Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC161a

Incident date

July 8, 2019

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed by an airstrike on Qasr Bin Gashir.

On October 8th Tk Yahrouq Kl shy reported: “The death of the young Mohammed Abdulmoula Khamid Al-Atrash caused by wounds as a result of warplanes shelling 3 months ago on Al-Sharif Hotel area in Qasr Bin Ghashir.”

Tarhouna 24 published a carbon copy of the post.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Abdulmoula Khamid Al-Atrash Adult male

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the alleged victim

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC162

Incident date

July 9, 2019

Location

غريان: تغسات, Gheryan: Tgessat, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

32.174267, 13.021755 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reportedly injured because of LNA bombing in Gheryan.

Almanara and February TV both reported: “Five civilians lightly injured in the bombing of Haftar militia planes on the Police institute.”

Hona Sog Al-Khmies Emsihel only reported LNA bombing but did not mention civilian harm.

Tarhuna 24 said there were a “number of dead” but did not elaborate if they were civilians or combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC163

Incident date

July 14, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: شيل خنورة, Tripoli: Shell Khanoura petrol station, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.752500, 13.199444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed in a Turkish airstrike on Tripoli.

Almanara wrote that LNA forces were being shelled with heavy artillery in the area.

TD.Tarhuna said two houses were destroyed by a Turkish aircraft but did not mention civilian harm.

Tarhuna 24 reported: “A military aircraft bombing the home of the Aoun family next to Shell Khanoura resulted in the injury of the citizen Abdel Wahab Salem and he was transferred to the hospital.”

The same outlet later said that Abdel Wahab Salem later died because of the injuries in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdel Wahab Salem Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC164

Incident date

July 15, 2019

Location

عين زارة: مسجد الكحيلي, Ain Zara: Kahily Mosque, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.780097, 13.302522 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in an LNA airstrike on Ain Zara.

Tripoli Al Izz wrote: “The death of the young Karim Qashout, born in 1997, one of the staff of the coast of sweets after the bombing of his house in Ain Zara.”

February TV said: “One person was killed and members of his family were injured when the Haftar militia bombed his home in Ain Zara.”

Tarek Alwan tweeted about the death of his relative: “The death of the son of my cousin Karim Qashout as a result of indiscriminate shelling by the forces of Haftar, born in 1997 young man and polite working in the coast of sweets.”

An Amnesty International investigation later concluded: “Fragments examined at the scene by Amnesty International investigators confirm the weapon was a Chinese Blue Arrow 7 guided missile, launched from a Wing Loong drone that was operated by pilots from the UAE on behalf of the LNA. This was a precision strike which, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, targeted a civilian by his home in an attack which could have endangered other civilian members of his family. Direct attacks against civilians may constitute war crimes.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Karim Qashout 22 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the victim
  • Another picture of the victim

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC166

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Three civilians reportedly sustained indirect injuries from an LNA airstrike on Ain Zara.

Libya Alahrar TV wrote: “According to the Field Medicine and Support Center, a doctor, a paramedic and an ambulance driver were seriously injured on Tuesday in the course of their humanitarian duties in Ain Zara.

The FMSC said on Facebook that the injury of the medical staff was caused by a traffic accident, where the ambulance collided with another vehicle when they it to avoid night bombardment, which also resulted in the ambulance being damaged.”

Burkanly published a similar report and posted pictures of the damaged vehicle.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the damaged ambulance

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC165

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

السواني, Al-Swani, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.712224, 13.07224 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to three medics were reportedly killed in an LNA airstrike on a field hospital in Al-Swani.

Burkanly only said the hospital had been targeted without mentioning civilian harm.

OCHA Libya said three medical staff had been injured and equipment damaged.

Hona Sog Al-Khmies Emsihel reported that three combatants had been killed while several doctors and nurses were injured. The Libya Observer published a similar account.

According to the Libya Herald, “the Health Ministry claimed the Swani hospital was hit by an air strike which injured three ambulance drivers and a paramedic, and caused destruction to the hospital and its medical supplies and equipment.”

The Turkish state news outlet Anadolu Agency wrote: “Three medics were killed on Tuesday in an airstrike carried out by Eastern Libyan forces led by military commander Khalifa Haftar, according to forces aligned with the Tripoli-based government.”

The Libya Observer said that three government fighter were killed and ten others wounded including three medics.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the alleged aftermath (via Burkanly)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Libyan Express)
  • More pictures from the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC167

Incident date

July 17, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: عرادة, Tripoli: Arada, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.871846, 13.245006 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A child was reportedly injured in an LNA artillery strike on the Arada neigbourhood of Tripoli.

Tk Yahrouk kl shy2 said: “A shell fell on the house of Al Zarkani family in the area of Arada near the school of Abdullah bin Masood and there is material damage and a small child injured.”

February TV wrote: “A child was injured when a shell fell on his family’s home in the Arada area of Tripoli.”

In a different post it reported LNA bombing.

An Amnesty International investigation later said: “A week earlier, on 17 July 2019, at about 9.40 in the evening, a “Grad” rocket landed in the courtyard of the al-Zorqani family, injuring a 10-year-old child, Abdelaziz Abdelmola al-Zorqani. His uncle told Amnesty International:

‘The boy was here in the courtyard when a rocket landed and he was injured in the abdomen, the forehead, the left shoulder and the right leg. They were bad injuries. Now he is hospital in Tunis. It was a powerful strike, you can see the damage all around, on the wall of the house and the car. Several sheep were also killed by the shrapnel. What are we supposed to do if we can’t keep safe even in our homes?’

Fragments recovered at the scene by Amnesty International investigators confirm that the weapon was a 122mm 9M22U ‘Grad’ rocket.”

The incident occured at approximately 9:40 am local time.

  • Abdelaziz Abdelmola al-Zorqani 10 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC168

Incident date

July 19, 2019

Location

الاصابعة, Asabi'ah, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

32.516483, 13.167439 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians were reportedly killed in a GNA airstrike on Asabi’ah.

Al Mashhad said that the bombing left civilian casualties and that according to their source three people were killed.

218TV reported: “The media center of the LNA Operations Room confirmed that the rockets launched by terrorist groups on a residential neighborhood in Asabi’ah led to the death of four people and the wounding of others.”

The Libya Observer, however, contested the claim and said that “four militants loyal to warlord Haftar were killed and eight others wounded in an airstrike by the Libyan Air Force on a military location in Asabi’ah town in the Nafusa Mountains last night.”

Tarhuna 24 published a similar report: “The city was hit by an airstrike at 12:55 pm targeting a concentration of armed forces resulting in the martyrdom of four soldiers.”

Hona Sog Al-Khmies listed seven dead soldiers, allegedly from the LNA battalion 152 and eight more injured fighters.

Burkanly said that GNA Colonel Mohammad Qannouno had confirmed airstrikes on Asabi’ah but did not mention civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    8

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    8

Sources (7) [ collapse]