Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS276

Incident date

March 15, 2018

Location

ترينيدة, Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.493056, 36.879444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least five civilians including three children and two women died in alleged Turkish artillery and/or air strikes on Afrin, local media in Syria reported – though there was some uncertainty about the location. Rudaw put the death toll as high as 18.

According to Hawar, the Turkish occupation planes bombed the village of Trinide , the city of Afrin, resulting in the serious injury of Abdullah Bakr, 49 years. Bakr was taken to a hospital in Afrin for treatment. The correspondent confirmed that the bombing is still continuing on the neighbourhoods of the city of Afrin.

However, Afrin Now, who also named Abdullah Bakr, said that he was wounded in the Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood of Afrin.

IC Afrin reported the death of three children and two women.

According to ANF, however, the death toll may have been higher – though it is unclear whether the figure it gives applies specifically to this event or two several across the night of March 15th. On March 16th, the source reported: “The invading Turkish army and allied gangs intensely bombed Afrin city centre with mortar and artillery fire from last night until this morning. 13 civilians, mostly children, died and many more got wounded as a result.

ANF reporter Ersin Çaksu who is in Afrin stated this is only the number they themselves have reached.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ehmed Exlas 32 years old male killed
  • Şewket Henan 30 years old male killed
  • Qidret Bexlawa 70 years old male killed
  • Nezmî Elî 45 years old injured
  • Heval Cangora 22 years old injured
  • Ebdulwehab El-Xelef 60 years old injured
  • Hisên Ebdulwehab 35 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows the victim Abdullah Bakr, 49 years, at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish airstrike or artillery of Afrin city centre (source: ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, 15th March 2018. (via Aire-cudi)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS272

Incident date

March 14, 2018

Location

ترينيدة, Trinide village, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.493056, 36.879444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to multiple sources, up to four civilians including a child were killed, and at least five children from one family were wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village, Syria.

Only one single source reported the death of four civilians for this incident.

According to Xeber, artillery shelled the village of Trinide and resulted in the wounding of five children from one family who were taken to the hospital Afrin.

Afrin now indicates the names and ages of the five children, included some images as they are being treated at the hospital. The victims were named by multiple other sources.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 4
  • (0–1 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a little girl being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a little girl being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows female and child at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows female and child at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows smoke rising from the scene of a reported Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Trinide village (source: Hawar news)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 4
  • (0–1 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS273

Incident date

March 14, 2018

Location

نبل, Nubl town, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.379722, 36.989167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

According to local media, three civilians were killed followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Nubl town.

According to Enabbaladi, the Syrian regime’s media published a statement saying that Turkish planes’ targeted allied positions in Nabal and Zahra, which resulted in a number of civilian martyrs.

An image published shows the casualties to be young men.

Only one other source reported that civilians had been killed. Endi Zentarmi said: “After bombing a checkpoint in the Ziyarah area and killing eight pro-regime fighters, Turk jets have now also bombed the regime-controlled town of Nubl (south-east of Afrin city), killing at least three civilians. The airstrikes are deemed deliberate.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (0–3 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • A picture shows the aftermath of the alleged Turkish airstrike, which targeted a checkpoint in the Ziyarah area which led the killing of three civilians (source: Qawem online)
  • A picture shows the checkpoint site destruction followed an alleged Turkish airstrike. Local sources claimed the death of three civilians and 8 combatants (source: Qawem online)
  • A picture shows the aftermath of the alleged Turkish airstrike, which targeted a checkpoint in the Ziyarah area which led the killing of three civilians (source: Qawem online)
  • Three of the victims of the alleged Turkish airstrike on Nubla, 14th March 2018. (via Sy7Syria)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (0–3 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS274

Incident date

March 14, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin city centre, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 5 and 11 civilians including up to four children died and up to 25 more were wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre, according to local media in Syria.

Massoud Mohammad, a self-described journalist from Qamishli for Rojava, produced numerous reports on the event on Twitter. He put the death toll at five – including two children – with 25 more wounded.

One of his tweets said that Turkish artillery was randomly targeting residential neighbourhoods of Afrin city without care to any rules of war. He also tweeted a series of distressing images depicting casualties (many of them children) which were taken by journalist Azad Mirza @rojavapress1 who is covering the situation inside Afrin.

According to IC Afrin Resistance, at least 10 explosions were heard in the city. It added that despite the city is full of people, the attacks by the Turkish army were continuing. The source put the death count at six of which four were reportedly children, blaming Turkish airstrikes and shellings

Shervan Derwish (official spokesman for Manbij Military Council) put the death toll at seven, including one child, with 25 more non-combatants wounded.

The Boston Herald ran a story which mentioned the incident. It said: “Turkish forces shelled the Kurdish-held northern Syrian town of Afrin on Wednesday killing at least seven people, Kurdish forces reported Shells slammed into the heart of Afrin at dusk at intervals just second apart, forcing residents to rush for cover, according to the video published by the People’s Protection Units, known as the YPG.”

The highest death count was given by ANF, who reported the death of a family of 11 including two children and the wounding of the rest of the family.

ANHA named one fatality. Later ANF revealed two other.

Additionally, sources named 10 civilians who were wounded followed the incident.

In addition to two others, who were not identified. One who is 45 years old and the other a 6-year-old child.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 12
  • (2–4 children2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–44
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (30) [ collapse]

  • A picture shows fire followed an alleged Turkish airstrike or shelling on Afrin city centre (source: Hawar news)
  • An image shows fire in a residential area inside the city centre of Afrin followed an alleged Turkish airstrike or shelling (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows Aziz, 40 years old, killed followed an alleged Turkish airstrike or shelling on Afrin city centre (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the two identified children 1- Kajin Ali & Mihemed Qishle, killed followed the alleged Turkish airstrike on (source: ANF New)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a body lies in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike or shelling on Afrin city centre (via Peshmerga Chali‏)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows the victim Abdullah Bakr, 49 years, at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish airstrike or artillery of Afrin city centre (source: ANHA)
  • A picture shows a damaged car followed an alleged Turkish airstrike or shelling on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child being treated at the medical centre following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child, killed following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • An image shows smoke rising from the scene of a reported Turkish shelling "airstrikes and artillery" of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a man being treated at the medical centre following an alleged Turkish shelling "airstrikes and artillery" of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a woman being treated at the hospital, following an alleged Turkish shelling "airstrikes and artillery" of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • An image shows smoke rising from the scene of a reported Turkish shelling "airstrikes and artillery" of Afrin city centre (Source: Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child being treated at the medical centre following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (source: Afrin now facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a man at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (source: Afrin now facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child being treated at the medical centre following an alleged Turkish shelling (airstrikes and artillery) of Afrin city centre (source: IC Afrin resistance)
  • An injured civilian is carried in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via Massoud Mohammad)
  • An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via Massoud Mohammad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via Massoud Mohammad)
  • An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via IC afrin resistance)
  • An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via IC afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via IC afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian casualty in the aftermath. (via ANF )
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video showing the exact moments the alleged Turkish airstrikes hit Afrin and the civilian casualties in the aftermath of the incident. (via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 14th March 2018. (via Afrin Now)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 12
  • (2–4 children2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–44
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS271

Incident date

March 13, 2018

Location

بعدينة, Ba'adina village, Mabeta district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.62, 36.690833 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least nine civilians died, and more were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Ba’adina village, Syria, local media reported. Sources said that the bus or motorcade which the victims were travelling in was struck.

According to Defend Afrin, “Turkish jets targeted a group of villagers who were returning to their village Bedina of Afrin’s Mabata district: At least 9 civilians have been killed.”

SDF War Media reported: “Nine civilians were martyred and others were wounded in shelling by the Turkish occupation of a civilian car near the town of Ba’adina. The civilians died while they were attempting to move to safe areas.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture show dead body carrying by aid team following an alleged airstrike on Ba'adina village, Mabeta district, Afrin, 13th March 2018. (source: @Hec_Hecik_)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS270

Incident date

March 13, 2018

Location

جنديرس, Road between Jindires and Afrin city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.433675, 36.772044 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

Local media reported the death of two civilians in an alleged Turkish airstrike on the road between Jindires and Afrin city, Syria.

The SDF War Media reported: The Martyrdom of two Civilians by Turkish raids on the Jandarsa road. the victims died while trying to escape with their lives from the bombing of Turkey. They have not been identified.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim who killed followed an alleged Turkish air strike on Road between Jindires and Afrin city, 13th March 2018. (source: SDF war media facebook)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS269

Incident date

March 13, 2018

Location

اشرفية, Ashrafieh neighbourhood, Afrin city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One child was critically wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Ashrafieh neighbourhood, Afrin city.

According to IC Afrin Resistance, the Turkish occupation army planes bombed al-Ashrafieh neighbourhood in the centre of Afrin city at noon today [March 13th], seriously wounding the back of a 14-year-old boy. The child was taken to a hospital in Afrin.

Althawra reported that “various types of weapons” were used in the city centre, and not only was a 14 year old child wounded, but there was extensive damage to homes, shops and other local infrastructure.

Leilanazzar said that he was in a critical condition. Hawar and ANF added that Izzat Hussain’s condition was unstable and that he was admitted to intensive care. 

The incident occured around midday.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • A video shows the moment an alleged Turkish airstrike targeted Ashrafiyah in Afrin, 13th March 2018. (via, YPJ relation office)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows a child, injured followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Ashrafieh neighbourhood, Afrin city, 13th March 2018. (source: Hawar news)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child being treated after the alleged Turkish airstrike on Ashrafieh neighbourhood, Afrin city, 13th March 2018. (source: Hawar news)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS266

Incident date

March 12, 2018

Location

جرزيلة, village of Girzele, Shirwa district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.479979, 36.884711 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a similar reporting of TS265, a number of sources reported that a 45-year-old male wounded followed an alleged Turkish air or artillery strike on the village of Girzele.

Afrin Now and ANHA said the victim suffered a leg wound.

According to Sana, Turkish forces and their mercenaries shelled the area of Sharan and the villages of Basutah, Karzayleh and Zerba around it with planes, artillery and various missiles, causing the injury of four civilians and the destruction of a number of houses and property.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded victims being treated in a medical facility in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Zerba, Shirwra district, Afrin,, 12th March 2018 (via ANHA)
  • Wounded victims being treated in a medical facility in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Zerba, Shirwra district, Afrin,, 12th March 2018 (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded victims being treated in a medical facility in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Zerba, Shirwra district, Afrin,, 12th March 2018 (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]