Hanan's fifth child
Child killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (7–8 children7 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Wael facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Obaid family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadia Abo Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraa Abu Omar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Abdullah Abu Obaid facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Obaid family facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Bir Al Na’jah (بئر النعجة), west of Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bir Al Na’jah are: 31.541901, 34.488035.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18
  • (7–8 children7 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0051

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

بجوار محطة بنزين عصفور, Vicinity of Asfour petrol station, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.334423, 34.333242 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 9th 2023, Israeli Defence Forces allegedly conducted an airstrike on a residential building located in Bani Suhalia in Khan Yunis. The strike reportedly killed members of the Al-Najjar family: Ramadan Ibrahim Al-Najjar (45 years old), his wife Nadiya, his brother Mazen Fawzi Al-Najjar (34 years old) and his niece Salma Hamouda Al-Najjar (6 years old). WAFA News Agency reported that in total eight family members were killed while other local sources reported that seven civilians were injured.

The Najjar family posted on Facebook that the strike occurred at the home of Tariq Rasmi Al-Najjar at night and Nedal Abulehya described the resulting destruction as “I saw the body parts with my own eyes. Everyone in the house was in pieces.” Facebook user Sameer Najjar reported that the family had recently relocated to Bani Suhaila after leaving their homes in Khuza’a. Bani Suhayla posted on Facebook that the airstrikes caused major destruction “at the eastern entrance to the city of Bani Suhaila and various parts of the city”. @ShehabAgency reported that seven injuries resulted from the bombing.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

The strike was reportedly carried out by aircraft, according to Shehab Agency. The strike left the house severely damaged. Sources Bani Suhayla, Shehab Agency and WAFA News Agency attributed the strike to Israeli warplanes.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Ramadan Ibrahim Al-Najjar رمضان النجار
45 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 900587254
Nadiya انديه
female Wife of Ramadan killed
Mazen Fawzi Al-Najjar مازن فوزي النجار
34 years old male Brother of Ramadan killed Matched to MoH ID 801237371
Salma Hamouda Al-Najjar سلمى حمودة رسمي النجار
6 years old female Niece of Ramadan killed Matched to MoH ID 438574725

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 8
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bani Suhayla facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bani Suhayla facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bani Suhayla facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bani Suhayla facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bani Suhayla facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kuzaa facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Najjar family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Najjar family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sameer Najjar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sameer Najjar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Treq Zyad Najjar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Treq Zyad Najjar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Treq Zyad Najjar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Treq Zyad Najjar facebook

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the eastern entrance of Bani Suheila (بني سهيلا). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.334423, 34.333242.

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  • Imagery:
    Hidabroot

  • Imagery:
    UNDP PAPP/Abed Zagout

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 8
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0053

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

منزل عائلة الأسطل وسط خانيونس جنوب قطاع غزة, Al-Astal family home in central Khan Yunis, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 9th, 2023, the Israeli military allegedly conducted an airstrike on the house belonging to the Al-Astal family on Al-Arnab street in the center of Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip. 19 people were reported injured as a result of the strike and at least four civilians were killed, including two children and a woman.

The Alastal family Facebook page posted the names of the family members killed: Ahmed Khaled Ibrahim – Othman Al-Astal, 17 years old; Abdullah Musa Muhammad – Othman Al-Astal, 48 years old; Hayat Abdullah Musa – Othman Al-Astal, daughter of Abdullah, six years old; Umama Abdel Nasser Suleiman – Tal Al-Baraka Al-Astal, 34 years old, wife of Muhammad Musa Muhammad – Othman Al-Astal.

@ShehabAgency and other local news sources initially posted that three civilians were killed and 19 others were injured, while Abdulrahman (@abd_rahman197) posted on Twitter/X that five people were killed and “others” were injured.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023. The name of alleged militant Hussein Ahmed Al-Astal was also found in the MoH list, but is not included below given his likely combatant status.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. Abdulrahman (@abd_rahman197) specified that the strike occurred “without warning”.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Abdullah Musa Al-Astal عبدالله موسى الاسطل
48 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 900823501
Umama Abdel Nasser Al-Astal امامة عبدالناصر الاسطل
34 years old female wife of Muhammad Musa Muhammad - Othman Al-Astal killed Matched to MoH ID 802357145
Ahmed Khaled Al-Astal احمد خالد الاسطل
17 years old male killed
Hayat Abdullah Al-Astal حياة عبدالله الاسطل
6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437045024

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    19
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Montaset
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Montaset
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Montaset
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hala Ibrahim Hassan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hala Ibrahim Hassan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moses kh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moses kh facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Alakkad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Alakkad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Katiba Khadra mosque facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Katiba Khadra mosque facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashraf Kanj facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamza facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamza facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamza facebook

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    19
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0065

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

مسجد سليم, Salim Mosque, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.548385, 34.499603 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Monday, October 9, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike (or a series of airstrikes) in the al-Manshiya area of the town of in Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip led to the destruction of the homes of the Salman/Mulsim family near the Salim Abu Muslim Mosque, and the Abu Odeh family near the Kamal Adwan Hospital. According to @Shehabagency and @Refugeespep, the civilians injured by the strikes on the Al-Manshiya area were transported to the Indonesian hospital. However, it is unclear if this refers to injured or killed civilians.

Initial news from Qastal, Radio Alzayton and Nabd news did not report any injuries, with Wafa news stating that no injuries had been reported – however, Shehab News Agency revealed that casualties from the bombing had arrived at the Indonesian Hospital, while Refugeespep corroborated the information, tweeting “#Urgent: A number of casualties arrived at the Indonesian Hospital as a result of the recent…raids on the Al-Manshiya area in Beit Lahia.”

Members of the Abu Odeh family were also reported killed in Airwars casualty record ISPT0044, though we understand this to be a separate incident on the same day in an area south of Beit Lahia.

The local time and further details of the incident is unknown. Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wafa facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Salim Mosque (مسجد سليم) to the south of Beit Lahia (بيت لاهيا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.548385, 34.499603 . Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0055

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

مخيم البريج, Al Bureij camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.437934, 34.403857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 9th, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on a residential house located east of the al-Bureij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip killed a woman, Ola Ziyad Abdel Aziz (also referred to as Ola Abdel Aziz Abdeen), and her four sons – Areej, Muhammad, Adam, and Qais. Only one source, Shehab Agency, also mentioned a number of injuries but provided no further details on the exact number or identity of those wounded.

Most accounts of the deadly bombing come from social media posts by family members, memorializing Ola and her children. Ola’s brother, Amir Ziad, has mourned the death of her sister and his four nephews “with great sadness and grief.” Her cousin Maram Qassem and her uncle Abed Abu Adnan also honoured the memory of Ola and her children in Facebook posts. “With great sadness, I mourn my niece,” the post by Abed Abu Adnan reads. “I can only say: We belong to God and to Him we shall return.” Ola’s friend Mariam Hayati mentioned that her “dear friend and sister” Ola had “passed away””. The age of the victims was not provided by the sources.

The exact time of the strike is unknown, and there is also some ambiguity as to the location of the affected house. The family members refer to the home as “east of Bureij”, while Shehab Agency and Facebook user Khamis Husein said the strike took place in Bureij.

Only one source, Shehab Agency directly attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Ola Ziyad Abdel Aziz علا ابو زايد عبدالعزيز
Adult female killed
Areej اريج
Child male Ola's son killed
Muhammad محمد
Child male Ola's son killed
Adam ادم
Child male Ola's son killed
Qais قيس
Child male Ola's son killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Talak Qinawi facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Huseein Mohammed facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Huseein Mohammed facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bureij camp facebook

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Bureij camp (مخيم البريج), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.437934, 34.403857. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0067

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

مسجد القبة, Vicinity of Al Qubba Mosque, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.364056, 34.278227 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the evening of Monday, October 9th, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike struck the three-story Qannan family home located near the Al-Qubba Mosque in the Al-Mawasi area of the town of Khan Yunis, Gaza strip, killing up to 10 members of the family, including five children and three women, one of whom was pregnant. According to an Elbalad news report referring to the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the deadly attack happened without prior warning.

Professor Muhammad Issa Muhammad Qannan (“Abu Issa”) was killed together with his 71 year-old wife Professor Zuhdiyah Mahmud Muhammad Qannan (“Umm Issa”) (also referred to as Zuhdiya Mahmoud Darwish Qannan), their 46-year old daughter Wissal Muhammad Issa Qannan, their 40-year old son, engineer Mahmoud Muhammad Issa Qanan (Abu Jihad), Mahmoud’s pregnant wife Khitam Abu Odeh (possibly a 36-year old Khatam Sameer Abdul Rahman Qannan, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry), and the five children of Mahmoud and Khitam.

Among the deceased children of Mahmoud and Khitam are a daughter Mayar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (12 years old), a son Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (10 years old), a daughter Reem Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (7 years old), a son Omar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (5 years old), and a daughter Lina Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan (3 years old).

The late Professor Muhammad Issa Muhammad  Qannan (“Abu Issa”) was a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Asqalan Association and was described as a “sincere and generous professor” in a Facebook post in the group “Society of Asqalan people”.

Initially the news sources, including Alghad news, Elbalad news and Wafa news as well as Twitter/X accounts reported that eight members of the family were killed and their bodies were transported to Nasser hospital. However, on October 11, 2023 Shehab Agency reported that two additional bodies were recovered from under the rubble of the Qannan family home, thus increasing the number of victims to ten. According to @Zakariya, more than 20 ambulances rushed to the site of the strike at the Qannan home.

Family members and friends expressed their sadness about the tragic incident in Facebook posts. Nisreen Abu Kawalek wrote in her testimony about the devastating losses for her husband, a surviving member of the Qannan family: “With patient and hopeful hearts, we received the news of the martyrdom of my husband’s family (my husband’s mother, my husband’s father, my husband’s sister, my husband’s brother, his wife, and his five children)”.

A surviving son, Areeg Qannan, honoured the memory of his parents and siblings in a Facebook post, mourning the death of his “father, the crown of my head, and my pride, Professor Muhammad Issa Muhammad Qanan (Abu Issa)”, his “mother, the pulse of my life, my companion, and my refuge after God, the able professor/Zahdia Mahmoud Darwish Qanan (Umm Issa)”, and his “caring brother, of beautiful character and good influence, Engineer Mahmoud Muhammad Issa Qannan”. Sefyan Awda posted the pictures of the young children who lost their lives in the attack.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (10)

Muhammad Issa Muhammad Qannan (“Abu Issa”) محمد عيسى محمد قنن (ابوعيسى
Adult male killed
Zuhdiyah Mahmud Muhammad Qannan (“Umm Issa”) زهدية محمود درويش قنن (ام عيسى
71 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 937370658
Wissal Muhammad Issa Qannan وصال محمد عيسى قنن
46 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 950603894
Mahmoud Muhammad Issa Qanan (Abu Jihad) محمود محمد عيسى قنن (ابو جهاد )
40 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801024969
Khitam Abu Odeh ختام سمير ابو عوده
36 years old female pregnant killed Matched to MoH ID 800668675
Mayar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan ميار محمود محمد قنن
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 431459163
Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan محمد محمود محمد قنن
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 433425428
Reem Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan ريم محمود محمد قنن
7 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 437413669
Omar Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan عمر محمود محمد قنن
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440572014
Lina Mahmoud Muhammad Qannan لينا محمود محمد قنن
3 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 442936688

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (5 children3 women2–3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sefyan Awda facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dalal ALyasser facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud ABu Alnoor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud ABu Alnoor facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Qanan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Qanan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Askalan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of Al Qubba mosque (مسجد القبة), west of Khan Younis (خانيونس) city. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Qubba mosque are: 31.364056, 34.278227.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (5 children3 women2–3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0056

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

بيت لاهيا, Beit Lahiya, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.551277, 34.509233 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the evening of October 9th, 2023, up to 15 members of the al-Madhoun family, including two women and eleven children, were killed as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on the al-Madhoun family home located behind the Golden Hall in the Americana area west to the town of Beit Lahyia in the northern Gaza Strip. According to the Defense for Children Palestine (DCI Palestine) report, the attack on the two-story family house happened without a prior warning.

Initially the family members and “Al-Araby Al-Jadeed” correspondent reported about 14 people killed. “The entire family was removed from the civil registry and registered with the Immortals” wrote their relative Fayeq al-Madhoun on Facebook. A family member Ahmad al-Madhoun wrote on the social media platform “X” to confirm the death of the 14 members of the al-Madhoun family, posting the picture of the rubble which used to be the family house. He wrote: “14 members of my family were martyred in a massacre and direct bombing of the Al-Madhoun family home in the Sudaniya area, including children and women!”.

Later, local news agencies Shehab Agency, Wafa News, Daqiqa News reported that the Israeli military bombed the home of the two brothers Dr. Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun and Dr. Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun, subsequently leading to their death and the death of 13 other family members of the al-Madhoun family, including Muhammad’s wife and six children and Ahmed’s wife and five children. The brothers’ cousin Abu Habib shared testimony on Facebook posting the pictures of the two brothers who lost their lives in the attack.

The following day, on October 10th, a family member Abu Mohammed Madhoun confirmed on Facebook that the six children of Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun killed in the airstrike were: Fatima Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (female, child, 7), Amani Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (female, child, 4), Mahmoud Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 9), Akram Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 10), Karam Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child 3), Watan Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 1), alongside Amal Mahmoud Zayed al-Zaanin (al-Madhoun) (female, 39 years old) – likely to be Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun’s wife. The source added that specialised teams continued to search for the remaining members of the family under the rubble of their home.

Sources on the ground told correspondents for the Palestinian News Agency ‘Wafa’ that the brothers’ father Akram Musa Al-Madhoun, their mother and two brothers were killed by an alleged Israeli bombing of the neigbouring house during the 2021 Israeli campaign in the Gaza Strip. However, their relative Douha Madhoon wrote on Facebook that in fact their father, their younger brother Abdullah, and Muhammad’s first wife were killed at that time, while their mother had died of cancer years ago.

The deaths of so many members of the al-Madhoun family was reported on by relatives across the globe. In Australia, a family relative Hadeel al-Madhoun spoke to the Sydney Morning Herald to tell the story of her father learning of the loss of life of at least 14 family members through an Al Jazeera report. “A 78-year old Mousa al-Madhoun was sitting in the loungeroom of his Mickleham home, in Melbourne’s northern suburbs, watching Al Jazeera, when a reporter announced an Israeli missile had destroyed the Al-Madhoun family compound in Beit Lahia, an area in the northern part of the territory, killing 14 people. He dropped the cup of coffee he was holding, stared at the screen and started crying”, she told Sydney Morning Herald.. The brothers who owned the house were Mousa’s cousins. Hadeel Al-Madhoun told the Australian reporters that she had lost at least 33 family members in Gaza since the Israeli bombardment began. “I don’t think the world is really seeing what is happening,” she added.

A Palestinian American Hani Almadhoun who lives in Virginia learned Monday morning from a Telegram chat that an Israeli airstrike killed at least 14 members of his family, including five children and elderly relatives. “Death comes very fast,” Almadhoun told HuffPost. “We don’t get any solidarity.” Before he hadn’t been able to reach his family in Gaza for the last four days.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (15)

Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun احمد عبدالرحيم المدهون
Adult male killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's wife
Adult female killed
Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun محمد عبد الرحيم المدهون
Adult male killed
Fatima Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun فاطمة محمود عبدالرحيم مدهون
7 years old female Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 437271125
Amani Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun اماني محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
4 years old female Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 443264015
Mahmoud Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun محمود محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
9 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 435199542
Akram Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun اكرم محمد عبدالرحيم المدهون
10 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 433562261
Karam Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun كرم محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
3 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 445519606
Watan Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun وطن محمود عبدالرحيم مدهون
1 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 444362024
Amal Mahmoud Zayed al-Zaanin (al-Madhoun) امل محمود زايد الزين المدهون
39 years old female likely to be Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 800343642

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (11 children1–2 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Mohammed Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamza Madhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Habib facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Habib facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fayeq al madhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the Americana (الأمريكي) area, allegedly located west of Beit Lahiya (بيت لاهيا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Beit Lahiya are: 31.551277, 34.509233

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (11 children1–2 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]