Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC201

Incident date

September 19, 2019

Location

مرزق: القلعة, Murzuq: Al Qalaa, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

25.919023, 13.923895 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between three and four civilians were reportedly killed in an LNA or Emirati airstrike on Murzuq.

Ali642Souki said: “One of the drone’s missiles targeted one of the Tebu houses and hit a family consisting of a father and 2 of his children and his wife was visiting their neighbours and the father and his sons had died all together and here under the rubble of the house God and yes agent.”

Aldamoh_201112 tweeted: “4 civilians, including an elderly woman and 3 children, were martyred as a result of the UAE air raids on Al Qalaa residential neighbourhood.”

Libya Alhrar TV, however, said that a local official denied any civilian harm: “Municipal Council member Murzuq Muhammad Omar confirmed that Hifter has launched four airstrikes on the city’s Citadel (Al Qalaa) neighbourhood.

Omar explained to the free that the raids did not cause any casualties, pointing out that one of the strikes targeted an empty house of one of the displaced families from the neighbourhood, which displaced most of its residents after the escalation of clashes in the city.”

According to Al Motawaset, the LNA spokesperson Ahmed Al-Mesmari denied any LNA strikes on Murzuq on that day.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (2–3 children0–1 women0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Alleged aftermath of an airstrike on Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 (via Ali642Souki)
  • Alleged aftermath of an airstrike on Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 (via Ali642Souki)
  • Alleged aftermath of an airstrike on Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 (via Ali642Souki)
  • Alleged aftermath of an airstrike on Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 (via Ali642Souki)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (2–3 children0–1 women0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC201a

Incident date

September 19, 2019

Location

مرزق, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

25.919023, 13.923895 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

The US conducted a rare action against militant targets in Libya in September 2019, striking what it later said was “a terrorist facilitation and meeting location consisting of ISIS-Libya terrorist leadership and militants.”

In April 2020, US Africa Command reported that no civilians were harmed in this action near Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 – which appears to have been confused in some public reporting with a nearby problem LNA/ UAE strike on the same date (see LC201.).

A day after the original airstrike, AFRICOM had released a statement, asserting that “at this time, an airstrike that killed eight (8) terrorists is being assessed. At present, we estimate that no civilians were injured or injured as a result of this airstrike.” The statement also read that the strike was conducted in coordination with the internationally recognised Libyan Government of National Accord.

On April 28th 2020, in its first quarterly civilian casualty report, US Africa Command then reported that “AFRICOM received one allegation from an online media source claiming an unspecified number of civilians were killed as a result of a U.S. airstrike in the vicinity of Murzuq, Libya, on September 19, 2019.”

The report continued: “After review, the allegation was assessed to be unsubstantiated. On September 19, 2019 a kinetic strike was executed against a compound which U.S. intelligence confirmed was a terrorist facilitation and meeting location consisting of ISIS-Libya terrorist leadership and militants. Significant and multiple sources of intelligence was compiled to clearly identify the nature of the target. It is assessed that civilian casualties did not occur as a result of U.S. military action.”

At the time of the action, 218TV reported that 10 militants had been killed. According to Al Marsad, “a senior intelligence source told the Observatory, preferring to remain anonymous, that one of those killed was the terrorist Ali Al Tabawi”, also known as Abu Hamza Al Tabawi or Ali Al Dernawi. Le Revolution Tchadieen wrote on Facebook that militant Moussa Hajj Azrak also died in the airstrikes.

Airwars has not so far identified any public sources alleging civilian harm in this incident. The source AFRICOM may have confused the incident with alleged LNA/UAE airstrikes on Murzuq on that same day (LC201) in which, according to our records, up to four civilians were killed.

Murzuq News had reported that in total, four air raids were monitored on Murzuq on September 19th, 2019.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    ISIS - Libya
  • Belligerents reported killed
    8–10

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • AFRICOM statement on U.S. airstrikes near Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 (via Al Marsad).
  • Footage of confirmed U.S. airstrikes targeted ISIS militants near Murzuq on September 19th, 2019 (via @MMAlwrfly).
  • Translation of tweet: "One of the pages of a Chadian opposition mourns one of their leaders who died yesterday during an American raid on them in the city of Murzuq and he knows that the terrorist militia government the reconciliation government said about them that they are their forces south protection forces and they are originally mercenaries from Chad and terrorists from ISIS." (via @hmGZBUaOxvGAH4x ).
  • Militant Moussa Hajj Azrak was allegedly killed in U.S. airstrikes near Murzaq on September 19th, 2020 (via Le revolution tchadieen).

United States Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    United States Armed Forces
  • United States Armed Forces position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient evidence of civilian harm
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    vicinity of Murzuq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

United States Armed Forces
  • Apr 27, 2020
  • September 23, 2019, AFRICOM received one allegation from an online media source claiming an unspecified number of civilians were killed as a result of a U.S. airstrike in the vicinity of Murzuq, Libya, on September 19, 201 After review, the allegation was assessed to be unsubstantiated. On September 19, 2019 a kinetic strike was executed against a compound which U.S. intelligence confirmed was a terrorist facilitation and meeting location consisting of ISIS-Libya terrorist leadership and militants. Significant and multiple sources of intelligence was compiled to clearly identify the nature of the target. It is assessed that civilian casualties did not occur as a result of U.S. military action.

Original strike reports

United States Armed Forces

"9. September 23, 2019, AFRICOM received one allegation from an online media source claiming an unspecified number of civilians were killed as a result of a U.S. airstrike in the vicinity of Murzuq, Libya, on September 19, 2019. After review, the allegation was assessed to be unsubstantiated. On September 19, 2019 a kinetic strike was executed against a compound which U.S. intelligence confirmed was a terrorist facilitation and meeting location consisting of ISIS-Libya terrorist leadership and militants. Significant and multiple sources of intelligence was compiled to clearly identify the nature of the target. It is assessed that civilian casualties did not occur as a result of U.S. military action."

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    ISIS - Libya
  • Belligerents reported killed
    8–10

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC202

Incident date

September 21, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

A family was seriously injured by an Emirati airstrike, according to the rival GNA.

Libya Alahrar TV said: “The media center of Burkan Al Ghadab [GNA] operation reported that a family was seriously injured as a result of the targeting of the United Arab Emirates, supporting Haftar, to residential buildings in the Hadaba project in the capital Tripoli.

The media center added that the family members were admitted to the intensive care unit because of the seriousness of their injuries.”

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy only reported that a residential building was hit by shelling but no civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Damage allegedly resulting from the strike

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC203

Incident date

September 23, 2019

Location

تاجوراء‎: وادي الربيع, Tajoura: Wadi al Rabie, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.743819, 13.357047 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were injured because of an air or artillery strike in Wadi al Rabie in Tajoura.

The Ambulance Services Libya reported: “Miloud Rashed and Sifaoy Al Mzughi of the Tajoura rescue team were injured due to aerial bombardment in Al Habayebiyah area in Wadi al Rabie.”

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy only reported indiscriminate shelling but no civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Miloud Rashed Adult male injured
  • Sifaoy Al Mzughi Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC204

Incident date

September 25, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مسجد القريو , Tripoli: Al Qaryo mosque, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.892781, 13.264048 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Souq Al Jumaa in Tripoli.

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy reported: “A shell landed and a number of civilians were injured in front of Al Qaryo Mosque in Souk Al Jumaa area behind Mitiga Airport.”

In a different post it said several civilian cars were damaged.

Libya Alahrar TV, however, contested the claim and wrote: “A source from the airport said a shell landed near the airport on Wednesday afternoon, near the mosque of Qaryo without causing any human or material damage.”

Other sources reported airstrikes near and at the airport but did not mention civilian harm.

Al Motawaset said that the LNA had declared conducting strikes on Mitiga. It did not mention any shelling in the area around the airport.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Car damaged by bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Car damaged by bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Debris after bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Smoke rising after bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building bombing on Tripoli on September 25th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC204a

Incident date

September 27, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مقر كتيبة النواصي, Tripoli: Nawasi headquarters, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.904167, 13.225278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed in an airstrike by the LNA or a foreign fighter plane on Tripoli. However, the combatant status of the victims is contested.

Al Mashhad said: “A spokesman for the Ministry of Health of the GNA in Tripoli said that two civilians, one of them an employee of the Ministry of Health, were killed in an air strike on Friday morning targeting the headquarters of Al Nawasi battalion of the Ministry of Interior of the National Accord government.”

Libya Observer also claimed they were civilians and named the victims: “Witnesses reported that windows to residential buildings nearby the targeted site were broken, due to the force of the explosion.

The Ministry of Health confirmed the death of two people in the attack; one of them was a staff member of the ministry, who was killed by the shrapnel of the shelling.

The head of the ministry’s crisis and emergency committee, Fawzi Onis, said the employee at the ministry’s office, Marwan Jernazi, was killed on the line of duty while treating the patients and injured.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies and Address Libya said the victims were in fact members of the GNA-affiliated Nawasi battalion

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ali Al Dernawi Adult male Combatant status unclear killed
  • Marwan Jernazi Adult male Combatant status unclear killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Witness)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Witness)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Witness)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC205

Incident date

September 30, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killing by LNA artillery shelling on Ain Zara.

The Libya Observer reported: “One civilian person was killed and others were wounded as Khalifa Haftar’s forces shelled a residential area in Ain Zara in southern Tripoli on Sunday, the Volcano of Rage media office said.

Identical sources reported shells falling on Salah Al-Deen near the Customs Department office, causing damage to two houses.

The spokesman for the Anti-terrorism Force Abdelbasit Tika said Haftar’s forces are using mortars in most frontlines and that they had obtained Howitzers launcher and it was being used by Russian mercenaries.”

There is currently no more information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC206

Incident date

October 1, 2019

Location

السواني, Al-Swani, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.712224, 13.07224 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

An ambulance driver was allegedly injured by supposed LNA shelling on Al-Swani.

Libya Alahrar TV said, referring to the GNA: “Burkan Al Ghadab: An ambulance driver was injured after Haftar gunmen targeted his car in Al-Sawani area directly.”

In a different article it quoted the Field Medicine and Support Center: “The Center for Field Medicine and Support announced that an ambulance driver was injured as a result of the targeting of his vehicle by Hafter gunmen in Al-Sawani area.

The center through its official Facebook page on Wednesday, that the paramedic was moderately wounded, as a result of shrapnel when his car was targeted directly, in the area of ​​Sawani in Al Ifsah road.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]