All Belligerents in Libya

An injured boy stands in ruins following fighting. (via Saraya Media Center, linked to the militant Shura Council Benghazi)

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC016

Incident date

May 5, 2015

Location

درنة‎: غازي, Ghazi, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.765655, 22.621722 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One child died in an alleged LNA airstrike on Derna, according to local media.

The Libya Observer reported: “A baby from the Al-Harir family was killed in a dignity operation airstrike in Derna. The airstrike targeted the Shabia apartment buildings causing extensive damage to Musa Al-Harir’s apartment and destroying cars parked on the street below.”

Libya’s Channel also reported that the alleged LNA airstrike hit a residential building in the Ghazi neighbourhood of Derna. The site said that three civilians from one family had been injured, but didn’t give any names.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • A picture shows the house targeted followed an alleged LNA airstrike on Derna which led to killing a child (Source: Libya's Channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows Obwa Musa Al Harir, killed followed an alleged LNA airstrike on her house in Derna (Source: Mohamed Elfatih El Darnawi)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ007a

Incident date

April 24, 2015

Location

سرت‎, Sirte, Libya

Airwars assessment

Dawa Alhaq reported a GNC/Libya Dawn airstrike in Sirte likely resulting in civilian harm: “A military aircraft belonging to the ‘Dawn of Libya’ militia, backed by Libya’s brothers who control Tripoli, launched air strikes on Thursday night on sites in the city of Sirte.
‘A Libyan warplane launched several air strikes on the sites of the Islamic state in the city on Thursday evening,’ a local official in Sirte said on condition of anonymity.
Among the targets targeted by the fighter, the complex is Ouagadougou, the centre of the city, which the fighters of the state take command and control headquarters.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC)
  • General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ007

Incident date

April 1, 2015

Location

الزنتان, Zintan, Airport, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

18.062778, 12.250206 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

According to several local sources, GNC/Libya Dawn planes bombed Zintan airport as well as the nearby village of Rujban. Most sources reported material damage, though there was no mention of civilian harm.

Zintan Airport spokesperson Omar Maatouk, speaking to Libya Herald, said that the front of the airport building was damaged by the seven shells fired. He also said that there had been no civilian casualties.

The report said: “There were no casualties at Zintan, Matoq said, adding that a number of nearby houses had been hit by shrapnel. He later said that the aircraft used was an Aero L-39 jet trainer and named the pilots as from Ghariyan and the Tripoli suburb of Fashloum.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC)

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Militias Dawn of Libya bombard residential areas in Rajaban, forcing the village to suspend the study. Libya (Source: @dovenews)
  • Translation: Al-Watan News "Dawn of Libya" targeted sites in the Western Mountain in the cities of Zintan and Rajban and severe damage to homes (Source: @988nabed)

General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC)
  • General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    General National Congress Armed Forces (GNC)

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC015a

Incident date

March 29, 2015

Location

زوارة, Zuwara, Nuqat al Khums, Libya

Geolocation

32.924798, 12.075283 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured as a result of alleged LNA airstrikes in Zuwara.

Abdo Kablan posted on Twitter that LNA planes bombed “Zuwara and Gharyan, thank god there are no dead but two wounded in the city of Zuwara.”

Other sources reported LNA airstrikes in the area but no civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Libyan official: Two people injured in air strike of government headquarters in Zuwara: Tripoli vision - Two people were injured by a warplane targeting (Source: @@RoayahNews)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC015

Incident date

March 24, 2015

Location

ترهونة, Tarhuna, Murqub, Libya

Geolocation

32.42818, 13.647327 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

An LNA airstrike reportedly hit a Libya Dawn camp in Tarhuna. While most sources reported no civilians and only a few Libya Dawn fighters dead, two sources said that eight internally displaced Tawergha were killed in the attack.

Middle East Eye quoted a Libya Dawn spokesperson: “Eight Libyan civilians died in the strike. Sadly this is their strategy, to kill civilians and claim to the international community that they are after weapons.”

According to Akhbar, a refugee camp was struck and not a weapons depot. The source reported that “a plane of Libyan-backed forces loyal to the Libyan government launched a raid on the town of Tarhouna near Tripoli, which it said targeted a weapons depot. But but the controlling government in the capital said it had hit a refugee camp and killed eight civilians.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Dozens of people were killed after the air force bombed the sites of Dawn of Libya in Tarhona (Source: @wady_dynar)
  • Translation: # Libya: Two people killed in aerial bombardment of aircraft # Haftar on the town of Tarhona southeast of # Tripoli (Source: @almokhtsar)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC014a

Incident date

March 14, 2015

Location

زوارة, Zuwara, Nuqat al Khums, Libya

Geolocation

32.826944, 11.635 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One man was reported killed in an alleged LNA airstrike on Al Assah near Zuwara.

Zuwara News wrote on Facebook that “an aeroplane just hit the Al Assah area and resulted in the death of one man from Misurata and wounding six of the sons of our beloved city.”

Fssato91 reported: “Pray for Alaa Belkhair from Zuwara and all the wounded.”

Rawadfree1 claimed that the LNA used cluster bombs in the attacks and posted pictures of bomblets.

Other sources also reported LNA strikes in the area but didn’t mention civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Dozens of small-scale unexploded bomblets believed to be cluster after the bombing of Huffar # Zowara yesterday, the media center found (Source: @rawadfree1)
  • Translation: One Killed and others injured in an aerial bombardment by the Karama forces on the Aasah area near the city of Zuwara. # Libya

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC014

Incident date

February 15, 2015

Location

درنة‎: شيحة, Shiha, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.76, 22.632222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Various sources reported that Egyptian airstrikes hit two locations in East Derna. One strike hit the Bab Shiha neighbourhood, another one the former headquarters of the Jabal al-Akhdar Industrial Company.
Local and international sources reported that seven civilians were killed, including three or four children and a woman – plus up to 50 members of ISIS.

Human Rights Watch named the victims as:

“[…] a mother, Rabiha al-Mansouri, and three of her four children, Afraa, Zakaria, and Huthaifa al-Karshoufi, who died when a missile hit their home. Others were Osama al-Shteiwi, a student who was watching from the roof of his home, who was hit by shrapnel; Attia Bousheiba al-Shaari, who died after the front of his house collapsed on him; and Hanan Faraj al-Drissi, who was on the roof of her home when a missile struck the street in front.” Human Rights Watch further investigated the case and spoke to family members recounting the incident. It added 17 people were injured in the attack.

After investigating the case, Amnesty International came to the conclusion that Egypt didn’t take the precautions necessary to prevent civilian casualties in the attack.

According to Libya Alkhabar, “Al-Huraish hospital in Derna city received seven dead people, including four children, a woman and two men, in addition to a number of wounded, in the bombing of areas in the city by the Egyptian airforce.
The Egyptian air force targeted the eastern entrance of the city on Monday morning after five of its aircraft launched air strikes on it.

The Egyptian forces said in a televised statement that the bombing targeted camps, stores, training points and the headquarters of the Islamic state organization. The statement added that the operation was a ‘revenge’ on those who published the video that showed the killing of 21 Egyptians slaughtered, and attributed to the Islamic State in Libya.”

Noon Post, who also put the death toll at seven, added that as many as 21 more civilians were wounded in the event. Civilian homes were also reportedly destroyed.

Ean Libya tweeted images of three dead children.

Bawabat Alwasat said that 40-50 “militants” were also killed in the bombings – through the source quoted Libyan air force chief Major General Saqr al-Jaroushi, who claimed that “the houses targeted in the raids on Derna were the headquarters of Daesh – and our forces were the ones who bombed them, not the Egyptian planes”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Rabiha al-Mansouri female via HRW killed
  • Afraa Child via HRW killed
  • Zakaria Child via HRW killed
  • Huthaifa al-Karshoufi via HRW killed
  • Osama al-Shteiwi, Age unknown male via HRW killed
  • Attia Bousheiba al-Shaari Age unknown via HRW killed
  • Hanan Faraj al-Drissi Age unknown via HRW killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • Civilians reported injured
    17–21
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Youtube: Russia Today showing footage of the airstrike
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Youtube: Al Jazeera shows footage of the victims
  • Youtube: Former GNC Prime Minister Omar al-Hassi comdemns the Egyptian airstrikes on Alkool
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Youtube: Al Jazeera Mubashir shows a nurse that explains the details of the children’s deaths
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Egyptian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces
  • Egyptian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • Civilians reported injured
    17–21
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ006

Incident date

January 14, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, port, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.110556, 20.043889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Various sources reported that the LNA warplane attacked a trawler allegedly loaded with gasoline outside Benghazi. There were no reports of civilian harm.

According to Sky News, a military official said that a Libyan aircraft belonging to the internationally recognised government (HoR) attacked a fishing boat carrying a shipment of gasoline to the port of Benghazi this week after suspected of carrying supplies to militants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]