Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS169

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

جولاق, Jolak, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to District level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

District

Airwars assessment

A single source, named SotKurdistan, reported that a “70-year-old Issa Bakkar Issa was injured in the Turkish bombardment of the city centre of Jolak town in Jandarsa”, Syria.

There are no other known details relating to this allegation at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Issa Bakkar Issa 70 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS170

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

كوتانة، عفرين, Kotana, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.463611, 38.481944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Claudia Al Minah reported that Turkey “attacked Kotana village in the Bilbilê area, Syria, last night, injuring seriously 3 inhabitants, damaging houses and the school.”

Photographic evidence shows the extensive material damage to the vicinity.

Electricity was also cut off in the village.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of alleged Turkish airstrikes on Kotana, Afrin, 9th February 2018. (via Afrin Now)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS171

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

براكاسة, Barkasa, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.723889, 36.800000 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least three civilians died, and more were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike which reportedly struck civilian homes in Barkasa, Syria, according to local media.

Xeber24 reported that two families remained under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Turkish aircraft that targeted the homes of villagers.

According to SotKurdistan, “there was a Turkish aerial bombardment of Afrin and its environs on Thursday. This led to the massacre of two families in the village of Berkashah in the area of Balbala. We learned that the rescue teams recovered the victims from the rubble, most of them were wounded, but we could not obtain the names.”

In a video, Rumaf named three wounded civilians including Rachid Sidou (67 years old). However, other sources named Rachid Sidou as killed (and put his age at 43 or 34, rather than 67). IC Afrin resistance tweeted an image of the victim’s funeral.

According to most sources, Rachid Sidou’s body was only discovered 15 days after the bombardment.

On February 26th the Kurdish news agency ANHA reported that Mr Sidou’s body was found under the rubble two weeks after his house was bombed. It added that no one had been able to reach the demolished building because of continued heavy shelling by the Turkish army.

The transcript of a video for the incident reads as follows:

“Voice off camera asking woman: What kind of shelling was it? Was it artillery or plane?

Woman: It was artillery. We were sleeping at my brother’s house. We usually sleep there and then we go to our house in the morning and spend the daytimes there. In the morning I was in our home and getting breakfast ready I went to the kitchen to get a cup, and I was shot in my foot, and then there was artillery shelling and firearms they were just hitting us. We were all injured. We were all civilians; they hit the civilians, not the military. There is no military there.

Off camera: You mean they’re deliberately hitting the civilians?

Woman: Yes, they demolished the civilians’ homes. They demolished half the village. There are still people there under siege we’ve spoken to them they’re still shelling the houses. There is a cave people are taking shelter in because the village is still being hit because they know there are civilians they won’t’ let anyone come out alive.”

It must be noted that this video transcript was also reported in the incident in Kafr Shila, 8th February 2018. It is unclear where this video belonged. 

According to Afrin Now, the wounded were taken to Afrin Hospital, two of them in stable conditions and the others in critical condition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: Rojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: Afrin Now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: Rumaf)
  • A picture shows a group of people carrying the victim Reşid Sido, 43 years old, killed followed an alleged Turkish air strike on Afrin, 9th February 2018. (via: IC Afrin resistance)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS172

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

شاكتا, Shkata village, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.4811393, 36.6133118 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

Between one and three civilians died in an alleged Turkish bombing of Shkata village, according to local media.

The Military Council for Manbij and its Countryside reported that in the afternoon, at approximately 14:00, the Turkish Air Force launched several raids on the village of Shikata in the Shih area and targeted civilian houses. The shelling destroyed a house and its inhabitants. After several hours of shelling, residents managed to reach the house and search among the rubble pulling out the body of the citizen Nassrat Othman, 50 years old and took him to Afrin hospital.

Sources added that three or four other people remained under the rubble.

According to Afrin Now, three civilians were killed after Turkish warplanes bombed the village of Shakato a short while ago. Of the victims, one man was identified, and the rest of the bodies were still under the rubble.

Hawar News added that Nusrat Osman was taken to the hospital, but doctors could not save him.

SotKurdistan reported that “The raids started first without shelling, and shortly afterwards five shells fell on the village. We took Nusrat’s body four hours from the rubble and there are more than three victims who are still under the rubble. Rubble, no machinery or equipment to lift them.”

The incident occured at 2:00 pm local time.

  • Nusrat Osman 50 years old male displaced from his village (Alkana) killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video interviewing witnesses of the alleged Turkish airstrike on Shkata village, Afrin (source: Afrin Now)
  • Footage shows the destruction in civilian houses followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Shkata village, Afrin (source: Anha)
  • A picture shows the funeral of the victim who was killed followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Shkata village, Afrin (source: ANha)
  • A picture shows the funeral of the victim who was killed followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Shkata village, Afrin (source: ANha)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Shkata village, Afrin, 9th February 2018. (via Anha)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS173

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

راجو, Rajo, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67296, 36.666364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to the private report that Airwars received from the Kurdish Red Crescent, two civilians were wounded followed in an alleged Turkish shelling of Rajo.

The type of weapon has not been reported.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Yashar 25 years old male face and jaw injuries injured
  • Mahdi 26 years old male shock and back bruises injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS174

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

شيا عفرين, Shya, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.496944, 36.598333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent named one civilian as injured in an alleged Turkish shelling of Shya.

The type of weapon was not reported.

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hassan Saqid 27 years old male injury to the knee injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS175

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

جنديرس, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent named one as injured followed an alleged Turkish shelling of Jindires.

The type of weapon is unknown.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdek Fawzi 21 years old male injury to the knee injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS176

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

شكفاتي وتوميشا, Shakfati and Tormmisha village, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.527674, 36.655691 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to a signal source, an unidentified number of civilians were killed followed an alleged Turkish air strike on Shakfati and Tormmisha village, Afrin.

Rumaf reported that At 16:00 on Friday, the Turkish invasion aircraft shelled the village of Shakfati and Tormisha, where it later emerged that the air invasion had committed a massacre against a family, destroying its home. The bodies were recovered at night when air strikes subsided.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]