Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS675

Incident date

February 26, 2016

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. marker Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Eleven civilians including six children and three women were killed and up to 60 others injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Douma, according to local sources.

Shaam News Network reported that “intense air raids by the Russian enemy on civilian homes in the city of Douma led to the fall of many wounded including women and children.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that at least five non-combatants died – “a citizen woman, man and two of his children and the child of his brother” – when suspected Russian warplanes carried out around 30 raids on areas in city, Ein Tarma and elsewhere in al-Marj and in the Eastern Ghouta. It later reported the death toll had risen to eight and added that the death toll was expected to rise because there were more than 20 people injured, some in critical condition. Friday Prayers in Douma were cancelled as a result of the strikes.

According to the Damascus White Helmets, there were more than 10 raids by Russian warplanes on residential areas in Douma, in conjunction with “violent artillery shelling“. Most other sources also blamed Russia, with accounts of the number of raids carried out varying between 20 and 50.

Syrian Press Centre reported that “Russian warplanes have launched 21 air raid targeted the neighbourhoods of the city of Douma on Friday, resulting in the fall of the eight martyrs dozens wounded, most of them children, were killed.”

According to Al Jazeera, there were “more than 50 Russian warplane raids in Eastern Ghouta on Douma, Jobar, Ain Tarma and Zamalaka which killed 11 people and wounded many others. Five of the dead were in Douma.”

Baladi, attributing the incident to Russia, also put the death toll at eight, but said that as many as 60 were injured – most of them women and children.

However, Al Souria appeared to blame both Russia and the regime, saying: “the Russian and regime Aviation targeted a number of residential neighbourhoods within the city”. But it  went on to add: “According to media activists from the city of Douma there have been more than 22 documented raids targeted several neighbourhoods within the city, with three Russian planes circling the skies coinciding with surveillance planes.

For his part, the correspondent of ‘Douma coordinating committee’ on Facebook said that 20 raids was carried out by the Russian Aviation within one hour on the neighbourhoods of the city under bombardment from rocket launchers.”

However, other reports, including those by the Syrian Network for Human Rights said that the regime was responsible. Some other sources referred to “terrorist groups”. Hour News tweeted: “According to SANA [government news agency] terrorist groups attacked Douma and Jobar in Damascus with missiles and shelling” – though didn’t identify these groups.

Annahar added that “Jaysh Al-Islam in Eastern Ghouta accused the regime of throwing two explosive barrels in an apparent breach of the ceasefire.”

The Violations Documentation Centre named 11 victims, including six children and one woman, as killed in regime shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (6 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–60
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (71) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ismael Haj Yousef, killed in an alleged Russian raid. (via, VDC)
  • Moments after the alleged Russian and Syria Regime shelling began. (via, Qasioun)
  • Suspected alleged warplane which caused devastation and killed civilian casualties in Douma. (via, Qasioun)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of civilian casualties in the aftermath of the raid. (via, Masl15115 tweet)
  • A child describes in an interview his experiences as an airstrike hit his building. (via, Qasioun)
  • A child is rescued from the rubble by the White Helmets following an alleged Russian and Syria Regime raid. (via, SN4HR)
  • The aftermath of the alleged airstrikes on Douma. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • More footage showing the exact moments the airstrike fell. (via, Baladi-News Network)
  • Amina al Badawi, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • Omran Anwar Hamed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • Rateb Hamed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Douma Revolution)
  • Smoke rises in the aftermath of the raid. (via, SNN)
  • Smoke rises in the aftermath of the raid on Douma. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child is carried from the scene following an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Baladi News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a deceased adult male following the alleged raids in Douma. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Deceased civilians are carried away from the scene. (via, The White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A seriously injured young boy receiving medical treatment following an alleged raid on Douma. (via, The Unified Medical Office for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured chilren receiving medical treatment following an alleged raid on Douma. (via, The Unified Medical Office for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child receiving medical treatment following an alleged raid on Douma. (via, The Unified Medical Office for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Omran Anwar Hamed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (6 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–60
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (71) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS673

Incident date

February 25, 2016

Location

بابيص, Babis, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.2465575, 37.0250416 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Multiple local sources reported that Russia carried out an airstrike on Babis, killing several civilians and wounding more.

Most reports did not mention deaths but said there had been a number of injured non-combatants, with Micro Syria reporting that “many” were wounded. Shahba put the number of injured at four.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS671

Incident date

February 25, 2016

Location

حطلة, Hatla Tahtani, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.34169, 40.19897 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A single source, All4Syria, reported that “:Russian aircraft carried out raids on the village of Hatla Tahtani, killing Zahra al Harbat and her husband Ahmad al Khalif“.

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Zahra al Harbat Adult female husband and wife killed
  • Ahmad al Khalif Adult male husband and wife killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS672

Incident date

February 25, 2016

Location

قبتان الجبل, Qabtan al Jabal, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.2642414, 36.9490814 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that up to 13 civilians, including an entire family of eight, died in an alleged Russian airstrike on Qabtan al Jabal, with some reports saying that a school was struck. While most sources blamed Russia, others also pointed to the involvement of regime artillery.

The Shaam News Network said that eight civilians died and several others were wounded when Russian planes targeted Qabtan al Jabal with “several raids“. A later report from SNN said that eight died from the same family.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights also blamed Russia, again putting the death toll at eight.

This was backed up by a report by the (pro-Jihadi) media activist, Mayssar al Hadid al Hamwi, who said: “An entire family made up of the mother, father and children totaling 8 killed in the Russian pig warplanes that targeted Qabtan al jabal in the northern Aleppo countryside“. The majority of other sources also blamed Russia, though death counts varied.

Syrian Press Center said: “It is noteworthy that Russian Aviation committed a Friday night massacre of a family of eight people and wounded seven others in an air raid on the town of Qabtan al Jabal.”

Al Souria put the death toll as high as 13, while the White Helmets reported two deaths but did not say who the warplanes belonged to.

However, other sources also pointed to regime involvement. Taha_Alhelo referred to “regime artillery shelling”, while LCCSY said regime forces targeted the White Helmets while they attempted to rescue people from a Russian airstrike on the town. According to Akbar Alan news, the family of eight – of which three were children – died in regime shelling which “was accompanied by Russian warplane raids.”

Five victims (killed by alleged Russian shelling) were named by the Violations Documentation Center as including one unidentified female.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 13
  • (2–3 children2–3 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic footage showing between 5 and 10 dead civilians (possibly from the same family) still on the streets following an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Kubtan Al Jabal Media Center)
  • The aftermath of the alleged raid on 25th February 2016. (via, Kubtan Al Jabal Media Center)
  • Image showing the extent of the destruction in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raids. (via SOHR)
  • Image showing the extent of the destruction in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raids. (via SOHR)
  • Image showing the extent of the destruction in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raids. (via SOHR)
  • Image showing the extent of the destruction in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raids. (via SOHR)
  • Image showing the extent of the destruction in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raids. (via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Two children killed in the alleged Russian and Syrian Regine raid. via, Mayssar al Hadid al Hamwi - researchers believe this is a pro jihadi post but have included regardless due to the valuable images.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 13
  • (2–3 children2–3 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS669

Incident date

February 25, 2016

Location

دير الزور, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.3353632, 40.1380348 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One woman was killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Kahtan hospital, according to local sources.

Euphrates Post reported: “A woman was killed due to Russian warplane raid in Kahtan hospital near Hasan Al-Taha street.” Three other sources also blamed Russia for carrying out a strike near the hospital, which they said killed one female.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS670

Incident date

February 25, 2016

Location

الحصان, Al Hissan, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.4008045, 40.1184654 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently reported that one civilian, was killed in an airstrike at a roundabout in the village of Al Hissan – though did not say who carried out the strike. However, Shaam News Network said Russia was responsible.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “Warplane shelling thought to be Russian targeted shops and the place where farmers gathered in Al Hissan village which resulted in the death of a man who guarded a warehouse where engines were stored”.

Most reports blamed Russia for the incident, but All4Syria said the regime had carried out shelling on the village, killing one non-combatant.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hussein al A’jeel Age unknown named by Deir Ezzor is Being Slaughtered Silently killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS668

Incident date

February 25, 2016

Location

درعا البلد, Dara al Balad, Dara'a, Syria

Geolocation

32.607961, 36.099127 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. marker Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to five civilians including one or two children died in an airstrike or artillery bombardment on Dara al Balad, according to local sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether this was a Russian strike or action by the Syrian regime.

Among the sources blaming Russia were Khaled Abu Slem, Abn_Horan and Syria Mubashar.

However, a number of other reports, including Naba and Gulf Eyes, pointed towards land to land missiles fired by the regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Eisa Adnan al-Jaber al-Mahameed, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, VDC)
  • A video of the exact moments the raid hit Dara al Balad. (via, Shaam)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS667

Incident date

February 24, 2016

Location

البوليل, Al Bulial, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.192087, 40.379369 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between two and four civilians died in multiple airstrikes on Al Bulial, according to local sources. While the majority of reports blamed Russia, some pointed towards the Assad regime.

According to All4Syria: “Russian warplanes carried out 12 raids on a farm in the village of Albulial, resulting in a number of civilian deaths. Among them were Hussein al-Ajil and Basil Mattar al-Farhan Saleh and Shadi Saleh Ma’ajoun al Hijjo and Lakman Watani al Zarzour.[the last name was also linked to the previous event.]

Other sources blaming Russia included Nabd Syria, Smart, Deir Free and Syrianpc. They all put the death toll at two.

According to Yasmin Alsham there was “heavy artillery shelling in Al-Mohsen and Al Bulial towns as the fighting with IS continues around the military airport.” Other sources referred to raids but didn’t identify the culprits, while LCCSY said as many as 12 missiles were fired from a “warplane”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hussein al-Ajil Age unknown named by All4Syria killed
  • Basil Mattar al-Farhan Saleh Age unknown named by All4Syria killed
  • Shadi Saleh Ma’ajoun al Hijjo Age unknown named by All4Syria killed
  • Shadi Saleh Al Ma’joun Age unknown named by Syrian PC killed
  • Basel Matar Al-Farhan Age unknown named by Syrian PC, The VDC also named Basel Martar Al-Farhan, however, they said that he was killed in “Syrian regime shelling”.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Basel Matar Al-Farhan killed in a contested raid. (via, VDC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has published no known record of strikes in Syria from February 17th – February 29th.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]